Geophysical Prospecting

Cover image for Vol. 65 Issue 6

Edited By: Tijmen Jan Moser

Impact Factor: 1.846

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 42/84 (Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Online ISSN: 1365-2478



Author Guidelines


GUIDELINES FOR AUTHORS

1. AIMS AND SCOPE
Geophysical Prospecting publishes the best in primary research in geoscience with a particular focus in exploration geophysics. The scope of the journal covers the potential field, electromagnetic and seismic methods applied to exploration and monitoring. The journal welcomes theoretical and numerical studies as well as case studies and review papers. Contributors are from industry and academia. The goal of the journal is to provide a valuable forum for sharing experiences and new ideas among workers in exploration geophysics.wiley

2. ONLINE MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION
Manuscripts for Geophysical Prospecting should be submitted via the EAGE's ScholarOne web site for the journal: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/gp. Authors submitting for the first time will have to create an account before logging in. The site offers a Help section and User Guide. There is a 500 Mb limit on the total size of files submitted. Authors unable to meet this limit should contact the Editorial Office. Please note that top-quality graphics are not necessary for review; so-called 'screen-optimized' images are sufficient. Submission of a paper implies that the paper is not under consideration elsewhere. Each paper should include a title page (including an e-mail address for the corresponding author), abstract, list of keywords, list of references, list of captions, tables and figures, all on separate pages. English is the standard language.

3. ORCID
The ORCID iD is a unique and persistent identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher – by connecting you with your research contributions and affiliations. Free to use and register for, an ORCID iD increases the discoverability of your research outputs, and helps alleviate mistaken identity. You have full control of your ORCID record, and can control what information is connected and how it is shared. As part of our commitment to supporting authors at every step of the publishing process, Geophysical Prospecting encourages the submitting author (only) to provide an ORCID iD when submitting their manuscript. This takes around 2 minutes to complete. Find more information.

4. OVERLEAF
Wiley has partnered with Overleaf, a collaborative, cloud-based authoring tool to offer you Overleaf Link on Geophysical Prospecting. With Overleaf Link you have a dedicated article submission template, where you can write and edit your article in Overleaf, and then submit directly to the journal editorial office.

The article submission template is available here.

For more information, please visit our Overleaf Link webpage.

If you are new to Overleaf there are a number of video tutorials available at this link. If you need any help, we have a direct support arrangement with Overleaf. Please contact them at support@overleaf.com or visit www.overleaf.com/contact.

5. PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPT
There is no page limit in Geophysical Prospecting. The colour figures are free of charge. The manuscript should be double-spaced and laid out in a single column. The sections should be numbered only when this would help the readability of the paper. The manuscript for a research paper should be arranged as follows:
• Title with author names and full affiliations
• Abstract
• Keywords
• Introduction
• Several sections for the core of the paper
• Conclusions or Discussion
• Acknowledgements
• References
• Appendices
The Acknowledgements and the Appendices are optional. The choice between a conclusion and a discussion depends on the objectives of the authors. Geophysical Prospecting also accepts Research Notes, Letters to the Editor and Review Papers (for more information, see section 6).

5.1. Abstract
The abstract should be a brief but comprehensive summary and should be able to stand by itself. It should state the major result or conclusion of the paper. It should be informative to a more general public and not a mere listing of the contents of the paper. It should not contain any references, abbreviations or acronyms.

5.2. Keywords
The authors are asked to select, generally between 2–5 keywords from the list below:

Acoustics, Acquisition, Anisotropy, Attenuation, Borehole geophysics, Computing aspects, Data processing, Elastics, Electromagnetics, Full waveform, Gravity, Imaging, Interpretation, Inverse problem, Inversion, Logging, Magnetics, Modelling, Mathematical formulation, Monitoring, Multicomponent, Noise, Numerical study, Parameter estimation, Passive method, Petrophysics, Potential field, Rays, Reservoir geophysics, Resistivity, Rock physics, Signal processing, Seismics, Theory, Time lapse, Tomography, Velocity analysis, Wave.

5.3. Introduction
All papers should contain an introduction that explains the context of the work presented in the paper, reviews the relevant literature, states the objectives and outlines the work. Generally, the introduction does not contain equations or figures. A priori, the introduction should not contain results, descriptions or conclusive remarks.

5.4. Sections
Section numbering is optional. If the sections are numbered, the introduction starts with 1. The subsection titles should be distinguishable and sub-numbered if the sections are numbered. The equations, figures and tables should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numbers. Equations are part of the sentence and authors should punctuate the equations accordingly. The International Standard units (SI) should be used for the units except if common practice dictates differently. Abbreviations should be limited to a minimum and should be defined at the first occurrence in each section.

5.4.1. Equations
All equations should be numbered. In the text, equations should be referred to by their number between parentheses, optionally with a specification such as 'equation', 'inequality', or 'expression', e.g., 'equation (1)'; when several equations are listed in one sentence, these specifications may be dropped, e.g., 'by combining (1) and (2), inserting in (3), we obtain (4)'. Equations may be numbered in relation to the section numbering, e.g., in Section 2 the equations may be numbered as (2.1), (2.2), etc.

Authors should distinguish between a scalar, a vector or a matrix. The general rule is: scalars are in italics, vectors are bold and in lower case and matrices are bold with upper case. Authors are asked to follow this rule. If for clarity they decide not to follow it, this should be agreed with the editor. In-line mathematical expressions should follow the same font and typesetting as equations.

Mathematical functions (like sin, cos, tan, exp) must be printed upright.

Equations must be punctuated as part of a grammatical sentence.

For example:

The acoustic wave equation in the frequency domain reads (1) with u the pressure field, s the source, ω the angular frequency, c the velocity and x = (x,y,z) a point in the domain. After discretization of equation (1), the linear system reads (2) Here, A is the matrix of the linear system, u and s the pressure and source vectors and m the model parameter vector. With nx, ny, nz, the number of discretization points in the three directions, we have (3).

Equation1(1)
Equation2(2)
Equation3(3)

5.4.2. Figures
In the text, figures should be referenced with the word Figure and the number should be written without parenthesis. All figures should have a legend. All axes should be labelled with quantity, unit and range. The colour scale should be explained. All annotations must be legible when printed at normal scale. The units should be mentioned on the plot or in the legend. Colour figures are free of charge. However, it is the editor’s decision whether to accept a colour figure. The editor can request a colour figure to be changed to a black and white figure.

5.4.3. Tables
In the text, tables should be referenced with the word Table and the number should be written without parenthesis. All tables should have a legend and units clearly specified in the most appropriate part of the table.

5.4.4. References
All references mentioned in the reference list should be quoted in the paper and vice versa. The references should be listed in alphabetical order. If several papers have the same list of authors, the references should then be listed in chronological order.

In the text, a list of references should be given in chronological order. If several references have the same year, the list should then be in alphabetical order.

In the text refer to the author's last name(s) and year of publication in parenthesis and, if necessary, page number(s).
Examples: Brucksaw (1954), Morton and Ober (1998), (Brucksaw 1954; Morton and Ober 1998). References with three authors are given in full at first occurrence; thereafter only the first author's name, followed by et al. (in italics).
References with four or more authors are always first author's name, followed by et al. (in italics). Examples: Gray et al. (2000), (Gray et al. 2000).
If an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter like a and b after the date to distinguish the works.
Examples: Gelchinsky et al. (1999a,b), (Gelchinsky et al. 1999a,b).

References to articles in periodicals should include: author's name(s) and initials cited, year of publication, title of paper, full journal name, volume and first and last page number.
Example: Koefoed O. 1967. Units in geophysical prospecting. Geophysical Prospecting 15, 1–6.


References to articles in periodicals with alphanumeric page numbers should include the issue number in parentheses.
Example: Stavrev P. and Reid A.B. 2007. Degrees of homogeneity of potential fields and structural indices of Euler deconvolution. Geophysics 71, (1), L1-L12.


References to books should include: author's name(s) and initials cited, year of publication, title of book, volume and page number (if appropriate), and publisher.
Example: Chui C.K. 1992. An Introduction to Wavelets. Academic Press.


References to articles presented at meetings should be included in the list only if an expanded abstract is available.
Example: Vesnaver A.L., Böhm G., Madrussani G., Pajchel J. and Rossi G. 2001. Tomography at the North Sea. 63rd EAGE meeting, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Expanded Abstracts, P663.


References to authors contributing to multi-author books or to proceedings printed in book form should be similar to those for books.
Example: Ziolkowski A.M. 1979. Seismic profiling for coal on land. In: Developments in Geophysical Exploration Methods, Vol. 1 (ed. A.A. Fitch), pp. 271–306. Applied Science Publishers.


Unpublished papers, personal communications and Internet URLs may be cited in the text only if essential and are not permitted in the reference list.

ISBN and doi codes should not be included in the references.

5.4.5. Abbreviations, acronyms and commercialism

Acronyms or abbreviations should be avoided if possible or kept to a minimum. Use only standard abbreviations. Geophysical Prospecting adheres to R.E. Sheriff's Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition, published by the Society of Exploration Geophysicists, as the standard reference source for the use of abbreviations. Abbreviations should be given in full at their first occurrence in each section of the article. In addition, long names (more than about 15 characters) can be abbreviated in sections where they are extensively discussed but should be given in full at the start of each such section and elsewhere in the text. Abbreviations and acronyms are not allowed in the paper title or in section titles. Commercialism should be limited to a minimum. Trademarks should be designated as such by a footnote the first time they appear, rather than in the format ’trademarkTM’.

5.4.6. Units and references
Quantities should always be expressed in the recommended International Standard units (SI). Subject to editorial approval, originally non-metric field units may be added in brackets. Similarly, figures containing non-metric field units should also show SI units.

5.4.7. Other recommendations
Use one space after periods (full stops) and colons. Hyphenate complex modifiers: ‘zero-field-cooled magnetization’. Avoid dangling participles, such as, “Using (1), the potential was calculated.” (It is not clear who or what used (1).) Write instead, “The potential was calculated by using (1),” or “Using (1), we calculated the potential.”

Use a zero before decimal points: ‘0.25’, not ‘.25’. Use ‘cm3’, not ‘cc’. Indicate sample dimensions as ‘0.1 cm × 0.2 cm’, not ‘0.1 × 0.2 cm2’. The abbreviation for ‘seconds’ is ‘s’, not ‘sec’. Do not mix complete spellings and abbreviations of units: use ‘Wb/m2’ or ‘Webers per square metre’, not ‘Webers/m2’. When expressing a range of values, write ‘7 to 9’ or ‘7–9’, not ‘7~9’.

A parenthetical statement at the end of a sentence is punctuated outside the closing parenthesis (like this). (A parenthetical sentence is punctuated within the parentheses.) Periods and commas are outside the quotation marks, like ‘this period’. Other punctuation is ‘outside!’ Avoid contractions; for example, write ‘do not’ instead of ‘don’t’.

If you wish, you may write in the first person singular or plural and use the active voice (“I observed that ...” or “We observed that ...” instead of “It was observed that ...”). Remember to check spelling, use spell checkers available in many word-processing systems. For papers written by non-English speaking authors, it is recommended to request proofreading by a native English speaker. Please use British English and not American English. For instance, write ‘behaviour’ and not ‘behavior’.

5.5. Conclusion or discussion
The authors may finish their paper either with a conclusion or with a discussion. A conclusion should be a relatively small section with a few paragraphs. It should summarize the main results and perhaps suggest one or two directions for further work. Generally, a conclusion does not contain references to equations, figures or tables. A conclusion is well suited for a paper presenting research with well-defined results and for case studies. A discussion can be a longer section than a conclusion. In a discussion, the authors generally comment on their results in a larger context than in the main sections of the paper. References to literature, equations, figures or tables are therefore accepted. A discussion is well suited for papers presenting significant results of ongoing research. It can also be well suited for papers presenting numerical results, since it is often difficult to give firm conclusions based on numerical studies alone. A conclusion can follow a discussion section but it is not necessary.

5.6. Appendices
Appendices should be written after the reference section. The objective of an appendix is to present the method in more detail. Such detail is not needed to understand the paper; however, they are needed to reproduce the results. An appendix may have a more limited audience than the core of the paper. Appendices are labelled with capital letters, e.g., Appendix A: Computation of the gradient, Appendix B: … The equations, figures and tables are numbered per appendix and the letter of the appendix is indicated before the number, e.g., A1. When there is only one Appendix it should just be referred to as Appendix.

6. ELECTRONIC TEXT
Manuscripts should be submitted for review as PDF, Postscript, Word or WordPerfect documents. When a paper has been accepted for publication, authors will be asked to send the final version as a LaTeX, TeX, Word or WordPerfect file. Where LaTeX or TeX is used, please use only the basic functions, avoiding complicated macros or cross-references.

7. EDITORIAL POLICIES
The editorial process is the following. The editor-in-chief or a deputy editor evaluates whether the paper should enter the review process. The editor-in-chief or a deputy editor can reject a paper or ask for clarifications from the authors. For instance, a paper will be rejected before the review process if the content is recognized as plagiarism, if the paper is known to be under review by another journal or if papers are outside the aims and scope of the journal. Once the paper has passed this first scrutiny, the paper enters the review process to evaluate its originality, scientific content and its relevance for Geophysical Prospecting readers. Whenever possible, the paper will be reviewed by two reviewers. Geophysical Prospecting asks reviewers to return their comments within four weeks. Please note that it may take a few weeks to find a reviewer. The complete review process generally takes two to three months.

8. ARTICLE TYPES

8.1 Original Manuscript
This is a regular paper following the rules outlined above under Section 3: "PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPT". An Original Manuscript reports on original and newly established developments, results, or insights, with a typical medium-range life span (between Research Notes and Review Papers). Most of the submissions fall in this category.

8.2 Research Note
Geophysical Prospecting offers the option of a Research Note. This is a short paper of 4–6 pages dealing with a single topic or presenting a single result, possibly related to ongoing work. It should adhere to the guidelines for a full paper, except that the abstract is optional. A Research Note should be submitted as a full paper with 'Research Note' mentioned in the cover letter. An associate editor and generally one reviewer will review the Research Note and make their recommendations. A research note should be well written, precise and informative. It is more than a conference abstract. Depending on its conciseness, the turnaround time may be significantly shorter than for a full paper. If minor revisions are required, the authors will be asked to revise their research note within three weeks. A research note will be rejected if the editors or reviewers request a major revision.

8.3 Letter to the Editor
Comments related to a publication in Geophysical Prospecting can be submitted as a Letter to the Editor. The Letter to the Editor covers one or two pages and adheres to the guidelines for a full paper, except that the abstract is optional. The comments may be critical of the publication to which they are addressed but the criticism should be fair, to-the-point and appropriately worded. A Letter to the Editor should be submitted as a full paper with 'Letter to the Editor' mentioned in the cover letter. At least one editor and reviewer will review it. If accepted, the authors of the addressed publication will be invited to reply, for which the same guidelines apply.

8.4 Review Paper
Geophysical Prospecting kindly invites experienced geoscientists to submit a Review Paper on a subject in their area of expertise. A Review Paper may cover the technical development in the area of choice over the last years or decades and give an up-to-date overview of the state of the technology and an outlook to future developments. New developments may be included but this is not mandatory. Interested authors are invited to contact the Publications Coordinator, Ms Laura van Kal (lkl@eage.org). After acceptance of the topic of the Review Paper by the editorial board, the review process of the Review Paper will be adapted and can differ from the procedure described above.

9. ELECTRONIC ARTWORK
When a paper has been accepted for publication, authors will be asked to submit the originals of their figures in electronic form. Please save vector graphics (e.g., line artwork) in Encapsulated Postscript Format (EPS) and Bitmap files (e.g., half tones) in Tagged Image File Format (TIFF). Ideally, vector graphics that have been saved in Metafile (.WMF) or Pict (.PCT) format should be embedded within the body of the text file. Detailed information on the journal's digital illustration standards is available at: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/illustration.asp

10. PROOFS
The corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing a link to a website from which the proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following Web site: http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen and printed out, in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Hard copy proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available. The author is advised to check the proofs diligently, keeping in mind that accepted proofs will reside forever in publication worldwide. Excessive changes made by the author in the proofs, excluding typesetting errors, will be charged separately.

11. OFFPRINTS
Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available via author services only. Please therefore sign up for author services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers.

12. AUTHOR MATERIAL ARCHIVE POLICY
Please note that unless specifically requested, Wiley Blackwell will dispose of electronic material submitted 2 months after publication.

13. COPYRIGHT
Authors will be required to assign copyright in their paper to the European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers. Copyright definition is a condition of publication and papers will not be passed to the publisher for production unless copyright has been assigned. To assist authors, an appropriate copyright assignment form will be supplied by the Editorial Office. (Government employees need to complete the Author Warranty sections, although copyright in such or similar cases do not need to be assigned.) Online production tracking is available for your article through Wiley Blackwell's Author Services. Author Services enables authors to track their article – once it has been accepted – through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production, so they do not need to contact the Production Editor to check on progress. Visit http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/ for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

13.1 Note to Contributors on Deposit of Accepted Version
Authors are permitted to self-archive the peer-reviewed (but not final) version of the Contribution on the Contributor’s personal website, in the Contributor’s company/institutional repository or archive, and in certain not for profit subject-based repositories such as PubMed Central as listed at the following website: http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-820227.html, subject to an embargo period of 12 months for scientific, technical and medical (STM) journals and 24 months for social science and humanities (SSH) journals following publication of the final Contribution.

There are separate arrangements with certain funding agencies governing reuse of this version as set forth at the following website: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement.

The Contributor may not update the accepted version or replace it with the published Contribution.

14. EARLY VIEW
Geophysical Prospecting is covered by Wiley Blackwell's Early View service. Early View articles are complete, full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.

15. ONLINE OPEN
OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see http://wileyonlinelibrary.com/onlineopen#OnlineOpen_Terms

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at: https://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/onlineopen_order.asp

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

15.1 For authors choosing OnlineOpen
Choosing OnlineOpen makes your article open access and freely available to all on Wiley Online Library and on gp.eage.org, including those who don’t subscribe to the journal. OnlineOpen fulfills funding agency mandates that require grantees to archive the final version of their article. Wiley will also deposit your OnlineOpen article in PubMed Central and PMC mirror sites.

The cost for OnlineOpen is usually US$3,000, which can be paid by the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution.

15.2 Copyright and open access licenses
Information on the Journal Submission Forms

15.2.1 Three types of forms
There are three types of Journal Submission Forms:

1. the regular form, for the majority of the articles;

2. the form for green open access. This form can only be used if open access regulations apply, for instance if the article results from research funded (wholly or in part) with public funds, or if the author made the article as an employee of a university or a publicly funded research institute;

3. the form for gold open access, for authors or organizations that pay a financial compensation to use the article.

If you have any questions about the form you should use, please contact EAGE Publications B.V. (hereinafter: EAGE-Pb).

15.2.2 Copyrights and publishing rights
No copyrights are transferred with the signing of the form. The author (or any other party such as an employer that holds the rights) remains the copyright holder.

The Journal Submission Forms grant EAGE-Pb amongst others the right to publish the article in one of its journals, to add it to its online EarthDoc database and to offer it as download or pay-per-view. In order to do so, EAGE-Pb is allowed to edit the work, for instance to amend the layout.

The license to EAGE-Pb is royalty-free and exclusive. This means that all third parties, including the right holder itself, are not allowed to publish the article. Exceptions are made for articles that fall within the scope of the green or gold open access forms.

15.2.3 Exclusivity for green open access
If it concerns an article to which green open access rules apply, the author can publish the article himself after 12 months from the date of first publication of the article by EAGE-Pb. This needs to be done free of charge. The author then needs to mention that the article was first published by EAGE-Pb and in which journal. The author can use the final text version of the article as published in the journal, but is not allowed to use the lay-out of EAGE-Pb or any pictures that were added to the text by EAGE-Pb.

15.2.4 Exclusivity for gold open access
If it concerns a gold open access form, the author is immediately allowed to publish the work himself. Full reference needs to be made to the source of the first publication, e.g. the name of the journal. EAGE-Pb will also make the article available to the public free of charge. In return, the author will pay an amount of €2,500 to EAGE-Pb.

15.2.5 Delivery of the article
The author needs to deliver a complete draft of the article in Word format, if applicable together with any other materials such as tables or graphics. All materials need to be in a publishable, high resolution format. When submitting any documents, the guidelines of EAGE-Pb need to be taken into account, that are published on its website.

15.2.6 No infringement
The author needs to make sure that nothing prohibits the publication of the article by EAGE-Pb. Amongst others, the author declares that the article does not infringe any intellectual property rights of third parties (i.e. that the author is authorized to use the text and any images or other materials), that the article does not contain any libelous matter and is not defamatory or obscene, and that it does not contain any faulty or illegal information that brings EAGE-Pb or other third parties into disrepute.

In case of multiple authors, the author needs to make sure that the co-authors agree with the publication of the article by EAGE-Pb. Furthermore, he will ensure that all co-authors will also sign the form.

Should you have any questions about the forms, please do not hesitate to contact us at all times.

Phone: +31 889955055; ask for the Media Production Department

Email: eagepublications@eage.org


16. PRE-SUBMISSION ENGLISH LANGUAGE EDITING
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found here. All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

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