Journal of Computer Assisted Learning

Cover image for Vol. 32 Issue 6

Edited By: Paul A. Kirschner and Liesbeth Kester

Impact Factor: 1.679

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 35/230 (Education & Educational Research)

Online ISSN: 1365-2729

Author Guidelines


Aims and Scope

The Journal of Computer Assisted Learning (JCAL) is a bi-monthly, peer-reviewed, international journal which covers empirical research on the uses of information and communication technologies to support learning and the learning process . It aims to achieve both broadening and deepening of the corpus of knowledge and theory within the field as well as facilitate communication within this research community and mutual understanding between researchers and practitioners. A non-exhaustive list of research areas of interest are: computer supported collaborative learning; knowledge engineering; learning systems design; open, distance, mobile and networked learning; immersive learning; and evaluation studies of the use of ICTs in learning. The research published in the journal is intended to maximise influence on both theory and practice within education, vocational training and professional development. Each volume includes one, sometimes, two "Special Issues" which provide readers with an in-depth perspective on a specific topic.

Though the technologies used for teaching and learning have radically changed since its first issue in 1985, JCAL continues to strive to make the outcomes of contemporary research and experience broadly accessible. JCAL welcomes:
• Empirical reports, single studies or programmatic series of studies on the use of ICTs in learning
• Critical and original meta-reviews of literature on computers in learning
• Empirical studies on the design and development of innovative technology-based systems for learning
• Theoretical expositions on ICTs in and for learning

The journal web pages give a taste of the subjects included and the types of papers published.

Although JCAL publishes papers that relate to grounded empirical research, papers which report on innovative technology-based systems are also acceptable provided that the use of the technology is justified on educational grounds and is more than a mere design. Clear statements for the pedagogical rationale for the systems development must be made at the beginning of the paper and proof of actual learning is preferred.

Authors should note the following when submitting a paper:
• Relevance: Does your paper fall within the aims and scope of the journal?
• References: Have you examined the full (international) literature on your subject and referred to key publications?
• Originality: Does your paper make a substantially new contribution to the literature, or provide a novel overview?
• Clarity: Have your research methods been clearly explained and, if necessary, justified?
• Authority: Have you substantiated all your claims either by drawing on your own findings or by reference to the work of others?
• Economy: is the paper crisp and direct - organised with suitable headings and without superfluous figures/tables?

Please read the instructions below fully for details on the submission of manuscripts, the journal's requirements and standards as well as information concerning the procedure after a manuscript has been accepted for publication in Journal of Computer Assisted Learning.

Authors are encouraged to visit Wiley's Author Services for further information on the preparation and submission of articles and figures.


Journal of Computer Assisted Learning adheres to the below ethical guidelines for publication and research.

2.1. Authorship and Acknowledgements
Authorship : Authors submitting a paper do so on the understanding that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors and that all authors agree to the submission of the manuscript to the Journal. You will be asked to confirm that this is the case on submission. ALL named authors must have made an active contribution to the conception and design and/or analysis and interpretation of the data and/or the drafting of the paper and ALL must have critically reviewed its content and have approved the final version submitted for publication. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship and, except in the case of complex large-scale or multi-centre research, the number of authors should not exceed six.
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning adheres to the definition of authorship set up by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). According to the ICMJE authorship criteria should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design of, or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data, 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2 and 3.
It is a requirement that all authors have been accredited as appropriate upon submission of the manuscript. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under Acknowledgements.

Acknowledgements : When submitting your manuscript, please also submit a separate 'Acknowledgements' page as a 'Supplementary File not for Review', which should include any of the items below relevant to your manuscript:

  • Specify contributors to the manuscript other than the authors accredited
  • Conflict(s) of interest
  • Declaring sources of research funding
  • Confirming that all co-authors had complete access to data supporting the manuscript
  • Confirming approval from a relevant ethics/review board for research procedures used
  • Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included

Please do not include any of the items above in your main manuscript file.

2.2 Conflict of Interest and Source of Funding
Conflict of Interest : Authors are required to disclose any possible conflict of interest. These include financial (for example patent, ownership, stock ownership, consultancies, speaker's fee).
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning requires that sources of institutional, private and corporate financial support for the work within the manuscript must be fully acknowledged, and any potential conflicts of interest noted. As of 1 March 2007, this information will be a requirement for all manuscripts submitted to the Journal and will be published in a highlighted box on the title page of the article. Please include this information under the separate headings of 'Source of Funding' and 'Conflict of Interest' at the end of your manuscript.
If the author does not include a conflict of interest statement in the manuscript then the following statement will be included by default: 'No conflicts of interest have been declared'.

Source of Funding : Authors are required to specify the source of funding for their research when submitting a paper. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included. The information will be disclosed in the published article. At the point of submission, you will be asked if all such funding information has been declared.
Note to NIH Grantees : Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance. This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication. For further information, see

2.3 Appeal of Decision
The decision on a paper is final and cannot be appealed.

2.4 Permissions
If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publishers.

2.5 Copyright Assignment
If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement:
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit .

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal's compliant self-archiving policy please visit:


Manuscripts should be submitted electronically via the online submission site The use of an online submission and peer review site enables immediate distribution of manuscripts and consequentially speeds up the review process. It also allows authors to track the status of their own manuscripts. Complete instructions for submitting your paper are available online and below. Further assistance can be obtained from the Editorial Office by e-mail:

The journal to which you are submitting your manuscript employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works both by you (to combat self-plagiarism, supplicate publication of results) and of others.

3.1 Getting Started

Launch your web browser (supported browsers include Internet Explorer 7/8/9/10, Safari 6.0, Firefox 17/19-21, or Chrome 26) and go to the journal's online Submission Site:

Log-in or click the 'Create Account' option if you are a first-time user.

If you are creating a new account.

- After clicking on 'Create Account', enter your name and e-mail information and click 'Next'. Your e-mail information is very important.

- Enter your institution and address information as appropriate, and then click 'Next'.

- Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your e-mail address as your user ID), and then select your area of expertise. Click 'Finish'.

If you have an account, but have forgotten your log-in details, go to Password Help on the journals online submission system and enter your e-mail address. The system will send you an automatic user ID and a new temporary password.

Log-in and select 'Author Center'.

3.2 Submitting Your Manuscript

After you have logged in, click the 'Submit a Manuscript' link in the menu bar.

Enter data and answer questions as appropriate. You may copy and paste directly from your manuscript and you may upload your pre-prepared covering letter.

Click the 'Next' button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.

You are required to upload your files.

- Click on the 'Browse' button and locate the file on your computer.

- Select the designation of each file in the drop-down menu next to the 'Browse' button.

- When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the 'Upload Files' button.

Review your submission (in HTML and PDF format) before sending to the journal. Click the 'Submit' button when you are finished reviewing.

3.3 Manuscript Files Accepted

Manuscripts should be uploaded as Word (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rft) files (not write-protected) plus separate figure files. GIF, JPEG, PICT or Bitmap files are acceptable for submission, but only high-resolution TIF or EPS files are suitable for printing. The files will be automatically converted to HTML and PDF on upload and will be used for the review process. The text file must contain the entire manuscript including title page, abstract, text, references, tables, and figure legends, but no embedded figures. Figure tags should be included in the file. Manuscripts should be formatted as described in the Author Guidelines below.

3.4 Blinded Review

All manuscripts submitted to Journal of Computer Assisted Learning that the Editor in Chief and Associate Editor agree are appropriate for inclusion will be reviewed by two experts in the field. The Journal of Computer Assisted Learning uses double-blinded review. The names of the reviewers will thus not be disclosed to the author submitting a paper and the name(s) of the author(s) will not be disclosed to the reviewers.

To allow double-blinded review, please submit (upload) your main manuscript and title page as separate files. Please upload:

Your manuscript without title page under the file designation 'main document'

Figure files under the file designation 'figures'

The title page, Acknowledgements and Conflict of Interest Statement where applicable, should be uploaded under the file designation 'title page'

All documents uploaded under the file designation 'title page' will not be viewable in the HTML and PDF format you are asked to review at the end of the submission process. The files viewable in the HTML and PDF format are the files available to the reviewer in the review process.

Also, please avoid statements in the paper itself that refer to you and make your identity know (e.g., "In our earlier article (Doe & Smith, 2013)…").

3.5 Suspension of Submission Mid-way in the Submission Process

You may suspend a submission at any phase before clicking the 'Submit' button and save it to submit later. The manuscript can then be located under 'Unsubmitted Manuscripts' and you can click on 'Continue Submission' to continue your submission when you choose to.

3.6 E-mail Confirmation of Submission

After submission you will receive an e-mail to confirm receipt of your manuscript. If you do not receive the confirmation e-mail after 24 hours, please check your e-mail address carefully in the system. If the e-mail address is correct please contact your IT department. The error may be caused by spam filtering software on your e-mail server. Also, the e-mails should be received if the IT department adds our e-mail server ( to their whitelist.

3.7 Manuscript Status

You can access ScholarOne Manuscripts (formerly known as Manuscript Central) any time to check your 'Author Center' for the status of your manuscript. The Journal will inform you by e-mail once a decision has been made.

3.8. Submission of Revised Manuscripts

Revised manuscripts must be uploaded within three (3) months of authors being notified of conditional acceptance pending satisfactory revision. Locate your manuscript under 'Manuscripts with Decisions' and click on 'Submit a Revision' to submit your revised manuscript. Please remember to delete any old files uploaded when you upload your revised manuscript. Please also remember to upload your manuscript document separate from your title page.


Original Article : Contributions should be no more that 8000 words. (Please bear in mind that a table or figure that occupies a full page, will be treated as equivalent to 800 words).

Review Article : Authors who are planning or preparing larger review-type articles should contact the Editor.

Special Issues : The journal welcomes proposals for Special Issues, but sparingly. Guidelines may be found at Please contact the editors and the Special Issue editor, Mark J.W. Lee (, if you would like to submit a proposal for a Special Issue.

Letter to the Editors : The purpose of this section is to allow readers to comment on material published in the journal. Letters submitted will be reviewed by the Editors for appropriateness and if found acceptable, will be forwarded to the author(s) for comment. Both the letter and the comment of the author(s) will be published in the same issue if possible.


Manuscript Templates : The journal tries to use the style suggested by the American Psychological Association for manuscripts (see furtherPublication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th Edition (hereafter APA6) or websites such as the Purdue Online Writing Lab). We have provided two templates to help us so please do make use of these. One is for those who are using word processing programmesolder than Word 2007 and the other for those using Word 2007 or newer.

5.1 Format

Language : The language of publication is English. Authors for whom English is a second language must have their manuscript professionally edited by an English speaking person before submission to make sure the English is of high quality. It is preferred that manuscripts are professionally edited. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Abbreviations and terminology : Spelling should conform to that of standard dictionaries (e.g. the Shorter Oxford Dictionary or Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary). Style should conform to that of standard manuals of English usage. Scientific measurements should be given in SI units. Abbreviations should be defined when they are first used.

5.2 Structure

The paper should be separated into three parts, comprising: 1) the title page (including e-mail address and full postal address); 2) a double-spaced Word file (without your name and address) but with title, abstract, keywords and main article text, with references, figure legends, and tables at the end of the document in 12-point Roman with a 2.5cm margin on all sides; and 3) one file for each of the figures submitted. Include all figure legends, and tables with their legends if available.

Do not use the carriage return (Enter) at the end of lines within a paragraph.

Turn the hyphenation option off.

Take care not to use l (ell) for 1 (one), O (capital o) for 0 (zero) or ß (German esszett) for β (beta).

Use a tab, not spaces, to separate data points in tables or use the table function in your word processor.

If you use a table editor function, ensure that each data point is contained within a unique cell, i.e. do not use carriage returns within cells.

Title Page : The title page should contain a page header, the title of the paper, the author's name, and the institutional affiliation. Include the page header (also known as the "running head") at the top of every page. To create a page header/running head, insert page numbers flush right. Then type "TITLE OF YOUR PAPER" in the header flush left using all capital letters. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 40 characters including spacing and punctuation.

Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. APA6 recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced.

Beneath the title, type the author's name: first name, middle initial or initials (if relevant), and last name. Do not use titles (Prof, Dr., Esq.) or degrees (PhD).

Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation, which should indicate the institution where the author(s) conducted the research.

Authorship of papers is not divulged to referees, so it is helpful if author's name(s) and institutions are only referred to on the title page which is retained by the Editors.

Abstract : Supply an abstract (without subheadings) of 100-200 words. Remember that the abstract should be a stand-alone document that can be understood without the rest of the article. Below the abstract, provide a maximum of six (6) keywords that will assist indexers in cross-indexing your article.

Optimising Your Abstract for Search Engines

Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

Main Text

All pages should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals with figure titles and legends as well as tables (with titles and legends) at the end of the document. Tables and figures should be referred to in the text together with an indication of their approximate position. A separate file should also be submitted for each figure. The order of the manuscript should be as follows: Main text, References, Tables, Figures, Appendix/Appendices.

5.3 Lay Description

In order to make the research we publish in the Journal of Computer Assisted Learning more accessible to the non-expert or lay reader the Editors of the Journal have decided that all manuscripts should also include a “Practitioner Notes” section outlining - in bullet point form - what is currently known about the subject matter, what their paper adds to this, and finally the implications of study findings for practitioners. Please aim to contribute no more than four bullet points per section of approximately 80 characters (i.e., one full sentence) in order to maintain clarity. For more information on this outreach initiative please read Gunter C, Osterrieder A. Genome Biol. 2012 Aug 31;13(8):168. “A modest proposal for an outreach section in scientific publications”.

5.4 References

All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of the manuscript. References within the text should cite the authors' names followed by the date of publication, in alphabetical order, e.g. (Barnett, 1992; Chalmers, 1994; Lewis, 1975). Where there are three or more authors, the first author's name followed by et al. will suffice, e.g. (Barder et al., 1994), but all authors should be cited in the reference list. All references should be cited from primary sources.

References follow the APA 6th Edition style, i.e. they are listed in alphabetical order of first authors' names. When a paper is cited, the reference list should include authors' surnames and initials, date of publication, title of paper, name of journal, volume number (and issue number where volume pages do not run on), and first and last page numbers.

For example:

Scardamalia, M., & Bereiter, C. (1994). Computer support for knowledge-building communities. The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 3, 265-283.

Cornford, J., & Pollock, N. (2002). The university campus as resourceful constraint: process and practice in the construction of the virtual university. In M.R. Lea & K. Nicholl (Eds.), Distributed learning: Social and cultural approaches to practice, (pp. 170-181). London: Routledge Falmer.

Schofield, J.W. (1995), Computers and classroom culture. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

References are only acceptable if already published or if formal acceptance has been given for publication. Accepted papers not yet published may be cited as references in the text, and in the reference list should include the title, the designated journal and the words 'in press' in parentheses. Unpublished work, personal communications, and information from unpublished sources must only be cited where absolutely necessary, and only in the text as 'unpublished observations' in parentheses.

The editors and publisher recommend that citation of online published papers and other material should be done via a DOI (digital object identifier), which all reputable online published material should have - see for more information. If an author cites anything which does not have a DOI they run the risk of the cited material not being traceable.

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.

EndNote reference styles can be searched for here:

Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

5.5 Tables, Figures and Figure Legends

Tables : Tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals, e.g., Table 3. Each table should be inserted on a separate page with a heading which makes it self-explanatory. In column headings, symbols and units should be given according to APA 6th Edition style. Any abbreviations used in the tables should be defined in a footnote.

Figures : Figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals, e.g., Figure 2. Any abbreviations used in the figures should be defined in a footnote. Each figure should have a legend (figure caption) containing sufficient information to make the figure intelligible without reference to the text. Figures should be excluded from the main text and uploaded in separate files in an appropriate format: .tiff, .eps, or high resolution .jpg.

Necessity of Tables and Figures

It should be noted that a table or figure takes up space. A figure is usually about half a page and thus worth half a page of words. The same is true for a table. A table that fills a full page is worth a full page of words, a half page analogously a half page of words, et cetera. So, do not add tables or figures for illustrational purposes; - only use them to assist communication.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication

Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS (line art) or TIFF (halftone/ photographs) files only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programs. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of at least 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below). Please submit the data for figures in black and white or submit a Colour Work Agreement Form (see Colour Charges below). EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).

For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: line art: > 600 dpi; halftones (including gel photographs): > 300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: > 600 dpi.

Further information can be obtained at Wiley Blackwell's guidelines for figures:

Check your electronic artwork before submitting it:

Permissions : If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publisher.

Colour Charges : It is the policy of Journal of Computer Assisted Learning for authors to pay the full cost for the reproduction of their colour artwork. Therefore, please note that if there is colour artwork in your manuscript when it is accepted for publication, Wiley Blackwell require you to complete and return a Colour Work Agreement Form before your paper can be published. Any article received by Wiley Blackwell with colour work will not be published until the form has been returned. If you are unable to access the internet, or are unable to download the form, please contact the production editor via email:

5.6 Important reminder

Please take this opportunity to check that your paper meets the journal's style requirements and standards, in particular that the references are listed in the text and at the end of the paper in the APA style. Failure to do so will result in delays in publication, should your paper be accepted.

5.7 Supporting Information

Publication in electronic formats has created opportunities for adding details or whole sections in the electronic version only. Authors need to work closely with the Editors in developing or using such new publication formats.

Supporting Information, such as data sets or additional figures or tables, that will not be published in the print edition of the journal, but which will be viewable via the online edition, can be submitted.

It should be clearly stated at the time of submission that the Supporting Information is intended to be made available through the online edition. If the size or format of the Supporting Information is such that it cannot be accommodated on the journal's website, the author agrees to make the Supporting Information available free of charge on a permanent website, to which links will be set-up from the journal's website. The author must advise Wiley Blackwell if the URL of the website where the Supporting Information is located changes. The content of the Supporting Information must not be altered after the paper has been accepted for publication.

The availability of Supporting Information should be indicated in the main manuscript by a paragraph, to appear after the References, headed 'Supporting Information' and providing titles of figures, tables, etc. In order to protect reviewer anonymity, material posted on the author's website cannot be reviewed. The Supporting Information is an integral part of the article and will be reviewed accordingly.

Extra issues : Larger papers or monographs may be published as additional issues (numbered as the ordinary issues), the full cost being paid by the author. Further information may be obtained from the Editors.


Upon acceptance of a paper for publication, the manuscript will be forwarded to the Production Editor who is responsible for the production of the journal.

6.1 Proof Corrections

The corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing a link to a website. A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file from this site.

Adobe ® Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following website: This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen, and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Hard copy proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available; in your absence, please arrange for a colleague to access your e-mail to retrieve the proofs.

Proofs must be returned to the production editor within three (3) days of receipt.

As changes to proofs are costly, we ask that you only correct typesetting errors. Other than in exceptional circumstances, all illustrations are retained by the publisher. Please note that the author is responsible for all statements made in their work, including changes made by the copy editor.

6.2 EarlyView (Publication Prior to Print)

Journal of Computer Assisted Learning is covered by Wiley Blackwell's EarlyView service. EarlyView articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. EarlyView articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of EarlyView articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so EarlyView articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.

6.3 OnlineOpen

OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at:

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

6.4 Author Services

Online production tracking is available for your article through Author Services. Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript.

6.5 IRIS

JCAL encourages authors to consider uploading their data collection materials to specialist repositories and databases and either citing or linking back to the primary research article. For example, IRIS is an online repository for data collection materials used for second language research. This includes data elicitation instruments such as interview and observation schedules, language tests and stimuli, pictures, questionnaires, software scripts, url links, word lists, teaching intervention activities, amongst many other types of materials used to elicit data. Please see for more information and to upload. Any questions may be addressed to