Journal of Advanced Nursing

Cover image for Vol. 72 Issue 10

Edited By: Editor-in-Chief: Roger Watson; Editors: Robyn Gallagher, Mark Hayter, Jane Noyes, Rita Pickler & Brenda Roe

Impact Factor: 1.917

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 8/114 (Nursing (Social Science)); 10/116 (Nursing (Science))

Online ISSN: 1365-2648

VI: Child Health

Child Health:
Nursing contribution to improving child health and welfare

Jane Noyes
June 2014

Globally, the contrast could not be starker between the nursing contribution to tackling children’s diseases of affluence and lifestyle compared with diseases of poverty, inequity and social exclusion. Global reports indicate that children in high income countries are increasingly less active, getting fatter, more commonly living with long term conditions and disabilities, and as a group are generally more unhappy than previous generations. Although children’s services in high income countries vary widely in quality, many countries still report that children’s services are marginalised with a poorly trained workforce and limited access to appropriate and effective child-centred interventions resources and facilities. Many high income countries also support communities of indigenous and migrant children living in poverty with marginalised families who experience more barriers to accessing high quality health services.

In middle and lower income countries the story is one of important improvements in child survival but with enormous disparities, inequity and ongoing critical shortages of nurses and midwives on the ground and patchy access to effective child health services. In lower and middle income countries, improvements in health services have helped reduce deaths in children aged 1-5 by 54% from 1990 -2012, but deaths of newborns under 28 days have not decreased as much (down 37%). Global migration of children and families is common and depending on the reason and circumstances, displacement can either improve or negatively impact on child health outcomes.

This selection of papers, published in JAN, shows some of the challenges and dilemmas created by the variation in the global health needs and circumstances of the world’s children and presents new evidence to inform the state of the art and science of children’s nursing and the nursing contribution to child health.

Jane Noyes

What explains the distribution of doctors and nurses in different countries, and does it matter for health outcomes?
Roy Carr-Hill and Elizabeth Currie

Parental perception of child weight: a concept analysis
Nicole Mareno

‘It's like a bag of pick and mix – you don't know what you are going to get’: young people's experience of neurofibromatosis Type 1
Jenny Barke, Diana Harcourt and Jane Coad

Development and psychometric testing of the online Adolescent Diabetes Needs Assessment Tool (ADNAT)
Helen Cooper, Joy Spencer, Gillian A. Lancaster, Andrew Titman, Mark Johnson, Sara Louise Wheeler and Rebekah Lwin

Perioperative anxiety and postoperative pain in children and adolescents undergoing elective surgical procedures: a quantitative systematic review
Ying Jia Shermin Chieng, Wai Chi Sally Chan, Piyanee Klainin-Yobas and Hong-Gu He

Nurse home visitors' perceived awareness of mandatory reporting requirements: pregnant women's and children's exposure to intimate partner violence
Danielle M. Davidov, Susan M. Jack and for the NFP IPV Research Team

Adverse childhood experiences: towards a clear conceptual meaning
Karen A. Kalmakis and Genevieve E. Chandler

Aboriginal women's experiences of accessing health care when state apprehension of children is being threatened
Jacqueline Denison, Colleen Varcoe and Annette J. Browne

Prevalence and effects of caregiving on children
Martin Nagl-Cupal, Maria Daniel, Martina Maria Koller and Hanna Mayer

Evaluating the acceptability and efficacy of a psycho-educational intervention for coping and symptom management by children with cancer: a randomized controlled study
Li-Min Wu, Shyh-Shin Chiou, Jiunn-Ming Sheen, Pei-Chin Lin, Yu Mei Liao, Hsing-Mei Chen and Chih-Cheng Hsiao

‘This child is a planned baby’: skilled migrant fathers and reproductive decision-making
Ruth Noreen Argie De Souza