Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research

Cover image for Vol. 54 Issue 2

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: Elisabeth Haring (Editor-in-Chief), Alexander Blanke, Stefan T. Hertwig, Barna Páll-Gergely, Thomas Stach

Impact Factor: 1.677

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 36/46 (Evolutionary Biology); 43/154 (Zoology)

Online ISSN: 1439-0469

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  1. Short Communications

    1. Photogrammetry: a useful tool for three-dimensional morphometric analysis of small mammals

      Francesc Muñoz-Muñoz, Mirsha Quinto-Sánchez and Rolando González-José

      Version of Record online: 24 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12137

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      Many studies assessing the shape of 3D structures of small mammals still use 2D data for budgetary reasons. Photogrammetry, which is considered a low-cost method, has not been applied to the study of small mammals. We test the suitability of photogrammetry to obtain 3D landmarks from mouse skulls. Our results show that photogrammetry is a precise technique for 3D shape analysis of small mammals and that it is accurate for obtaining linear measurements between 3D landmarks.

  2. Original Articles

    1. The evolution of insect sperm − an unusual character system in a megadiverse group

      Marco Gottardo, Romano Dallai, David Mercati, Thomas Hörnschemeyer and Rolf Georg Beutel

      Version of Record online: 15 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12136

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      The phylogenetic information content of insect spermatozoa is formally evaluated for the first time. For this purpose, 77 sperm characters are coded for cladistic analyses. Parsimony and Bayesian analyses are used and compared. Sperm characters alone support few major insect clades (Hexapoda, Dicondylia, Polyneoptera, Psocodea). Important innovations are the formation of mitochondrial derivatives and the acquisition of accessory microtubules. Reliable results are obtained when character transformations are reconstructed using a phylogeny based on extensive molecular data.

    2. Additional insights into phylogenetic relationships of the Class Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata) from rRNA gene sequences

      Rebecca L. Hunter, Lydia M. Brown, C. Alexander Hill, Zachary A. Kroeger and Shannon E. Rose

      Version of Record online: 20 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12135

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      Recent systematic investigations of ophiuroids have promoted major departures from established taxonomy. To provide additional insights into ophiuroid evolutionary relationships, we analyzed ribosomal sequence data from a mitochondrial gene (16S rRNA) and a nuclear gene (18S rRNA) from 39 ophiuroids representing 14 of the 18 families. Main findings from our study include support for a polyphyletic Ophiomyxidae, paraphyletic Amphiuridae, monophyletic Euryalida, a sister group relationship between the Ophiactidae and Ophiotrichidae, and a clade comprised of the Amphiuridae and Amphilepididae. Relationships within the families Gorgonocephalidae, Ophiuridae, Ophiodermatidae and Ophiomyxidae are discussed.

    3. Gamete production patterns and mating systems in water frogs of the hybridogenetic Pelophylax esculentus complex in north-eastern Ukraine

      Olha V. Biriuk, Dmitriy A. Shabanov, Alexey V. Korshunov, Leo J. Borkin, Georgy A. Lada, Rosa A. Pasynkova, Jury M. Rosanov and Spartak N. Litvinchuk

      Version of Record online: 15 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12132

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      European water frogs of the Pelophylax esculentus complex demonstrate unusual genetic phenomena associated with hybridization, clonality and polyploidy. The Seversky Donets River drainage in north-eastern Ukraine is inhabited by diploid and triploid hybrid P. esculentus and only one parental species P. ridibundus. Based on the presence of various types of hybrids, all populations studied were divided into three geographical groups. Mass occurrence of P. esculentus which produced a mixture of haploid gametes carrying one or another non-recombinant parental genome was reported for the first time.

    4. Patterns of morphological variation among populations of the widespread annual killifish Nothobranchius orthonotus are independent of genetic divergence and biogeography

      Milan Vrtílek and Martin Reichard

      Version of Record online: 13 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12134

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      Nothobranchius orthonotus is an annual killifish with extensive distribution. We tested morphological divergence among its populations forming three deep mitochondrial lineages using linear and geometric morphometry. We show that body-shape variation among the populations and between genetic groups of this species is high but not congruent with the separation into mitochondrial lineages. We therefore propose N. orthonotus to be a single species with an extensive geographic range, strong population genetic structure and high morphological variability.

    5. Chromosomal distribution of interstitial telomeric sequences in nine neotropical primates (Platyrrhini): possible implications in evolution and phylogeny

      Francesca Dumas, Helenia Cuttaia and Luca Sineo

      Version of Record online: 28 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12131

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      Telomeric sequences at interstitial chromosomal position in New Word monkeys. We mapped the telomeric (TTAGGG)n probe on eight Platyrrhini through FISH. Three of them, Lagothrix lagotricha, Aotus nancymaae and Aotus lemurinus griseimembra, showed signals at interspersed sites presumably within chromosomes originating by fusion of homologous to human chromosomes, supporting a previously hypothesis about their origin as results of rearrangements. Moreover, we discuss the usefulness of ITSs as phylogenetic marker for strictly related species.

  3. Short Communications

  4. Original Articles

    1. Assessing the taxonomic status of Osmoderma cristinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), endemic to Sicily, by genetic, morphological and pheromonal analyses

      Agnese Zauli, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Stefano Chiari, Emiliano Mancini, Franklin N. Nyabuga, Lara Redolfi De Zan, Federico Romiti, Sunil Sabbani, Paolo A. Audisio, Erik Hedenström, Marco A. Bologna and Glenn P. Svensson

      Version of Record online: 12 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12127

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      Our molecular analyses based on the COI gene and AFLP support a clear genetic divergence between the scarab beetle Osmoderma cristinae (endemic to Sicily) and the closely related O. eremita. Moreover, geometric morphometric analyses of male genitalia reveal a differentiation between the two species. Nevertheless, the sex pheromone used by these species is the same, suggesting that this compound has not undergone a differentiation.

  5. Letters to the Editor

  6. Original Articles

    1. When morphological identification meets genetic data: the case of Lucanus cervus and L. tetraodon (Coleoptera, Lucanidae)

      Emanuela Solano, Arno Thomaes, Karen Cox, Giuseppe Maria Carpaneto, Silvia Cortellessa, Cosimo Baviera, Luca Bartolozzi, Michele Zilioli, Maurizio Casiraghi, Paolo Audisio and Gloria Antonini

      Version of Record online: 27 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12124

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      The Italian stag beetles, morphologically well distinguishable in allopatry, display a mosaic of characters in areas of sympatric occurrence. The mtDNA evidenced that the two species represent well-defined genetic entities and the morphological mosaics could be the result of either hybridization or of a convergence under local selective pressures in areas of sympatric occurrence. The nuclear marker was uniformly polymorphic across the two species, probably due to its recent divergence and was not able to reveal hybridization.

    2. Biogeography of body size in terrestrial isopods (Crustacea: Oniscidea)

      Maria Karagkouni, Spyros Sfenthourakis, Anat Feldman and Shai Meiri

      Version of Record online: 25 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12125

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      Distributions of 738 species of terrestrial isopods (Crustacea: Oniscidea) against a global map of soil moisture. The medium sized Chaetophiloscia cellaria (Dollfus, 1884), Philosciidae (top), inhabits humid habitats whereas the the large-sized Hemilepistus reaumurii (Milne-Edwards, 1840), Agnaridae (bottom), lives in desert habitats. This exemplifies the tendency of isopods to increase in size with decreasing moisture which we have found characterizes the clade globally. Overall within-taxa relationships are weak and idiosyncratic. Isopod size evolution mainly reflect phylogenetically constrained life history.

  7. Short Communications

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A putative species complex in the Sea of Japan revealed by DNA sequence data: a study on Lottia cf. kogamogai (Gastropoda: Patellogastropoda)

      Alen Kristof, André L. de Oliveira, Konstantin G. Kolbin and Andreas Wanninger

      Version of Record online: 8 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12120

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      Molecular genetic analyses indicate that the limpet, collected in the Peter the Great Bay (Russian Federation), is not, as its morphology suggests, the Japanese species Lottia kogamogaiSasaki and Okutani, 1994, and might also hint towards another putative species complex in the Sea of Japan. Accordingly, our results indicate that it is about time for a revision of patellogastropods with a reported distribution in Japanese and Far Eastern Russian waters by an integrative approach using molecular genetic and morphological characters.

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