Mammal Review

Cover image for Vol. 48 Issue 1

Edited By: Danilo Russo. Managing Editor: Nancy Jennings

Impact Factor: 3.286

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 5/163 (Zoology)

Online ISSN: 1365-2907

Author Guidelines

Mammal Review is intended for a wide international readership, and is used by both academics and practitioners in mammalian biology and management. Contributors should present their subject matter in simple, lucid and concise terms, and should bear in mind that English is not the first language of many readers. All papers should be hypothesis-driven or have clear aims. Reviews should draw together information from various sources in the public domain for a new synthesis or analysis, and should contain few or no data derived from the author's own new empirical research. Reviews should be concisely written, and must not contain more than 10,000 words. Studies focussed on models of species distribution and those based on single datasets are not classed as Reviews. Perspectives, in which authors present an original point of view on any aspect of mammalian biology, behaviour, ecology and evolution, or on a management issue in mammalogy (including applied management issues, policy-related issues, and evidence-based conservation), should not contain analysis or data from new empirical research, and must not contain more than 5000 words. Comments, in which authors respond to papers published in Mammal Review, and short communications, in which new findings or methods derived from empirical research and relevant for a broad readership are described, must not contain more than 2500 words. Papers exceeding the maximum allowable word counts are returned to the authors without peer review. All submissions should include a concise title, an Abstract, an Introduction including an explicit statement of aims or hypotheses to test, and References. Other sections should be included as appropriate. Mammal Review operates double-blind peer review. Members of the Editorial Board, who are sometimes asked to review papers, may be aware of the authors’ identity.

All papers submitted to Mammal Review are checked for plagiarism. To submit a paper, visit our online submission and peer review site at Click on ‘Register here’ to create an account.  Full instructions on how to submit are available online, and there is a 'Get Help Now' link at the top right of every page. If you cannot submit or review online, or have any problems, please contact the Managing Editor.  

To decide who should be included as an author, please follow the guidelines produced by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, which state that authorship should be based on all four of the following criteria:

  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work, or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of the work;
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content;
  • Final approval of the version to be published;
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Further guidelines are given by the Committee on Publication Ethics ( Mammal Review is a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

Conflict of Interest
Mammal Review requires that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise, that might be perceived as influencing an author's objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest, and must be disclosed when directly or indirectly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. Potential sources of conflict of interest include but are not limited to patent or stock ownership, membership of a company board of directors, membership of an advisory board or committee for a company, and consultancy for or receipt of speaker's fees from a company. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication in this journal.

It is the responsibility of the submitting author to review this policy with all authors and to list collectively in the online submission system all pertinent commercial and other relationships.

Submitting authors are asked to confirm whether or not a conflict of interest exists as part of the submission process.

Mammal Review will consider for review articles previously available as preprints on non-commercial servers such as ArXiv, bioRxiv, psyArXiv, SocArXiv, engrXiv, etc. Authors may also post the submitted version of their manuscript to non-commercial servers at any time. Authors are requested to update any pre-publication versions with a link to the final published article.

Scientific names should be included, and italicised, if species are mentioned in the title and Abstract, as well as at the first mention in the remainder of the text (often in the Introduction).  Authorities should not normally be given.  Names of families, orders etc. are not italicised.  Lower case typescript should be used for common names, which may be given and used throughout, given only at the first mention, or omitted completely (so that scientific names are used throughout). For mammalian species’ scientific names, please follow Wilson and Reeder (Wilson DE, Reeder DM (eds; 2005) Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, see or  Numbers should be spelt out up to nine; numbers above nine should be given as numerals.  Units of measurement should be metric.  For large numerals, use the form ‘106’ rather than ‘billion’ etc., to avoid confusion between American, British and continental European usage.  Do not include footnotes.  For spelling, refer to the Oxford English Dictionary (; for grammar and style, follow British rather than American conventions (refer to the Complete Plain Words, by E. Gowers).  Please give place names and other geographical names following the conventions of the Times World Atlas (  

Preparation of Documents for Online Submission and Double-blind Peer Review
Please prepare your documents in an editable format (i.e. not as PDF files; MS Word documents are preferred), and do not include your name in the file name. Please double-space the lines in all documents, and include line numbers. To allow double-blind peer review, it is important that manuscripts are prepared as two or more separate documents, as follows:

1. The title page, which should be the only document containing the authors' names and addresses. 
2. The main document, which should not include the names and addresses of the authors.  Please check all parts of your main document and remove any reference to authors; if you used 'track changes' in MS Word, accept all changes. The main document should include the title, Abstract, key words, word count, Introduction, Methods and other sections as appropriate, References, figure legends, tables, and brief legends for any online-only appendices. The whole of the main document (not the title page and other documents) should be used to generate the word count.
3, 4, 5, etc. The figures (not as pdf files) and any appendices.

The documents you submit, with the exception of the title page, will be combined into a single PDF for the peer review process. You will be able to designate the order in which your files appear within this new document. We encourage authors to deposit the data underlying their manuscript in a suitable archive or repository (e.g. GenBank, Dryad), or to submit the data for publication by Mammal Review as an online-only appendix.  Appendices may also be used to publish extended methods, lists of species, reference lists, etc. as appropriate, and should be cited as “Appendix S1” etc.

Title Page
The title page, a separate document, should include the title and the names and addresses of all authors. The correspondence author should be identified clearly, and an e-mail address should be provided for each author. If the paper is accepted, the authors’ names will be published as they are presented here (i.e. with first names or initials, depending on each author’s preference). 

The first page of the main document should include the title, the Abstract, the key words, the running head (up to 50 characters) and the word count (of the entire main document, i.e. not including the separate title page). The concise, informative Abstract, which must not exceed 300 words for reviews and 100 words for perspectives, comments and short communications, should be intelligible without reference to the main body of the paper. For reviews, but not for perspectives, comments and short communications, the Abstract should be formatted as numbered points. We suggest allocation of the numbered points as follows:

1. [Introduction]
2. [Hypothesis or aims]
3. [Methods, if appropriate]
4, 5, 6…[Main body of review, or Results and Discussion; the last point should include the synthesis, conclusion, or guidelines]

Five key words or key phrases, which are used for online search facilities, should be given after the abstract in alphabetical order. Please see our search engine optimization guidelines for authors for information on how to maximize the visibility of your paper. The title, Abstract, key words, running head and word count are requested separately as part of the online submission process.  Here, they should be provided exactly as in the submitted document.  

Provide brief background information, then state an explicit hypothesis or clear aims.  

For reviews, the Methods should include information on how any searches for data were conducted, and the geographical, taxonomic, temporal or other limits to the review should be stated explicitly. Methods may not be needed for perspectives. For short communications, state the research methods used. To allow double-blinded peer review, do not include authors' names or initials.

Results, Discussion, Conclusion
Flexibility is allowed in the headings and sub-headings used in reviews, perspectives and comments. For short communications, authors should include Results, Discussion and (if appropriate) Conclusion.  

To allow double-blind peer review, do not include authors' names or initials. State very briefly, if appropriate, the source of funding for the study, compliance with the law or ethical guidelines, and (as a list) the names of people who have helped with the study. Do not thank peer reviewers or editors. During submission, authors must confirm that all people mentioned in the 'Acknowledgements' section, and all those cited as providing 'personal communications', are fully aware of and in support of the acknowledgement or use of their data.

In the References section, all cited sources should be listed, ordered alphabetically by first author.  For joint authors, '&' should be used only in parentheses in the text.  For papers with three or more authors, the first name and ‘et al.’ should be used in the text; give all the authors in the References, unless there are more than 10 authors, in which case give the first six and abbreviate the rest with 'et al.'. Reference to papers in the text should be as “(Smith & Jones 2009)” or “Smith and Jones (2009) found that…”; Where more than one reference by the same author(s) appeared in the same year, use '2009a, b' in both text and References, and allocate letters according to the order of listing in the References. Multiple references in parentheses should be presented in chronological order and separated by commas, thus: (Fitch & Hauser 1995, Fitch 1997, Riede & Fitch 1999, Fitch 2000, Fitch & Hauser 2003, Fitch 2006a, b). In the reference list, titles of periodicals should be given in full. Titles of papers and books cited must be given, together with volume number and full pagination for papers, and the publisher and city and country of publication for books. Titles in languages not using Roman script may be given in translation or transliteration. Authors are asked to check the reference list against their text to ensure that all papers cited are included and that dates and spellings are consistent. Authors are responsible for ensuring the accuracy of the references quoted. Style should be as follows:

Balodis M (1995) Beavers in Latvia. In: Ermala A, Lahti S (eds) Proceedings of the Third Nordic Beaver Symposium, 6–9. Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Helsinki, Finland.

Blake S, Deem SL, Strindberg S, Maisels F, Momont L, Isia I-B, Douglas-Hamilton I, Karesh WB, Kock MD (2008) Roadless wilderness area determines forest elephant movements in the Congo Basin. PLoS ONE 3: e3546.

Collen P (1997) Review of the Potential Impact of Reintroducing European Beaver Castor fiber L. on the Ecology and Movement of Native Fish in Scotland. Review 86, Scottish Natural Heritage, Perth, UK.

Fa JE, Seymour S, Dupain J, Amin R, Albrechtsen L, Macdonald D (2006) Getting to grips with the magnitude of exploitation: bushmeat in the Cross-Sanaga rivers region, Nigeria and Cameroon.  Biological Conservation 129: 497-510.

Fitch WT, Hauser MD (2003) Unpacking 'honesty': vertebrate vocal production and the evolution of acoustic signals. In: Simmons AM, Popper AN, Fay RR (eds) Acoustic Communication, 65-137. Springer Verlag, New York, USA.

Harris S, Yalden DW (eds; 2008) Mammals of the British Isles: Handbook, 4th ed.  Mammal Society, Southampton, UK.

Hartman G (1994) Ecological Studies of a Reintroduced Beaver Castor fiber Population. PhD thesis, Swedish University for Agricultural Sciences,Uppsala, Sweden.

IUCN (2006) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Minnemeyer S (2002) An Analysis of Access into Central Africa’s Rainforest. World Forest Watch Report. World Resources Institute.

Schipper J, Chanson JS, Chiozza F, Cox NA, Hoffmann M, Katariya V et al. (2008) The status of the world's land and marine mammals: diversity, threat, and knowledge. Science 322: 225-230.

Illustrations, including maps and graphs, should be generated electronically, and submitted as separate editable documents (not as pdfs). Colour figures should be designed to provide the intended information when printed in black-and-white, as well as when printed in colour. Labels and other text in figures should be in Arial or similar font.

Figures in Accepted Papers
Authors pay the full cost of the reproduction of any colour figures in Mammal Review, unless they are in colour only in the online version and in black-and-white in the printed version. If your paper is accepted and you wish colour figures or photographs to be included in the printed version, you must complete and return a colour work agreement form before your paper can be published. You will be provided with a link to the form as part of the acceptance process and should return the completed form by post (fax or scan is not acceptable) to the address below:

Customer Services (OPI)
John Wiley & Sons Ltd, European Distribution Centre
New Era Estate
Oldlands Way
Bognor Regis
West Sussex
PO22 9NQ
United Kingdom

Cover Photo
The cover of each issue of Mammal Review features an image, supplied by the authors.  If your paper is accepted for publication, you will be asked to supply an image for consideration as a cover image.  All submitting authors are asked to supply an image, and the Editors decide which images will be used for the cover.

OnlineOpen is available to authors of accepted articles who wish to make their article open access. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, and deposited in PubMed Central and PMC mirror sites. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are also permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository, or other free public server, immediately on publication.

If you want your accepted article to be open access, please choose the appropriate licence agreement when you log in to Wiley’s Author Services system. Click on ‘Make my article OnlineOpen’ and choose the appropriate license by clicking on ‘Sign license agreement now’.

If the OnlineOpen option is selected, the authors have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit:

To find out more about open access policies please visit:

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust or one of the Research Councils UK (RCUK), you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license to comply with your funder's requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy, please visit:

Copyright Transfer Agreement
Submitting authors of accepted papers that will not be published open access receive an email prompting them to log into Author Services, where, via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS), they complete the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) on behalf of all authors. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs:

Data Sharing
Mammal Review encourages authors to share the data and other artefacts supporting the results in the paper by archiving it in an appropriate public repository. Authors should include a data accessibility statement, including a link to the repository they have used, in order that this statement can be published alongside their paper.

Once accepted, papers will be prepared as ‘First Look’ proofs, and editorial changes made by the Managing Editor at this stage must be incorporated by the author. After typesetting, a page proof will be sent to the submitting author. The corrected proof must be returned directly to the Production Editor. If no response is received it will be assumed that the author had no comments or corrections.

Early View Publication
Mammal Review conducts Early View publication of complete, full-text articles online, in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, and authors do not have to wait for the next scheduled print issue. To register to receive an e-mail alert when your Early View article is published, please go to Wiley Author Services at  Early View articles have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated.  No changes can be made after online publication.  Early View articles do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so they cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows them to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at

The ORCID iD is a unique and persistent identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher – by connecting you with your research contributions and affiliations. Free to use and register for, an ORCID iD increases the discoverability of your research outputs, and helps alleviate mistaken identity. You have full control of your ORCID record, and can control what information is connected and how it is shared.

As part of our commitment to supporting authors at every step of the publishing process, Mammal Review encourages the submitting author (only) to provide an ORCID iD when submitting their manuscript. This takes around 2 minutes to complete. Find more information.