Weed Research

Cover image for Vol. 56 Issue 5

Edited By: E.J.P. Marshall

Impact Factor: 1.517

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 25/83 (Agronomy); 89/209 (Plant Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1365-3180

Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

Content of Author Guidelines:

1. General
2. Ethical Guidelines
3. Submission of Manuscripts
4. Manuscript Types Accepted
5. Manuscript Format and Structure
6. After Acceptance

Relevant Documents: Colour Work Agreement Form, Word Document Template

Useful Websites: Submission Site, OnlineOpen, Funder Policies, Articles published in Weed Research, Author Services, Guidelines for Figures

Weed Research is an international peer-reviewed journal that publishes topical and innovative papers on weed science, in the English language. The aim is to publish the best weed science from around the globe and to be the journal of choice for weed science researchers. It is the official journal of the European Weed Research Society. Papers are taken that focus on all aspects of weeds, defined as plants that impact adversely on economic, aesthetic or environmental aspects of any system. Topics include, amongst others, weed biology and control, herbicides, invasive plant species in all environments, population and spatial biology, modelling, genetics, biodiversity and parasitic plants. The journal welcomes submissions on work carried out in any part of the world. Weed Research has adopted specific editorial policies for research on allelopathy, herbicide resistance and species occurrence modelling. The journal will only take papers that investigate allelopathy under field-like conditions. Cases of herbicide resistance should be novel and demonstrate clear conceptual advances in the field of resistance research. Cataloguing cases of resistance in species with a known propensity for resistance evolution with resistance-prone herbicides, whilst important for informing local weed management decisions, is not sufficiently novel for publication. Likewise, predictions of the effect of climate change on species distributions should go beyond output from simple models. In addition to research papers, the journal also seeks review articles and shorter insights papers covering personal views, new methods and breaking news in weed science.  The criteria Editors use for accepting manuscripts for publication are originality, relevance, scientific rigour and the clarity of presentation. There should be sufficient material presented so that the information is of wider interest than just for local conditions. Thus, single experiments are unlikely to be acceptable. Research should cover sufficient temporal and spatial variation to be able to make sound generalisations. For example, evaluation of herbicide efficacy should be over more than one year at more than one site or soil type.

Please read the instructions below carefully for details on the submission of manuscripts, the journal's requirements and standards as well as information concerning the procedure after a manuscript has been accepted for publication in Weed Research. Authors are encouraged to visit Wiley Blackwell Author Services for further information on the preparation and submission of articles and figures.


The Weed Research adheres to the ethical guidelines below for publication and research. 

2.1. Authorship and Acknowledgements

Authorship: Authors submitting a paper do so on the understanding that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors and that all authors agree to the submission of the manuscript to the Journal. ALL named authors must have made an active contribution to the conception and design and/or analysis and interpretation of the data and/or the drafting of the paper and ALL must have critically reviewed its content and have approved the final version submitted for publication. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship and, except in the case of complex large-scale or multi-centre research, the number of authors should not exceed six.
Weed Research adheres to the definition of authorship set up by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). According to the ICMJE authorship criteria should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design of, or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data, 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2 and 3.

It is a requirement that all authors have been accredited as appropriate upon submission of the manuscript. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under Acknowledgements.

Acknowledgements: Under Acknowledgements please specify contributors to the article other than the authors accredited. Please also include specifications of the source of funding for the study and any potential conflict of interests if appropriate.

2.2. Ethical Approvals

Authors must confirm that all the research meets the ethical guidelines, including adherence to the legal requirements, of the study country. 
All studies using human or animal subjects should include an explicit statement in the Material and Methods section identifying the review and ethics committee approval for each study, if applicable. Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt as to whether appropriate procedures have been used. When experimental animals are used the methods section must clearly indicate that adequate measures were taken to minimize pain or discomfort. Experiments should be carried out in accordance with the Guidelines laid down by the National Institute of Health (NIH) in the USA regarding the care and use of animals for experimental procedures or with the European Communities Council Directive of 24 November 1986 (86/609/EEC) and in accordance with local laws and regulations.  Papers not in agreement with the guidelines of the Helsinki Declaration as revised in 1975 will not be accepted for publication.

2.3. DNA Sequences and Crystallographic Structure Determinations

Papers reporting protein or DNA sequences and crystallographic structure determinations will not be accepted without a Genbank or Brookhaven accession number, respectively. Other supporting data sets must be made available on the publication date from the authors directly.

2.4. Conflict of Interest and Source of Funding

Conflict of Interest:
Weed Research requires that sources of institutional, private and corporate financial support for the work within the manuscript must be fully acknowledged, and any potential conflicts of interest noted. As of 1st March 2007, this information will be a requirement for all manuscripts submitted to the Journal. Please include this information in the Acknowledgements section, prior to the References.

If the author does not include a conflict of interest statement in the manuscript then the following statement may be included by default: “No conflicts of interest have been declared”.

Source of Funding: Authors are required to specify the source of funding for their research when submitting a paper. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included. The information will be disclosed in the published article.

2.5. Appeal of Decision

Authors who wish to appeal the decision on their submitted paper may do so by e-mailing the Editor with a detailed explanation for why they find reasons to appeal the decision.

2.6. Permissions

If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publishers.

2.7. Copyright Assignment

Authors submitting a paper do so on the understanding that the work and its essential substance have not been published before and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. The submission of the manuscript by the authors means that the authors automatically agree to assign copyright to the European Weed Research Society if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. The work shall not be published elsewhere in any language without the written consent of the publisher. The articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers translation rights and the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute all of the articles printed in the journal. No material published in the journal may be stored on microfilm or videocassettes, in electronic databases and the like, or reproduced photographically without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Correspondence to the journal is accepted on the understanding that the contributing author assigns the publisher to publish the letter as part of the journal or separately from it, in the exercise of any subsidiary rights relating to the journal and its contents.

For questions concerning copyright, please visit Copyright FAQs

2.8. Copyright Transfer Agreement

Authors will be required to assign copyright to the European Weed Research Society. Copyright assignment is a condition of publication and papers will not be passed to the publisher for production unless copyright has been assigned. Government employees in both the US and the UK need to complete the Author Warranty sections, although copyright in such cases does not need to be assigned. For multi-author papers, it is the responsibility of the corresponding author to submit a signed CTA, on behalf of all contributors. Production will not start on your paper until we are in receipt of a signed copyright transfer agreement.

2.9. OnlineOpen

OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive.

For the full list of terms and conditions, see http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-406241.html.

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.


Manuscripts should be submitted electronically via the online submission site http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/wre. The use of an online submission and peer review site enables immediate distribution of manuscripts and consequentially speeds up the review process. It also allows authors to track the status of their own manuscripts. Complete instructions for submitting a paper are available online and below. Further assistance can be obtained from Dr Jon Marshall at the Editorial Office of WRE (jon.marshall@agroecol.co.uk).

For those using Word, a document template is provided here.

3.1. Getting Started

• Launch your web browser (supported browsers include Internet Explorer 6 or higher, Netscape 7.0, 7.1, or 7.2, Safari 1.2.4, or Firefox 1.0.4) and go to the journal's online Submission Site: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/wre
• Log-in or click the 'Create Account' option if you are a first-time user.
• If you are creating a new account.
  - After clicking on 'Create Account', enter your name and e-mail information and click 'Next'. Your e-mail information is very important.
  - Enter your institution and address information as appropriate, and then click 'Next.'
  - Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your e-mail address as your user ID), and then select your area of expertise.
  - Click 'Finish'.
• If you have an account, but have forgotten your log in details, go to Password Help on the journals online submission system (http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/wre) and enter your e-mail address. The system will send you an automatic user ID and a new temporary password.
•  Log-in and select 'Author Centre'

3.2. Submitting Your Manuscript

• After you have logged in, click the 'Submit a Manuscript' link in the menu bar.
• Enter data and answer questions as appropriate. You may copy and paste directly from your manuscript and you may upload your pre-prepared covering letter.
• Click the 'Next' button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.
• You are required to upload your files.
  - Click on the 'Browse' button and locate the file on your computer.
  - Select the designation of each file in the drop-down menu next to the Browse button.
  - When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the 'Upload Files' button.
• Review your submission (in HTML and PDF format) before sending to the Journal. Click the 'Submit' button when you are finished reviewing.

3.3. Manuscript Files Accepted

Manuscripts should be uploaded as Word (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) files (not write-protected) plus separate figure files. GIF, JPEG, PICT or Bitmap files are acceptable for submission, but only high-resolution TIF or EPS files are suitable for printing. The files will be automatically converted to HTML and PDF on upload and will be used for the review process. The text file must contain the entire manuscript including title page, summary, text, references, tables, and figure legends. Figures may be embedded at the end of the manuscript.  Figure tags should be included in the file. Manuscripts should be formatted as described in the Author Guidelines below.

For those using Word, a document template is provided here.

3.4. Blinded Review

All manuscripts submitted to Weed Research will be reviewed by two experts in the field. Weed Research uses single-blinded review. The names of the reviewers will thus not be disclosed to the author submitting a paper, unless the reviewers so wish.
Please upload:
• Your manuscript with title page and Summary with line numbers under the file designation 'main document'
• Figure files under the file designation 'figures'
• The Acknowledgements and any Conflict of Interest Statement where applicable, should be uploaded within your main manuscript

All documents uploaded under the file designation 'title page' will not be viewable in the HTML and PDF format you are asked to review at the end of the submission process, so please include all these details in the ‘main document’. The files viewable in the HTML and PDF format are the files available to the reviewer in the review process.

3.5. Suggesting Reviewers

Weed Research attempts to keep the review process as short as possible to enable rapid publication of new scientific data. Our average time to first decision is 72 days. In order to facilitate this process, you may suggest the names and current e-mail addresses of up to 3 potential international reviewers (preferred) whom you consider capable of reviewing your manuscript.  You may also list the names and e-mail addresses of reviewers that you do not wish to review your manuscript (non-preferred). 

3.6. Suspension of Submission Mid-way in the Submission Process

You may suspend a submission at any phase before clicking the 'Submit' button and save it to submit later. The manuscript can then be located under 'Unsubmitted Manuscripts' and you can click on 'Continue Submission' to continue your submission when you choose to.

3.7. E-mail Confirmation of Submission

After submission you will receive an e-mail to confirm receipt of your manuscript. If you do not receive the confirmation e-mail after 24 hours, please check your e-mail address carefully in the system. If the e-mail address is correct please contact your IT department. The error may be caused by spam filtering software on your e-mail server. Also, the e-mails should be received if the IT department adds our e-mail server (uranus.scholarone.com) to their whitelist.

3.8. Manuscript Status

You can access ScholarOne Manuscripts (formerly known as Manuscript Central)  any time to check your 'Author Centre' for the status of your manuscript. The Journal will inform you by e-mail once a decision has been made.

3.9. Submission of Revised Manuscripts

Revised manuscripts must be uploaded within 3 months of authors being notified of conditional acceptance pending satisfactory revision. Locate your manuscript under 'Manuscripts with Decisions' and click on 'Submit a Revision' to submit your revised manuscript. Please remember to delete any old files uploaded when you upload your revised manuscript. Please also remember to upload your manuscript document separate from your title page.


Original Research Articles:
Original and innovative research papers relevant to weed biology, ecology and management are sought.  There should be sufficient material presented so that the information is of wider interest than just for local conditions.  Thus, single experiments are unlikely to be acceptable.  Research should cover sufficient temporal and spatial variation to be able to make sound generalisations.  For example, evaluation of herbicide efficacy should be over more than one year at more than one site or soil type.  Original research papers should be no longer than 6000 words in total, including all tables, legends and references. We suggest a maximum of 35 references.

Methods papers: We encourage the submission of methods papers and should be prepared as original research articles. These should evaluate new techniques against existing methods, where possible, so that any advantages or disadvantages are clear.

Review Articles: Review articles are encouraged.  Reviews should critically evaluate the subject area and identify new conclusions and gaps in knowledge, rather than simply presenting summaries of previous work.  Papers may be longer than research articles at the discretion of the editors. 

Insights: The journal will accept short Insights articles up to 2500 words in total covering personal views, new methods and breaking news in weed science.  These articles may cover scientific opinions, new methods or proof-of-concepts, as well as important and topical pieces of research that require further validation.  Key criteria are that the content is of wide interest to weed scientists, is novel  and is likely to significantly advance weed science.


5.1. Format

The language of publication is UK English. Authors for whom English is a second language should consider having their manuscript professionally edited by an English speaking person before submission, to make sure the English is of high quality. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/english_language.asp. All services are paid for and arranged by the author and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Abbreviations, Symbols and Nomenclature: Abbrevations should be written in full at first mention. Spellings should conform to those used in the Concise Oxford Dictionary. SI units should be used throughout. Do not start a sentence with an abbreviation.

Scientific Names:
Weed names Latin names should be used throughout the paper, either in italic or underlined. Attribution should be given at the first mention in the main text (not the title or summary). The English common name may also be given in parentheses after the first mention in the text. Thereafter the generic name of the weed may be abbreviated to its initial letter, e.g. S. media, provided that there is no possibility of confusion with another generic name, but Stellaria media starting a sentence. Note: broad-leaved weeds, not broad-leaf weeds; monocotyledons, not monocots.

Crop plant names The common name should be used throughout the paper, but the scientific name with attribution should be given in parentheses at the first mention in the main text (not the title or summary), e.g. sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Note: maize, not corn; lucerne, not alfalfa: oilseed rape, not canola; soyabean, not soybean, Flax crops should be identified as either fibre flax or linseed flax. Published growth stage keys may be used with the appropriate reference.

Herbicides, desiccants and growth regulators Use the common name if one has been approved by BSI, WSSA or ISO, as listed in Weed Abstracts . Otherwise give the full chemical name (IUPAC nomenclature) at the first mention in the title or the abstract and again in Materials and methods , where it should be accompanied by a code number. Thereafter use only the code number. For each chemical (e.g. pendimethalin), the product name (Stomp 400 SC) formulation used (SC), its concentration (400 g a.i. L-1 and the supplier (BASF plc) should be stated in Materials and methods, e.g. pendimethalin (Stomp 400 SC, 400 g a.i. L-1, SC, BASF plc) Trade names should not be used elsewhere in the paper.

Application Details should be presented in Materials and methods of spray volume (in L ha -1), nozzle type and size, and spray pressure (in kPa). Doses of herbicides and other chemicals should be expressed throughout the paper in terms of active ingredient, g a.i. ha -1, not as weight or volume of product. This applies also to cited references.

5.2. Structure

All manuscripts submitted to Weed Research should include: Title, Keywords, Summary, Main Text (divided by appropriate sub headings) and References. A Word template is available (see links above).

Title Page: This should give the title of the article, the names and initials of each author, the department and institution to which the work should be attributed, the name, address, international telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address of the author for correspondence, proofs and free copies, and a short title of 40 characters or less if the paper title exceeds this limit. Up to two lines of keywords (not key phrases) should be listed below the summary.  Please include a total word count.

Summary: the summary should be on a separate page and should not exceed 230 words. Complete the summary with a clear presentation of the implications of the work for scientific theory and practical weed management.  Avoid statements such as “the results are discussed”.

Optimising Your Abstract for Search Engines

Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

Main Text of Original Research Article and Methods papers
This should begin on a separate page, and include an introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion. Research papers should be no longer than 6000 words in total, including all tables, legends and references. 

Introduction: Place the work in context and clearly state the questions addressed within the paper, preferably expressed as hypotheses to be tested.

Material and Methods: The objective in writing the Methods is that there is sufficient information presented for a reader to be able to repeat the work.

Statistics: The Methods should include full details of the statistical techniques used and authors are advised to refer to the article ‘Current statistical issues in Weed Research’ Weed Research 50, 5-24. Onofri A, Carbonell EA, Piepho H-P, Mortimer AM & Cousens Rd (2010). We anticipate that authors, wherever possible, fully discuss the analysis of their results with statisticians within their own institutions. All estimated values (e.g. model parameters, means, differences etc.) should be presented together with an appropriate measure of variability in text, tables and graphs. We require the presentation of standard errors of differences between means with appropriate degrees of freedom where possible; authors may also include least significant differences or other measures of variability in tables, etc. Standard errors, etc., should be given to one more decimal place than the means to which they apply. Please only use multiple comparison procedures where appropriate, as these may create a ‘multiplicity problem’, because the number of statistical tests increases progressively as the number of means to be compared increases (see Onofri et al. (2010) for further discussion).

Results: Results should be separated from discussion.  Present the key analysed results objectively.  Do not repeat data in both tables and figures.

Discussion: Discuss the implications of the results in the context of previous research.  Critically evaluate the methods employed.

Conclusion: This section is optional.

Main Text of Review Article
This should follow the structure of an Original Article, unless other sub-headings are more appropriate.  Papers may be longer than research articles at the discretion of the editors.

Main Text of Insights
Insights papers should be no more than 2500 words in total, have a flexible format, but must have a Summary. They may also follow the separate sections of Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and References at the discretion of editors.

Acknowledgements: Please see above under Authorship and Ethical Guidelines.

5.3. References

The Journal follows the Harvard reference style. In the text, cite authors' names followed by the date of publication, e.g. in the text Author and Author (1994) or in parentheses (Author & Author, 1994). Where there are three or more authors, the first author's name followed by et al. will suffice. Where more than one reference is cited they should be listed in chronological order. References to unpublished work should be cited only in the text as 'A. Author pers. comm.' or 'A. Author unpubl. obs.'. Reference lists should be ordered alphabetically. Journal titles should be quoted in full. 'In press' is only acceptable if a volume number can be quoted.


AUTHOR AB & AUTHOR BC (1989) Title of article with lower-case initials to all words. Journal Title in Italics in Full Volume No. in bold, 123-129.

AUTHOR A, AUTHOR B, AUTHOR C et al. [if more than 6] (1994) Book Title in italics (ed. A B Editor). Publisher, Place, Country.

AUTHOR A & AUTHOR B, Jr (1989) Chapter title. In: Book Title in Italics, Vol. 1. Upper-case Initials to Nouns etc. (eds AB EDITOR & CD EDITOR), 2nd edn, 21-34. Publisher, Place, Country.

AUTHOR A (1989) Paper title with lower-case initials to all words and in italics. PhD thesis, University, Town, Country.

AUTHOR A (1992) Title of article. In: Proceedings 1991 Title of Conference in italics (ed AB Editor)(20-22 November, Location City, Country). 158-165. Publisher Location, City, Country.

AUTHOR A (2005) Online database title or webpage title. Available at: http//www.webaddress (last accessed day month year).

The editor and publisher recommend that citation of online published papers and other material should be done via a DOI (digital object identifier), which all reputable online published material should have - see www.doi.org/ for more information. If an author cites anything which does not have a DOI they run the risk of the cited material not being traceable.

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.

EndNote reference styles can be searched for here: www.endnote.com/support/enstyles.asp
Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here: www.refman.com/support/rmstyles.asp

5.4. Tables, Figures, Figure Legends and Supporting Information

Tables: should only be used to clarify important points.  Tables must, as far as possible, be self-explanatory.  The tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals.

Figures: All graphs, drawings and photographs are considered figures and should be numbered in sequence with Arabic numerals in order of appearance in the text. 

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication

Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS, PDF or Excel files (for line art figures); TIFF files (for halftone/photographs figures) only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are also suitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programmes. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of at least 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below). Please submit the data for figures in black and white or submit a Colour Work Agreement Form (see Colour Charges below). EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).

For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: line art:  >600 dpi; halftones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.

Further information can be obtained at Wiley Blackwell’s guidelines for figures: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/illustration.asp

Check your electronic artwork before submitting it: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/eachecklist.asp

Permissions: If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publisher.

Colour Charges: It is the policy of Weed Research for authors to pay the full cost for the reproduction of their colour artwork. Therefore, please note that if there is colour artwork in your manuscript when it is accepted for publication, Wiley Blackwell require you to complete and return a Colour Work Agreement Form before your paper can be published. Please post or courier all pages of your completed form to Customer Services (OPI). Note that electronic or faxed copies cannot be accepted. The address for mail is as follows: Customer Services (OPI), John Wiley & Sons Ltd, European Distribution Centre, New Era Estate, Oldlands Way, Bognor Regis, West Sussex, PO22 9NQ

Any article received by Wiley Blackwell with colour work will not be published until the form has been returned. If you are unable to access the internet, or are unable to download the form, please contact the Production Editor.

Figure Legends: Each figure should have a legend and all legends should be typed together on a separate sheet and numbered correspondingly.

Supporting information: Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files.

Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format.

The journal will take limited supporting information in print within the 6000 word limit as appendices. We will also take online-only supporting information, where the information is directly linked to and important for understanding the paper. This can be in the form of any electronic data, ranging from appendices, tables, figures, to photographs and computer code. These are stored online with the published version of the paper on Wiley Online Library. We can provide an online link to webdata hosted elsewhere, but as these links often cannot be guaranteed in perpetuity, we do not favour these. We do not provide a repository for base research data, as this ought to be provided by researchers’ organisations.

For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/suppinfo.asp


Upon acceptance of a paper for publication, the manuscript will be forwarded to the Production Editor who is responsible for the production of the journal.

At the same time, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below: CTA Terms and Conditions http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.asp.

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.asp and visit http://www.wileyopenaccess.com/details/content/12f25db4c87/Copyright--License.html.

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement.

6.1. Proof Corrections

The corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing a link to download their proof as a PDF(portable document format). Corrections must be returned to the Author Corrections Team (bpcorrections@sps.co.in) within 3 days of receipt.

6.2. Offprints

Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available via Author Services only. Please therefore sign up for author services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers.

Additional paper offprints may be ordered online. Please click on the following link fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: http://offprint.cosprinters.com/cos/bw/main.jsp?SITE_ID=bw&FID=USER_HOME_PG

If you have queries about paper offprints please email offprint@cosprinters.com

6.3. Author Services

For more substantial information on the services provided for authors, please see http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/

6.4. Note to NIH Grantees

Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance. This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication. For further information, see http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-406074.html.

6.5. Early View

Weed Research is covered by Wiley Blackwell’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors’ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. For more information on DOI, click here.

Last updated: 14 October 2014