Health & Social Care in the Community

Cover image for Vol. 25 Issue 6

Edited By: Karen Luker

Impact Factor: 2.047

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 6/42 (Social Work); 47/157 (Public Environmental & Occupational Health)

Online ISSN: 1365-2524

Author Guidelines


Health and Social Care in the Community (HSCC) is an international journal with a multidisciplinary audience. Original papers are sought which are empirically grounded and reflect the broad range of practical and theoretical issues underpinning the provision care in the community. The journal publishes:

  • Original research papers in all areas of health and social care (data should normally not be more than five years old)
  • Topical health and social care review articles
  • Policy and practice evaluations
  • Special issues

Anyone involved in social work, primary health care and the promotion of health will find HSCC vitally important. Please read the instructions below carefully for details on the submission of manuscripts, the journal's requirements and standards as well as information concerning the procedure after a manuscript has been accepted for publication in Health and Social Care in the Community. Authors are encouraged to visit Wiley-Blackwell Author Services for further information on the preparation and submission of articles and figures.


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Health and Social Care in the Community adheres to the following ethical guidelines for publication and research. The journal to which you are submitting your manuscript employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

2.1. Authorship and Acknowledgements
Authorship: ALL named authors must have made an active contribution to the conception and design and/or analysis and interpretation of the data and/or the drafting of the paper and ALL must have critically reviewed its content and have approved the final version submitted for publication. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship and, except in the case of complex large-scale or multi-centre research, the number of authors should not exceed six.
   It is a requirement that all authors have been accredited as appropriate upon submission of the manuscript. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under Acknowledgements.

Acknowledgements: These should be brief and must include reference to sources of financial and logistical support. Author(s) should clear the copyright of material they wish to reproduce from other sources and this should be acknowledged. Under Acknowledgements please specify contributors to the article other than the authors accredited. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included.

2.2 Conflict of Interest and Source of Funding
Conflict of Interest: Authors are required to disclose any possible conflict of interest. These include financial interests (for example patent, ownership, stock ownership, consultancies, speaker’s fee).
   HSCC requires that sources of institutional, private and corporate financial support for the work within the manuscript must be fully acknowledged, and any potential conflicts of interest noted. As of 1 March 2007, this information will be a requirement for all manuscripts submitted to the Journal and will be published in a highlighted box on the title page of the article. Please include this information under the separate headings of ‘Source of Funding’ and ‘Conflict of Interest’ at the end of your manuscript.
   If the author does not include a conflict of interest statement in the manuscript then the following statement will be included by default: ‘No conflicts of interest have been declared’.

Source of Funding: Authors are required to specify the source of funding for their research when submitting a paper. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included. The information will be disclosed in the published article.

Note to NIH Grantees: Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley-Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance. This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication.  Authors should ensure that NIH is listed under the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript as a source of funding. It would also be helpful to highlight this information to the Production Editor. For further information, see 

2.3 Appeal of Decision
The decision on a paper is final and cannot be appealed.

2.4 Permissions
If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author’s responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the publisher.

2.5 Copyright Assignment
If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by certain funders [e.g. The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)] you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:


Manuscripts should be submitted electronically via the online submission site The use of an online submission and peer review site enables immediate distribution of manuscripts and consequentially speeds up the review process. It also allows authors to track the status of their own manuscripts. Complete instructions for submitting a paper are available online and below. Further assistance can be obtained from the HSCC Editorial Office, by e-mail:

3.1. Getting Started
1. Launch your web browser (supported browsers include Internet Explorer 6 or higher, Netscape 7.0, 7.1, or 7.2, Safari 1.2.4, or Firefox 1.0.4) and go to the journal's online Submission Site:
2. Log-in or click the ‘Create Account’ option if you are a first-time user.
3. If you are creating a new account.fter clicking on ‘Create Account’, enter your name and e-mail information and click ‘Next’. Your e-mail information is very important.  Enter your institution and address information as appropriate, and then click ‘Next’.  Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your e-mail address as your user ID), and then select your area of
expertise. Click ‘Finish’.  

4. If you have an account, but have forgotten your log-in details, go to Password Help on the journals online submission system and enter your e-mail address. The system will send you an automatic user ID and a new temporary
5. Log-in and select ‘Author Centre’.

3.2. Submitting Your Manuscript
6. After you have logged in, click the ‘Submit a Manuscript’ link in the menu bar.
7. Enter data and answer questions as appropriate. You may copy and paste directly from your manuscript and you may upload your pre-prepared covering letter.
8. Click the ‘Next’ button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.
9. You are required to upload your files.

  • Click on the ‘Browse’ button and locate the file on your computer.
  • Select the designation of each file in the drop-down menu next to the ‘Browse’ button.
  • When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the ‘Upload Files’ button.

10. Review your submission (in HTML and PDF format) before sending to the journal. Click the ‘Submit’ button when you are finished reviewing.

3.3. Manuscript Files Accepted
Manuscripts should be uploaded as Word (.doc/.docx) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) files (not write-protected) plus separate figure files. GIF, JPEG, PICT or Bitmap files are acceptable for submission, but only high-resolution TIF or EPS files are suitable for printing. The files will be automatically converted to HTML and PDF on upload and will be used for the review process. The text file must contain the entire manuscript including title page, abstract, bullet points, keywords, text, references, tables, and simple figures, but no embedded high-resolution figures. Figure tags and figure legends for high-resolution figures should be included in the file. Manuscripts should be formatted as described in the Author Guidelines below.

3.4. Blinded Review
All manuscripts submitted to HSCC will be reviewed by two experts in the field. HSCC uses double-blinded review. The names of the reviewers will thus not be disclosed to the author submitting a paper and the name(s) of the author(s) will not be disclosed to the reviewers. To allow double-blinded review, please submit (upload) your main manuscript and title page as separate files. Please upload:

  • Your manuscript without title page under the file designation ‘main document’
  • Figure files under the file designation ‘figures’
  • The title page, Acknowledgements and Conflict of Interest Statement where applicable, should be uploaded under the file designation ‘title page’

All documents uploaded under the file designation ‘title page’ will not be viewable in the HTML and PDF format you are asked to review at the end of the submission process. The files viewable in the HTML and PDF format are the files available to the reviewer in the review process.

3.5. Suspension of Submission Mid-way in the Submission Process
You may suspend a submission at any phase before clicking the ‘Submit’ button and save it to submit later. The manuscript can then be located under ‘Unsubmitted Manuscripts’ and you can click on ‘Continue Submission’ to continue your submission when you choose to.

3.6. E-mail Confirmation of Submission
After submission you will receive an e-mail to confirm receipt of your manuscript. If you do not receive the confirmation e-mail after 24 hours, please check your e-mail address carefully in the system. If the e-mail address is correct please contact your IT department. The error may be caused by spam filtering software on your e-mail server. Also, the e-mails should be received if the IT department adds our e-mail server ( to their whitelist.

3.7. Manuscript Status
You can access ScholarOne Manuscripts (formerly known as Manuscript Central) any time to check your ‘Author Centre’ for the status of your manuscript. The journal will inform you by e-mail once a decision has been made.

3.8. Submission of Revised Manuscripts
Revised manuscripts must be uploaded within three months of authors being notified of conditional acceptance pending satisfactory revision. Locate your manuscript under ‘Manuscripts with Decisions’ and click on ‘Submit a Revision’ to submit your revised manuscript. Please remember to delete any old files uploaded when you upload your revised manuscript. Please also remember to upload your manuscript document separate from your title page.

3.9 Supporter Journal
This journal works together with Wiley’s Open Access Journal, Health Science Reports to enable rapid publication of good quality research that is unable to be accepted for publication by our journal. Authors may be offered the option of having the paper, along with any related peer reviews, automatically transferred for consideration by the Editor of Health Science Reports. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and publication decisions will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. The Editor of Health Science Reports will accept submissions that report well-conducted research that reaches the standard acceptable for publication. Health Science Reports is a Wiley Open Access journal and article publication fees apply. For more information please go to


Quantitative Articles: Full details of our guidelines for quantitative articles ia available at: Manuscripts should be compatible with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (, with randomised intervention studies reported according to CONSORT recommendations (, non-randomised intervention studies to TREND recommendations (, and observational studies to STROBE recommendations ( Other study designs should be reported to a similar structure and standard.

Qualitative Articles: The Journal publishes manuscripts of studies using a range of qualitative designs including grounded theory, ethnography, phenomenology, participatory/action research, case studies and others. Authors are encouraged to provide sufficient detail for reviewers and readers to critique all components of the manuscript. Manuscripts would normally include the headings and content areas as outlined below. Details on the requirements for abstracts are outlined in Section 5.

Introduction: The introduction should include sufficient background including a thorough and integrated review of the literature. The editor acknowledges that in some qualitative research traditions, particularly grounded theory, researchers may prefer to outline the literature quite briefly at the beginning of the research reporting process and discuss the literature in depth in relation to the study findings later in the discussion section of the manuscript. While this is acceptable to some degree, there remains the need to outline sufficient literature at the beginning of the manuscript to provide a scholarly context and rationale for the paper. The literature review should convince the reader that the study was undertaken using established research criteria such as the prevalence of the phenomenon/problem; the importance or impact of the phenomenon/problem in relation to individuals and families; the impact of the phenomenon/problem on health service utilisation (as relevant); etc.

Theories or concepts in relation to the phenomenon under study may also be included to provide the theoretical underpinnings of the study. Empirical studies, theoretical papers, policy/government reports would normally be cited. Gaps in the empirical and/or theoretical literature are also noted. It is also important that the literature review be concisely written and well integrated. A clear statement of the purpose/aims of the study should be included in the introduction. This should be consistent with what is written in the abstract.

Methods: Some studies also benefit from the inclusion of a sub-heading which includes background information which specifically orientates the reader to the particular study site or programme. Also, if preliminary work was carried out in preparation for the study, this should be reported with details as to how it informed the main study.

The Methods section would normally include the following:

  • type of study design including the rationale for the selection of the particular design with literature support
  • data collection methods – include details such as the interviews (or observation approaches or other data collection methods) with rationale and literature support
  • data collection procedures including recruitment, settings, sampling, etc.
  • the consenting process including how informed consent was secured, who secured the consent, etc.. If written consent was not given, authors need to state how informed consent was secured
  • dates of data collection
  • analysis procedures with literature support. Include details on any computer software used to manage data (if appropriate)
  • discussion of the steps taken to enhance the rigour of the research process and findings
  • details of formal research ethics approval

Findings: Normally, a description of the characteristics of the participants is included at the beginning of the findings section.

A short overview of the findings (a sentence or two) helps to orientate the reader to the text which follows, i.e. the number of themes and the names of the themes (other terminology is also acceptable). The language used to name the themes should be similar to that reported in the abstract and the more detailed text which follows. Also, the order of presentation of the themes needs to be the same. This assists the reader to follow the logic and direction of the paper. The data analysis needs to be of sufficient depth to ensure that the findings are presented at a conceptual level. A simple descriptive presentation of the data is not adequate.

It would be expected that qualitative interviews would include excerpts from the data as part of the process of reporting the findings and establishing the credibility of the research process. Excerpts, other than a short sentence within quotation marks in the text, should be single spaced and indented in the text. A colon is used at the end of the text prior to the quoted data excerpt. Authors should include the code number (or facsimile, i.e. pseudonym) in brackets at the end of the quote. When there is more than one category of participants in the study (such as social workers and clients or particular age groups), authors should use an identifier (i.e. SW01 could refer to the first social worker participant; C03 could refer to the third client participant; YA 10 could refer to the tenth young adult participant). Including the participant number and/or participant group helps the reviewer ascertain the range of the sample used to report the findings, which assists in assessing the credibility of the findings. Occasionally, authors prefer to include quotes in a box or table at the end of the paper. This is acceptable providing the data are well organised and presented.

Discussion: Normally, the discussion should contain an interpretation of the findings and comparisons of the findings from other studies (both similarities and differences). It should also include the authors' critical reflection on the strengths and limitations of the study that may affect the transferability of the findings to other populations such as problems with sampling, recruitment, attrition, deviations from the research protocol or other problems during data collection or data analysis procedures.

Authors should include, where relevant, the implications of the study findings for practice and policy. A brief conclusion should be added to the manuscript that does not merely summarise the findings.

The Journal acknowledges that there may be variations in the interpretation of the presentation of the findings and discussion in qualitative research. Where possible, authors are requested to follow the processes outlined above.

Examples of Published Qualitative Manuscripts:

  • Bengtsson-Tops A., Saveman B.I. & Tops D. (2009) Staff experience and understanding of working with abused women suffering from mental illness. Health and Social Care in the Community 17, 459-465.
  • Gilbert L. & Walker L. (2010) ‘My biggest fear was that people would reject me once they knew my status…’: stigma as experienced by patients in an HIV/AIDS clinic in Johannesburg. Health and Social Care in the Community 18, 139-146.
  • Lee I., Wang H.H., Chiou C.J. & Chang S.H. (2009) Family caregivers’ viewpoints towards quality of long-term care services for community-dwelling elders in Taiwan. Health and Social Care in the Community 17, 312-320.

Review Papers: We welcome systematic, narrative and scoping reviews. In addition, we welcome ‘state of the art’ papers that address issues and topics relevant to health and social care in the community, and appeal to a multidisciplinary and international audience. All review papers are overseen by the Reviews Editor.

We would expect that reviews submitted to the journal are rigorous, robust and up-to-date. The dates the review commenced and finished should be in both Methods and Abstract. Reviews should have a maximum of 7000 words. Authors who submit systematic reviews are expected to follow established guidelines such as those provided by the University of York Centre for Reviews and Dissemination guidance for undertaking systematic reviews in health care ( Authors who submit scoping reviews are expected to follow guidance on scoping reviews such as the methodology guidance by Arksey & O’Malley (2005) (Reference: Arksey H & O’Mallley L (2005) Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework, International Journal of Social Research Methodology; 8:1: 19-32); or Levac et al (2010) (Reference: Levac D, Colquhoun H, O’Brien KK (2010). Scoping studies: advancing the methodology. Implementation Science; 5:69. DOI 10.1186/1748.5908-5-69).

For those authors submitting a descriptive, critical, narrative or scoping review we would expect them to follow the guiding principles of the systematic review process (outlined below) in order to maintain a high standard of review.

Methods used in all reviews should be guided by the key principles of systematic review process (where appropriate). These are:

  • Reviews start with clearly formulated topic or research question
  • Reviewers strive to locate all relevant literature from a variety of sources and report their search strategies
  • Reviews contain explicit study inclusion and exclusion criteria
  • All studies are critically appraised
  • All studies are examined and judged according to preset quality criteria
  • The results of this in-depth analysis are summarised both within and across studies. Tables/Figures of more than 2 pages will only appear in the online version of the paper
  • Conclusions are drawn from a synthesis of the results of included studies
  • Overall findings are based on studies which are the most methodologically sound

Authors are encouraged to seek advice from the Reviews Editor if necessary, and consult section 5.6 on Supporting Material.

Policy Papers: Authors should be mindful that HSCC is an international journal and where possible the discussion should draw from international sources.

Special Issues: From time to time the Editor may commission a special issue of the journal which would take the form of a number of papers devoted to a particular theme. Special issue organisers will be expected to produce introductory and concluding discussion sections.


5.1. Style
Authors should remember that they are writing for an international multidisciplinary audience. Authors are strongly recommended to consult recent issues of the journal for an idea of topics, content, presentation and general style. The typescript should be double spaced with a wide margin on either side. Articles should not exceed 5000 words (excluding figures, tables and the reference list).

5.2. Format
Language: The language of publication is English. Authors for whom English is a second language must have their manuscript professionally edited by an English speaking person before submission to make sure the English is of high quality. It is preferred that manuscripts are professionally edited. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Units: Measurements where appropriate must be in SI units. Units, Symbols and Abbreviations (Baron & McKenzie Clarke, Royal Society of Medicine 2008) is a useful guide.

5.3. Structure
All manuscripts submitted to HSCC should include: title page, abstract, keywords, bullet points, text, references, tables and figures.

Title Page: This should contain a concise title of the article, names and qualifications of authors, their affiliations and the full postal address, email and telephone number of an author to whom correspondence can be addressed.

Abstract: This should be non-structured and should not exceed 300 words. Where appropriate authors should cover the following areas: objective; study design; location, setting and dates of data collection; selection and number of participants; interventions, instruments and outcome measures; main findings; and conclusions and implications. The Abstract should be followed by up to 6 key words, up to 3 bullet points on “What is known about this topic”, and up to 3 bullet points on “What this paper adds”, with a total of no more than 110 words across all bullet points exclusive of the titles (120 including the titles).

The bullet points should give short, clear summaries on “What is known about the topic” and “What this paper adds” identifying existing research knowledge and new knowledge respectively in terms of outcome statements (what is known/added), not process statements (what was done). Authors should report, for instance, a specific outcome such as “experiences of patients and carers in the community did not always concur with guideline recommendations”, NOT the generic process “This qualitative study reports on experiences of patients and carers in the community”. Authors may wish to use the last bullet point under “What this paper adds” to summarise implications for practice, policy or research. While we allow up to 110 words across all bullet points, authors should note that shorter statements will have a greater impact and are more likely to attract a reader’s attention. Authors should avoid repeating sentences in the Abstract within the bullet points.

Optimizing your abstract for search engines: Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

Main Text: Where possible authors should avoid using abbreviations and footnotes. The use of non-discriminatory language is encouraged and spellings should conform with those used in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary.

5.4. References
References should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). This means in text citations should follow the author-date method whereby the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998). The complete reference list should appear alphabetically by name at the end of the paper.
A sample of the most common entries in reference lists appears below. Please note that a DOI should be provided for all references where available. Please note that for journal articles, issue numbers are not included unless each issue in the volume begins with page one.
Journal article
Beers, S. R., & De Bellis, M. D. (2002). Neuropsychological function in children with maltreatment-related posttraumatic stress disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 483–486. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.159.3.483.
Book edition
Bradley-Johnson, S. (1994). Psychoeducational assessment of students who are visually impaired or blind: Infancy through high school (2nd ed.). Austin, TX: Pro-ed.
OSCOLA (used for legal citations)
Citations: OSCOLA is a ‘footnote style’, so all citations appear in footnotes. OSCOLA does not use endnotes or in-text citations, such as ‘(Brown, 2007)’. Longer works, such as books and theses, also include citations in tables of cases and legislation, and bibliographies.
When citing any source, either directly (as a quotation) or indirectly (by paraphrasing or referring to ideas in a source), cite the reference in a footnote, in the style indicated in OSCOLA.
Indicate footnotes with a superscript number which should appear after the relevant punctuation in the text (if any). Put the footnote marker at the end of a sentence, unless for the sake of clarity it is necessary to put it directly after the word or phrase to which it relates. If the word or phrase to which the footnote marker relates is in brackets, put the marker before the closing bracket. A quotation need not be footnoted separately from the name of the source from which it is derived if the two appear in the same sentence. Otherwise, separate notes should be used.
Close footnotes with a full stop (or question or exclamation mark). Where more than one citation is given in a single footnote reference, separate them with semi-colons.
Sample references follow:
Citing cases
It is well represented in the case law, perhaps most notably in the expression of the no-conflict rule advocated by Lord Upjohn in Phipps v Boardman,31
The relevant footnotes would appear as follows:
31 [1967] 2 AC 46 (HL).
Citing legislation
A citation in a footnote is not required when citing legislation if all the information the reader needs about the source is provided in the text, as in the following sentence:
This case highlights the far-reaching judicial role ushered in by the Human Rights Act 1998.
Where the text does not include the name of the Act or the relevant section, this information should be provided in a footnote.
British courts must only consider Strasbourg jurisprudence: they are not bound by it.1
The relevant footnotes would appear as follows:
1 Human Rights Act 1998, s 2.
Citing secondary sources
If relying on or referring to a secondary source, such as a book or an article, provide a citation for the work in a footnote.
Hart wrote that the doctrine of precedent is compatible with ‘two types of creative or legislative activity’: distinguishing the earlier case by ‘narrowing the rule extracted from the precedent’, and widening the rule by discarding ‘a restriction found in the rule as formulated from the earlier case’.34
The relevant footnotes would appear as follows:
34 HLA Hart, The Concept of Law (2nd edn, Clarendon Press 1994) 135.
When citing more than one source of the same kind for a single proposition, put the sources in chronological order, with the oldest first.
Full details about how to cite and style in OSCOLA can be found here - OSCOLA (Oxford University Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities - 4th Edition).

5.5. Tables, Figures and Figure Legends
Tables: These should be clearly titled, follow a consistent layout, and be referenced within the text. Wherever possible, they should be self-contained avoiding the need for a reader to cross-reference the text to understand a table. Tables should be submitted one per page, numbered using Arabic numbers, e.g. Table 1, Table 2, etc, with titles listed on a separate page, at the end of the manuscript.

Figures: These should be referred to in the text as figures using Arabic numbers e.g., Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc., in order of appearance, and submitted one per page at the end of the manuscript.

Figure Legends: Each figure should have a legend clearly describing it. The legends should be grouped on a separate page at the end of the manuscript. In the full-text online edition of the journal, figure legends may be truncated in abbreviated links to the full screen version. Therefore, the first 100 characters of any legend should inform the reader of key aspects of the figure.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication: Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS (line art) or TIFF (halftone/photographs) files only. Microsoft PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programs. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of at least 300 dpi (halftone) or 600–1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below). Please submit the data for figures in black and white or submit a Colour Work Agreement Form (see Colour Charges below). EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).
   For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: line art: >600 dpi; halftones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.
   Further information can be obtained at Wiley’s guidelines for figures:
   Check your electronic artwork before submitting it:

Permissions: If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the publisher.

Colour Charges: It is the policy of HSCC for authors to pay the full cost for the reproduction of their colour artwork. Therefore, please note that if there is colour artwork in your manuscript when it is accepted for publication, Wiley requires you to complete and return a Colour Work Agreement Form before your paper can be published. Any article received by Wiley-Blackwell with colour work will not be published until the form has been returned. If you are unable to access the internet, or are unable to download the form, please contact the production editor at the address below and they will be able to email or fax a form to you. Once completed, please return the form to the production editor at the address below:

Health and Social Care in the Community
1 Fusionopolis Walk
#07-01 Solaris South Tower
Singapore 138628
T: 65 6643 8475
F: 65 6643 8008

5.6. Supporting Material For Review Articles

Supporting material, such as figures or tables over two pages long, that will not be published in the print edition of the journal, but will be viewable via the online edition, can be submitted.

It should be clearly stated at the time of submission that Supporting Material is intended to be made available through the online edition. In the unlikely event that the size or format of the Supporting Material is such that it cannot be accommodated on the journal's website, the author agrees to make the Supporting Material available free of charge on the permanent website, to which links will be set up from the journal's website. The author must advise Wiley-Blackwell if the URL of the website where the Supporting Material is located changes. The content of the Supporting Material must not be altered after the paper has been accepted for publication.

The availability of Supporting Material should be indicated in the main manuscript: both in text as 'see supporting material table' and by a paragraph, to appear after the References, headed 'Supporting Material' and providing titles of figures, tables, etc. In order to protect reviewer anonymity, material posted on the authors' website cannot be reviewed. The Supporting Material is an integral part of the article and will be reviewed accordingly.


Upon acceptance of a paper for publication, the manuscript will be forwarded to the production editor who is responsible for the production of the journal.

6.1 Proof Corrections
The corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing a link to a website. A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from: This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen, and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Hard copy proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available; in your absence, please arrange for a colleague to access your e-mail to retrieve the proofs.
   Proofs must be returned to the production editor within three days of receipt. As changes to proofs are costly, we ask that you only correct typesetting errors. Other than in exceptional circumstances, all illustrations are retained by the publisher. Please note that the author is responsible for all statements made in their work, including changes made by the copy editor.

6.2 EarlyView (Publication Prior to Print)
HSCC is covered by Wiley-Blackwell’s EarlyView service. EarlyView articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. EarlyView articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors’ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of EarlyView articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so EarlyView articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.

6.3 OnlineOpen
OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee (currently $3000) to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at:

6.4 Author Services
Online production tracking is available for your article through Author Services. Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted – through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

6.5 Author Material Archive Policy
Please note that unless specifically requested, Blackwell Publishing will dispose of all hardcopy or electronic material submitted two months after publication. If you require the return of any material submitted, please inform the editorial office or production editor as soon as possible.

6.6 Offprints and Extra Copies
A PDF offprint of the online published article will be provided free of charge to the corresponding author, and may be distributed subject to the Publisher's terms and conditions. Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available via author services only. Please therefore sign up for author services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers. Additional paper offprints may be ordered online. Please click on the following link, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail