Lakes & Reservoirs: Research & Management

Cover image for Vol. 21 Issue 4

Edited By: W. Rast

Online ISSN: 1440-1770

Author Guidelines

Editorial Review and Acceptance
The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. The Editorial Board reserves the right to refuse any material for publication and advises that authors should retain copies of submitted manuscripts and correspondence as material cannot be returned. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Board.

Manuscripts should be written so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of scientific content, the Editor or the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.

Submission of Manuscripts
Thank you for your interest in Lakes & Reservoirs: Research & Management. Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright. Note that submission implies that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium

Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at

Click here for more details on how to use ScholarOne.

Pre-acceptance English-language editing
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit our site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author. Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Any enquiries should be sent to:
Melnar Nario
Editorial Office, Lakes & Reservoirs: Research and Management

Covering Letter
Papers are accepted for publication in the Journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. This must be stated in the covering letter. The covering letter must contain an acknowledgement that all authors have contributed significantly, and that all authors are in agreement with the content of the manuscript. Authors should declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest.

Copyright, Licensing and Online Open
Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard copyright transfer agreements (CTA) in place for the journal, including terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: CTA Terms and Conditions FAQs

OnlineOpen – ‘Gold road’ Open Access
OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons licence. In addition, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository or other free public server, immediately on publication. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access, known as ‘gold road’ open access.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND)

For more information about the OnlineOpen license terms and conditions click here.

Preparation of the Manuscript
Submissions should be Microsoft Word documents. Manuscripts should be doubled-spaced and the top, bottom and side margins should be 30 mm. All pages should be numbered consecutively in the top right-hand corner, beginning with the title page. Indent new paragraphs. Turn the hyphenation option off, including only those hyphens that are essential to the meaning.

The manuscript must conform to the Journal style and be in English. Spelling should be British (use the latest edition of the Concise Oxford Dictionary) and usage must be consistent throughout. All measurements must be given in SI units.

Abbreviations should be used sparingly and only where they ease the reader's task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation.

At the first mention of a chemical substance, give the generic name only. Trade names should not used.

Parts of the Manuscript
Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page, (ii) abstract and key words, (iii) text, (iv) acknowledgments, (v) references, (vi) appendices, (vii) figure legends, (viii) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes) and (ix) figures. Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.

Title page
The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper, (ii) the full names of the authors and (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with (iv) the full postal and email address, plus facsimile and telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript, proofs and requests for offprints should be sent. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.

The title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. A short running title (less than 40 characters, including spaces) should also be provided.

Abstract and key words
All papers must have a brief abstract that states in 300 words or fewer the purpose, basic procedures, main findings and principal conclusions of the study. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references. Key words (3-10) for the purposes of indexing should be supplied below the abstract in alphabetical order.

Authors should use subheadings to divide the sections of their manuscript: Introduction, Materials and methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References. To maximize the value of the manuscript both for water scientists and managers, the author(s) is encouraged to provide a brief overview in the Discussion section on how their study results might be most useful for managing lakes and their basins.

The source of financial grants and other funding should be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors' industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Thanks to anonymous reviewers are not appropriate.

Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. The Harvard (author, date) system of referencing is used. In the text give the author's name followed by the year in parentheses: Smith (2000). If there are two authors use 'and': Smith and Jones (2001); but if cited within parentheses use '&': (Smith & Jones 2001). When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: MacDonald et al. (2002). In the list, references should be listed in alphabetical order.

Cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more list the first three followed by et al. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A., 2000, unpubl. data).

References should be listed in the following form:

Standard Journal article
Green R. H. (1993) Application of repeated measures designs in environmental impact and monitoring studies. Aust. J. Ecol. 18, 81-98.

Shatkay M., Anati D. A. & Gat J. R. (1993) Dissolved oxygen in the Dead Sea: Seasonal changes during the holomictic stage. Int. J. Salt Lake Res. 2, 93-110.

Standard Journal article using DOI articles published online in advance without volume, issue, or page number (More information about DOIs:

Beckmann C & Shine R (2009) Impact of Invasive Cane Toads on Australian Birds. Conserv. Biol. Published online: 8 June 2009; DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01261.x

Williams W. D. (1983) Life in Inland Waters. Blackwell Science Asia, Melbourne.

Chapter in a book
Gustard A. (1992) Analysis of river regimes. In: The Rivers Handbook (eds P. Calow & G. E. Petts) pp. 29-47. Blackwell Science, Oxford.

Electronic material
State Environmental Protection Agency (2002) The National Standards of the People's Republic of China: Environmental Quality Standards for Surface Water. Available from URL: Accessed 2 July 2003.

References in Articles
We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote ( or Reference Manager ( for reference management and formatting.
EndNote reference styles can be searched for here:
Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:


These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer's name should be included below the title.


• Tables are typed double-spaced on a separate page, accompanied by a title at the top.
• Tables are numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals.
• Each table is referred to in the text but does not duplicate the text.
• Explanatory matter is placed in footnotes below the tabular matter and not included in the heading.
• Footnotes are kept to a minimum but explain all abbreviations.
• Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶ should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values.
• Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings.

Figure legends

• Legends are typed double-spaced on a separate page.
• Figures are numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals.
• Stains used for photomicrographs are given.
• Symbols, arrows and numbers or letters used to identify parts of illustrations are identified and explained in the legend.
• All legends should be concise but understandable without reference to the text.
• Provide a letter stating copyright authorization if figures have been reproduced from another source.


• All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures.
• All figures should be supplied as individual image files at high resolution (at least 300 d.p.i.), saved as .eps or .tif format.
• Each figure is referred to in the text.
• Line figures are professionally drawn.
• Letters, numbers and symbols are clear and legible (equivalent to 8 pt Univers after reduction).
• Titles, keys and detailed explanations are confined to legends and not included in illustrations.
• Each figure must be uploaded separately. Please select 'image file' from the file designation drop-down menu.


• Equations should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numerals; these should be ranged right in parentheses.
• All variables should appear in italics.
• Use the simplest possible form for all mathematical symbols.

The following instructions should be adhered to:

• Do not use the carriage return (enter) at the end of lines within a paragraph.
• Turn the hyphenation option off.
• Specify any special characters used to represent non-keyboard characters.
• Take care not to use l (ell) for 1 (one), O (capital o) for 0 (zero) or ß (German esszett) for _ (Greek beta).
• Use a tab, not spaces, to separate data points in tables.
• If you use a table editor function, ensure that each data point is contained within a unique cell; i.e. do not use carriage returns within cells.
• Digital figures must be supplied as .tif or .eps files at a resolution of at least 300 d.p.i. (high-resolution print-outs are also required).

Supporting Information

Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Supporting Information is not essential to the article, but provides greater depth and background, and may include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format. Please note that the provision of supplementary material is not encouraged as a general rule. It will be assessed critically by reviewers and editors and will only be accepted if it is essential.

For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit:


Notification of the URL from where to download a Portable Document Format (PDF) typeset page proof, associated forms and further instructions will be sent by email to the corresponding author. The purpose of the PDF proof is a final check of the layout, and of tables and figures. Alterations other than the essential correction of errors are unacceptable at proof stage. Approval to publish the article should be emailed to the Publisher by the date indicated; otherwise, it may be signed off by the Editor or held over to the next issue.

Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read the PDF. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following website:  Acrobat Reader will enable the file to be opened, read on screen, and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof.

Authors should supply an email address to which PDF page proofs can be emailed. Proofs will be faxed if no email address is available. If absent, authors should arrange for a colleague to access their email, retrieve the PDF page proof and check and return it to the Publisher on their behalf.


E-annotation is a natural extension of PDF proofing, with a number of benefits:

• Increased speed of journals publication schedules
• Increased efficiency for authors and journal Production Editors
• Clearer corrections in the annotated files
• More accurate interpretations of corrections by typesetters
• Easy and efficient circulation of annotated proofs via email to Editors and co-authors

E-annotation works as follows: The typesetter uses Acrobat 7 to enable annotation on the proofs. The recipient then needs to ensure that they have Acrobat Reader version 7.0 or above (instructions and link provided with the PDF proof) or Acrobat Professional in order to use the annotation functionality. The annotation toolbar allows proof corrections to be marked Setting Up E-annotation of Proofs 4 of 7 electronically – by crossing out, replacing or inserting text, and even inserting an attachment (such as a new abstract or figure). The corrected proofs are then sent to the person who collates them and, after checking, they are then returned to the typesetter.

This system reduces the time taken for authors to send proofs in the post, and results in more legible proofs for the typesetters, avoiding problems of text being cut off (as can happen when faxing) or illegible handwriting.


A free PDF offprint will be supplied to the corresponding author and a minimum of 50 additional offprints may be purchased. These paper offprints may be ordered online. Please visit, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields.

If you have queries about offprints, please email

Wiley Journals Online

If possible, authors should visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources, including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

Author Services enables authors to track their article, once it has been accepted, through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated emails at key stages of production so they do not need to contact the production editor to check on progress.

Visit the Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management home page at for more information. The Journal is also available online. Keep up to date with the latest tables of contents emailed directly to your desktop by registering for free at: