Pediatric Allergy and Immunology

Cover image for Vol. 27 Issue 6

Edited By: Ulrich Wahn, Berlin, Germany

Impact Factor: 3.947

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 5/120 (Pediatrics); 7/25 (Allergy); 49/150 (Immunology)

Online ISSN: 1399-3038

Associated Title(s): Allergy

Author Guidelines

PAI is only accepting manuscripts electronically via ScholarOne Manuscripts, an online submission site:

Complete instructions for preparing and submitting manuscripts online are provided at the submission site. If you need assistance, please phone 1 434 817 2040 x 167 or e-mail

Authors submitting a paper do so on the understanding that the work has not been published before, is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has been read and approved by all authors. All human and animal studies must be approved by an appropriate ethics committee or review board (depending on local arrangements), and a statement to this effect should be included in the methods section, or the reasons why it was not necessary if this is the case. All clinical investigations must have been conducted according to the principles expressed in the Declaration of Helsinki (

The vested interests of authors (such as company affiliations or funding relevant to the study) must be declared.

Articles must be written in correct scientific English suitable for publication. Authors whose primary language is not English should obtain assistance with writing to avoid grammatical problems. Although articles are subject to review and editing, the journal does not hold itself responsible for all statements made by contributors

Wiley English Language Editing Service: Ensure your paper is clearly written in standard, scientific English language appropriate to your discipline. Visit our site to learn about the options. Please note that using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Upon submission of a manuscript all co-authors should also be registered with correct and updated e-mail addresses and academic titles.

The work shall not be published elsewhere in any language without the written consent of the publisher. The articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers translation rights and the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute all of the articles printed in the journal. No material published in the journal may be stored on microfilm or videocassettes or in electronic databases and the like or reproduced photographically without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Ithenticate PAI employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

After submission of a manuscript please address queries, if any, concerning the status of the manuscript to the editorial office –

As the journal follows the Vancouver system for biomedical manuscripts, the author is referred to the publication of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors: Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. BMJ 1991;302: 338-41.

Line numbering
All texts submitted to PAI have to display line numbers (1, 2, 3, and so forth) in the left margin of the manuscript. (Line numbering can be added from the "Page Setup" or "Format" menu of word processing programs.) The line numbering should be continuous throughout the entire text. Start with the title page up to the final page. Do not begin numbering from 1 again at the top of each page.

Information concerning the format of the manuscripts for all original papers:

Title page
The title page should contain the following information in the order given:

  1. full title of manuscript, concise and informative, not exceeding 100 characters;
  2. authors' full names;
  3. authors' institutional affiliations including city and country;
  4. a running title, not exceeding 40 characters and spaces;
  5. the name, address and e-mail address of the author responsible for correspondence about the manuscript;
  6. word count; number of tables and figures;
  7. material in the electronic repository, if applicable.

Abstract page
A separate abstract page should contain the following:

  1. authors' surnames and initials;
  2. title of manuscript;
  3. title of journal abbreviated as in reference list;
  4. the word Abstract followed by a summary of the complete manuscript structured as follows (max 250 words):
    1. background: problem that prompted the study and aim(s) of the study
    2. methods:if the sapece is short., only the primary outcomes
    3. results:the most important findings only
    4. conclusions:the most important conclusion only
  5. key words (max 10); listed in alphabetical order;
  6. name and address of the author to whom requests for offprints should be sent.

Main text
The text is limited to:

  • less than 2,500 words (not including abstract, figure legends and references
  • structured in introduction, methods, results and discussion
  • general acknowledgments for consultations, statistical analyses, and the like should be listed at the end of the text,
  • up to 30 references in the Journal's style (see below)
  • up to 6 among figures (or panels of figures) and/or tables

If the manuscript is longer, reasons for increase in length, figure or table number or reference number should be stated in the cover letter. In general, the printed version of the manuscript should not occupy more than 6 pages.

Number references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. List all authors when six or less; when seven or more, list first three and add et al. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals (in parentheses). References (with the exception of review articles) must not exceed 30 in number. Use the style of the examples below which are based on the format used by US National Library of Medicine in Index Medicus. For abbreviations of journals, consult the List of Journals Indexed printed annually in the January issue of Index Medicus. Avoid using abstracts of articles as references. Unpublished observations, personal communications, and unaccepted papers may not be used as references, although references to written, not verbal, communications may be inserted (in parentheses) in the text.

Examples of correct forms of references are given below:

Journals:Chiba Y, Minagawa T, Mito K, et al. Effect of breast feeding on responses of systemic interferon and virus-specific lymphocyte transformation in infants with respiratory syncytial virus infection. J Med Virol 1987: 21: 7-14.

Books and monographs:Stiehm ER, Fulginiti VA. Immunologic disorders in infants and children. Philadelphia: WB Saunders 1973.

Chapter in book:Holt PG, Turner KJ. Regulation of IgE synthesis in man and experimental animals. In: Lessof MH, Lee TH, Kemeny DM, eds. Allergy, an international textbook. New York: John Wiley 1987: 69-87.

References in Articles – We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. EndNote reference styles can be searched for here: Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

All graphs, drawings and photographs are considered figures and should be numbered in sequence with Arabic numerals and abbreviated Fig(s). Each figure should have a legend and all legends should be typed on a separate sheet and numbered correspondingly. Letters on figures should be in capitals. Figures should be planned to fit the proportions of the printed page. It is the policy of the journal for authors to pay for the full cost for the reproduction of their colour artwork. Therefore, please note that if there is colour artwork in your manuscript when it is accepted for publication, you are required to complete and return a Colour Work Agreement form before your paper can be published. This form can be downloaded online here. Any article received at Wiley with colour work will not be published until the form has been returned. 

Tables - Tables may be placed within the manuscript file and they should supplement, not duplicate, the information contained in the text. They should be on separate pages, one table per page, and should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numals. Each table should be typed on a separate sheet, with due regard for the proportions of the printed page. A brief title should be provided directly above each table. Any abbreviations should be defined at the bottom of the table.

REVIEW ARTICLES: supplementary information
Text: less than 4,500 words not including abstract, figure legends and references (please supply a word count); up to 75 references in the Journal's style (if more, justification should be provided); figures and tables are important in review papers and up to 10 figures and/or tables (total) can be included in the text.

EDITORIALS: supplementary information
Text: less than 1,500 words not including abstract, figure legends and references (please supply a word count); up to 20 references in the Journal's style (if more, justification should be provided); up to 2 figures and/or tables (total) can be included in the text.

CORRESPONDENCE: supplementary information


Letters to the Editor are short reports of clinical or biological observations without sufficient depth of investigation or number of cases to be classified as Original Articles. They may be subject to peer review. Letters are indexed in PUBMed, accessible to literature searches, and cited like original articles.

(1) SPACE: Max. 3 pages in the printed issue, the average letter should have 2 pages, this means max. 2000 words, not including the figure legend(s) and references.
(2) TITLE: short and relevant, max 12 words
(3) TITLE PAGE: submit a complete title page including all authors affiliations
(4) KEY-WORDS: Provide a list of key words
(5) SALUTATION: Start with the Salutation "To the Editor:"
(6) SIGNATURE: Close with the author's name(s), academic degree(s), institutions(s), and location(s).
(7) REFERENCES: max. 10 references;
(8) FIGURES/TABLES: max. 3 figures and/or tables in the Journals style (at least 300 dpi)

Correspondence concerning recent publications in the Journal will be considered for publication and accepted based on their scientific quality, and available space in the Journal. The authors of the referenced PAI article will be asked for a reply. Once approved by the Editor, the Correspondence and relevant Reply (if any) will both be published in the same issue.

(1) SPACE: max. 1 page, this means max. 1000 words plus references and graphics (if any).
(2) TITLE: short, relevant title, distinct from the title of the referenced article. Please note that all Replies should have the title "Reply to [Corresponding author's name]."
(3) TITLE PAGE: complete title page
(4) REFERENCES: List of references at the end of the letter; article being discussed as first reference. Number of references: max. seven. Replies should include the Correspondence to which they are replying as one of the references.
(5) FIGURES/TABLES: Max. two graphic presentations (table or figure).
(6) SALUTATION/ SIGNATURE: Begin with the salutation "To the Editor:" and close with the author's name(s), academic degree(s), institutions(s), and location(s).


A Rostrum article, like in it´s original sense, should serve as a public platform to initiate a lively scientific debate on controversy scientific issues, new scientific studies or personal insights. It should not present consensus opinions but rather depict the need for further scientific research.

(1) SPACE: Max. 4 pages in the printed issue, this means max. 2400 words, not including the figure legend(s) and references

(2) TITLE: short and relevant, max 12 words

(3) TITLE PAGE: submit a complete title page including all authors affiliations

(4) KEY-WORDS: Provide a list of key words

(5) SALUTATION: Start with the Salutation "To the Editor:"

(6) SIGNATURE: Close with the author's name(s), academic degree(s), institutions(s), and location(s)

(7) REFERENCES: max. 15 references

(8) FIGURES/TABLES: max. 2 figures and/or tables in the Journals style (at least 300 dpi)

Revised manuscripts, if not differently indicated in the decision letter, must be returned within 3 months and must include the following items:

Responses to Comments that includes point-by-point responses to the comments made by the Reviewers, Editor, and Editorial Office for each of them numbered and labeled always as COMMENT and RESPONSE

Marked Manuscript Any text that was not part of the original manuscript but has now been added, underline formatting should be applied; to any text that was part of the original manuscript but has now been deleted, strikethrough formatting should be applied. Changes made on Figures and Tables should be clearly visible and provided as separate files labeled as 'Figure x Marked' and 'Table x Marked'. Line numbering must be used in the Marked Manuscript and numbers mentioned in the response to the comments.

Unmarked Manuscript The Unmarked Manuscript should be your revised manuscript just as you intend it for publication (if it is accepted). Line numbering need not be used in the Unmarked Manuscript too.

Supporting Information Pediatric Allergy and Immunology gives authors the opportunity to include data that would be inappropriate or impractical to include in the printed version. These data may substantially enhance the importance of the research and may also be of benefit to readers. All supporting information must be submitted as 'supplementary files for review' with the original manuscript via ScholarOne Manuscripts. 'Supporting Information' will be made available alongside the online version (only) of the published article (PDF). Please note that supporting information will not be copy-edited or typeset, but will be made available online in the exact form in which it is received and approved.

Author Services Online production tracking is now available for your article through Blackwell’s Author Services. Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to online and print publication. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production so they don’t need to contact the production editor to check on progress. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign.  The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements.  For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

For RCUK and Wellcome Trust authors click on the link below to preview the terms and conditions of this license:
Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

Offprints Authors will receive a PDF offprint free of charge.

Pediatric Allergy and Immunology collaborates with Wiley’s open access journal Immunity, Inflammation and Disease to enable rapid publication of good quality research that we are unable to accept for publication in Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. Authors will be offered the option of having the paper, along with any related peer reviews, automatically transferred for consideration by the Editor of Immunity, Inflammation and Disease. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and publication decisions will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. The Editor of Immunity, Inflammation and Disease will accept submissions that report well-conducted research which reaches the standard acceptable for publication. Immunity, Inflammation and Disease is a Wiley Open Access journal and article publication fees apply. For more information please go to