Plant Species Biology

Cover image for Vol. 32 Issue 2

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: Masashi Ohara

Impact Factor: 1.25

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 106/153 (Ecology); 115/211 (Plant Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1442-1984

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  1. 1 - 31
  1. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    1. Reproductive ecology of Viola mirabilis var. subglabra representing intermediate flowering characteristics between stemless and stemmed Viola

      Yoshinori Shinohara, Hiroki Yamagishi, Masato Hayamizu, Ohjiro Onishi and Masashi Ohara

      Version of Record online: 9 JUN 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12177

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      Viola mirabilis var. subglabra produce two types of chasmogamous flowers; radical chasmogamous (CH(r)) flowers and axially chasmogamous (CH(a)) flowers. We investigated flower production in multiple populations, and compared flowering characteristics between CH(r) and CH(a) flowers. This study showed the production of CH(r) and CH(a) flowers was varied among populations, and two types of CH flowers had different flowering characteristics.

    2. Effects of Sika Deer (Cervus nippon) and Dwarf Bamboo (Sasa senanensis) on Trillium Populations in Akan National Park, Eastern Hokkaido, Japan

      Yoshihiro Inatomi, Hiroyuki Uno and Hayato Iijima

      Version of Record online: 29 MAY 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12176

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      We evaluated whether Trillium spp. are appropriate indicators of the impact of sika deer in the presence of dwarf bamboo. This article reveals that it is difficult to use Trillium indices under dense dwarf bamboo understories because of the weakened negative effect of deer grazing.

    3. Flowering biology of Aspidistra (Asparagaceae): new data on pollination by dipteran insects

      Nikolay A. Vislobokov

      Version of Record online: 24 MAY 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12175

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      The occurrence of the fungus-gnat pollination was directly demonstrated for the first time in the genus Aspidistra. The present study confirmed the idea of myiophily in the genus Aspidistra. Apparently, myiophily is common and diverse in Aspidistra.

    4. Comparative floral biology of Rhynchospora ciliata (Vahl) Kukenth and R. pubera (Vahl) Boeckeler (Cyperaceae): the role of white involucral bracts in attracting pollinating insects

      Ana C.G. Costa, William W. Thomas and Isabel C. Machado

      Version of Record online: 23 MAY 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12173

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      Pollinating insects prefer species of Rhynchospora that display white involucral bracts, such as R. ciliata, than similar species with green involucral bracts, such as R. pubera. The peak visitation in R. pubera is just 2 h after the flowers opened, when the pollen of R. ciliata was exhausted, which minimizes interspecific competition for pollinators. Thus, R. ciliata and R. pubera together can attract more generalist pollinators and, instead of competing, facilitate the pollination of both species.

  2. NOTES AND COMMENTS

    1. Development and characterization of 20 polymorphic microsatellite markers for Livistona chinensis R. Br. var. subglobosa Becc., a fan palm in the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan

      Toshiaki Kondo, Rie Kajita and Toshihiro Yamada

      Version of Record online: 5 MAY 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12174

      Livistona chinensis R. Br. var. subglobosa Becc. is a subtropical fan palm distributed mainly in the islands of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. We developed 20 microsatellite markers for this species and characterized them for polymorphisms within six populations.

  3. Notes and Comments

    1. Reproductive biology of Clintonia udensis

      Ayako Yoshima and Masashi Ohara

      Version of Record online: 11 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12170

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      To clarify the life-history of Clintonia udensis, we investigated its reproductive systems and spatio-temporal population structure. In this study, it was clarified that C. udensis potentially propagates by sexual and asexual reproduction and maintains its population through a stable frequency of flowering. The differences in the dependence on each reproduction mode could be one of the contributing factors for creating a variety of population sizes and distribution patterns of ramets in populations.

  4. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    1. Ontogenetic plasticity of anatomical and ecophysiological traits and their correlations in Iris pumila plants grown in contrasting light conditions

      Stevan Avramov, Danijela Miljković, Nataša Barišić Klisarić, Uroš Živković and Aleksej Tarasjev

      Version of Record online: 10 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12171

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      The aims of this study were to analyze phenotypic plasticity, genetic variability and correlation structures of important Iris pumila leaf traits in different light environments and ontogenetic phases, and estimate its evolutionary potential. Ontogenetic variability of correlation structures was detected, where correlations and integration were higher in seedlings compared with adult plants 3 years later. Correlations were affected by environmental conditions, with integration being higher in the lower light conditions, but correlations between phases being stronger in the higher light treatment. These findings demonstrated that the analyzed traits can be selected and can mostly evolve independently in different environments and ontogenetic stages, with low genetic variability as a potentially main constraint.

    2. Nectary and gender-biased nectar production in dichogamous Chamaenerion angustifolium (L.) Scop. (Onagraceae)

      Sebastian Antoń, Bożena Denisow, Elwira Komoń-Janczara and Zdzisław Targoński

      Version of Record online: 5 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12169

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      In dichogamous plants, nectar characteristics can differ between sexual phases. In the present study, we investigated the structural organization of the floral nectary, nectar production and carbohydrate composition in the protandrous Chamaenerion angustifolium (L.) Scop. (Onagraceae).

    3. Genetic structure in chloroplast and nuclear microsatellites in R osa rugosa around sea straits in northern Japan

      Teruyoshi Nagamitsu

      Version of Record online: 23 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12167

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      Sea-strait geological history and seawater dispersal patterns can affect the genetic structure of coastal plants. The genetic structure of Rosa rugosa in northern Japan may result from introgression from R . davurica in eastern Hokkaido and/or isolation between the eastern and western coastlines of Hokkaido by the Quaternary land formation in the Soya Strait, which has been homogenized by extensive gene flow.

  5. Original Articles

    1. Variability on morphological and ecological seed traits of Limonium avei (De Not.) Brullo & Erben (Plumbaginaceae)

      Andrea Santo, Efisio Mattana, Oscar Grillo, Saverio Sciandrello, Simonetta Peccenini and Gianluigi Bacchetta

      Version of Record online: 22 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12168

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      Seeds from five populations of Limonium avei, an annual species growing in salty habitats along Mediterranean sea coasts, were studied for their germination requirements and analyzed using an image analysis system to detect differences in seed morphology and germination among populations. Our results highlighted that L. avei has a high variability in seed morphology, probably habitat induced, and a fast germination response with high percentages for all populations.

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    1. Testing the optimal defense hypothesis in Stryphnodendron adstringens (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae) leaves: the role of structure, number, position and nectar composition of extrafloral nectaries

      Marina N. Delgado, Nádia S. Somavilla, Sônia N. Báo and Davi R. Rossatto

      Version of Record online: 24 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12164

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      Extrafloral nectaries are commonly present in leaves of several species. Here we studied how their presence in different parts of leaves can be related to the optimal defense hypothesis in a tropical savanna tree (Stryphnodendron adstringens, Fabaceae).

    2. Aggregated recruitment patterns under adult crowns in Photinia glabra, a bird-dispersed tree species

      Ayami Kuge and Kimiko Hirayama

      Version of Record online: 22 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12166

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      For Photinia glabra, a bird-dispersed tree species, their seedlings and saplings were significantly associated with reproductive adults at the same scale as their crown size (approximately 2-3 m scale). Aggregated seed dispersal under the conspecific adults’ crowns would occur in P. glabra owing to plant–bird interactions in the forest.

    3. Hybridization and introgression among three Aconitum (Ranunculaceae) species of different ploidy levels in the Tatra Mountains (Western Carpathians)

      Agnieszka Sutkowska, Piotr Boroń, Tomasz Warzecha, Jakub Dębowski and Józef Mitka

      Version of Record online: 22 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12162

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      In a local, isolated population of A conitum species with different ploidy levels two distinct types of cpDNA allele (haplotypes) were found. A part of the diploids was introgressed with the tetraploid type cpDNA. The presumed gene flow was from the tetraploid to diploid species via the F1 triploid bridge.

  7. Original Articles

    1. Induced response to herbivory in stinging hair traits of Japanese nettle (Urtica thunbergiana) seedlings in two subpopulations with different browsing pressures by sika deer

      Teiko Kato, Kiyoshi Ishida, Junichi Kikuchi and Harumi Torii

      Version of Record online: 16 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12163

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      We conducted a clipping experiment to investigate induced response to shoot damage by the stinging hair traits of Japanese nettle (Urtica thunbergiana) seedlings in two subpopulations, one under constant browsing and another under intermittent browsing by sika deer in Nara Park, central Japan. The clipping experiment demonstrates that both subpopulations exhibited induced defenses in response to the clipping of the shoot apex as the number and length of stinging hairs increased after clipping. The subpopulation experiencing intermittent browsing exhibited smaller trait values and larger induced defenses, indicated by the number of stinging hairs on the upper leaf surface and the length of stinging hairs on both leaf surfaces compared with the subpopulation experiencing constant browsing.

    2. Fine-scale asexual and sexual reproduction in Quercus crispula var. horikawae, a stunted shrub oak, on a mountain with deep snow in central Japan

      Mineaki Aizawa, Chisato Enkawa and Tatsuhiro Ohkubo

      Version of Record online: 31 JAN 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12165

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      Spatial clonal structure of Quercus crispula var. horikawae, a stunted shrub oak, on a mountain with deep snow in central Japan.

  8. NOTES AND COMMENTS

    1. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers for Viola mirabilis (Violaceae) using a next-generation sequencing platform

      Jong-Soo Kang, Byoungyoon Lee and Myounghai Kwak

      Version of Record online: 11 JAN 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12159

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      Twenty-three polymorphic microsatellite loci were isolated and characterized in Viola mirabilis (Violaceae). The observed and expected heterozygosities within three populations were very low, reflecting a high selfing rate.

  9. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    1. Hybridization between ecotypes in a phenotypically and ecologically heterogeneous population of Iris savannarum (Iridaceae) in Florida

      Alan W. Meerow, Michael Gideon and Kyoko Nakamura

      Version of Record online: 6 JAN 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12158

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      We analyze and validate a hypothesis of introgressive hybridization occurring within a single population of Iris savannarum in southern Florida using 19 microsatellite loci. We suggest that the evolutionary processes described interspecifically for Iris series Hexagonae commence early at the population level.

  10. Notes and Comments

    1. Development and characterization of EST-SSR markers for the genus Rhododendron section Brachycalyx (Ericaceae)

      Watanabe Yoichi, Shota Sakaguchi, Saneyoshi Ueno, Nobuhiro Tomaru and Koichi Uehara

      Version of Record online: 28 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12155

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      We developed 19 EST-SSR markers for Rhododendron section Brachycalyx. The EST-SSR markers developed in this study will be useful for elucidating population genetic structure and breeding systems in section Brachycalyx.

  11. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    1. Population dynamics of Eichhornia crassipes (C. Mart.) Solms in the Nile Delta, Egypt

      Ebrahem M. Eid and Kamal H. Shaltout

      Version of Record online: 28 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12154

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      The present study aims to evaluate the growth and seasonal allocation of the biomass of water hyacinth ( E ichhornia crassipes (C. Mart.) Solms) under natural conditions in the south Mediterranean region (the Nile Delta, Egypt). In this study, the population characteristics (density, morphology and primary production) over a one-growing-season cycle were described. In the Nile Delta, the biomass of the shoot and root systems of E ichhornia crassipes (C. Mart.) Solms was sampled monthly along three water courses from April 2014 to November 2014 using five quadrats (each of 0.5 m × 0.5 m) at each water course.

  12. Notes and Comments

    1. Development of nuclear microsatellite markers for the threatened wetland plant Geranium soboliferum var. kiusianum (Geraniaceae)

      Seikan Kurata, Shota Sakaguchi and Motomi Ito

      Version of Record online: 27 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12160

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Nuclear microsatellite markers were developed for the threatened plant Geranium soboliferum var. kiusianum. These markers will be used to investigate the genetic circumstance of remnant populations of G. soboliferum var. kiusianum and their phylogenetic relationship with G. soboliferum.

    2. The effect of stolon fragmentation on the colonization of clonal invasive Carpobrotus edulis in a coastal dune system: a field test

      Sergio R. Roiloa, Sandra Abalde, Cheng-Yuan Xu and Lúa López

      Version of Record online: 27 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12157

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      Schematic representation of the experimental treatments, with stolon length (short, long) as main factor.

    3. Development and characterization of EST-SSR markers in Asarum sakawanum var. stellatum and cross-amplification in related species

      Daiki Takahashi, Shota Sakaguchi and Hiroaki Setoguchi

      Version of Record online: 22 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12156

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      Polymorphic EST-SSR markers were developed for series Sakawanum (genus Asarum) to investigate its population genetics.

  13. Original Articles

    1. Flowering phenology and reproduction of the Solidago virgaurea L. complex along an elevational gradient on Mt Norikura, central Japan

      Akiko Sakurai and Koichi Takahashi

      Version of Record online: 9 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12153

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      This study examined the flowering phenology and reproductive traits of the Solidago virgaurea complex at four elevations in the subalpine zone in Japan using a bagging experiment. Elevational changes in flowering phenology and reproductive traits are thought to be an adaptation to the short growing season at high elevations.

  14. Notes and Comments

    1. Characterization of polymorphic microsatellite markers for a coniferous shrub J uniperus sabina (Cupressaceae)

      Qifang Geng, Hua Qing, Ziran Ling, Nasreen Jeelani, Jie Yang, Ken Yoshikawa, Naoko H. Miki, Zhongsheng Wang and Chunlan Lian

      Version of Record online: 17 NOV 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12152

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      Juniperus sabina L. is an evergreen coniferous shrub, with a widespread distribution in Asia and Europe. It is one of the key species for restoration of the ecosystem in desertification areas. The microsatellite markers developed in this study could be useful for population genetics studies of J. Sabina.

  15. Original Articles

    1. The effect of light and seed mass on seed germination of common herbaceous species from the eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

      Haiyan Bu , Wenjing Ge , Xianhui Zhou, Wei Qi, Kun Liu, Danghui Xu, Xuejing Wang and Guozhen Du

      Version of Record online: 20 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12147

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      Light had a general positive effect on seed germination. Irrespective of the light environment, species with medium-sized seeds (seed mass ranging from 0.11 to 0.5 mg) had higher germination percentage and speed when compared with species within the largest seed mass group. The germination of smaller-seeded species was more dependent on light stimulation than that of larger-seeded ones.

    2. Morphological variations of the Solidago virgaurea L. complex along an elevational gradient on Mt Norikura, central Japan

      Koichi Takahashi and Satomi Matsuki

      Version of Record online: 11 OCT 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12148

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      Morphological variations in vegetative and reproductive organs in the S olidago virgaurea complex were examined for eight elevations between 1600 and 2400 m a.s.l. in Japan. The S . virgaurea complex is suggested to adapt to high elevations that have cool temperature, a short growing season and strong wind conditions by changing its vegetative and reproductive traits.

    3. Development and characterization of EST-SSR markers in an East Asian temperate plant genus Diabelia (Caprifoliaceae)

      Kun-Kun Zhao, Hua-Feng Wang, Shota Sakaguchi, Sven Landrein, Yuji Isagi, Masayuki Maki and Zhi-Xin Zhu

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12143

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      A set of expressed sequence tag (EST) simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were developed and characterized using next-generation sequencing technology for the genus Diabelia (Caprifoliaceae). A total of 2746 contigs were identified to harbor SSR motifs, of which 48 primer pairs were designed and 11 were shown to be polymorphic across three morphospecies of Diabelia. When evaluated with 30 individuals, the number of alleles per locus ranged from two to 11 and the expected heterozygosity varied from 0.399 to 0.873, respectively.

  16. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    1. Biogeography and genetic consequences of anagenetic speciation of R haphithamnus venustus (Verbenaceae) in the Juan Fernández archipelago, Chile: insights from AFLP and SSR markers

      Patricio López-sepúlveda, Koji Takayama, Danielj Crawford, Josef Greimler, Patricio Peñailillo, Marcelo Baeza, Eduardo Ruiz, Gudrun Kohl, Karin Tremetsberger, Alejandro Gatica, Luis Letelier, Patricio Novoa, Johannes Novak and Tod F. Stuessy

      Version of Record online: 16 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12144

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      The genus R haphithamnus (Verbenaceae) consists of two species, one in South

      America and another endemic to the Juan Fernández archipelago, Chile, which

      represents an example of anagenetic speciation in which the island populations

      have diverged from their colonizing ancestors to the point where they are

      recognized as a distinct species. Two molecular markers, AFLPs and

      microsatellites, were used to estimate divergence between the continental and

      insular species, and to compare diversity in the two species. The comparable

      or greater diversity in the insular species observed in some diversity indices

      of AFLPs, but the lower genetic diversity in the insular R . venustus found in

      microsatellites.

  17. Original Articles

    1. Effects of pre- and post-dispersal temperature on primary and secondary dormancy dynamics in contrasting genotypes of A rabidopsis thaliana (Brassicaceae)

      Jennifer M. Coughlan, Anamika Saha and Kathleen Donohue

      Version of Record online: 15 SEP 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12145

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      The timing of life-history traits is exceptionally important in nature, and is largely determined by seed dormancy. We investigated how pre- and post-dispersal temperature interacted to influence primary and secondary dormancy dynamics in contrasting genotypes of A rabidopsis thaliana. Pre-dispersal seed-maturation temperature influenced the induction of primary and secondary dormancy, and it also influenced the expression of genetic variation for temperature-dependent dormancy breakage. Post-dispersal temperature influenced primary dormancy breakage and secondary dormancy induction. These combined dynamics have the potential to contribute to life-history expression in nature in ways that may maintain a winter-annual life history.

  18. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    1. Crane flies and microlepidoptera also function as pollinators in Epidendrum (Orchidaceae: Laeliinae): the reproductive biology of E. avicula

      Emerson R. Pansarin and Ludmila M. Pansarin

      Version of Record online: 2 AUG 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12140

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      The reproductive biology of Epidendrum avicula was studied in a natural population of south-eastern Brazil. Epidendrum avicula offers nectar as a resource and is pollinated by microlepidoptera and crane flies. Crane flies and microlepidoptera have been recorded for the first time as pollinators in Epidendroideae.

    2. Effects of soil heterogeneity and clonal integration on Alternanthera philoxeroides populations with a radial ramet aggregation

      Lu Liu and Bi-Cheng Dong

      Version of Record online: 1 AUG 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1442-1984.12141

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      (1) In the population with a radial ramet aggregation, stolon connection could trigger a developmentally-programmed division of labor between different-aged ramets of A. philoxeroides, by increasing root investment in the central parts and above-ground growth in the peripheral parts.

      (2) Stolon connection became a double-win strategy for A. philoxeroides when responding to heterogeneous distributed nutrients, which contributed to the fitness of either the central or peripheral parts that experienced peripheral high-nutrient patches.

      (3) Stolon connection brought net benefits to both the clonal fragment and the population.

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