International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Cover image for Vol. 27 Issue 4

Edited By: Chris Deery

Impact Factor: 1.532

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 41/90 (Dentistry Oral Surgery & Medicine); 69/121 (Pediatrics)

Online ISSN: 1365-263X

Author Guidelines

Content of Author Guidelines: 1. General, 2. Ethical Guidelines, 3. Manuscript Submission Procedure, 4. Manuscript Types Accepted, 5. Manuscript Format and Structure, 6. After Acceptance

Relevant Documents
: Sample Manuscript

Useful Websites
: Submission Site, Articles published in International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, Author Services, Wiley-Blackwell’s Ethical Guidelines, Guidelines for Figures.

The journal to which you are submitting your manuscript employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.


International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry publishes papers on all aspects of paediatric dentistry including: growth and development, behaviour management, prevention, restorative treatment and issue relating to medically compromised children or those with disabilities. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, reviews, clinical techniques, brief clinical reports, short communications and abstracts of current paediatric dental research. Analytical studies with a scientific novelty value are preferred to descriptive studies.

Please read the instructions below carefully for details on the submission of manuscripts, the journal's requirements and standards as well as information concerning the procedure after acceptance of a manuscript for publication in International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry. Authors are encouraged to visit Wiley-Blackwell Author Services for further information on the preparation and submission of articles and figures.

In June 2007, the Editors gave a presentation on How to write a successful paper for the International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry.


Submission is considered on the conditions that papers are previously unpublished, and are not offered simultaneously elsewhere; that authors have read and approved the content, and all authors have also declared all competing interests; and that the work complies with the Ethical Policies of the Journal and has been conducted under internationally accepted ethical standards after relevant ethical review.

Journal of Oral Rehabilitation requires that all authors (both the corresponding author and co-authors) disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise that might be perceived as influencing an author’s objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. These must be disclosed when directly relevant or indirectly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. Potential sources of conflict of interest include but are not limited to patent or stock ownership, membership of a company board of directors, membership of an advisory board or committee for a company, and consultancy for or receipt of speaker's fees from a company. If authors are unsure whether a past or present affiliation or relationship should be disclosed in the manuscript, please contact the editorial office at The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication in this journal.

The above policies are in accordance with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals produced by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ( It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to have all authors of a manuscript fill out a conflict of interest disclosure form, and to upload all forms together with the manuscript on submission. The disclosure statement should be included under Acknowledgements. Please find the form below:

Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form


Articles for the International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry should be submitted electronically via an online submission site. Full instructions and support are available on the site and a user ID and password can be obtained on the first visit. Support is available by phone (+1 434 817 2040 ext. 167) or here. If you cannot submit online, please contact Daricel Borja in the Editorial Office by e-mail

4.1. Getting Started
Launch your web browser (supported browsers include Internet Explorer 5.5 or higher, Safari 1.2.4, or Firefox 1.0.4 or higher) and go to the journal's online submission site:
*Log-in or, if you are a new user, click on 'register here'.
*If you are registering as a new user.
- After clicking on 'Create Account', enter your name and e-mail information and click 'Next'. Your e-mail information is very important.
- Enter your institution and address information as appropriate, and then click 'Next.'
- Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your e-mail address as your user ID), and then select your area of expertise. Click 'Finish'.
*If you are already registered, but have forgotten your log in details, enter your e-mail address under 'Password Help'. The system will send you an automatic user ID and a new temporary password.
*Log-in and select 'Author Center'.

4.2. Submitting Your Manuscript
After you have logged into your 'Author Center', submit your manuscript by clicking on the submission link under 'Author Resources'.
* Enter data and answer questions as appropriate.
* You may copy and paste directly from your manuscript and you may upload your pre-prepared covering letter. Please note that a separate Title Page must be submitted as part of the submission process as ‘Title Page’ and should contain the following:

• Word count (excluding tables)
• Authors’ names, professional and academic qualifications, positions and places of work. They must all have actively contributed to the overall design and execution of the study/paper and should be listed in order of importance of their contribution
• Corresponding author address, and telephone and fax numbers and email address

*Click the 'Next' button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.
*You are required to upload your files.
- Click on the 'Browse' button and locate the file on your computer.
- Select the designation of each file in the drop down next to the Browse button.
- When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the 'Upload Files' button.
* Review your submission (in HTML and PDF format) before completing your submission by sending it to the Journal. Click the 'Submit' button when you are finished reviewing.

4.3. Manuscript Files Accepted
Manuscripts should be uploaded as Word (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) files (not write-protected) plus separate figure files. GIF, JPEG, PICT or Bitmap files are acceptable for submission, but only high-resolution TIF or EPS files are suitable for printing. The files will be automatically converted to HTML and a PDF document on upload and will be used for the review process. The text file must contain the entire manuscript including title page, abstract, text, references, tables, and figure legends, but no embedded figures. In the text, please reference figures as for instance 'Figure 1', 'Figure 2' to match the tag name you choose for the individual figure files uploaded. Manuscripts should be formatted as described in the Author Guidelines below. Please note that any manuscripts uploaded as Word 2007 (.docx) is now accepted by IPD. As such manuscripts can be submitted in both .doc and .docx file types.

4.4. Review Process
The review process is entirely electronic-based and therefore facilitates faster reviewing of manuscripts. Manuscripts will be reviewed by experts in the field (generally two reviewers), and the Editor-in-Chief makes a final decision. The International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry aims to forward reviewers´ comments and to inform the corresponding author of the result of the review process. Manuscripts will be considered for 'fast-track publication' under special circumstances after consultation with the Editor-in-Chief.

4.5. Suggest a Reviewer
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry attempts to keep the review process as short as possible to enable rapid publication of new scientific data. In order to facilitate this process, please suggest the names and current email addresses of a potential international reviewer whom you consider capable of reviewing your manuscript and their area of expertise. In addition to your choice the journal editor will choose one or two reviewers as well.

4.6. Suspension of Submission Mid-way in the Submission Process
You may suspend a submission at any phase before clicking the 'Submit' button and save it to submit later. The manuscript can then be located under 'Unsubmitted Manuscripts' and you can click on 'Continue Submission' to continue your submission when you choose to.

4.7. E-mail Confirmation of Submission
After submission you will receive an e-mail to confirm receipt of your manuscript. If you do not receive the confirmation e-mail after 24 hours, please check your e-mail address carefully in the system. If the e-mail address is correct please contact your IT department. The error may be caused by some sort of spam filtering on your e-mail server. Also, the e-mails should be received if the IT department adds our e-mail server ( to their whitelist.

4.8. Manuscript Status
You can access ScholarOne Manuscripts any time to check your 'Author Center' for the status of your manuscript. The Journal will inform you by e-mail once a decision has been made.

4.9. Submission of Revised Manuscripts
Revised manuscripts must be uploaded within 2 months of authors being notified of conditional acceptance pending satisfactory revision. Locate your manuscript under 'Manuscripts with Decisions' and click on 'Submit a Revision' to submit your revised manuscript. Please remember to delete any old files uploaded when you upload your revised manuscript. All revisions must be accompanied by a cover letter to the editor. The letter must a) detail on a point-by-point basis the author's response to each of the referee's comments, and b) a revised manuscript highlighting exactly what has been changed in the manuscript after revision.

4.10 Online Open
OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive.

For the full list of terms and conditions, see

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.


Original Articles: Divided into: Summary, Introduction, Material and methods, Results, Discussion, Bullet points, Acknowledgements, References, Figure legends, Tables and Figures arranged in this order. The summary should be structured using the following subheadings: Background, Hypothesis or Aim, Design, Results, and Conclusions and should be less than 200 words. A brief description, in bullet form, should be included at the end of the paper and should describe Why this paper is important to paediatric dentists.

Review Articles: may be invited by the Editor.

Short Communications: should contain important, new, definitive information of sufficient significance to warrant publication. They should not be divided into different parts and summaries are not required.

Clinical Techniques: This type of publication is best suited to describe significant improvements in clinical practice such as introduction of new technology or practical approaches to recognised clinical challenges.

Brief Clinical Reports/Case Reports: Short papers not exceeding 800 words, including a maximum of three illustrations and five references may be accepted for publication if they serve to promote communication between clinicians and researchers. If the paper describes a genetic disorder, the OMIM unique six-digit number should be provided for online cross reference (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man).

A paper submitted as a Brief Clinical/Case Report should include the following:

  • a short Introduction (avoid lengthy reviews of literature);
  • the Case report itself (a brief description of the patient/s, presenting condition, any special investigations and outcomes);
  • a Discussion which should highlight specific aspects of the case(s), explain/interpret the main findings and provide a scientific appraisal of any previously reported work in the field.  
  • Please provide up to 3 bullet points for your manuscript under the heading: 1. Why this clinical report is important to paediatric dentists. Bullet points should be added to the end of your manuscript, before the references.

Letters to the Editor: Should be sent directly to the editor for consideration in the journal.


6.1. Format

Language: The language of publication is English. UK and US spelling are both acceptable but the spelling must be consistent within the manuscript. The journal's preferred choice is UK spelling. Authors for whom English is a second language must have their manuscript professionally edited by an English speaking person before submission to make sure the English is of high quality. It is preferred that manuscript is professionally edited. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication

6.2. Structure
The whole manuscript should be double-spaced, paginated, and submitted in correct English. The beginning of each paragraph should be properly marked with an indent.

Original Articles (Research Articles): should normally be divided into: Summary, Introduction, Material and methods, Results, Discussion, Bullet points, Acknowledgements, References, Figure legends, Tables and Figures arranged in this order.

Please include a statement of author contributions, e.g. Author contributions: A.S. and K.J. conceived the ideas; K.J. and R.L.M. collected the data; R.L.M. and P.A.K. analysed the data; and A.S. and K.J. led the writing.

Summary should be structured using the following subheadings: Background, Hypothesis or Aim, Design, Results, and Conclusions.

Introduction should be brief and end with a statement of the aim of the study or hypotheses tested. Describe and cite only the most relevant earlier studies. Avoid presentation of an extensive review of the field.

Material and methods should be clearly described and provide enough detail so that the observations can be critically evaluated and, if necessary repeated. Use section subheadings in a logical order to title each category or method. Use this order also in the results section. Authors should have considered the ethical aspects of their research and should ensure that the project was approved by an appropriate ethical committee, which should be stated. Type of statistical analysis must be described clearly and carefully.

(i) Experimental Subjects: Experimentation involving human subjects will only be published if such research has been conducted in full accordance with ethical principles, including the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki (version 2008) and the additional requirements, if any, of the country where the research has been carried out. Manuscripts must be accompanied by a statement that the experiments were undertaken with the understanding and written consent of each subject and according to the above mentioned principles. A statement regarding the fact that the study has been independently reviewed and approved by an ethical board should also be included. Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there are doubts as to whether appropriate procedures have been used.

(ii) Clinical trials should be reported using the CONSORT guidelines available at A CONSORT checklist should also be included in the submission material.
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry encourages authors submitting manuscripts reporting from a clinical trial to register the trials in any of the following free, public clinical trials registries:,, The clinical trial registration number and name of the trial register will then be published with the paper.

(iii)DNA Sequences and Crystallographic Structure Determinations: Papers reporting protein or DNA sequences and crystallographic structure determinations will not be accepted without a Genbank or Brookhaven accession number, respectively. Other supporting data sets must be made available on the publication date from the authors directly.

Results should clearly and concisely report the findings, and division using subheadings is encouraged. Double documentation of data in text, tables or figures is not acceptable. Tables and figures should not include data that can be given in the text in one or two sentences. 

Discussion section presents the interpretation of the findings. This is the only proper section for subjective comments and reference to previous literature. Avoid repetition of results, do not use subheadings or reference to tables in the results section.

Bullet Points
should include one heading:
*Why this paper is important to paediatric dentists.
Please provide maximum 3 bullets per heading.

Review Articles: may be invited by the Editor. Review articles for the International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry should include: a) description of search strategy of relevant literature (search terms and databases), b) inclusion criteria (language, type of studies i.e. randomized controlled trial or other, duration of studies and chosen endpoints, c) evaluation of papers and level of evidence. For examples see:
Twetman S, Axelsson S, Dahlgren H et al. Caries-preventive effect of fluoride toothpaste: a systematic review. Acta Odontologica Scandivaica 2003; 61: 347-355.
Paulsson L, Bondemark L, Söderfeldt B. A systematic review of the consequences of premature birth on palatal morphology, dental occlusion, tooth-crown dimensions, and tooth maturity and eruption. Angle Orthodontist 2004; 74: 269-279.

Clinical Techniques: This type of publication is best suited to describe significant improvements in clinical practice such as introduction of new technology or practical approaches to recognised clinical challenges. They should conform to highest scientific and clinical practice standards.  

Short Communications: Brief scientific articles or short case reports may be submitted, which should be no longer than three pages of double spaced text, and include a maximum of three ilustrations. They should contain important, new, definitive information of sufficient significance to warrant publication. They should not be divided into different parts and summaries are not required.

: Under acknowledgements please specify contributors to the article other than the authors accredited. Please also include specifications of the source of funding for the study and any potential conflict of interests if appropriate. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included.

Supplementary data
Supporting material that is too lengthy for inclusion in the full text of the manuscript, but would nevertheless benefit the reader, can be made available by the publisher as online-only content, linked to the online manuscript. The material should not be essential to understanding the conclusions of the paper, but should contain data that is additional or complementary and directly relevant to the article content. Such information might include the study protocols, more detailed methods, extended data sets/data analysis, or additional figures (including). All material to be considered as supplementary data must be uploaded as such with the manuscript for peer review. It cannot be altered or replaced after the paper has been accepted for publication. Please indicate clearly the material intended as Supplementary Data upon submission. Also ensure that the Supplementary Data is referred to in the main manuscript. Please label these supplementary figures/tables as S1, S2, S3, etc.

Full details on how to submit supporting information, can be found at

6.3. References
A maximum of 30 references should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text (Vancouver System). They should be identified in the text by superscripted Arabic numbers and listed at the end of the paper in numerical order. Identify references in text, tables and legends. Check and ensure that all listed references are cited in the text. Non-refereed material and, if possible, non-English publications should be avoided. Congress abstracts, unaccepted papers, unpublished observations, and personal communications may not be placed in the reference list. References to unpublished findings and to personal communication (provided that explicit consent has been given by the sources) may be inserted in parenthesis in the text. Journal and book references should be set out as in the following examples:

1. Kronfol NM. Perspectives on the health care system of the United Arab Emirates. East Mediter Health J. 1999; 5: 149-167.
2. Ministry of Health, Department of Planning. Annual Statistical Report. Abu Dhabi: Ministry of Health, 2001.
3. Al-Mughery AS, Attwood D, Blinkhorn A. Dental health of 5-year-old children in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1991; 19: 308-309.
4. Al-Hosani E, Rugg-Gunn A. Combination of low parental educational attainment and high parental income related to high caries experience in preschool children in Abu Dhabi. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1998; 26: 31-36.

If more than 6 authors please, cite the three first and then et al. When citing a web site, list the authors and title if known, then the URL and the date it was accessed (in parenthesis). Include among the references papers accepted but not yet published; designate the journal and add (in press). Please ensure that all journal titles are given in abbreviated form.

We recommend the use of a tool such as Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

6.4. Illustrations and Tables

Tables: should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and should have an explanatory title. Each table should be typed on a separate page with regard to the proportion of the printed column/page and contain only horizontal lines

Figures and illustrations:
All figures should be submitted electronically with the manuscript via ScholarOne Manuscripts (formerly known as Manuscript Central). Each figure should have a legend and all legends should be typed together on a separate sheet and numbered accordingly with Arabic numerals.  Avoid 3-D bar charts.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication:
Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS (lineart) or TIFF (halftone/photographs) files only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programmes. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below). EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).

For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: lineart:  >600 dpi; half-tones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.

Further information can be obtained at Wiley-Blackwell’s guidelines for figures:

Check your electronic artwork before submitting it:


7.1. Copyright
If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by certain funders [e.g. The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)] you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with your Funder requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

7.2. Permissions
If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the publisher.

7.3. NIH Public Access Mandate
For those interested in the Wiley-Blackwell policy on the NIH Public Access Mandate, please visit our policy statement