Plant Breeding

Cover image for Vol. 134 Issue 3

Editors-in-Chief : Jens Léon and Frank Ordon

Impact Factor: 1.598

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 22/81 (Agronomy); 84/200 (Plant Sciences); 104/162 (Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology)

Online ISSN: 1439-0523

Author Guidelines

1. General

Plant Breeding publishes full-length original manuscripts and review articles on all aspects of plant improvement, breeding methodologies, and genetics to include qualitative and quantitative inheritance and genomics of major crop species. Plant Breeding provides readers with cutting-edge information on use of molecular techniques and genomics as they relate to improving gain from selection. Since its subject matter embraces all aspects of crop improvement, its content is sought after by both industry and academia. Contributions that focus on the description of genetic diversity and genotype analysis without their integral use in plant improvement is not suited for publication. Similarly, articles having a predominantly statistical focus must fulfill certain requirements. Please read here for more information. Regardless of type, manuscripts are expected to integrate original results with the historical subject literature and the newest discussion of the topic to provide an understanding of its scientific significance.

Pre-submission English-language editing
Language of publication is English. Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Manuscripts not conforming to the guidelines below cannot be processed and will be returned to the author for correction or completion.

2. Submission and Acceptance of Manuscripts

Manuscripts should be submitted electronically via Plant Breeding -- ScholarOne Manuscript (S1M) web site: The use of an online submission and peer review site speeds up the decision-making process, enables immediate distribution and allows authors to track the status of their own manuscripts. If assistance is needed (or if for some reason online submission is not possible), the Editorial Office can be contacted and will readily provide any help users need to upload their manuscripts.

Editorial Office:
Dr. Elsbeth Brunklaus-Jung

2.1 Electronic Submission

To submit a manuscript, please follow the instructions below:
1. Launch your web browser (Internet Explorer 5 or higher or Netscape 7 or higher) and go to the journal’s Manuscript Central homepage (
2. Log-in or click the “Create Account” option if you are a first-time user of Manuscript Central.
3. If you are creating a new account.
   - After clicking on “Create Account”, enter your name and e-mail information and click “Next”. Your e-mail information is very important.
   - Enter your institution and address information as appropriate, and then click “Next.”
   - Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your e-mail address as your user ID), and then select your area of expertise. Click “Finish”.
4. Log-in and select “Author Center.”
5. After you have logged in, click the “Submit a Manuscript” link in the menu bar.
6. Enter data and answer questions as appropriate. You may copy and paste directly from your manuscript and you may upload your pre-prepared covering letter.
7. Click the “Next” button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.
8. You are required to upload your files.
   - Click on the “Browse” button and locate the file on your computer.
   - Select the designation of each file in the drop down next to the Browse button.
   - When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the “Upload Files” button.
9. Review your submission (in PDF format) before sending to the Journal. Click the “Submit” button when you are finished reviewing.

You may suspend a submission at any phase before clicking the “Submit” button and save it to submit later. After submission, you will receive a confirmation e-mail. You can also access Manuscript Central any time to check the status of your manuscript. The Journal will inform you by e-mail once a decision has been made.

Manuscripts should be uploaded as Word (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rft) files (not write-protected) plus separate figure files. Only high-resolution TIF or EPS files are suitable for printing. The files will be automatically converted to a PDF document on upload and will be used for the review process. The text file must contain the entire manuscript including title page, abstract, text, references, tables, and figure legends, but no embedded figures. Figure tags should be included in the file. Manuscripts should be formatted as described in the Author Guidelines below.

Plant Breeding attempts to keep the review process as short as possible to enable rapid publication of new scientific data. In order to facilitate this process, the names and current (email) addresses of at least 4 potential international referees whom you consider capable of reviewing your manuscript should be given.

Revised manuscripts must be uploaded within 4 weeks of authors being notified of conditional acceptance pending satisfactory revision. When submitting your revised manuscript, please highlight the changes in the manuscript and provide in detail which changes have been made corresponding to the suggestions by the Reviewers/Editors. In case you might come to the conclusion that a particular suggestion should not be followed in full or to some extent please do provide an explanation for your decision.

After acceptance please make sure that the final manuscript and figure files are uploaded. The figures must be high-resolution scans (TIF or EPS files), see also 3.4. Detailed information on our digital illustration standards is available at

2.2 Copyright Transfer Agreement Form

Authors will be required to assign copyright to “Blackwell Verlag GmbH” and copyright assignment is a condition of publication.

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement:
(a) If the OnlineOpen option is not selected, the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs at CTA Terms and Conditions

(b) If the OnlineOpen option is selected, the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
• Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
• Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
• Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements, please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services.

For more information regarding Creative Commons License, please visit Copyright & License hosted on Wiley Open Access.

For authors funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF):
If you choose OnlineOpen, you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license, supporting you in complying your Funder requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy, please visit: and view this video.

Authors who did not select OnlineOpen when they originally accessed the copyright form via Author Services but who subsequently wish to make their articles open access should see the section OnlineOpen. Similarly, authors who wish to switch to the OnlineOpen selection after their article is published online as Early View should see the section OnlineOpen.

Note to NIH Grantees
Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance.  This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication.  For further information, see

2.3 Supporting Information

Supporting Information, such as data sets or additional figures or tables, that will not be published in the print edition of the journal, but which will be viewable via the online edition, can be submitted.

It should be clearly stated at the time of submission that the Supporting Information is intended to be made available through the online edition. If the size or format of the Supporting Information is such that it cannot be accommodated on the journal's Web site, the author agrees to make the Supporting Information available free of charge on a permanent Web site, to which links will be set up from the journal’s Web site. The author must advise Wiley Blackwell if the URL of the Web site where the Supporting Information is located changes. The content of the Supporting Information must not be altered after the paper has been accepted for publication.

The availability of Supporting Information should be indicated in the main manuscript by a paragraph, to appear after the References, headed 'Supporting Information' and providing titles of figures, tables, etc. In order to protect reviewer anonymity, material posted on the authors Web site cannot be reviewed. The Supporting Information is an integral part of the article and will be reviewed accordingly.

Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format. For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit:

3. Requirements for Manuscripts

3.1 Format

Original data are published as normal-sized papers.

When preparing your file, please use only standard fonts such as Times, Times New Roman or Arial for text, and Symbol font for Greek letters, to avoid inadvertent character substitutions. In particular, please do not use Japanese or other Asian fonts. Do not use automated or manual hyphenation. Manuscripts must conform to the journal style. Manuscripts not complying with the submission format will be returned to the author(s).

Every original paper should be divided into the following six sections: Abstract, Introduction (statement of objectives), Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and References. Results and Discussion must be separated. The manuscripts should be typed double-spaced, with 4-cm margins and with page numbers.

At the head of the manuscript, the following information should be given: the title of the paper, the name(s) of the author(s), the institute where the research was carried out, the present addresses of the authors and of the corresponding author (if different from above Institute). Please also supply an E-mail address for the corresponding author.

The abstract should contain at least one sentence on each of the following: objective of investigation (hypothesis, purpose, aim), experimental material, method of investigation, data collection, result and conclusions. It should not exceed a total length of 175 words. Up to 8 keywords should be added at the end of the abstract and separated by dashes.

Each figure, table, and bibliographic entry must have a reference in the text.

Please do not import the figures into the text file. Any corrections requested by the reviewer should already be integrated into the file.

Authors are encouraged to visit which details further information on the preparation and submission of articles and figures.

3.2 Length

Manuscripts should not exceed a final length of 5,000 words including spaces required for figures, tables and list of references. Preference will be given to shorter contributions.

3.3 Units, Abbreviations and Nomenclature

For physical units, unit names and symbols the SI-system should be employed. Biological names should be given according to the latest international nomenclature. Botanical and zoological names, gene designations and gene symbols are italicised. The names of 'cultivars' appear in single quotation marks.

3.4 Tables and Figures

Tables and figures should be limited to the necessary minimum. Documentation of the same results in tables and diagrams is inadmissible. Each figure and table must have a reference in the text. Please provide captions for each table and figure. The main information should be presented in the first 60 characters of the captions. Captions for the figures should give a precise description of the content and should not be repeated within the figure.

Tables should be created using the table function. Graphs with an x and y axis should not be enclosed in frames; only 2-dimensional representations, please. Do not forget the labels and units.

Line drawings should only be contour drawings without halftones (shades of grey). Please do not use patterns; rough hatching is possible.

Please note that figures will generally be reduced to fit within the column-width or the print area. This means that numbering and lettering must still be readable when reduced (e.g. maps) and that the scale might not correspond with the original (microscopic pictures), thereby invalidating references to scale in the text.

There is a charge for alterations to figures when carried out by the publisher.

3.4.1 Colour figures

There are three colour modes available – Monochrome, Grayscale and RGB. There is no charge for reproduction of figures in colour in print however it should only be processed in colour to illustrate something that cannot be otherwise.

Monochrome art (black on white) should be in ‘bitmap’ mode (also called 1-bit). Grayscale art should be in ‘grayscale’ mode, a palette of colours that has 256 shades ranging from white to black (also called 8-bit). Colour art should be in RGB mode.

Select photographs only to illustrate something that cannot otherwise be adequately shown. Half-tones should exhibit high contrast. Avoid using tints if possible; if shading is essential to the understanding of the figure, try to make it coarse.

Preparation of electronic artwork for publication:
Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS (lineart), TIFF (halftone/photographs) or PDF (lineart/combination of photographs and labelling) files only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable. Do not use pixel-oriented programmes. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of 400 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below). Please submit the data for figures in black and white. EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).

For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure adequate reproduction: lineart:  >800 dpi; half-tones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.

Example: A photographic image that is three inches (76.2 mm) across at final size should be saved as TIFF with a width of 900 pixels (final size: 3 in; resolution: 300 dpi).
A combination image of a photograph and labelling that is three inches across at final size should be saved as either (i) a TIFF with a width of 1800 pixels (final size: 3 inch; resolution: 600 dpi), or (ii) an EPS containing an embedded TIFF at 900 pixels wide (final size: 3 inch; resolution: 300 dpi).

To facilitate production of publication quality artwork, we recommend that authors generate their artwork in software packages incorporating a 'SAVE AS' or 'EXPORT' TIFF/EPS function, e.g.: Adobe Illustrator 7.0 and above (EPS), Adobe Illustrator 9.0 (EPS but can also export files as TIFF), Deneba Canvas 6.0 and above (EPS), CorelDRAW 7.0 and above (EPS), Adobe Photoshop 4.0 and above (TIFF). You can EXPORT low resolution figs (GIF/JPG) from these packages for review purposes. EPS files can be produced from other applications [e.g. PowerPoint (see Electronic Artwork Guidelines)] BUT results can be unpredictable (e.g. fonts and shading not converted correctly, lines missing, dotted lines becoming solid). All scanned images embedded into other applications should be scanned at the recommended resolutions (see above).

Detailed information on digital illustration standards is available at: 

Check your electronic artwork before submitting it:

3.5 References

References in Articles
We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.
EndNote reference styles can be searched for here:

Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

The list of references should only include publications cited in the text. They should be cited in alphabetical order under the first author's name, listing all authors, the year of publication and the complete title, according to the following examples:

Crute, I. R., and G. R. Dixon, 1981: Downy mildew diseases caused by the genus Bremia Regel. In: D. M. Spencer (ed.), The Downy Mildews, 421-460. Academic Press, London.

Gupta, P. K., and G. Fedak, 1985: Meiosis in seven intergeneric hybrids between Hordeum and Secale. Z. Pflanzenzüchtg. 95, 262-273

Schnurbusch, T., C. Möllers, and H. C. Becker, 2000: A mutant of Brassica napus with increased palmitic acid content. Plant Breeding 119, 141-144.

Sokal, R. R., and F. J. Rholf, 1981: Biometry, 2nd Ed. Freeman, San Francisco.

Wricke, G., and W. E. Weber, 1986: Quantitative Genetics and Selection in Plant Breeding. W. de Gruyter, Berlin.

In the text, the bibliographical reference is made by giving the name of the author(s) with the year of publication.

4. Author Material Archive Policy

Please note that unless specifically requested, Wiley Blackwell will dispose of all hardcopy or electronic material submitted two months after publication. If you require the return of any material submitted, please inform the Editorial Office or Production Editor as soon as possible if you have not yet done so.

5. Proof Corrections

Proofs will be downloaded as an Acrobat PDF (portable document format) file. You will be notified by email when your proof is ready to download. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following Web site:

This will enable the file to be opened and read on screen, in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proofs. In your absence, please arrange for a colleague to access your e-mail to retrieve the proofs.

As changes to proofs are costly, we ask that you only correct typesetting errors.

6. Offprints

Free access to final PDF offprint of the published article will be provided to the corresponding author, and will be available via Wiley Blackwell Author Services only. Please register for free access by visiting enjoy the many other benefits the service offers. PDF offprint may be distributed subject to the Publisher's terms and conditions.

Paper offprints may be ordered at prices quoted on the order form, which accompanies proofs. Note that this form should not be returned with your proofs, but to the address at the bottom of the form. The cost is more if the order form arrives too late for the main print run. Offprints are normally despatched within 3 weeks of publication of the issue in which the paper appears. Please contact the Publisher if offprints do not arrive: however, please note that offprints are sent by surface mail, so overseas orders may take up to 6 weeks to arrive.

7. Early View

Plant Breeding is covered by Wiley Blackwell’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors’ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.

8. Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

9. OnlineOpen

With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive.

For the full list of terms and conditions, please visit the OnlineOpen homepage. Any authors wishing to make their paper OnlineOpen are required to complete the online form.

Prior to acceptance, there is no requirement for authors to inform the Editorial Office regarding the intent to publish their paper as OnlineOpen. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article and go through the journal's standard peer-review process. All articles are accepted or rejected based on their own merits.


Checklist Online Manuscript Submission

  • Complete manuscript file in a Word (or compatible) format, including text, references, and tables
  • Figures as *.TIF or *.EPS or *.JPG
  • First page with institution, title, authors, corresponding address with phone, fax and e-mail, e-mail address of an additional author
  • Names and current email addresses of at least 4 potential international referees capable of reviewing your manuscript
  • Keywords (different from terms in title)
  • List of references (alphabetical)
  • Captions for tables and figures

Submission of Accepted Manuscripts

  • Complete revised manuscript in a Word or RTF format, including text, keywords, references and tables
  • High-resolution figures as *.TIF, *.EPS or *.JPG

Last update: 10 July 2014