Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research

Cover image for Vol. 54 Issue 4

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: Elisabeth Haring (Editor-in-Chief), Alexander Blanke, Stefan T. Hertwig, Barna Páll-Gergely, Thomas Stach

Impact Factor: 1.821

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 32/160 (Zoology); 35/45 (Evolutionary Biology)

Online ISSN: 1439-0469


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  1. Original Articles

    1. Phylogenetic relationships in Kerkia and introgression between Hauffenia and Kerkia (Caenogastropoda: Hydrobiidae)

      Aleksandra Rysiewska, Simona Prevorčnik, Artur Osikowski, Sebastian Hofman, Luboš Beran and Andrzej Falniowski

      Version of Record online: 8 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12159

    2. Taxonomic composition and ploidy level among European water frogs (Anura: Ranidae: Pelophylax) in eastern Hungary

      Dávid Herczeg, Judit Vörös, Ditte G. Christiansen, Michal Benovics and Peter Mikulíček

      Version of Record online: 8 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12158

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      In this study, we investigated the taxonomic and genetic composition of the Pelophylax esculentus complex (formed by Pelophylax ridibundus and Pelophylax lessonae and their hybridogenetic hybrid, Pelophylax esculentus) in eastern Hungary. Molecular taxonomic and population genetic analysis indicated the presence of all members of the P. esculentus complex in the studied localities with exclusively diploid hybrid genotypes. Clonal transfer of the P. ridibundus genome in hybridogenetic lineages was indicated at least in two sampling sites with the novel implementation of population genetic approach.

    3. Searching for the glacial refugia of Erebia euryale (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) – insights from mtDNA- and nDNA-based phylogeography in the Western Carpathians

      Lenka Paučulová, Martina Šemeláková, Marko Mutanen, Peter Pristaš and Ľubomír Panigaj

      Version of Record online: 5 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12156

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      Our results provide new insights into the phylogeography and origin of Erebia euryale (Esper, 1805). Both mitochondrial and nuclear data reflected a congruent phylogeographic history. The high incidence of unique haplotypes in association with the high variability obtained in the maximum-likelihood analysis of the concatenated data set suggests possible E. euryale re-colonization from south-eastern to northern Europe. The observation that the mean genetic diversity of the Western Carpathian populations indicates either an important refuge area or a contact zone between gene pools during the postglacial re-colonization processes.

    4. Increased genetic structuring of isolated Salamandra salamandra populations (Caudata: Salamandridae) at the margins of the Carpathian Mountains

      Judit Vörös, Sylvain Ursenbacher, István Kiss, Dušan Jelić, Silke Schweiger and Krisztián Szabó

      Version of Record online: 1 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12157

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      To reveal the genetic structure of Salamandra salamandra within the Carpathian Basin, 25 salamander populations were analysed using one mitochondrial (D-loop) and nine nuclear (microsatellites) markers. Our results evidenced significant structuring on the nuclear level, indicating a different origin for eastern (Carpathian) and western (Alpine) populations, independent evolutionary history for Apuseni Mts. population (belonging to Western Carpathians) and a long-time isolation for the marginal populations of the North Hungarian Mountains dating back to the end of the Last Glacial Maximum.

    5. Intricate evolutionary histories in montane species: a phylogenetic window into craniodental discrimination in the Peromyscus mexicanus species group (Mammalia: Rodentia: Cricetidae)

      Sergio G. Pérez-Consuegra and Ella Vázquez-Domínguez

      Version of Record online: 24 NOV 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12155

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      The diversification of the montane mice of the Peromyscus mexicanus group, distributed from Central México to Panamá, resulted in four main clades and 15 different lineages. Our morphometric/molecular study shows that overall size and mandible measurements are significant features that discriminate lineages, concordant with differences in feeding habits between species. Moreover, we found a pattern of increasing size with elevation, further supported by specific morphological differences exhibited between highland and lowland lineages inhabiting the same mountain.

    6. Cranial and chromosomal geographic variation in manatees (Mammalia: Sirenia: Trichechidae) with the description of the Antillean manatee karyotype in Brazil

      Helen M. D. do R. Barros, Ana C. O. Meirelles, Fábia O. Luna, Miriam Marmontel, Pedro Cordeiro-Estrela, Neide Santos and Diego Astúa

      Version of Record online: 23 NOV 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12153

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      We analysed cranial size and shape diversification in the four living taxa of manatees and the geographic variation within American manatee populations. All taxa were discriminated by skull shape and size. We found a morphological discontinuity within Trichechus m. manatus, with the Brazil Antillean manatee population showing morphological differences similar in magnitude to those found between other manatee species. These differences and structural chromosome differences also found in the Antillean manatee population from Brazil have important implications for its taxonomic status and conservation strategies.

  2. Short Communications

    1. Microsympatry in cryptic lowland salamanders (Caudata: Plethodontidae: Bolitoglossa subgenus Nanotriton) from north-western Honduras: implications for taxonomy and regional biogeography

      Alexander J. Hess, Michael W. Itgen, Thomas J. Firneno, James C. Nifong and Josiah H. Townsend

      Version of Record online: 16 NOV 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12151

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      The taxonomy of the subgenus Nanotriton has been a source of confusion among specialists, particularly in Honduras. Phylogenetic analysis of sympatric samples collected from the northern slope of the Sierra de Omoa was performed, showing that the samples represent both B. nympha and B. rufescens. Field examination found these taxa to be morphologically indistinguishable, rendering in situ identification of the two species in north-western Honduras problematic. The discovery of another divergent lineage of B. rufescens highlights the need for a taxonomic reassessment.

  3. Original Articles

    1. The cold-adapted population of Folsomia manolachei (Hexapoda, Collembola) from a glaciated karst doline of Central Europe: evidence for a cryptic species?

      Natália Raschmanová, Martina Žurovcová, Ľubomír Kováč, Lenka Paučulová, Vladimír Šustr, Andrea Jarošová and Daniela Chundelová

      Version of Record online: 10 NOV 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12150

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      The cold-adapted population of Folsomia manolachei Bagnall, 1939 (Hexapoda, Collembola) from a glaciated karst doline of Central Europe: evidence for a cryptic species? Natália Raschmanová, Martina Žurovcová, Ľubomír Kováč, Lenka Paučulová, Vladimír Šustr, Andrea Jarošová & Daniela Chundelová. The DNA barcoding suggested the existence of cryptic diversity in populations of the eurytopic species Folsomia manolachei. The cold-adapted population of ‘F. manolachei’ was abundant in primary soil on stony debris near the permanent floor ice (yearly air temperature ~0°C) in the collapsed karst doline of the Silická ľadnica Ice Cave. Within a temperature range from −3 to −10°C, the’F. manolachei’ population from Silická ľadnica was the most cold-resistant, showing a lethal dose LD50 of −7.8°C.

    2. Did the Quaternary climatic fluctuations really influence the tempo and mode of diversification in European rodents?

      Christelle Tougard

      Version of Record online: 3 NOV 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12152

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      Microtus (Terricola) is particularly suitable to understand whether and how the Quaternary climatic fluctuations could have promoted the diversification of rapid evolving small mammals such as rodents in temperate zones. Mitochondrial sequences were used to generate phylogenetic trees, to estimate divergence times, to identify biogeographic ancestral areas and to study diversification rates. Results showed that the Quaternary would not be a period with an exceptional diversification rate for European rodents, although Pleistocene glacial conditions had an impact on speciation events.

    3. Left, right or both? Estimating and improving accuracy of one-side-only geometric morphometric analyses of cranial variation

      Andrea Cardini

      Version of Record online: 6 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12144

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      Procrustes-based geometric morphometrics is the leading method in quantitative studies of biological form. Hundreds of analyses on bilaterally symmetric structures have been performed by using landmarks on just one side to speed up data collection and reduce dimensionality. Using 10 samples of mammalian crania (N > 500), this study shows that this expedient may not always be accurate, while the simple reconstruction of the missing side, by mirror reflection of the available one, might lead to improved accuracy and better visualization. Shape change in a sample of dorsal marmot crania: (a) left-side landmarks and (b,c) visualization of individual differences using grids and wireframes (links connecting landmarks pairwise) using (b) only the left side or (c) mirroring the left side to reconstruct the right side.

  4. Review Articles

    1. Evolutionary history of the Persian Jird, Meriones persicus, based on genetics, species distribution modelling and morphometric data

      Malahat Dianat, Jamshid Darvish, Raphael Cornette, Mansour Aliabadian and Violaine Nicolas

      Version of Record online: 6 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12145

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      The phylogeographical history and taxonomy of the Persian Jird, Meriones persicus, in Iran were investigated. Analysing mitochondrial DNA sequences, we detected four genetic lineages. The genetic structure seems to fit the topography and biogeography of Iran and emphasizes the role of deserts as barriers to gene flow. All divergent events probably occurred during the last 1.4 My, suggesting that climatic changes probably trigger diversification. Potential refugial areas persisted during glacial periods in north-western Zagros, north-eastern Alborz and Kohrud Mountains.

  5. Original Articles


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