European Journal of Soil Science

Cover image for Vol. 68 Issue 3

Edited By: M. Oliver

Impact Factor: 3.475

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 5/34 (Soil Science)

Online ISSN: 1365-2389

Associated Title(s): Soil Use and Management



Author Guidelines


• Guidance to authors: see below
• ScholarOne Manuscripts
• Style file
• Sample article
• Supporting Information
• Proof correction marks
• Electronic artwork instructions
• Guidance on statistics
English Language Editing

(Updated: September 2015)
Thank you for your interest in the European Journal of Soil Science. Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.
Note that submission implies that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium.
Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ejss.

Publication Policy

The Journal reports the latest significant results of research in all aspects of soil science and its applications including the development of new approaches, techniques and types of analysis. It also publishes up-to-date critical reviews, educational papers and comments on papers in the Journal.

We assess each manuscript by five major criteria which you should use as guidance when preparing your manuscript:

i) Is it good science (this includes experimental design and techniques)?
ii) Is it new or novel?
iii) Does it improve significantly our understanding of soil processes?
iv) Is it interesting to an international audience?
v) Are the experimental design and analysis of the data adequate and appropriate to the investigation?

Contributions are invited from all countries. The 'European' in implies no discrimination against papers originating outside Europe. The preferred language is English, but papers in French are considered. There are no page charges.

The ORCID iD is a unique and persistent identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher – by connecting you with your research contributions and affiliations. Free to use and register for, an ORCID iD increases the discoverability of your research outputs, and helps alleviate mistaken identity. You have full control of your ORCID record, and can control what information is connected and how it is shared.

As part of our commitment to supporting authors at every step of the publishing process, European Journal of Soil Science requires the submitting author (only) to provide an ORCID iD when submitting their manuscript. This takes around 2 minutes to complete. Find more information.

Margaret Oliver and Michael Goss, Editors-in-Chief of the European Journal of Soil Science and Soil Use and Management, respectively, gave a presentation to the Young Careers Conference in York in April 2015. Authors should use the presentation, which can be found here, to optimize the chance of their paper being accepted.

Authorship and Copyright

Authors are responsible for what they have written. Each named author takes responsibility for a paper's content, and not just credit. Each must be capable of defending it scientifically and intellectually. Only those who have both participated in the research and in its reporting should thus appear as authors. Routine technical assistance and data collection, applications for funding, and general supervision or direction of the laboratory or department are not sufficient for inclusion among the authors of a paper. People who help in this way should properly be acknowledged at the end. Note that many search engines truncate after the sixth author.
All named authors should see and agree the final version of a paper before it is sent to the Journal. We have had numerous instances in which authors have submitted scripts without such agreement, and others in which authors have not known of the submissions at all. This behaviour is unethical and potentially illegal. It can also be embarrassing, especially when a script is rejected or severely criticized. The corresponding author of any paper must certify on the Exclusive Licence Form that his or her co-authors (if any) have agreed the final script.
Papers submitted must not have been published previously elsewhere in any language. Authors must not offer their papers while they are being considered by other journals, nor should they submit their papers to other journals while being considered by this one. Each submission must be accompanied by a covering letter stating that the paper has not been published previously elsewhere in any language; that it is not being considered by another journal in any language; and that all authors have seen and agreed to the version submitted.

Plagiarism Detection
The journal employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript will be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

Publication Ethics
The journal is a member of the committee on publication ethics (COPE) and subscribes to the principles set out by COPE. The journal also refers to Wiley’s Best Practice Guidelines on Publication Ethics: http://exchanges.wiley.com/ethicsguidelines.

Reproduction of Copyright Material
If excerpts from copyrighted works owned by third parties are included, credit must be shown in the contribution. It is the author’s responsibility to also obtain written permission for reproduction from the copyright owners. For more information visit Wiley’s Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQ at http://exchanges.wiley.com/authors/faqs---copyright-terms--conditions_301.html.

PREPARING THE MANUSCRIPT

Author Services

Prior to submission, we encourage you to browse the ‘Author Resources’ section of the Wiley ‘Author Services’ website: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/default.asp. This site includes useful information covering such topics as copyright matters, ethics and electronic artwork guidelines.
Author Services enable authors to track their paper—once it has been accepted—through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their papers online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production.
Make your article free for all to read, download, and share through OnlineOpen.
This increases the potential audience for your article, which can translate into: higher readership, increased citations and greater visibility of your work and enables you to meet institutional and funder open access mandates where they apply. Simply log into your Author Services account and click on the 'Make my article OnlineOpen' button next to your article.

Pre-Submission English-Language Editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. All services are paid for and arranged by the author. Prices for Basic Editing of 3501 to 6000 words start from £208.04. Visit our site to learn about the options. Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Optimising Your Article for Search Engines

Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

Manuscript Style

A shortened version of the Instructions to Authors is printed from time to time on the inside back cover of the Journal and an expanded version is given below. Authors should also consult the author guidelines on the Journal’s website (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2389/homepage/ForAuthors.html) to obtain the style file, sample article and information about supporting information and so on.

Manuscripts must be submitted electronically through the Manuscript Central website (http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ejss) as a Word file. Other formats can be accepted, although LaTeX files must be converted to PDF format before submission. The electronic version of the paper must be a single, continuous file. Full instructions are given on the Manuscript Central website - if you have problems in using this, please email your problem to: jsoffice@wiley.com and assistance will be given.

In preparing your paper, follow the layout that you see in the Journal and the sample paper, paying special attention to the title (bold lower case), the running title (italics – maximum 50 characters including spaces), name(s) of author(s) (large and small roman capitals) and address(es) (italics), name of corresponding author and his or her e-mail address. Note also that these are left justified. The title should be succinct and contain the most important keywords. Please also include a list of keywords – these should be words not already in the title.

Papers should be no longer than about 6500 words to include Figures, Tables and References. Authors will be asked to reduce papers that are significantly longer than this although ‘Supporting information’ can be accepted (see http://exchanges.wiley.com/authors/supporting-information_336.html), which will be published with the online version. The Journal does not publish 'Short Communications' as such, but brief papers of about 2000 words or fewer are welcome; they should conform to the scientific, stylistic and format requirements of longer papers.

Papers should have a Times or similar typeface in 12 pt font, double spacing and single column format throughout the text. Margins should be at least 2.5 cm all round. Pages should be numbered in a single sequence including those listing references, Figure captions and Tables. Lines should be numbered in a continuous sequence throughout the paper.

Please provide a summary of no more than 250 words; you may add a French résumé. Papers in French must have an English summary in addition to a résumé. The summary should be factual. For a research paper it should state the underlying problem or question (one or two sentences), what you did (three or four sentences), what you found (another three or four sentences), and your conclusions (one or two sentences). Do not regard this as a trivial task.

We are changing the way that the Summary for the European Journal of Soil Science will be presented from January 2016. In addition to keywords authors should provide four highlights. These should be included both separately and as part of your Summary. In your Summary please include four highlights as bullet points in bold typeface.

The highlights will address the following depending upon the topic of your paper:

  • What is the main scientific question that your paper addresses?
  • What is novel, important and timely about your work?
  • What are your key findings?
  • What is your main conclusion?

Each bullet point may be up to 100 characters including spaces.

English Spelling and Usage

English spelling should follow the Concise Oxford Dictionary. Authors might also wish to consult Fowler’s Modern English Usage (ed. R.W. Burchfield; Oxford University Press) and Scientific Style and Format (eds Council of Scientific Editors; Cambridge University Press).

Units of Measurement

Authors should adhere to SI (Système International d'Unités) standards. The most common SI and acceptable related units with their symbols and abbreviations are printed in Tables 1, 2 and 3. Clarity is of over-riding importance; if you are in any doubt write the units in full, e.g. litre (especially where ‘l’ might be mistaken for the number ‘1’), minute, etc. These instructions concerning numbers and units apply equally to the text in labels on the axes of Figures, and to material in Tables (both column headings and column entries).


Table 1. Basic Units

QuantityNameSymbol
Lengthmetrem
Masskilogramkg
Timeseconds
Electric CurrentampereA
TemperatureKelvinK
Ammount of Substancemolemol
Luminous Intensitycandelacd


Table 2. Derived Units

QuantityNameSymbolDefinition
FrequencyhertzHzs–1
EnergyjouleJkg m2 s–2 = N m
ForcenewtonNkg m s–2 = J m–1
PowerwattWkg m2 s–3 = J s–1
PressurepascalPakg m–1 s–2 = N m–2
Electric ChargecoulombCA s
Electrical potential differencevoltVkg m2 s–3 = J A–1 s–1
Electrical resistanceohmΩkg m2 s–3 A = V A–1 = S–1
Electrical conductancesiemensSkg–1 m–2 s3 A2 = Ω–1
Electrical conductivityS m-1
RadioactivitybecquerelBqs-1


Table 3. Other common related units

QuantityNameSymbolDefinition
Areahectareha104 m2</2>
Volumelitrea, cubic decimetre l, dm310-3 m3
Volumecubic centimetrecm310–6 m3
Massgramg10-3 kg
Masstonnet103 kg
Concentration in solutionmolarityMmol l–1, mol dm–3
Cation exchange capacitymoles of ion changemolc kg–1
Temperaturedegree CelsiusboC K - 273.15

a Some journals print capital L for litre. The EJSS does not; it follows the rule that only units that are the names of people are capitalized. If there is likelihood of confusion between lower case letter l and the number 1 then write out ‘litre’ in full; for example, write ‘a 1-litre flask’ rather than ‘a 1-l flask’.

b Celsius temperature is realted to that in kelvin by TCelsius=Tkelvin - 273.15.

Percentage and p.p.m.: In some instances percentages are more familiar than SI units and reading is easier if they are used. The proportions of sand, silt and clay and the carbon content may be expressed as % rather than g kg-1. Parts per million (p.p.m.) must not be used to express concentrations – use the appropriate SI unit e.g. mg kg-1, mg dm-3 etc. However, p.p.m. (or ppm) is the standard unit for chemical shift in nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and may be used.

For gas concentrations, use µmol mol-1, or µl l-1, instead of p.p.m. or p.p.m.v.; and similarly use nmol mol-1 or nl l-1 instead of p.p.b. or p.p.b.v."

Time: The SI unit of time is the second (s). However, it is clearly inconvenient for expressing durations of more than a few minutes or hours. Use minutes, hours, days, weeks and years as appropriate; they are not SI units and should be written in full.

Numbers: The integer numbers for countable quantities from 1 to 9 are spelled out in the text: one, two, …, nine. Larger integers are printed as arabic numerals: 11, 12, …, except at the beginnings of sentences where they are printed as words. So, write, for example, 'four treatments' and '72 plots' in an experiment. The symbol for the decimal point in this Journal is the full stop and it is printed on the line (.). Real numbers are printed in arabic numerals, again except where they begin sentences, with or without decimal points; e.g. 2.4 m, 3 hours.

Grouping of digits: If a number contains many digits then divide these into groups of three, starting at zero or the decimal point, and separate them by spaces, not commas. For example, write 1 500 000 Pa for the matric suction at wilting point, not 1,500,000 Pa. Alternatively, you may write it as 1.5 x 106 Pa, or better as 1500 kPa or 1.5 MPa. Please do not write ‘1.5 E06’ or ‘1.5*106’. Note that there is no space between numbers in the range 1000 to 9999. For any number less than 1 and greater than -1 insert 0 before the decimal point. For example, print ‘0.25 1’ and not ‘.25 1’.

Prefixes: The combination of a prefix and a symbol for a unit is regarded as a single symbol and is written with no space between the prefix and the unit; for example, ‘kPa’ and not ‘k Pa’.

Derived units: A derived unit formed from several basic units is separated into the basic units by spaces; for example metre per second is written m s-1, not ms-1 (ms would be millisecond). For amounts of substance leave a space between the unit and the symbol of the substance, e.g. kg P ha-1, not kgP ha-1, and not kg ha -1 P. Similarly, insert a space between the number and the unit, as 1.5 MPa.

Powers: When a unit is raised to a power, the power refers only to the unit and not to any number preceding it; for example, 2.3 cm3 means 2.3 cubic centimetres, not (2.3 cm)3. Note that, in English, 2 m2 is 2 square metres; 2 m squared means an area 2 m x 2 m, i.e. 4 m2

Further guidance on units and symbols

  • The definitive SI website (in English and French) is that of the Bureau International des Poids et Mésures at http://www.bipm.org/.
  • International Standards Organization (ISO). 1992. SI units and recommendations for the use of their multiples and of certain other units, ISO 1000. International Standards Organization, Geneva.
  • International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) 1993. Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry - The Green Book, 2nd edn (eds I. Mills, T. Cvitas, K. Homann, N. Kallay & K. Kuchitsu). Blackwell Science, Oxford.
  • Monteith, J.L. 1984. Consistency and convenience in the choice of units for agricultural science. Experimental Agriculture, 20, 105-117.

Fonts, Symbols and Abbreviations

Normal text is printed in upright Roman font (like this here). Italic font is used for Latin words and expressions, including the names of plants, animals and genes; thus a priori, et al., Pinus sylvestris L. Similarly, the Journal prints short titles, and the titles of scientific journals and books in italic. You should not use italic font to emphasize text.

All SI units should be printed in an upright Roman font except in subheadings. The symbols for chemical elements and compounds are always printed in roman except where they appear in subheadings, in which case they are in italic. Note that the unit for ‘molar’ is M (small capital, 10 font) to distinguish it from M (mega-).

Scalar variables and parameters, such as A for area, c for concentration in a solution, m for a mean, b for a regression coefficient and K for hydraulic conductivity, are always printed in italic. Greek characters may be used for population parameters or other quantities following the convention of the discipline concerned. Vectors are printed in bold Roman font, with lower case letters of either the Roman or Greek alphabet. Matrices are printed in BOLD CAPITALS.

Mathematical operators must be distinguished from variables on which they operate in algebraic expressions. Thus, exp for ‘the exponential of’, ln and log10 for ‘natural’ or base10 logarithms respectively, cos for cosine, and the d in differential calculus are printed in roman, whereas the variables are printed in italic. We thus write 'exp(x - y)', 'ln z', 'cos Q', dx and so on.

Subscripts and superscripts: if a subscript or superscript is a variable then it is printed in italic. For example, the index i in zi, i = 1, 2, …, n, is italic because it is an integer variable taking values from 1 to n. If on the other hand it is an abbreviation, as in Ks or Ksat for saturated hydraulic conductivity in which the 's' or 'sat' are abbreviations for saturated, then it is printed in plain Roman font. This also applies to abbreviations in equations such as root mean squared error (RMSE), mean squared error (MSE) and so on.

The fonts used in Tables and equations must be the same as those in the text. Symbol fonts and styles on graphs and their axes should be the same as used in the text.

Abbreviations should generally be used only if they are widely known, e.g. OC (organic carbon), SOM (soil organic matter), NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance), and should be given in full when they are used first: this includes chemical symbols, for example, nitrogen (N). The rule adopted by the Journal is to terminate an abbreviation by a full stop (.) only if it is a curtailment of a word (e.g. ed. for editor). A contraction with the first and last letters intact does not take a full stop (e.g. eds for editors). Where an abbreviation, however common, is first used in the text, e.g. BESI, it must be spelled out in full, e.g., 'back-scattered electron scanning images (BESI)'. Avoid starting sentences with an abbreviation.

Statistics

We receive many papers that are weakened by inappropriate or mis-used statistical methods. Thus the basic advice from the editors of EJSS is: Present the results of statistical analysis only where appropriate and ensure that the methods of analysis used are appropriate to your purposes. If in any doubt you should take advice from a professional statistician. If the Editors have any concerns, your paper will be referred to a statistics panel, and this may delay decisions. Authors should always consult the Journal’s guidance notes on statistics in Statistics in the European Journal of Soil Science on the Journal’s website.

Tables

  • Consult a recent issue of the Journal or the sample article (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2389.2003.00510.x/epdf) for examples of layout and format.
  • Prepare Tables separately from the text and put each on a separate page with its heading and with double spacing if there is room. Make sure that the table heading can be understood without the need for reference to the text.
  • Design your Tables so that they will fit either in a single column of the printed Journal or across two columns. Avoid large Tables that are likely to occupy more than one page. Provide all columns with headings, with the first letter of each heading capitalized.
  • Values in Tables are pure numbers. The variables to which they refer usually have dimensions, such as mol litre-1 for concentration and g cm-3 for bulk density. The scale of the variable is, therefore, divided by the unit in which it is measured.
  • The unit should be specified in column headings etc. by placing it after a solidus, /, to indicate the division and not, for example, by enclosing in parentheses: thus '/mol litre-1,' and '/g cm-3,'.
  • Be consistent in the number of significant digits used. Do not give numerical results or their statistics to an unrealistic degree of precision.
  • Footnotes to Tables should be referred to by upright, i.e. not italic, superscript letters (a,b, etc.).

Figures

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be numbered using Arabic numerals, and cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name.

Colour. In the event that an author is not able to cover the costs of reproducing colour figures in colour in the printed version of the journal, European Journal of Soil Science offers authors the opportunity to reproduce colour figures in colour for free in the online version of the article (but they will still appear in black and white in the print version).  Authors who feel it is essential that their diagrams be reproduced in colour on the printed copy and who cannot meet the costs should contact the Editor.

Authors using colour in the print issue may be charged and should complete a form which can be downloaded here. Details of charges are given on the form.

Figure Legends

Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

Electronic Artwork

Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS (line art) or TIFF (halftone/photographs) files only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programs. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size. EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).

For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: line art: >600 dpi; half-tones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.

More advice on figures can be found at Wiley’s guidelines for preparation of figures: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/illustration.asp

References

For Research Papers, cite works only if you have read them. Do not cite excessively; try to avoid citing more than about 30 works, and certainly no more than 40. The citations should be restricted to the really significant literature and should not include standard students' textbooks. In a Review you should cite the literature that you regard as significant.

Text citations: Cite in the text by author(s) and year; for example, Chertkov (2001), McGarry & Yule (2002), (Ghassemi et al., 1997; Siemens, 2003), with the parentheses placed according to context. For two authors cite both (using “&”, not “and”); for work by more than two authors cite only the first followed by et al. Where several references appear together they are arranged chronologically and then alphabetically.

References: Refer to your citations at the end of the paper in the list of references. Check all references including your own against the source documents (and not someone else's citations), and ensure that they are correct and complete in every detail and unabbreviated. Beware of transferring references obtained from searches of electronic databases; they are often truncated, omit accents and umlauts, and the less common characters such as œ, ç, å, ø, etc. can be changed in unpredictable ways.

References should be prepared as follows:

  • Name(s) and initial(s) of author(s). Where there are more than 6 authors only the first 6 names should be listed followed by et al.
  • Year of publication.
  • If a journal article, the article title, name of journal (in italic,), volume number (in bold), and page numbers
  • If a book, its title (in italic) name of publisher, place of publication.
  • If a paper in a collected work, title of the paper, In: title of collected work (in italic), editor(s) if any, page numbers, publisher and place of publication.
  • If a thesis, its title (in italic), degree, name of university. Bear in mind that most readers will find it difficult to access theses, especially the unpublished ones of universities in English-speaking countries; so cite theses only if they contain crucial information that is not otherwise available.
  • If a report of an institution or agency, its title (in italic) and as full information as possible on the publisher and where it might be obtained.

Do not cite unpublished documents other than theses. However, you may cite works that are 'In press' so long as you are able to give the Journal that has accepted them. You may not cite works that are 'In preparation' because often such papers never appear in print.

Websites are increasingly cited. First check that the web-site still exists and then cite it along with the date you accessed it.

Arrange the references in alphabetical order by author; where the same author appears more than once, single-author papers come before two-author papers, which come before multi-author papers. Within each class arrange papers in alphabetical order.

The following examples are for guidance:

  • Chertkov, V.Y. 2002. Modelling cracking stages of saturated soils as they dry and shrink. European Journal of Soil Science, 53;, 105–118.
  • Ghassemi, F., Jakeman, A.J. & Nix, H.A. 1995. Salinisation of Land and Water Resources. CAB International, Wallingford.
  • McGarry, D. & Yule, D.F. 2002. Shrinkage. In: Encyclopedia of Soil Science (ed. R. Lal), pp. 1197–1200. Marcel Dekker, New York.
  • Siemens, J. 2003. Controls of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus fluxes in vadose zone and groundwater of protected watersheds in Münster (Germany). Doctoral dissertation, Technische Universität, Berlin.
  • Blackwell Publishing. 2008. A major publisher of soil science Journals. (At: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/. Accessed: 10/03/2008); note that the date format is day/month/year.

If an author or set of authors has more than one reference in any year add the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., as necessary to distinguish them in the text. If a work is in a language that uses the Roman alphabet and is little used outside its country of origin then give in parentheses the English translation immediately after the original title. For works in other alphabets, e.g. Russian, and in non-alphabetic languages, such as Chinese and Japanese, give the whole reference in English and print after it '(In [language])'.

Tools such as EndNote (http://www.endnote.com/support/enstyles.asp) or Reference Manager (http://www.refman.com/support/rmstyles.asp) should be used for reference management and formatting. If we find more than a few errors in a list of references, we shall return the paper to the author(s) for correction, and publication may be delayed.

Copyright

Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard Exclusive License Form (ELF), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Exclusive License Form: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the ELF in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs. Note that in signing the journal’s license agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce material from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.

Open Access Journal - GEO

We work together with the Royal Geographical Society (with IBG) and Wiley open access journal, Geo: Geography and Environment, to enable rapid publication of good quality papers that are outside the scope of our journal. Authors of papers rejected by our journal as unsuitable on the grounds of scope or space may be offered the option of having their manuscript, along with any related peer reviews, automatically transferred for consideration by the Geo editorial team. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and publication decisions will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. Geo will consider submissions from across the spectrum of geographical and environmental research, which reach the standard acceptable for publication. Geo is a fully open access journal and article publication fees apply. For more information please go to http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)2054-4049

Proofs and Offprints

Proofs are supplied to the corresponding author only for the correction of printing errors or errors of fact. Excessive changes must be paid for. Authors should specify on the script the e-mail address to which proofs should be sent. An e-mail alert containing a link to a website from which the proof should be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file will be sent to this address. Acrobat Reader is required to read this file; the latest version of this software can be downloaded (free of charge) from www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html. Corrections can now be made with the new online proofing system, which enables both authors and editors to edit the proof using e-annotation tools. Further instructions will be sent with the proof.

Offprints

A PDF reprint of the article will be supplied free of charge to the corresponding author. Additional printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: http://offprint.cosprinters.com/cos. If you have queries about offprints please e-mail: offprint@cosprinters.com.

Article PDF for authors

A PDF of the article will be made available to the corresponding author via Author Services.

Disposal of Original Material

Please note that unless specifically requested, Wiley will dispose of all hardcopy or electronic material submitted 2 months after publication. If you require the return of any material submitted, please inform the Editorial Office or Production Editor as soon as possible.

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