Phylogeography of the Lacerta viridis complex: mitochondrial and nuclear markers provide taxonomic insights
Ellen Marzahn, Werner Mayer, Ulrich Joger, Çetin Ilgaz, Daniel Jablonski, Carolin Kindler, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Annamaria Nistri, Norbert Schneeweiss, Melita Vamberger, Anamarija Žagar and Uwe Fritz
Article first published online: 11 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12115
We identified in the Lacerta viridis complex 10 terminal mitochondrial clades clustering in four deeply divergent lineages, corresponding to L. bilineata, L. viridis, the Adriatic or West Balkan lineage and a newly discovered fourth lineage (Anatolian Black Sea coast, southeastern Balkan Peninsula). We identified several secondary contact zones of the main lineages and terminal clades. However, most of the formerly described contact zone of L. bilineata and L. viridis turned out to be a contact zone between the Adriatic lineage and L. viridis. It remains unclear whether there is gene flow in contact zones.