Ecological Management & Restoration

Cover image for Vol. 17 Issue 2

Edited By: Dr Tein McDonald

Online ISSN: 1442-8903

Associated Title(s): Austral Ecology

Author Guidelines


Thank you for your interest in Ecological Management and Restoration. Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

Note that submission implies that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium.

Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at

Note, submissions of project summaries for inclusion on the EMR Project Summaries site should be emailed directly to the Editor.

Please direct all inquiries to: the editor, Dr Tein McDonald, at

We look forward to your submission.


Ecological Management & Restoration is a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to promoting improved ecosystem management and restoration within the context of ecologically sustainable utilization. It seeks original-contributions from both scientists and practitioners, which focus on the management and restoration of plant and animal communities but will consider cross-disciplinary contributions where highly relevant to improved management of ecosystems. Articles that interpret already published research data are welcome, but articles that have been published or are under consideration for publication elsewhere will not be accepted. While the journal focuses on Australasia, contributions from elsewhere will be considered if distinctly relevant to Australasia.


Publication Ethics, Duplication and Plagiarism Policy
For the journal's policy regarding duplicate publications of submitted manuscripts and plagiarism, please click here.

All authors must have made a significant contribution to the manuscript. Participation solely in the acquisition of funds or the collection of data does not justify authorship, nor is general supervision of the research group sufficient for authorship.


Contributions that fit any of the following formats will be accepted. Format types 4–8 are peer reviewed by researchers and practitioners familiar with the subject matter. Length is to be minimised. Please note that - in the word lengths below - all words in an article are counted except those in tables or supplementary online material. That is, the word length includes titles, authors, key words, summary, main text, references and captions. Submission that substantially exceed this may be returned for revision prior to review.

 1. Letters — 1/3 journal page ( <300 words)
 2. Guest editorials — 2 journal pages (c. 1600 words)
 3. Comment pieces — 4 journal pages (c. 3500 words)
 4. Short technical or research reports — 2 pages (c. 1700 words including <200 word summary, <10 references + 1 tab or fig)
 5. Feature articles and interviews — 10 pages (c. 5000 words, incl. boxes)
 6. Commissioned review articles — 8 pages (c. 5500 words)

 7. Standard review articles — 8 pages (c. 5500 words)
 8. Technical reports — 7 pages (c. 4000 words + tab/figs)
 9. Research reports — 7 pages (c. 5000 words)
10. Book and workshop reviews (<800 words - now online)
11. Project Summaries (300+ words plus photos and maps - now online only via the EMR Project Summaries website)

Preference will be given to contributions that are the most relevant, reliable and readable and the Editor may suggest changes to manuscripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve the communication between author and reader. Potential contributors should contact the Editor for more detailed information on preferred style and format to optimize the chance of meeting the journal’s selection criteria. Please contact the Editor if you would like to write a review article as these are normally invited contributions, subject to negotiation with the Commissioned Reviews Editor Nigel Tucker E: <>. We will not accept partisan promotions or contributions that fall outside the journal’s philosophy.

Structure of manuscript types

Letters, news items or notices of events, guest editorials, comment pieces and book reviews need not follow a particular structure. If a letter, editorial or comment is controversial or relates to the work of others, an alternative viewpoint or brief reply may be published in the same issue. A format template for project summaries is available on request from the Editor.

Short technical or research reports outline completed projects, trials or works in progress that are unpublished elsewhere. These should be as brief as possible and writing style should be plain, precise and compact. They should include a heading block, up to five key words, an outline of the main question, the methods used, main results and a concise statement of the major implication to management or theory. References should be confined to a few key sources (10 references maximum). One table or graphic may be included. The title and author/s should be presented as follows:
Experimental tubestock planting of forbs into reconstructed grassland. J. Spencer1 and S.Cummings2 (1School of Agriculture, Marlborough University, PO Box 42, Marlborough, Vic. 3981 Australia. 2Enviroco P/L, PO Box 11, Wade, Vic. 3982, Australia

Feature articles, interviews and profiles
Feature articles provide in-depth discussion of projects or themes and are structured more like a serious magazine article than a formal report. These should be understandable to a broad audience, although you can assume that the reader is a keen observer or participant in the field of improved ecosystem management or restoration. Discuss your topic in a way that sets it in a broader context; including social, economic and cultural aspects if relevant to the success of the project. In particular, draw out aspects that may be of interest to managers or researchers elsewhere. A high level of editorial involvement may be expected. Profiles and interviews should focus on ideas and actions. Photographs showing people, actions and contrasting before and after views of sites are highly desirable as are diagrams, maps and tables.

Review articles
Reviews, by definition, are rigorous ‘overviews’ of work to date on a certain subject area, but should nonetheless be written in an interesting, readable style. Material should be illustrated where appropriate, using photographs, diagrams, maps, tables, charts and graphs. Reviews will be subject to editorial negotiation and peer review by researchers and managers. Please follow the guidelines for presentation given under ‘Research reports’.

Technical reports
Technical reports focus on reporting field or laboratory projects that provide hard data for analysis and discussion. While a sequencing of ‘introduction, methods, results, discussion, acknowledgements and references’ is desirable, these should not be presented in as strict a formula as in research reports, but rather, should be incorporated within a narrative. Any experimental design must be rigorous and adequately described and statistical tests should be reported in parentheses or an appendix. Discussion may include opinion and speculation where rigorous and highly relevant to the topic. Title page and detailed format and submission instructions given for research reports also apply to technical reports.

Research reports
Research reports may involve monitoring or experiments carried out in the field or the laboratory, but should demonstrate the highest standard of scientific rigour. Writing style should be concise but readable, using plain English wherever possible. Define any specialist terms used.


Style of manuscripts
All manuscripts should be written in a style readily accessible to the broad readership, which includes land managers and practitioners. Use active, short sentences and a minimum of jargon, balanced with strong scientific reliability. Include illustrations and quotes where these can more clearly convey a point.

Spelling should conform to the Concise Oxford Dictionary of current English Usage. All measurements should be in SI units and per m2, per cent etc should be used except in tables or formulae. Specify any special characters used to represent non-keyboard characters. Use only one space after punctuation marks.

Optimising Your Article for Search Engines
Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

The manuscript should be submitted in separate files: title page; main text file; figures.

Title Page
The title page should contain (i) a short informative title that contains the major key words. The title should not contain abbreviations; (ii) the full names of the authors; (iii) the author's institutional affiliations at which the work was carried out; (iv) the full postal and email address, plus telephone number, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent; (v) full text of acknowledgements. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.

The source of financial grants and other funding should be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. When uploading for submission, the full acknowledgements should be on the title page, but any conflict of interest information should also be included in an abridged version of the Acknowledgements, within the main text document.

Main Text File
As papers are double-blind peer reviewed the main text file should not include any information that might identify the authors. The main text of the manuscript should be presented in the following order: (i) summary, (ii) key words, (iii) references, (iv) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes), (v) appendices, (vi) figure legends. Figures and supporting information should be submitted as separate files. Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.

The summary must be brief but informative, and intelligible without reference to the main text. It should not exceed 300 words and should describe the work’s scope and main findings. Literature references should not be included. Give scientific names of major organisms studied.

Key words
Key words (5–10) should be provided below the summary to assist indexing of the article.

: This section should include sufficient background material to set the work in its full research and management context. Aims should be clearly stated and justified.
Methods: At least a brief outline of methods is needed within the paper, with any complex or less readable details provided as ‘Method details’ at the end of the paper. (If doing this, parenthesize a note ‘See method details’.) Be concise in method descriptions but provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be repeated by others.
Results: Results should be presented in a readable sequence using text, tables and figures. (Avoid repetitive presentation of the same data in different forms.) The Results section should not contain material appropriate to the Discussion section.
Discussion: This should consider the results in relation to any hypotheses advanced in the Introduction and place the study in the context of other work. This section should provide substantive discussion of implications of the work to improved ecological management and/or restoration
practice. Only in exceptional cases should Results and Discussion be combined.

Abridged Acknowledgements
The source of financial grants and other funding should be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. When uploading for submission, the full acknowledgements should be on the title page, but any conflict of interest information should be left in an abridged version of the Acknowledgements, at the end of the main document.

List references and personal communications as described for all contributions in the general section above.

Cite references in the text by providing the author’s name and the year of the publication in parentheses, e.g. (Smith 1988). If referring to two publications by the same author in the same year, use (Smith 1988a,b). When citing more than one reference per point, use (Smith 1988; Paulson 1989) and for three or more authors per publication, use (Smith et al. 1990). List the full references in alphabetical order at the end of the article or paper, without the use of abbreviations, as follows:

Journal articles
Green R. J. (1993) Avian seed dispersal in sub-tropical rainforest. Wildlife Research 20, 535–557.

Harrington G. N., Wilson A. D. and Young M. D. (1988) Management of Australia’s Rangelands. CSIRO Publications, Melbourne.

Chapters in books

Fox M. D. and Adamson D. (1979) The ecology of invasions. In: A Natural Legacy — Ecology in Australia (eds H. F. Recher, D. Lunner and I. Dunn) pp. 135–152. Pergamon Press, Sydney.

Electronic material

Daiyi N., Ford L. and Rose D. (2002) Life in Country: Ecological restoration on Aboriginal homelands. Cultural Survival Quarterly 26. Available from URL:

Please limit the reference list to those which are of primary relevance and, for papers, not exceeding 50 references. Longer reference lists will be considered for major review articles. All items in the reference list must be available to the public. If a document is not, please refer to it (or any other unpublished citations) in the text by citing the source’s name and the year in paren¬theses, e.g. (J. Smith, pers. comm., 1988).

Tables must be typed on separate sheets. They should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals with a descriptive title above the table. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in paren-theses. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Use tabs not spaces in electronic format.

Figure legends
Type figure legends on a separate page. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Photographs must be supplied as separate .tif or .eps files at a resolution of at least 300 d.p.i.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication: Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Advice on figures can be found at Wiley’s guidelines for preparation of figures:

Colour Figures. A charge of A$1000 for one to three colour figures and A$250 for each extra colour figure thereafter will be charged to the author. In the event that an author is not able to cover the costs of reproducing figures in colour in the printed version of the journal, Ecological Management & Restoration offers authors the opportunity to reproduce colour figures in colour free of charge in the online version of the article (but they will still appear in black and white in the print version). If an author wishes to take advantage of this free colour-on-the-web service, they should liaise with the Editorial Office to ensure that the appropriate documentation is completed for the Publisher.

Supporting Information
Supporting information is not essential to the article but provides greater depth and background and may include tables, figures, videos, datasets, etc. This material can be submitted with your manuscript, and will appear online, without editing or typesetting. Guidelines on how to prepare this material and which formats and files sizes are acceptable can be found at:

Please note that the provision of supporting information is not encouraged as a general rule. It will be assessed critically by reviewers and editors and will only be accepted if it is essential.


Checking your submissions
Before finalising your manuscript please make sure that all instructions have been clearly followed. To enable double-blind reviewing, please ensure that author names and Acknowledgements are only in the title page file and that any author information has been removed from the main paper (including the author name visible under the ‘Properties’ tab of the file).

Before sending your manuscripts, via email, please check that:
1.  The reference section is correctly formatted and that references cited in the text and tables are included in the references (and vice versa).
2.  Pages are numbered and line numbers are used.
3.  All contact details are provided.
4. Your submissions are fully anonymized.

• Two Word-files need to be included upon submission: A title page file and a main text file that includes all parts of the text in the sequence indicated in the section 'Parts of the manuscript', including tables and figure legends but excluding figures which should be supplied separately.

• The main text file should be prepared using Microsoft Word. All pages should be numbered consecutively in the top right-hand corner, beginning with the first page of the main text file.

• Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. For submission, low-resolution figures saved as .jpg or .bmp files should be uploaded, for ease of transmission during the review process. Upon acceptance of the article, high-resolution figures (at least 300 d.p.i.) saved as .eps or .tif files will be required.

Associate your ScholarOne account with your ORCID iD
ORCID iD is a unique and persistent identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher and connects you and your research activities. We encourage you to register for an ORCID iD and then associate it with your ScholarOne account. Click here to find out how.

Submission of manuscripts

Manuscripts can now be submitted online to Ecological Management & Restoration using manuscript central at: (This does not apply to project summaries, which are still emailed to the Editor.)

To submit a manuscript, please follow the instructions below.

Getting Started
1. Launch your web browser (Internet Explorer 5 or higher, Netscape 7 or higher, Firefox 1.0.4 or Safari 1.2.4) and go to the EMR Manuscript Central homepage
2. Log-in or click the “Create Account” option if you are a first-time user of Manuscript Central.
3. If you are creating a new account.

After clicking on “Create Account”, enter your name and e-mail information and click“Next”.Your e-mail information is very important.

• Enter your institution and address information as appropriate, and then click “Next.”
• Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your e-mail address as your user ID). Click “Finish”.

4. If you have an account but have forgotten your log in details, go to “Password Help” on the Ecological Management & Restoration Manuscript Central homepage and enter your email address. The system will send you a temporary password. Use this to log into the system and set a permanent password.
5. Log-in and select “Author Center.”

Submitting Your Manuscript
6. After you have logged in, click the “Submit a Manuscript” link in the menu bar.
7. Enter data and answer questions as appropriate.
8. Click the “Next” button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.
9. You are required to upload your files:

• Click on the “Browse” button and locate the file on your computer.
• Select the designation of each file in the drop down next to the Browse button.
• When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the “Upload Files” button.

10. Review your submission (in PDF format) before sending to the Journal. Click the “Submit” button when you are finished reviewing.

You may suspend a submission at any phase before clicking the “Submit” button and save it to submit later. After submission, you will receive a confirmation e-mail. You can also access Manuscript Central any time to check the status of your manuscript. The Journal will inform you by e-mail once a decision has been made.

Getting Help With Your Submission
Each page of the Manuscript Central website has a “Get Help Now” icon connecting directly to the online support system at http://mcv3support.
Queries can also be e-mailed to and telephone support is available 24 hours a day, 5 days a week through the US ScholarOne support office on: +1 434 817 2040, ext 167. If you do not have Internet access or cannot submit online, the Editorial Office will help with online submissions. Please contact the Editor – Email:


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. More details on the copyright and licencing options for the journal appear below.

Wiley’s Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; the responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.


A PDF reprint of the article will be supplied free of charge to the corresponding author. Additional printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:

Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provide authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.

Author Guidelines updated 17 June 2015