Development, Growth & Differentiation

Cover image for Vol. 59 Issue 1

Edited By: Harukazu Nakamura

Impact Factor: 2.412

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 20/41 (Developmental Biology); 128/187 (Cell Biology)

Online ISSN: 1440-169X

Author Guidelines

Thank you for your interest in Development Growth & Differentiation. Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright.

Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online on the journal's ScholarOne Manuscripts site.

Development Growth & Differentiation is the official English journal of the Japanese Society of Developmental Biologists and publishes original research articles dealing with all aspects of developmental phenomena in all kinds of organisms, including plants and microorganisms. Papers in any of the following fields will be considered: developmental genetics, growth, differentiation, morphogenesis, cellular kinetics, gametogenesis, fertilization, cell division, dormancy, germination, metamorphosis, regeneration and pathogenesis, at the molecular biological, biochemical, biophysical and analytically morphological levels. Reports on techniques applicable to the above fields are also considered. Occasional reviews on subjects selected by the Editors will also be published. Brief, complete papers will be accepted, but not preliminary reports.

Development Growth & Differentiation is supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Publication of Scientific Research Results from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), Japan.

Manuscripts are accepted whether or not the author is a member of the Japanese Society of Developmental Biologists and on the understanding that the content has not been published or accepted for publication elsewhere. The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. The Editorial Board members reserve the right to refuse any material for publication and advise that authors should retain copies of submitted manuscripts and correspondence as material cannot be returned. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Board members. The review process takes approximately one month, after which the author is notified of the decision and provided with copies of the reviewers’ comments. Depending on the month of publication of the next available issue, manuscripts will usually be published within three months from the date of receipt of the final version by the Editor-in-Chief.

Review articles
Review articles are usually submitted upon invitation by the Editors, but the Editorial Board welcomes voluntary contributions. Reviews should be a focused, brief treatment of a contemporary development in a single area, and are usually no longer than 6 to 8 printed pages. Authors wishing to contribute review articles should contact the Editor-in-Chief, an Associate Editor or a Review Editor before submission.

Manuscripts should be written so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of scientific content, the Editor or the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.

Online submission
Manuscripts should be submitted
online. Use of the online system, Manuscript Central, speeds up the review process, improves accuracy, enables immediate distribution of files, and allows authors to track their own manuscripts. If you have any problems using the site or managing a manuscript, please contact Manuscript Central technical support, ScholarOne Inc. ( For authors unable to submit their manuscript online, please consult the Editor-in-Chief at the Editorial Office address below.
Authors must supply an email address as all correspondence will be by email. Two files should be supplied: the covering letter and the manuscript (in Word or rich text format (.rtf)). The covering letter should be uploaded as a file not for review.

All articles submitted to the Journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication.
• Submissions should be double-spaced.
• All margins should be at least 30 mm.
• All pages should be numbered consecutively in the top right-hand corner, beginning with the title page.
• Do not use Enter at the end of lines within a paragraph.
• Turn the hyphenation option off; include only those hyphens that are essential to the meaning.
• Specify any special characters used to represent non-keyboard characters.
• Take care not to use l (ell) for 1 (one), O (capital o) for 0 (zero) or ß (German esszett) for Greek beta.
• Use a tab, not spaces, to separate data points in tables. If you use a table editor function, ensure that each data point is contained within a unique cell (i.e. do not use carriage returns within cells).

Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. For submission, low-resolution figures saved as .jpg or .bmp files should be uploaded, for ease of transmission during the review process. Upon acceptance of the article, high-resolution figures (at least 300 d.p.i.) saved as .eps or .tif files should be uploaded. Digital images supplied only as low-resolution files cannot be used.

Covering letter and ethics
Papers are accepted for publication in the Journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. This must be stated in the covering letter.

Authors must also state that the protocol for the research project has been approved by a suitably constituted Ethics Committee of the institution within which the work was undertaken and that it conforms to the provisions of the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in Edinburgh 2000).
All investigations on human subjects must include a statement that the subject gave informed consent, and patient anonymity should be preserved.
Any experiments involving animals must be demonstrated to be ethically acceptable and where relevant conform to the guidelines approved by the institution where the experiments were performed.

Authors should declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest.

Pre-acceptance English-language editing
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit our site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author.  Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.


The Editors reserve the right to forward accepted manuscripts to an English language consultant for language improvement. The cost of the English revision will be charged to the author.

The journal uses US spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of Merriam–Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary.
All measurements must be given in SI units as outlined in the latest edition of Units, Symbols and Abbreviations: A Guide for Medical and Scientific Editors and Authors (Royal Society of Medicine Press, London).
Abbreviations should be used sparingly and only where they ease the reader’s task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation. Click
here for a list of abbreviations that can be used without definition.
At the first mention of a chemical substance, give the generic name only. Trade names should not used. Drugs should be referred to by their generic names, rather than brand names.
Upon its first use in the title, abstract and text, the common name of a species should be followed by the scientific name (genus, species and authority) in parentheses. However, for well-known species, the scientific name may be omitted from the article title. If no common name exists in English, the scientific name should be used only.
Nucleotide sequence data can be submitted in electronic form to any of the three major collaborative databases: DDBJ, EMBL or GenBank. It is only necessary to submit to one database as data are exchanged between DDBJ, EMBL and GenBank on a daily basis. The suggested wording for referring to accession-number information is: “These sequence data have been submitted to the DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank databases under accession number U12345.”

Parts of the manuscript
Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page; (ii) abstract and key words; (iii) text; (iv) acknowledgements; (v) references; (vi) figure legends; (vii) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes); and (viii) figures. Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.

Title page
The title page should contain: (i) the title of the paper; (ii) the full names of the authors; (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with (iv) the full postal and email address, plus facsimile and telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript, proofs and requests for offprints should be sent.
In keeping with the latest guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, each author’s contribution to the paper is to be quantified.
The title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. A short running title (less than 40 characters, including spaces) should also be provided.

Abstract and key words
Articles must have an abstract that states in 250 words or less the purpose, basic procedures, main findings and principal conclusions of the study. The abstract should not contain references.
Five key words should be supplied below the abstract, in alphabetical order, for the purposes of indexing and should be taken from those recommended by the
US National Library of Medicine’s browser list.

This section should include sufficient background information to set the work in context. The aims of the manuscript should be clearly stated. The Introduction should not contain either findings or conclusions.

Materials and methods
This should be concise but provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be repeated by others. The source of material should be given in detail (i.e. company/institution, state/province, country) where possible.

Results should be presented in a logical sequence in the text, tables and figures; repetitive presentation of the same data in different forms should be avoided. The Results should not contain material appropriate to the Discussion.

This should consider the results in relation to any hypotheses advanced in the Introduction and place the study in the context of other work.

The source of financial grants and other funding should be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Thanks to anonymous reviewers are not allowed.

We recommend the use of a tool such as
EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.
EndNote reference styles can be searched for here:
Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

The Harvard (author, date) system of referencing is used. In the text, give the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: Sago (2000). If there are two authors use ‘and’: Baskin and Baskin (1998); but if cited within parentheses use ‘&’: (Baskin & Baskin 1998). When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: Powles et al. (1998). If several papers by the same author(s) and from the same year are cited, a, b, c etc. should be used after the year of publication to differentiate between papers.
In the list, references should be listed in alphabetical order. Cite the names of all authors. Do not cite the first three and use et al., even when there are seven or more authors.
Personal communications, unpublished data and publications from informal meetings are not to be listed in the reference list but should be listed in the text (e.g. A. Smith, unpubl. data, 2000).
Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

References should be listed in the following form.

Okada, M. & Kobayashi, S. 1987. Maternal messenger RNA as a determinant of pole cell formation in Drosophila embryos. Dev. Growth Differ. 29, 185–192.
Powles, S. B., Lorraine-Colwill, D. F., Dellow, J. J. & Preston, C. 1998. Evolved resistance to glyphosate in rigid ryegrass (Lolium rigidium) in Australia. Weed Sci. 46, 604–608.
Sago, R. 2000. [Weed seedbank response to herbicide use in rice paddy fields.] J. Weed Sci. Tech. 45, 81–87 (in Japanese with English abstract).

Baskin, C. C. & Baskin, J. M. 1998. Seeds. Academic Press, London.

Chapter in a book
Wylie, C. C., Scott, D. & Donnovan, P. J. 1986. Primordial germ cell migration. In Developmental Biology, Vol. 2 (Ed. L. W. Browder), pp. 433–448. Plenum Press, New York.

Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. Each table should be presented on a separate page with a comprehensive but concise legend above the table. Tables should be double-spaced and vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations should be defined in footnotes (using symbols †,‡,§,¶ in that order); and table legend/footnotes should be understandable without reference to the text.

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. If it is considered necessary by the author that a figure be cited earlier in the text (i.e. out of numerical order) then the citation should read “cf. Fig. 5”. Figures should be sized to fit within the column (80 mm), intermediate text width (117 mm) or full text width (167 mm).
Line figures should be sharp, black and white graphs or diagrams, drawn professionally or with a computer graphics package. Lettering must be included and should be sized to be no larger than the journal text.
Individual photographs forming a composite figure should be of equal contrast, to facilitate printing, and should be accurately squared. When labeling parts of composite figures, authors are encouraged to use lower case letters; however, the labels in the legends will be changed by the Publisher to match that used in the figure. Magnifications should be indicated using a scale bar on the illustration.
Figures should be supplied as high resolution (at least 300 d.p.i.) files, saved as .eps or .tif format. Do not embed figures in the Word document – they must be supplied in separate files. Digital images supplied only as low-resolution print-outs cannot be used.
Colour art should be in RGB mode. RGB stands for Red, Green and Blue - there are the colours that are displayed by computer monitors.

Color figures
While color is a significant and effective vehicle for delivering information in figures, not all people perceive color information in the same way. To ensure that readers with most color-vision types will be able to comprehend your data, the Editor-in-Chief strongly recommends the following guidelines for preparation of color figures:
• Avoid using red characters on a dark background.
• In panels showing fluorescent double-staining micrographs and DNA chips, do not use the combination of red and green; use magenta and green instead.
• In micrographs with three or more channels, include either a grayscale image of each channel or a combination of magenta and green for the two most important channels.
• In color graphs and line drawings, use both color and shape (solid and dotted lines, different symbols, various hatchings etc.) so that communication does not rely on color information alone.
Additional information can be found

The journal has become online only from 1 January 2015, color photographs will be published at no charge to the author.

Suggestions for cover photographs are welcomed. Usually one or two photographs are included on the cover. Photographs must appear in a submitted manuscript.

Figure legends
Legends should be self-explanatory and typed on a separate page. The legend should incorporate definitions of any symbols used and all abbreviations and units of measurement should be explained so that the figure and its legend is understandable without reference to the text. (Provide a letter stating copyright authorization if figures have been reproduced from another source.)

Authors will be allowed ten (10) typeset pages per article without charge. Authors will be charged for excess text and illustrations on a per page basis (¥12 000 per page).

Video Abstracts
A video abstract can be a quick way to make the message of your research accessible to a much larger audience. Wiley and its partner Research Square offer a service of professionally produced video abstracts, available to authors of articles accepted in this journal. You can learn more about it at . If you have any questions, please direct them to .

Visit the Development Growth & Differentiation home page for more information, and Wiley’s web pages for submission guidelines and digital graphics standards. Development Growth & Differentiation is also available online via Wiley Online Library.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

JSDB member discount on OnlineOpen fee is available from 2016 when a corresponding author of an article in Development, Growth & Differentiation is the society member. For further information and the discount code, please contact the society office.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.


Wiley’s Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article throughout the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking.


Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at


Article PDF for authors

A PDF of the article will be made available to the corresponding author via Author Services.

Printed Offprints

Printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:

Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provides authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.


Harukazu Nakamura
Minamiyoshinari 1-6-8,
Aoba-ku Sendai 989-3204
Tel & Fax: 81 22 277 0644