Plant Species Biology

Cover image for Vol. 31 Issue 2

Edited By: Masashi Ohara

Impact Factor: 1.271

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 100/145 (Ecology); 109/204 (Plant Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1442-1984

Author Guidelines

Aims and Scope

Plant Species Biology is published four times a year by The Society for the Study of Species Biology. Plant Species Biology publishes research manuscripts in the fields of population biology, pollination biology, evolutionary ecology, biosystematics, co-evolution, and any other related fields in biology. In addition to full length papers, the journal also includes short research papers as notes and comments. Invited articles may be accepted or occasion at the request of the Editorial Board. Manuscripts should contain new results of empirical and/or theoretical investigations concerning facts, processes, mechanisms or concepts of evolutionary as well as biological phenomena. Papers that are purely descriptive are not suitable for this journal. The journal is introducing ‘Life history monographs of Japanese plant species’. The journal is dedicated to minimizing the time between submission, review and publication and to providing a high quality forum for original research in Plant Species Biology.


The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. The Editorial Board reserves the right to refuse any material for publication and advises that authors should retain copies of submitted manuscripts and correspondence as material cannot be returned. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Board.

Submission of manuscripts

All articles submitted to the journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication. Manuscripts should be written so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field.

Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of scientific content, the Editor or the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.

Pre-acceptance English-language editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit our site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author. Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Online Submission

Authors should submit their articles to Plant Species Biology online to facilitate even quicker and more efficient processing. Please log directly onto the site: and upload your manuscript following the instructions given on screen. In case you encounter any difficulties while submitting your manuscript online, please contact Masashi Ohara, Editor-in-Chief:

Preparation of the manuscript

The manuscript must be doubled-spaced, on one side only of A4 paper. The top, bottom and side margins should be 30 mm. All pages should be numbered consecutively in the top right-hand corner, beginning with the title page. Indent new paragraphs. Turn the hyphenation option off, including only those hyphens that are essential to the meaning.

Covering letter

Papers are accepted for publication in the Journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. This must be stated in the covering letter. Authors should declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest.


Style should conform to the Council of Biology Editors Style Manual 5th edn (CBE Publications, 1994). Please follow the format in the current issue of the Journal. The Journal uses US spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary.

All measurements must be given in SI units as outlined in the latest edition of Units, Symbols and Abbreviations: A Guide for Medical and Scientific Editors and Authors (Royal Society of Medicine Press, London).

Abbreviations should be used sparingly and only where they ease the reader's task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation. Upon its first use in the title, abstract and text, the common name of a species should be followed by the scientific name (genus, species and authority) in parentheses. Common names of organisms, if used, must be accompanied by the correct scientific name on every mention. At the first mention of a chemical substance, give the generic name only. Trade names should not be used.

Parts of the manuscript

Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page, (ii) abstract and keywords, (iii) text, (iv)acknowledgments, (v) references, (vi) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes), (vii) figures.

Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter. Author is required to put a line number in the manuscripts except (vi) tables and (vii) figures in order to Editor and Reviewer find a line for attention.

 (i)            Title page

The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper, (ii) the full names of all authors and (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with (iv) the full postal and email address, plus facsimile and telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript, proofs and requests for offprints should be sent. Plus membership number in case that Papers in which The Society for the Study of Species Biology Member is a Corresponding Author.

The title should be short (less than 50 words), informative and contain the major keywords. A short running title (less than 50 characters, including spaces) should also be provided.

(ii)           Abstract and keywords

Articles must have a brief but informative abstract, not exceeding 250 words for a full regular article and review article, and less than 150 words for notes and comments. The abstract should state the purpose; basic procedures, main findings and principal conclusions of the study, and it should not contain abbreviations or references. Five key words should be supplied below the abstract for the purposes of indexing.

(iii)          Text

Authors should use subheadings to divide the sections of their manuscript for Original Article: Introduction, Materials and methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, and References.

(iv)          Acknowledgments

The source of financial grants and other funding should be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors' industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged.

(v)           References

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. EndNote reference styles can be searched for here:
Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

The Harvard (author, date) system of referencing is used. In the text give the author's name followed by the year in parentheses: Sago (2000). If there are two authors use 'and': Baskin and Baskin (1998); but if cited within parentheses use '&': (Baskin & Baskin 1998). When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: Powles et al. (1998).

In the list, references should be listed in alphabetical order. Cite the names of all authors.

Personal communications, unpublished data and publications from informal meetings are not to be listed in the reference list but should be listed in full in the text (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data).

References should be listed in the following form.

Standard Journals

Boecklen W. J., Mopper S & Price P. C. (1991) Size and shape analysis of mineral resources in arroyo willow and their relation to sawfly densities. Ecological Research 6: 317-331.

Standard Journal article using DOI articles published online in advance without volume, issue, or page number (More information about DOIs:

Beckmann C & Shine R (2009) Impact of Invasive Cane Toads on Australian Birds. Conserv. Biol. Published online: 8 June 2009; DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01261.x


George C. J. & McKinley D. (1974) Urban Ecology. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Chapter in a book

Endler J. A. (1991) Interactions between predators and prey. In: Krebs J. R. & Davies N. B. (eds). Behavioural Ecology. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, pp.169-196.

Electronic material
Goudet J. (2001) FSTAT, A Program to Estimate and Test Gene Diversities and Fixation Indices, Version 2.9.3. [homepage on the Internet]. University of Lausanne, Lausanne. [cited 9 March 2004]. Available from URL:

(vi)          Tables

Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations should be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. The table and its legend/footnotes should be understandable without reference to the text.

(vii)         Figures

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure must be restricted to the minimum needed to clarify the text. Figure legends must be brief, self-sufficient explanations of the illustrations. The legends should be placed at the end of the manuscript text.

Submit all figures with high resolution (at least 600 d.p.i. for line drawings and 300 d.p.i. for halftone illustrations and photographs). The figures should be sized to match the column (80 mm) or the full text width (171 mm). Figure legends should be included in the size above. The publisher reserves the right to reduce or enlarge illustrations.

Figure legends

Type figure legends on a separate page.Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and unites of measurement.

Electronic Artwork

Artwork should be supplied in electronic form. Vector graphics (e.g. line artwork) should be saved in Encapsulated Postscript Format (EPS), and bitmap files (e.g. half-tones) in Tagged Image File Format (TIFF). Ideally, vector graphics that have been saved in metafile (.WMF) or pict (.PCT) format should be embedded within the body of the text file.


Wiley’s Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript.

Visit Author Services ( for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


The corresponding author will receive an email alert notifying them when their proofs are ready for collection from a website that hosts the proofs. A working email must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof is downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file, which can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following website:

This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Proofs will be faxed if no email address is available. If absent, authors should arrange for a colleague to access their email, retrieve the PDF proof and check and return them to the Publisher on their behalf. Excessive changes made by the author in the proofs, excluding typesetting errors, will be charged separately.


E-annotation is a natural extension of PDF proofing, with a number of benefits:

· Increased speed of journals publication schedules
· Increased efficiency for authors and journal Production Editors
· Clearer corrections in the annotated files
· More accurate interpretations of corrections by typesetters
· Easy and efficient circulation of annotated proofs via email to Editors and co-authors

E-annotation works as follows: The typesetter uses Acrobat 7 to enable annotation on the proofs. The recipient then needs to ensure that they have Acrobat Reader version 7.0 or above (instructions and link provided with the PDF proof) or Acrobat Professional in order to use the annotation functionality. The annotation toolbar allows proof corrections to be marked Setting Up E-annotation of Proofs 4 of 7 electronically – by crossing out, replacing or inserting text, and even inserting an attachment (such as a new abstract or figure). The corrected proofs are then sent to the person who collates them and, after checking, they are then returned to the typesetter.

This system reduces the time taken for authors to send proofs in the post, and results in more legible proofs for the typesetters, avoiding problems of text being cut off (as can happen when faxing) or illegible handwriting.

Page charges

It is Journal policy that a page charge fee is levied on articles appearing in the journal with the following conditions:

Papers in which The Society for the Study of Species Biology MEMBER is a Corresponding Author:

Regular articles are limited to 10 printed pages and Notes and comments to 4 printed pages. For manuscripts exceeding these limits a page charge of ¥5 000/US$50 per each addition page is levied.


Regular articles and Notes and comments are limited to 4 printed pages. For manuscripts exceeding these limits a page charge of ¥10 000/US$100 per each addition page is levied.

This procedure notwithstanding, no paper will be rejected or given extraordinary treatment on any basis other than its scientific merit. Any articles received by Wiley with page charges will not be published until the form has been returned.

Membership inThe Society for the Study of Species Biology is open to anyone who has interested in plant species. Please contact Masashi Ohara, Editor-in-Chief:

Early View

Plant Species Biology is covered by Wiley Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors’ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at

Article PDF for authors

A PDF of the article will be made available to the corresponding author via Author Services.

Printed Offprints

Printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQS.

OnlineOpen – Wiley's Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQS.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specially about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.