Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition

Cover image for Vol. 100 Issue 4

Edited By: Michel Goldberg

Impact Factor: 1.212

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 18/58 (Agriculture Dairy & Animal Science); 42/138 (Veterinary Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1439-0396

Author Guidelines

Aims and Scope

As an international forum for hypothesis-driven scientific research, the Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition publishes original papers in the fields of animal physiology, biochemistry and physiology of nutrition, animal nutrition, feed technology and preservation (only when related to animal nutrition). Well-conducted scientific work that meets the technical and ethical standards is considered only on the basis of scientific rigor.

Research on farm and companion animals is preferred. Comparative work on exotic species is welcome too. Pharmacological or toxicological experiments with a direct reference to nutrition are also considered. Manuscripts on fish and other aquatic non-mammals with topics on growth or nutrition will not be accepted. Manuscripts may be rejected on the grounds that the subject is too specialized or that the contribution they make to animal physiology and nutrition is insufficient.

In addition, reviews on topics of current interest within the scope of the journal are welcome. Authors are advised to send an outline to the Editorial Office for approval prior to submission.

The Author Guidelines can also be downloaded as a PDF file here: JAPAN Author Guidelines

Downloads: Colour Work Agreement Form; Page Charge Form

The Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to the Journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism.


As an international forum for hypothesis-driven scientific research, the journal publishes original papers on basic research in the fields of animal physiology, the biochemistry and physiology of nutrition, animal nutrition, feed technology, and feed preservation. In addition, reviews of the most important specialized literature are included. The language of publication is English.


Manuscripts should be submitted electronically via the online submission site ScholarOne Manuscripts (formerly known as Manuscript Central). The use of an online submission and peer review site speeds up the decision-making process, enables immediate distribution and allows authors to track the status of their own manuscripts. If assistance is needed (or if for some reason online submission is not possible), the Editorial Office can be contacted and will readily provide any help users need to upload their manuscripts.

Editorial Office:
Prof. Dr. Michel Goldberg
University of Munich, Munich, Germany

2.1 Online Submission

To submit a manuscript, please follow the instructions below.

Getting Started

1. Launch your web browser (Internet Explorer 5 or higher or Netscape 7 or higher) and go to the journal’s ScholarOne Manuscripts homepage (
2. Log-in or click the “Create Account” option if you are a first-time user of ScholarOne Manuscripts.
3. If you are creating a new account:
- After clicking on “Create Account”, enter your name and e-mail information and click “Next”. Your e-mail information is very important.
- Enter your institution and address information as appropriate, and then click “Next.”
- Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your e-mail address as your user ID), and then select your area of expertise. Click “Finish”.
4. Log-in and select “Author Center.”

Submitting Your Manuscript

5. After you have logged in, click the “Submit a Manuscript” link in the menu bar.
6. Enter data and answer questions as appropriate. You may copy and paste directly from your manuscript and you may upload your pre-prepared covering letter.
7. Click the “Next” button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.
8. Give the contact details of at least three reviewers who are independent from your group.
9. Upload your files:
- Click on the “Browse” button and locate the file on your computer.
- Select the designation of each file in the drop down next to the Browse button.
- When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the “Upload Files” button.
10. Review your submission (in PDF format) before sending to the Journal. Click the “Submit” button when you are finished reviewing.

You may suspend a submission at any phase before clicking the “Submit” button and save it to submit later. After submission, you will receive a confirmation e-mail. You can also access ScholarOne Manuscripts at any time to check the status of your manuscript. The Journal will inform you by e-mail once a decision has been made.

Manuscripts should be uploaded as Word (.doc/.docx) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) files (not write-protected) plus separate figure files. GIF, JPEG, PICT or Bitmap files are acceptable for submission, but only high-resolution TIF or EPS files are suitable for printing. The files will be automatically converted to a PDF document on upload and will be used for the review process. The text file must contain the entire manuscript including title page, abstract, text, references, tables, and figure legends, but no embedded figures. Figure tags should be included in the file. Manuscripts should be formatted as described in the Author Guidelines below.

2.2 Copyright

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

2.3 Page Charges

Original research articles exceeding 8 pages when in proof will be subject to a page charge of GBP100 per additional page. The first 8 print pages will be published free of charge. An average 8-page article will have approximately 6300 words in manuscript, with approximately 5 figures or tables and 40 references. Once your article has been typeset and you receive confirmation of the page extent, please complete the Page Charge Form if your article exceeds 8 pages. An invoice will be sent to authors for these charges upon print publication of their article. Invited and review articles are excluded from this charge.

2.4 Authorship

All authors listed must conform to the authorship requirements as set out by the ICMJE here. The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:

  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  • Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

It is a requirement that all authors have been accredited as appropriate upon submission of the manuscript. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under Acknowledgements.


3.1. Types of Articles

Original Articles
Original articles represent the most common form of articles published in the journal. Typically they describe the results of experiments carried out in order to test a novel hypothesis. Original articles should contain the following sections: Summary, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, References.

Review Articles
The journal welcomes review articles on topics of high current interest within the scope of the journal. Review articles must also include a Summary, Introduction and References, but the other headings may be chosen depending on the structure of the article.

Short Communications
Short communications are brief articles that present particularly novel or exciting results, introduce new theories or ideas, or offer new methodological approaches. This format provides an opportunity for authors to (a) provide important results in concise form or (b) introduce significant new concepts or methods that are supported by a limited empirical data set. The papers should be highly original and represent ideas that will challenge current paradigms or approaches. They should stimulate thought, serving as precursors to new research programs or working groups. In these manuscripts the headings required for original articles may be omitted, but the structure of the paper should more or less be the same. The length of the short communication should not exceed 3500 words plus 1-2 tables or figures.

3.2. General Guidelines on Format

Prepare your manuscript by numbering lines and pages consecutively and use double spacing throughout the text body. It is strongly advised that you consult other articles in the journal showing the format required. A free sample issue of the journal can be accessed for this purpose from the link at the left of the journal's home page.

Title page
The title should not exceed 35 words. Please provide a short title of 60 characters or less for the running head. List all the authors and their affiliations, and indicate the corresponding author by a footnote named “correspondence” where name, the complete postal address, telephone and fax numbers as well as e-mail address are given.

The summary should not exceed 300 words, while giving the major objectives, methods, results, conclusions and practical applications of the research.

Include up to 6 keywords. Keywords will be used for indexing purposes, as will the title; therefore please select words that are not included in the title.

Include any acknowledgement before the reference list.

Figures and table captions
Each figure and table must have a reference in the text and should be numbered in accordance with their appearance in text. Please do not insert figures into the text file. The legends of all figures should be given on a separate page after the list of references.

Use separate pages for each table and put them at the end of the manuscript. Use no vertical lines and few horizontal lines (mainly above and below the table heading and at the end of the table). Footnotes have to be written below the table body. They should be given by using the following symbols in this order: *, †, ‡, §, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡, etc.

Supporting Information
Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples ofSupporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format. For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit:

3.3. Statistics, Units, Abbreviations and Nomenclature

Descriptions of the statistical evaluation of results should be accompanied by the name of the computer software and the procedures applied (one- two-factorial ANOVA, Tukey's test etc.). Average values given in tables should be accompanied by the standard deviation (SD) values, or in experiments where the greater number of samples (animals, units etc.) have been considered, the SEM value as well as probability P should be given.

All units of measurement must follow the SI system. Concentrations of solutions should be given as molar concentrations. All other concentrations should be expressed as percentages.

Abbreviations of biological, medical, chemical, and other terms should only be used when such abbreviations are both internationally recognized and unambiguous. The first use of an abbreviation must be explained by also giving the unabbreviated term. All biological, medical, chemical, and other names should be given in keeping with the latest international nomenclature. If an animal is being mentioned in the text for the first time, the binomial name should be given, e.g. carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Thereafter, this can be abbreviated to C. carpio.

3.4. Figures and Illustrations

Do not display the same information in both a table and figure. Use separate pages for each figure and illustration.

Figures should be saved in a neutral data format such as TIFF or EPS. Powerpoint and Word graphics are unsuitable for reproduction. Please do not use any pixel-oriented programmes. Scanned figures (only in TIFF format) should have a resolution of 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size. Photographic material should be of such quality that high-contrast reproductions can be made; photostats of photographs are unacceptable.

Figures printed in colour are subject to an added charge. Colour print charges are explained on the Colour Work Agreement Form. Colour graphics should be in RGB mode. RGB stands for Red, Green and Blue – these are the colours that are displayed by computer monitors. Monochrome art (black on white) should be in ‘bitmap’ mode (also called 1-bit). Grayscale art should be in ‘grayscale’ mode, a palette of colours that has 256 shades ranging from white to black (also called 8-bit).There is a charge for alterations to figures when carried out by the publisher.

Please note that figures will generally be reduced to fit within the column-width or the print area. This means that numbering and lettering must still be readable when reduced (e.g. maps) and that the scale might not correspond with the original (microscopic pictures), thereby invalidating references to scale in the text.

Graphs with an x and y axis should not be enclosed in frames; only 2-dimensional representations.

Do not forget the labels and units. Captions for the figures should give a precise description of the content and should not be repeated within the figure. If figures or tables are taken from another publication, the source must be mentioned.

3.5. References

Each original contribution and short communication should contain a bibliography, reduced to the essential minimum. All references in text must have a corresponding bibliographic entry in the list of references. The name of a journal in which a paper appears should be written out in full.

The references should be given in alphabetical order, and should give the full title of the paper. If there is more than one reference by the same author(s) the name(s) must not be substituted by a dash but given in full. Prefixed names such as O'Brien, Van der Fecht, D'Estaing etc. should arranged on the basis of the first letter of the main part of the name, thus, D'Estaing would appear under 'E', not 'D'. Anonymous articles should be cited at the beginning of the bibliography.

References should be given in the following form:

a. From journals: Surname, initials of the author(s) first name(s), year of publication, title of article, title of journal, volume number in bold, page range of the article. Please pay attention to the punctuation in the following example:

Revy, P.S.; Jondreville, C.; Dourmad, J.Y.; Guinotte, F.; Nys, Y., 2002: Bioavailability of two sources of zinc in weanling pigs. Animal Research 51, 315‒326.

b. From books and other non-serial publications: Surname, initials of author(s) first name(s), year of publication: title, edition number (if it is not the first edition), volume number (if the title contains more than one volume), publisher, and place of publication. Please pay attention to the punctuation in the following examples:

Underwood, E. J.; Suttle, N. F., 1999: The Mineral Nutrition of Livestock, 3rd edn. CABI publishing, NY, USA.

Citations from handbooks, serial books, and proceedings must contain the names of the editors:

Edwards, C., 1990: Mechanisms of action on dietary fibre on small intestinal absorption and motility. In: Furda, I. (ed.), New Developments in Dietary Fiber. Plenum Press, New York. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology Vol. 270, 95‒104.

Unpublished works must have already been accepted for publication and marked as 'in press'. The citation of personal communications and unpublished data must be confined to the body of the text.

Within the text, citations should be made by putting the surname of the author and the year of publication in parentheses, e.g. (Kienzle, 1998). With two authors, the surnames of the authors should be given, e.g. (Kienzle and Maiwald, 1998); with more than two authors, the surname of the first author should be given and followed by 'et al.', e.g. (Kirchgessner et al., 1998). If the author(s) name(s) are given within the context of the script, the year of publication should be given in parentheses, e.g. described by Kienzle and Maiwald, (1998).

If various publications by the same author(s) and published in the same year are cited, a, b, c etc. must be added to the year of publication, e.g. (Kirchgessner et al., 1998 a, b). This lettering must also correspond to the same lettering within the bibliography.

We recommend the use of a tool such as Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

Please note that incorrectly formatted references in a submitted paper may result in the paper being unsubmitted.

3.6. Animal Experiments

Animal experiments are to be undertaken only with the purpose of advancing knowledge and in a manner that avoids unnecessary discomfort to the animals by the use of proper management and laboratory techniques. They shall be conducted in compliance with federal, state and local laws and regulations, and in accordance with the internationally accepted principles and guidelines for the care and use of agricultural, laboratory or experimental animals.

In the interests of the reproducibility of results, accurate information about any test animals used in the experiments (origin, genotype, etc.), as well as information about the housing conditions (diet, environment, etc.), should be given.

3.7. Use of the English Language

Authors whose native language is not English should have a native English speaker read and correct their manuscript. Spelling and phraseology should conform to standard British usage and should be consistent throughout the paper. Visit our site to learn about the options. Please note that using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.


4.1 Proof Correction

When the proof is ready for correction, the corresponding author will receive an email alert containing a link to a web site. A working email address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file from this site. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following Web site:

This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen, and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Hard copy proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available; in your absence, please arrange for a colleague to access your e-mail to retrieve the proofs. Proofs must be returned to the Production Office within three days of receipt.

As changes to proofs are costly, we ask that you only correct typesetting errors. Excessive changes made by the author in the proofs, excluding typesetting errors, will be charged separately. Other than in exceptional circumstances, all illustrations are retained by the publisher.

4.2 Offprints

A PDF offprint of the online published article will be provided free of charge to the corresponding author, and may be distributed subject to the Publisher's terms and conditions. Additional paper offprints may be ordered online. Please click on the following link, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields:

If you have queries about offprints please email

4.3 Early View (Publication Prior to Print)

The Journal is covered by Wiley-Blackwell's Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.

4.4 Online Open

OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley InterScience, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at: Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

4.5 Author Services

Online production tracking is available for your article once it is accepted by registering with Wiley-Blackwell's Author Services.