Journal of Ecology

Cover image for Vol. 102 Issue 3

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: David Gibson, Richard Bardgett, Mark Rees, Amy Austin

Impact Factor: 5.431

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2012: 11/197 (Plant Sciences); 14/136 (Ecology)

Online ISSN: 1365-2745

Associated Title(s): Functional Ecology, Journal of Animal Ecology, Journal of Applied Ecology, Methods in Ecology and Evolution

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  1. Standard Papers

    1. The outcome of shared pollination services is affected by the density and spatial pattern of an attractive neighbour

      Merav Seifan, Eva-Maria Hoch, Sven Hanoteaux and Katja Tielbörger

      Article first published online: 23 APR 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12256

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      We showed that complex interactions between density and spatial distribution of plant species at the patch scale are highly relevant for the interpretation of pollination services. Conspicuous neighbours received more pollinators when interspersed with an attractive species growing at low densities. With increasing densities, the interactions became competitive. Less conspicuous neighbours showed opposite results and benefitted more from a segregation of the species.

    2. The interaction between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and soil phosphorus availability influences plant community productivity and ecosystem stability

      Gaowen Yang, Nan Liu, Wenjie Lu, Shuo Wang, Haiming Kan, Yingjun Zhang, Lan Xu and Yongliang Chen

      Article first published online: 22 APR 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12249

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      The temporal stability of the plant community showed a significant reduction under the AMF suppression treatment relative to the control above an addition rate of 4.76 P2O5 m−2 year−1. These results indicate that AMF contribute to the temporal stability of plant communities and P addition mediates the importance of AMF on temporal stability.

    3. Plant traits predict inter- and intraspecific variation in susceptibility to herbivory in a hyperdiverse Neotropical rain forest tree community

      Rafael E. Cárdenas, Renato Valencia, Nathan J. B. Kraft, Adriana Argoti and Olivier Dangles

      Article first published online: 22 APR 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12255

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      In the western Amazon, leaves are defended against herbivores through a combination of physical (toughness), chemical (toughness-related elements), and phenological (rapid leaf replacement) characteristics that do not appear to be subject to obvious trade-offs. Conventional strategies, such as condensed tannins or latex, do not seem to be strongly involved as a defence against herbivores in this community.

    4. Prevalence of phylogenetic clustering at multiple scales in an African rain forest tree community

      Ingrid Parmentier, Maxime Réjou-Méchain, Jérôme Chave, Jason Vleminckx, Duncan W. Thomas, David Kenfack, George B. Chuyong and Olivier J. Hardy

      Article first published online: 22 APR 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12254

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      Using new methods to characterize the structure of communities across spatial and phylogenetic scales, we inferred the relative importance of the mechanisms underlying species coexistence in tropical forests. Our analysis confirms that environmental ltering processes are key in the structuring of natural communities at most spatial scales. Although negative-density tends to limit coexistence of closely related species at very short distance (<1 m), its influence is largely veiled by environmental filtering at larger distances.

    5. Hydrology, shore morphology and species traits affect seed dispersal, germination and community assembly in shoreline plant communities

      Casper H. A. van Leeuwen, Judith M. Sarneel, José van Paassen, Winnie J. Rip and Elisabeth S. Bakker

      Article first published online: 14 APR 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12250

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      An experimental spring drawdown water regime instead of a stable water level year-round enhances seed establishment on the shores of temperate wetlands. A drawdown water regime increases species richness and diversity, especially on gradually sloping shores. Germination from the seed bank was affected by the water regime and slope of the shore, but not by species traits. Establishment of dispersing seeds was affected by both water regime and species traits.

    6. Earlier leaf-out rather than difference in freezing resistance puts juvenile trees at greater risk of damage than adult trees

      Yann Vitasse, Armando Lenz, Günter Hoch and Christian Körner

      Article first published online: 10 APR 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12251

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      In temperate climates, young trees have often been seen to be more sensitive to late-spring freezes than adult trees. Here, we demonstrated that seedlings and saplings are more prone to freeze damage than adult trees because of their earlier flushing rather than due to a higher sensitivity to freezing as such. Photo: Yann Vitasse.

    7. Above-ground herbivory by red milkweed beetles facilitates above- and below-ground conspecific insects and reduces fruit production in common milkweed

      Alexis C. Erwin, Tobias Züst, Jared G. Ali and Anurag A. Agrawal

      Article first published online: 1 APR 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12248

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      Induced plant responses of common milkweed to above-ground damage by adult Tetraopes tetraophthalmus both facilitate further damage by adults and enhance the performance of their root-feeding larvae, most likely as a result of host plant manipulation. Although the same induction reduced monarch herbivory, the net effect of these interactions was negative for the plant as fruit production was substantially reduced. These results imply that host plant manipulation may be especially common by specialist herbivores that have sequential above- and below-ground life stages.

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