Journal of Applied Microbiology

Cover image for Vol. 123 Issue 1

Edited By: A. Gilmour

Impact Factor: 2.099

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 77/124 (Microbiology); 79/158 (Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology)

Online ISSN: 1365-2672

Associated Title(s): Letters in Applied Microbiology

Virtual Issue on Probiotics

The Journal of Applied Microbiology publishes full length papers on virtually all aspects of applied microbiology. Within this broad remit, the area of probiotics has been prominent over the past decade. Probiotics are an important means to improve (human) health, and this virtual issue represents typical papers published in the area over approximately the past two years. We examined the full list of papers published in JAM in the past 24 months in the area of bacterial probiotics (no yeast papers included) and applications in humans only, and selected eleven papers for inclusion in this Virtual Special Issue.

The first two of the included papers deal with production of vitamins by potential probiotics. Types and amount of vitamin production varies considerably between probiotic strains, where some of the used strains even consume vitamins rather than produce them. The next seven papers deal with potential mechanisms of action of probiotics. This ranges from in vitro studies (4 papers) such as the use of mouse dendritic cells or human gut epithelial cells and work with animal models (2 papers), to a well-designed clinical trial in humans. The last two papers included in this virtual issue deal with detection of a specific probiotic in faecal material (although in this paper the probiotic was spiked, not orally fed), and a practical study on the combined use of probiotics and antibiotics.

Koen Venema and Trudy Wassenaar

Editors, Journal of Applied Microbiology


The potential of bifidobacteria as a source of natural folate.
D'Aimmo MR, Mattarelli P, Biavati B, Carlsson NG, Andlid T.

B-group vitamin production by lactic acid bacteria--current knowledge and potential applications.
LeBlanc JG, Laiño JE, del Valle MJ, Vannini V, van Sinderen D, Taranto MP, de Valdez GF, de Giori GS, Sesma F.

Distinct immunomodulatory properties of Lactobacillus paracasei strains.
D'Arienzo R, Bozzella G, Rossi M, De Bellis P, Lavermicocca P, Sisto A.

Exopolysaccharides produced by Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium strains abrogate in vitro the cytotoxic effect of bacterial toxins on eukaryotic cells.
Ruas-Madiedo P, Medrano M, Salazar N, De Los Reyes-Gavilán CG, Pérez PF, Abraham AG.

Identification of a new adhesin-like protein from Lactobacillus mucosae ME-340 with specific affinity to the human blood group A and B antigens.
Watanabe M, Kinoshita H, Nitta M, Yukishita R, Kawai Y, Kimura K, Taketomo N, Yamazaki Y, Tateno Y, Miura K, Horii A, Kitazawa H, Saito T.

Induction of cytokine formation by human intestinal bacteria in gut epithelial cell lines.
Bahrami B, Macfarlane S, Macfarlane GT.

Oral administration of Lactobacillus strains from Kimchi inhibits atopic dermatitis in NC / Nga mice.
Won TJ, Kim B, Lim YT, Song DS, Park SY, Park ES, Lee DI, Hwang KW.

Protective effect of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota against lethal infection with multi-drug resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT104 in mice.
Asahara T, Shimizu K, Takada T, Kado S, Yuki N, Morotomi M, Tanaka R, Nomoto K.

Role of the probiotic strain Lactobacillus paracasei LMGP22043 carried by artichokes in influencing faecal bacteria and biochemical parameters in human subjects.
Valerio F, de Candia S, Lonigro SL, Russo F, Riezzo G, Orlando A, De Bellis P, Sisto A, Lavermicocca P.

Identification and quantification of viable Bifidobacterium breve strain Yakult in human faeces by using strain-specific primers and propidium monoazide.
Fujimoto J, Tanigawa K, Kudo Y, Makino H, Watanabe K.

Towards a compatible probiotic-antibiotic combination therapy: assessment of antimicrobial resistance in the Japanese probiotics.
Hammad AM, Shimamoto T.