Island Arc

Cover image for Vol. 24 Issue 3

Edited By: Makoto Ito and Susumu Umino

Impact Factor: 1.148

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 125/175 (Geosciences Multidisciplinary)

Online ISSN: 1440-1738

Author Guidelines


• Online only publication and no color charges from 1 January 2013

• A page charge only when there are excess pages

• Accepting Supporting Information

• Online Open is available


Island Arc is the official English journal of the Geological Society of Japan (in association with the Japan Association for Quaternary Research, the Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, the Palaeontological Society of Japan and the Society of Resource Geology). The Journal publishes original research articles dealing with earth science research activities in the western Pacific rim and Asia, as well as in other parts of the world. Papers in the following fields will be considered: structure, dynamics and evolution of plate convergence zones including trenches, island and continental arcs, back-arc basins and collision zones in modern and ancient settings.

Article Types
Research Articles
Research Articles are preferably limited to 15 pages or less. Articles longer than 15 typeset pages will incur additional page charges.

Review Articles
In addition to solicited reviews, Island Arc welcomes voluntary contributions. Review Articles are limited to 20 typeset pages or less. These will be subjected to peer review by the editorial board to determine whether the topic is of interest to the readers of Island Arc, whether the authors provide a balanced viewpoint and whether the article is clearly presented and timely.
Review Articles longer than 20 typeset pages will be charged for excess pages. Excess page charge may be waived at the discretion of the Editors-in-Chief.

Pictorial Articles
Submission is welcomed of unpublished, attractive, high-quality color photographs, diagrams, charts, maps and tables to be published as a color pictorial of one or two pages, but no more than four pages in length at the beginning of each issue. Pictorials should contain items of interest to a broad spectrum of the geosciences community and should contain a maximum of four illustrations. The pictorial should be accompanied by a title, names of authors, their affiliations, text and captions. Articles longer than 3 typeset pages will incur additional page charges. Submission should accompany a layout of manuscript to give a rough estimate of how it fits into the expected number of pages. Pictorials will be evaluated by at least one reviewer.


Discussion and Reply
Submission of discussion and reply sections is also welcomed. Discussion and reply sections should each have a maximum length of two typeset pages and will be evaluated by at least one reviewer.

Invited Papers
Invited papers are submitted upon invitation by the Editorial Board only. Authors will be directly contacted by the Editors-in-Chief for further details.


The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. The condition of acceptance for all papers is that their contents have not been previously published or submitted for publication elsewhere while in review for Island Arc. The entire paper and its copyright become the property of the journal. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. The Editorial Board reserves the right to refuse any material for publication and advises that authors should retain copies of submitted manuscripts and correspondence as material cannot be returned. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Board.


All articles submitted to the Journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication.

Manuscripts should be written so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of scientific content, the Editor or the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.


Covering letter
Papers are accepted for publication in the Journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. This must be stated in the covering letter. Submissions will not be considered unless accompanied by a covering letter

Authors should declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest.


Manuscripts should be submitted online at If authors are unable to use the online submission system, they should contact the Editorial Office for alternative instructions. Authors must supply an email address as all correspondence will be by email. Two files should be supplied: the covering letter and the manuscript (in Word or rich text format (.rtf)). The covering letter should be uploaded as a file not for review in keeping with the double-blind review process.
All articles submitted to the Journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication.

• Submissions should be double-spaced.
• All margins should be at least 30 mm.
• All pages should be numbered consecutively in the top right-hand corner, beginning with the title page.
• Do not use Enter at the end of lines within a paragraph.
• Turn the hyphenation option off; include only those hyphens that are essential to the meaning.
• Specify any special characters used to represent non-keyboard characters.
• Take care not to use l (ell) for 1 (one), O (capital o) for 0 (zero) or ß (German esszett) for β (Greek beta).
• Use a tab, not spaces, to separate data points in tables. If you use a table editor function, ensure that each data point is contained within a unique cell (i.e. do not use carriage returns within cells).

Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. Further instructions are available at the submission site.

Author material archive policy
Authors who require the return of any submitted material that is accepted for publication should inform the Editorial Office after acceptance. If no indication is given that author material should be returned, Wiley will dispose of all hardcopy and electronic material two months after publication.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard copyright transfer agreements (CTA) in place for the journal, including terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: CTA Terms and Conditions FAQs

OnlineOpen – ‘Gold road’ Open Access
OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons licence. In addition, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository or other free public server, immediately on publication. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access, known as ‘gold road’ open access.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND)

For more information about the OnlineOpen license terms and conditions click here.


The journal uses US spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Merriam–Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary.

Measurements should, in general, be given in SI units or SI-derived units. However, use of some non-SI units and abbreviations is also acceptable; for example, liter (L), angstrom (A), electron volt (eV), and degrees, minutes and seconds of angle. Please go to the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) website at for more information about SI units.

Upon its first use in the title, abstract and text, the common name of a species should be followed by the scientific name (genus, species and authority) in parentheses. However, for well-known species, the scientific name may be omitted from the article title. If no common name exists in English, the scientific name should be used only.

At the first mention of a chemical substance, give the generic name only.


Parts of the manuscript
Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page, (ii) abstract and key words, (iii) text, (iv) acknowledgements, (v) references, (vi) figure legends, (vii) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes) and (viii) figures.

Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.

Title Page
The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper, (ii) the full names of the authors and (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with (iv) the full postal and email address, plus facsimile and telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript, proofs and requests for offprints should be sent.  

The title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. A short running title (less than 40 characters, including spaces) should also be provided.


Abstract and key words
Articles must have a abstract that states in 300 words or less the purpose, basic procedures, main findings and principal conclusions of the study. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references. 

The 3-10 key words should be supplied below the abstract for the purposes of indexing.


Authors should use subheadings to divide the sections of their manuscript: Introduction, Materials and methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References.


The source of financial grants and other funding should be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Thanks to anonymous reviewers are not allowed.

The Harvard (author, date) system of referencing is used.

In the text give the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: Sago (2000). If there are two authors use ‘and’: Baskin and Baskin (1998); but if cited within parentheses use ‘&’: (Baskin & Baskin 1998). When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: Powles et al. (1998). If several papers by the same authors and from the same year are cited, a,b,c etc should be inserted after the year of publication.

In the list references should be listed in alphabetical order. Cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more cite the first three plus et al. Titles of journals should not be abbreviated. Personal communication, unpublished data and publications from informal meetings are not to be listed in the reference list but should be listed in full in the text (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data).

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.
EndNote reference styles can be searched for here:
Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:
References should be listed in the following form.


ARCHIBALD N. J. & BETTENAY L. 1977. Indirect evidence for tectonic reactivation of a pregreenstone sialic basement. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 33, 370-80.

YU J.-H., XU X.-S., O'REILLY S. Y., GRIFFIN W. L. & ZHANG M. 2003. Granulite xenoliths from Cenozoic basalts in SE China provide geochemical fingerprints to distinguish lower crust terranes from the North and South China tectonic blocks. Lithos 67, 77–102.

Online article not yet published in an issue
An online article that has not yet been published in an issue (therefore has no volume, issue or page numbers) can be cited by its Digital Object Identifier (DOI). The DOI will remain valid and allow an article to be tracked even after its allocation to an issue.

ITAYA T. & WALLIS S.R. 2009. Microchronology and microchemistry: Problems, perspectives and geological applications. Island Arc 2009, doi:10.1111/j.1440-1738.2009.00673.x


RINGSVEN M. K. & BOND D. 1996. Gerontology and Leadership Skills for Nurses, 2nd edn. Delmar Publishers, Albary, NY.
Chapter in a book

ARCHIBALD N. J., BETTANY L. F. & BINNS R. A. 1981. Metamorphic patterns and developments of greenstone belts in the eastern block. In Windley B. F. and Rickards M. J. (eds.) The Early History of the Earth, Vol. 1, pp. 303-13, John Wiley, Chichester.

DRUTT T. H. 1998. The eruption, transport and sedimentation of pyroclastic flows. In Gilbert J. and Sparks R.S.J. (eds.) The Physics of Volcanic Eruptions. Geological Society of London, Special Publication 145, pp. 147-200.

ARNDT N., BRUZAK G. & REISCHMANN T. 2001. The oldest continental and oceanic plateaus: Geochemistry of basalts and komatiites of the Pilbara Craton Australia. In Ernst R. E. and Buchan K. L. (eds.) Mantle Plumes: Their identification Through Time. Geological Society of America, Special Publication 352, PP. 359-87, Boulder, CO.

Electronic material

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EARTHQUAKE CENTER (SCEC). 2000. Faults of Southern California [online]. [Cited 10 July 2003]. Available from:

These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Arabic numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.


Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations should be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order). The table and its legend/footnotes should be understandable without reference to the text. Tables should be submitted in Microsoft Word or Excel. Image files and grouping of text boxes should be avoided.


Color figures are not charged for publication effective on 1 January, 2013.
All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Figures should be sized to fit within the column (82 mm), intermediate (120 mm) or the full text width (172 mm). Magnifications should be indicated using a scale bar on the illustration. Line figures should be sharp, black and white graphs or diagrams, drawn professionally or with a computer graphics package. Lettering must be included and should be sized to be no larger than the journal text.

If supplied electronically, figures must be supplied as high resolution (at least 300 d.p.i.) files, saved as .eps or .tif. Do not embed figures in the word document – they must be supplied in separate files. Line figures should be supplied as sharp, black and white graphs or diagrams, drawn professionally or with a computer graphics package. Lettering must be included and should be sized to be no larger than the journal text.

Figure legends
Legends should be self-explanatory and typed on a separate page. The legend should incorporate definitions of any symbols used and all abbreviations and units of measurement should be explained so that the figure and its legend are understandable without reference to the text. (Provide a letter stating copyright authorization if figures have been reproduced from another source.)

Supporting Information

Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format.

For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please



There is no limitation to the amount of supplementary material that can be appended to the article, but in some instances the Editor may request a reduction if the amount of supplementary material submitted is judged excessive.

• Supporting figures, tables and text must be numbered Fig. S1, Fig. S2, etc., Table S1, Table S2, etc. and Doc. S1, Doc S2, etc, respectively.
• Titles and legends of supporting figures and tables need to be included in the respective figure and table file (s).
• The availability of supporting information needs to be indicated in the main manuscript by a paragraph, to appear after the References, headed 'Supporting information' and providing titles of figures, tables and text.


If possible, authors should visit the Wiley websites for authors at and which detail further information on the preparation and submission of articles and figures.

Author Services enables authors to track their article, once it has been accepted, through the production process to publication online. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated emails at key stages of production so they do not need to contact the production editor to check on progress. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources, including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


It is essential that corresponding authors supply an email address to which correspondence can be emailed while their article is in production.

Word files of edited articles will be sent for checking via email, and should be returned to the Publisher. It is essential that these files are checked carefully, as the cost of changes made at a later stage may be charged to the author. Full instructions on how to correct and return the file will be attached to the email. Notification of the URL from where to download a Portable Document Format (PDF) typeset page proof, associated forms and further instructions will be sent by email to the corresponding author. The purpose of the PDF proof is a final check of the layout, and of tables and figures. Alterations other than the essential correction of errors are unacceptable at PDF proof stage. The proof should be checked, and approval to publish the article should be emailed to the Publisher by the date indicated; otherwise, it may be signed off on by the Editor or held over to the next issue.


E-annotation is a natural extension of PDF proofing, with a number of benefits:

• Increased speed of journals publication schedules

• Increased efficiency for authors and journal Production Editors

• Clearer corrections in the annotated files

• More accurate interpretations of corrections by typesetters

• Easy and efficient circulation of annotated proofs via email to Editors and co-authors

E-annotation works as follows. The typesetter uses Acrobat 7 to enable annotation on the proofs. The recipient then needs to ensure that they have Acrobat Reader version 7.0 or above (instructions and link provided with the PDF proof) or Acrobat Professional in order to use the annotation functionality. The annotation toolbar allows proof corrections to be marked electronically – by crossing out, replacing or inserting text, and even inserting an attachment (such as a new abstract or figure). The corrected proofs are then sent to the person who collates them and, after checking, they are then returned to the typesetter.

This system reduces the time taken for authors to send proofs in the post, and results in more legible proofs for the typesetters, avoiding problems of text being cut off (as can happen when faxing) or illegible handwriting.

Page charges for excess pages
There is a page charge only when there are excess typeset pages. Research Articles longer than 15 typeset pages and Review Articles longer than 20 typeset pages will incur a levy of JPY15,000 per individual excess typeset page. Pictorial articles of 3 or 4 pages will incur JPY15,000 or JPY30,000 respectively for extra typeset pages. Excess page charge of review articles may be waived at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief.

As a rough guide, three double-spaced manuscript pages will be one typeset page. Each figure or table will be counted as a half or one typeset page depending on its size. Authors will be invoiced for this charge and an article will not be published until the payment is confirmed. This procedure notwithstanding, no paper will be rejected or given any extraordinary treatment on any basis other than its scientific merit.



Paper offprints may be ordered online. Please visit, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields.

If you have queries about offprints please email

Island Arc is covered by our Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication on issue basis. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled online issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors’ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. Please see an example of “Online article not yet published in an issue” in References section in this Author Guidelines. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After issue online publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at

Online Open
OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see
Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at:

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

Island Arc is also available online at:  Full-text online articles include reference links to cited articles and external databases, and a full search facility so that you can find the information you are looking for.

Keep up to date with the latest tables of contents, emailed directly to your desktop, by registering for free at:


Takuya Itaki, Ph.D.
Geological Survey of Japan, AIST
Marine Geology Research Group/
Institute of Geology and Geoinformation
Tsukuba Central 7, 1-1-1 Higashi,
Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8567, Japan