Journal of Ecology

Cover image for Vol. 102 Issue 6

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: David Gibson, Richard Bardgett, Mark Rees, Amy Austin

Impact Factor: 5.694

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 12/140 (Ecology); 12/196 (Plant Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1365-2745

Associated Title(s): Functional Ecology, Journal of Animal Ecology, Journal of Applied Ecology, Methods in Ecology and Evolution


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  1. Standard Papers

    1. Novel interactions between non-native mammals and fungi facilitate establishment of invasive pines

      Jamie R. Wood, Ian A. Dickie, Holly V. Moeller, Duane A. Peltzer, Karen I. Bonner, Gaye Rattray and Janet M. Wilmshurst

      Article first published online: 15 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12345

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      Our results show that introduced mammals from Australia and Europe facilitate the co-invasion of invasive North American trees and northern hemisphere fungi in New Zealand, while we find no evidence that introduced mammals benefit native trees or fungi. This novel tri-partite ‘invasional meltdown’, comprising taxa from three kingdoms and three continents, highlights unforeseen consequences of global biotic homogenisation.

    2. Alien and native plant species play different roles in plant community structure

      Maud Bernard-Verdier and Philip E. Hulme

      Article first published online: 14 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12341

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      Our analyses reveal that widespread alien and native species play different roles in the plant communities in which they co-occur. Separately analysing the relationship with species abundance for alien and native components of richness can help distinguish between situations where aliens may be acting as the primary drivers in plant community changes or simply passengers. This is an essential first step in designing further experimental studies to determine the underlying ecological processes and potential ecosystem impacts of alien species.

    3. Does functional trait diversity predict above-ground biomass and productivity of tropical forests? Testing three alternative hypotheses

      Bryan Finegan, Marielos Peña-Claros, Alexandre de Oliveira, Nataly Ascarrunz, M. Syndonia Bret-Harte, Geovana Carreño-Rocabado, Fernando Casanoves, Sandra Díaz, Paul Eguiguren Velepucha, Fernando Fernandez, Juan Carlos Licona, Leda Lorenzo, Beatriz Salgado Negret, Marcel Vaz and Lourens Poorter

      Article first published online: 2 DEC 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12346

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      We found no support for the niche complementarity hypothesis and support for the green soup hypothesis only for biomass increments of recruits. We have strong support for the biomass ratio hypothesis. CWMHmax is a strong driver of ecosystem biomass and carbon storage and CWM SLA, and other CWM leaf traits are especially important for biomass increments and carbon sequestration.

    4. Earthworm invasion, white-tailed deer and seedling establishment in deciduous forests of north-eastern North America

      Annise Dobson and Bernd Blossey

      Article first published online: 26 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12350

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      Invasive earthworms negatively affected seedling survival of many understorey plants, including species previously thought to benefit from earthworm associations. This effect was a function of earthworm biomass, a surrogate for earthworm activity. We expect deer herbivory to increase in importance, including indirect effects, as seedlings grow into browse height over the next years. Investigations of co-occurring stressors can result in ‘ecological surprises’ including previously overlooked non-consumptive effects or effects on other trophic levels.

    5. Plant volatiles cause direct, induced and associational resistance in common bean to the fungal pathogen Colletotrichum lindemuthianum

      Elizabeth Quintana-Rodriguez, Adan T. Morales-Vargas, Jorge Molina-Torres, Rosa M. Ádame-Alvarez, Jorge A. Acosta-Gallegos and Martin Heil

      Article first published online: 19 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12340

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      We conclude that volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are involved in the resistance of bean to fungal pathogens. They can contribute to the direct resistance in the emitter itself, and resistance phenotypes of neighbouring receiver plants can result from induced as well as associational resistance. Plant VOCs play multiple roles in the resistance of plants to microbial pathogens.

    6. Do pathogens limit the distributions of tropical trees across a rainfall gradient?

      Erin R. Spear, Phyllis D. Coley and Thomas A. Kursar

      Article first published online: 12 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12339

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      A rainfall gradient across the Isthmus of Panama correlates with changes in tree species composition. We observed an elevated risk of pathogen-caused damage and mortality for seedlings in the wetter forests and a greater impact to host fitness from pathogen attack for seedlings of tree species common in the drier forests. These results suggest that pathogens contribute to the exclusion of dry-forest tree species from the wetter forests and highlight a potentially widespread mechanism by which pathogens may enhance regional forest diversity. Photo caption: A healthy, Castilla elastica seedling (left of center) and a C. elastica seedling succumbing to pathogen-caused mortality (right of center) in Parque Natural Metropolitano, Panama. Photo credit: E.R.S.

  2. Forum

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      The compadre Plant Matrix Database: an open online repository for plant demography

      Roberto Salguero-Gómez, Owen R. Jones, C. Ruth Archer, Yvonne M. Buckley, Judy Che-Castaldo, Hal Caswell, David Hodgson, Alexander Scheuerlein, Dalia A. Conde, Erik Brinks, Hendrik de Buhr, Claudia Farack, Fränce Gottschalk, Alexander Hartmann, Anne Henning, Gabriel Hoppe, Gesa Römer, Jens Runge, Tara Ruoff, Julia Wille, Stefan Zeh, Raziel Davison, Dirk Vieregg, Annette Baudisch, Res Altwegg, Fernando Colchero, Ming Dong, Hans de Kroon, Jean-Dominique Lebreton, Charlotte J. E. Metcalf, Maile M. Neel, Ingrid M. Parker, Takenori Takada, Teresa Valverde, Luis A. Vélez-Espino, Glenda M. Wardle, Miguel Franco and James W. Vaupel

      Article first published online: 9 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12334

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      Synthesis: Large collections of data sets allow broad questions to be addressed at the global scale, for example, in genetics (genbank), functional plant ecology (try, bien, d3) and grassland community ecology (nutnet). Here, we present compadre, a similarly data-rich and ecologically relevant resource for plant demography. Open access to this information, its frequent updates and its integration with other online resources will allow researchers to address timely and important ecological and evolutionary questions.

  3. Standard Papers

    1. Partner diversity and identity impacts on plant productivity in Acacia–rhizobial interactions

      Luke G. Barrett, James D. Bever, Andrew Bissett and Peter H. Thrall

      Article first published online: 5 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12336

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      Overall, our data show that multiple rhizobia interacting with a single host species creates opportunities for emergent or higher-order effects that extend beyond those that could be simply predicted based upon outcomes of pairwise interactions and that increased mutualist diversity does not necessarily translate into positive effects on plant growth.

    2. The consequences of demand-driven seed provisioning for sexual differences in reproductive investment in Thalictrum occidentale (Ranunculaceae)

      Takashi Y. Ida, Lawrence D. Harder and Gaku Kudo

      Article first published online: 5 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12330

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      In contrast to the common assumption that resource availability limits annual seed production capacity by individual plants (left), this study demonstrates that iteroparous angiosperms can invest in seed production in response to the demand of developing embryos (right). Such flexibility eliminates the possibility of resource limitation and seed size-number trade-offs and promotes sexual differences in reproductive investment.

  4. Essay Reviews

    1. Hydrological niches in terrestrial plant communities: a review

      Jonathan Silvertown, Yoseph Araya and David Gowing

      Article first published online: 3 NOV 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12332

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      In a review of the literature on hydrological niches, we find that plants segregate on soil-moisture gradients and/or partition water resources spatially or temporally in a wide range of environments from arid to wet. We propose that this niche segregation arises from three trade-offs imposed by edaphic, structural and biophysical constraints.

  5. Standard Papers

    1. Disentangling dispersal from phylogeny in the colonization capacity of forest understorey plants

      Lander Baeten, T. Jonathan Davies, Kris Verheyen, Hans Van Calster and Mark Vellend

      Article first published online: 24 OCT 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12333

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      Given the phylogenetic signal in plant colonization capacity, a multitude of conserved species characteristics may explain community assembly in forests. Earlier trait-based syntheses strongly emphasised dispersal, but the factors limiting establishment and persistence of forest herbs in post-agricultural forests may be more nuanced than generally appreciated.


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