Pediatric Diabetes

Cover image for Vol. 17 Issue 2

Edited By: Mark A. Sperling

Impact Factor: 2.569

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 24/120 (Pediatrics); 72/128 (Endocrinology & Metabolism)

Online ISSN: 1399-5448

Author Guidelines

Pediatric Diabetes will consider for publication full-length papers, preliminary communications with important new information, clinical reports and reviews of major topics.  Invited editorials and perspectives will be a regular feature.  Full-length papers and reviews of major topics should generally not exceed a total of 5000 words (approximately 20 double-spaced typewritten pages) for the text, references, tables, figures, and figure legends, excluding running title page, title page, and abstract.  Preliminary communications with important new information, clinical reports, invited editorials and perspectives should generally not exceed 2000 words.

Authors are advised to submit their manuscripts online at If you experience difficulties submitting your manuscript online you should first contact the Managing Editor ( A helpline for technical support is accessible on the online submission site. Save your complete manuscript as a Word document (.doc), Rich Text Format (.rtf), Portable Document Format (.pdf) or PostScript (.ps) file. The file will be converted to a PDF when uploaded. All original files that you upload will be available and can be accessed by the Editorial Office if necessary.

The following is in agreement with the “Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals” accepted by the International Steering Committee.  Authors submitting a paper do so in the understanding that the work has not been published before, is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has been read and approved by all authors.  The submission of the manuscript by the authors means that they automatically agree to grant John Wiley & Sons A/S the exclusive licence to publish it if and when it is accepted for publication. The work shall not be published elsewhere in any language without the written consent of the publisher.  The articles published in this journal are protected by the licence, which covers translation rights and the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute all of the articles printed in the journal.  No material published in the journal may be stored on microfilm or video-cassettes or in electronic databases and the like or reproduced photographically without the prior written permission of John Wiley & Sons A/S. Copyright licensing is a condition of publication and papers will not enter production unless copyright has been licenced.

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below: CTA Terms and Conditions

Wiley will support our authors by posting the accepted version of articles by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance by the journal. The accepted version is the version that incorporates all amendments made during peer review, but prior to the publisher’s copy-editing and typesetting. This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication. The NIH mandate applies to all articles based on research that has been wholly or partially funded by the NIH and that are accepted for publication on or after April 7, 2008.
For further information visit:

Visit Wiley's Author Guidelines for FAQs on Funding Body Requirements.

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA): Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA
To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit
If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:
For RCUK and Wellcome Trust authors click on the link below to preview the terms and conditions of this license: Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

Authors of research articles should disclose at the time of submission any financial arrangement they may have with a company whose product figures prominently in the submitted manuscript or with a company making a competing product.  Such information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review and will not influence the editorial decision, but if the article is accepted for publication, the editors will discuss with the authors the manner in which such information is to be communicated.

A completed Manuscript Submission Form (MSF) must accompany each manuscript (you need Adobe Acrobat to open the MSF). Download here: By signing this form, the corresponding author verifies that all contributing authors have read and approve of the material in the manuscript, that the material has not been published previously and is not currently under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that all human and animal studies have been approved by the author(s)' appropriate Institutional Review Board or the institutional committee on human and/or animal research and ethics of their particular country, and are so noted in the text.  All human investigations and procedures must be conducted according to the principles expressed in the Declaration of Helsinki, 1964; amended in 1975, 1983, 1989, 1996 and 2000.  Note of clarification on Paragraph 29 added by the World Medical Association (WMA) General Assembly, Washington, 2002.

IthenticatePediatric Diabetes employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

All manuscripts should be submitted in correct English suitable for publication, double-spaced (including references, figure legends, footnotes etc.). Each section of the manuscript should begin on a new page.  The pages should be numbered consecutively and assembled in the following order:  Running title page, Title page, Key words, Abstract, Abbreviations, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Tables, Figure Legends, Figures.

A short running title of not more than 40 letters and spaces should be provided.   This page should also contain the complete address, telephone and fax numbers, and E-mail address of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript, proofs and requests for offprints should be referred.

This page should contain the following information in the order given:  1) a concise and informative title; 2) the author(s)’ full names; 3) the author(s)’ complete institutional/departmental affiliation (including city, state, country, zip/postal code) of each author; 4) a word count for the entire manuscript .

The abstract should not exceed 250 words and should incorporate data on background, objective or hypothesis, subjects, methods or plan, results and conclusions.  Please make sure that the data in the abstract accurately reflect the information provided in the body of the manuscript.  Below the abstract, provide up to five key words, using terms from the standard Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list from Index Medicus.

The introduction should be succinct and should orient the reader to the state of knowledge in the specific area under investigation.  The questions and hypotheses of the research should be clearly delineated here.

Methods should be described and referenced with sufficient detail to allow other researchers to reproduce the results.  It is often quite useful to subdivide methods into sections such as subjects, measurements, protocol, and data analysis.  Describe selection of patients or experimental animals, including controls.  Do not provide patients’ names or any hospital ID numbers.  Any complex data analysis should be reviewed by a statistician.   Provide references and brief descriptions of methods that have been published.  When using new methods, evaluate their advantages and limitations.  Identify drugs, including generic name, dosage, and route(s) of administration.  The manufacturer’s name and location should be provided for chemicals, reagents, and special pieces of apparatus.  Although not a Systeme International (SI) unit, Celsius should be used for body temperature or for laboratory measurement temperatures in the physiologic range.  Please use conventional system measurements followed in parentheses by equivalent  SI  values.  These can be found in Lundberg GD, Iverson C, Radulescu G.  Now read this:  The SI units are here.  JAMA 1986; 255:2329-39.  Young DS.  Implementation of SI units for clinical laboratory data.  Style specification and conversion tables.  Ann Intern Med 1987; 106:114-129. 

Submitted manuscripts are required to report HbA1c in both SI (IFCC) and NGSP/DCCT units.

Authors must indicate that the procedures were approved by the Ethics Committee of Human Experimentation in their institution/country and in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.  All papers reporting experiments using animals must include a statement assuring that all animals received humane care.

The results should be presented in the most appropriate form, in logical sequence in tables and illustrations.   In the text, explain, emphasize or summarize the most important observations.

Do not repeat in detail data given in the Results section.  Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study.  The findings should be related to other relevant studies.  On the basis of your findings (and others’) discuss possible implications/conclusions, revealing any limitations of the study.  When stating a new hypothesis, clearly label it as such.

Acknowledge only persons who have made substantive contributions to the study, e.g., technical assistance, critical advice, or other assistance.   Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from everyone acknowledged by name because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions.   All funding sources supporting the work should be acknowledged.

Tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals.  Type each table double-spaced on a separate page; each one should have a title.  Each table should be intelligible without reference to the text.   Redundant or repetitious entries in a table should be minimized.

All figures should clarify the text and their numbers kept to a minimum. Figures should be constructed in a clear and uncluttered manner and planned to fit the proportions of the printed page.  They should be numbered according to the order in which they are cited in the text with Arabic numerals.  Magnifications should be indicated in the legends rather than inserting scales on prints.    Details must be large enough to retain their clarity after reduction in size.   

Composite or long horizontal figures may, at times, occupy two columns.  If the components (e.g., A, B, C, D) of a composite figure need to be referred to in the text or figure legend, the figure should contain the identifying letter.  Titles should be provided in the legend rather than on the figure. 

Photographs of patients’ faces should be included only if scientifically relevant and if the identity of the patient is concealed by masking. Authors should obtain written consent for use of such photographs.

Halftones (e.g., photomicrographs or electron micrographs) should show only the most pertinent areas. A micron bar of appropriate scale marking is desirable on the figure.

Please submit your figures electronically and read the guidelines on the Wiley-Blackwell web site at Vector graphics (e.g. line artwork) should be saved in Encapsulated Postscript Format (EPS) and bitmap files (e.g., photographs) should be saved in Tagged Image File Format (TIFF). Line art must be scanned at a minimum of 800 dpi; photographs at a minimum of 300 dpi.

It is the policy of Pediatric Diabetes for authors to pay the full cost for the reproduction of their color artwork.  Therefore, please note that if there is color artwork in your manuscript when it is accepted for publication, Wiley-Blackwell requires you to complete and return a color work agreement form before your paper can be published. This form can be downloaded as a PDF from here.

Please return the signed form to

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Any article received by Wiley-Blackwell with color work will not be published until this form has been returned.
In the event that an author is not able to cover the costs of reproducing colour figures in colour in the printed version of the journal, Pediatric Diabetes offers authors the opportunity to reproduce colour figures in colour for free in the online version of the article (but they will still appear in black and white in the print version).  If an author wishes to take advantage of this free colour-on-the-web service, they should liaise with the Editorial Office to ensure that the appropriate documentation is completed for the Publisher.
Legends should be typed double-spaced in consecutive order on a separate page and not on the figure.  They should be numbered (1, 2, 3 etc.) and should include sufficient detail to make the figure intelligible without reference to the text.

They should be standardized and the full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.  Consult the following sources:  Scientific style and format:  the CBE manual for authors, editors, and publishers.  Style Manual Committee, Council of Biology Editors, 1994; American Medical Association manual of style:  a guide for authors and editors, 1998.

Number references consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and identify them by Arabic numerals (in parentheses).  List all authors when six or less; when seven or more, list the first three and add et al.  Include manuscripts accepted, but not published, and designate them as “In press”.  Manuscripts in preparation, manuscripts not yet accepted but submitted, unpublished observations, and personal communications should be cited as such in the text and not included in the reference list.  References should be according to the style used in Index Medicus.  For abbreviations of journals, consult the List of Journals Indexed printed annually in the January issue of Index Medicus. 
Journal articles.  Zou L. Burmeister LA, Sperling MA.  Isolation of a liver-specific promoter for human growth hormone receptor gene.  Endocrinology 1997; 138:1771-1774.
Books and monographs.  Sperling MA (ed).  Pediatric Endocrinology, 2ND Ed.  W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 2002.
Book Chapters.  Menon RK, Trucco M.  Molecular Endocrinology:  Relevance to Clinical Management of Hormonal Disorders.  In:  Sperling MA (ed).  Pediatric Endocrinology, 2nd Ed.  W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 2002, pp 15-32. 

References in Articles
We recommend the use of a tool such as Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.

Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior ro publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format.

For further information on the recommended files types and requirements for submission, please visit:

OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at: Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

Online production tracking is available for your article through Blackwell's Author Services. Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production so they don't need to contact the production editor to check on progress. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

The corresponding author will receive an email alert containing a link to a secure website. A working email address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF file from this site. Further instructions will be sent with the email alert. Excessive changes made by the author in the proofs, excluding typesetting errors will be charged separately. Proof corrections should be returned within 3 days.

A PDF offprint of the online published article will be provided free of charge to the corresponding author. Paper offprints may be purchased if ordered via the method stipulated on the instructions that will accompany proofs.

Please note that unless specifically requested, Wiley-Blackwell will dispose of electronic material submitted 2 months after publication.  If you require the return of any material submitted, please inform the editorial office or production editor as soon as possible if you have not yet done so.

The publisher's policy is to use permanent paper from mills that operate a sustainable forestry policy. Paper has been manufactured from pulp that is processed using acid-free and elementary chlorine-free practices. Furthermore, the publisher ensures that the text paper and cover board used has met acceptable environmental accreditation standards.

The Publisher and the Editors cannot be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this journal; the views and opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the Publisher and the Editors; neither does the publication of advertisements constitute any endorsement by the Publisher and the Editors of the products advertised.

We work together with Wiley’s open access journal, Clinical Case Reports, to enable rapid publication of good quality case reports that we are unable to accept for publication in our journal. Authors of case reports rejected by our journal will be offered the option of having their case report, along with any related peer reviews, automatically transferred for consideration by the Clinical Case Reports editorial team. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and publication decisions will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. Clinical Case Reports will consider case reports from every clinical discipline and may include clinical images or clinical videos. Clinical Case Reports is an open access journal, and article publication fees apply. For more information please go to