Austral Ecology

Cover image for Vol. 40 Issue 8

Edited By: Michael Bull

Impact Factor: 1.837

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 74/144 (Ecology)

Online ISSN: 1442-9993

Associated Title(s): Ecological Management & Restoration

Author Guidelines

Online submission
Word limits
Preparation of manuscripts
      - Covering letter
      - Pre-submission English-language editing
      - Copyright
      - Style
      - Review articles
      - Parts of the manuscript
      - Supporting information
Proofs, offprints and page charges

Online submission

Austral Ecology uses ScholarOne Manuscripts for online submission and peer review. To submit a manuscript, please follow the instructions below.

Submitting your manuscript

1. Go to the Austral Ecology ScholarOne homepage (

2. Log-in and select 'Author Centre', then click 'Submit a Manuscript' in the menu bar.

3. Enter data and answer questions as appropriate, and click 'Next' on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.

4. To upload your files:
      • Click 'Browse' and locate the file on your computer.
      • When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click 'Upload Files'.

5. Review your submission (in PDF format) before sending. Click 'Submit' when you are finished reviewing.

You may suspend a submission at any stage in the submission process, and save it to submit later. After submission, you will receive a confirmation email. You can also access ScholarOne any time to check the status of your manuscript. You will be contacted by email once a decision has been made.

Getting help with your submission

- ScholarOne has an online support system at
- Queries can be emailed to
- Telephone support is available 24 hours a day, 5 days a week through the US ScholarOne support office on: 1 434 817 2040, ext 167.
- If you do not have Internet access or cannot submit online, the Editorial Office can help with submissions. Please contact the Editor - Email:; tel: 61 8 8201 2263; fax: 61 8 8201 3015.

Authors are encouraged to visit Wiley's Author Services, which details further information on the preparation and submission of articles and figures:

Word limits

There is a word limit of 300 words for the abstract and of 7,500 words for the rest of the text including the reference list and citations.  


The acceptance criteria for all papers include the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are peer reviewed by at least two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. The Editorial Board reserves the right to refuse any material for publication and advises that authors should retain copies of submitted manuscripts and correspondence. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Board.

Criteria used for accepting a manuscript

1. Normally the paper should relate to ecosystems in the Southern Hemisphere, although general theoretical papers are acceptable, as are those with a Northern Hemisphere basis, but that have implications for Southern Hemisphere ecosystems.

2. The paper can describe studies in terrestrial, aquatic or marine habitats. They can be at a local, regional or global scale but should be set in a broad ecological context, and contribute new information towards some general question. Specifically, we do not publish papers that simply describe an ecosystem or a local ecological pattern. Nor do we publish papers that ask ecological questions that are only relevant to some local region (e.g. how does fire affect plant communities in the Mount Lofty Ranges, South Australia), although local studies that can make new contributions to broader generalizations can be accepted.

3. A review paper should not just list all of the relevant publications but should provide insights, by some novel synthesis or analysis, of trends that can be revealed from previously published research.

4. The paper should ask questions relating to the patterns observed in ecosystems, at the level of the individual organism, the population, the ecological community or the landscape. The study might be motivated by either basic or applied research questions. Sometimes those questions and the derived explanations will have relevance to ecosystem management issues, but the papers in Austral Ecology should focus on the science in the study. The results of the study might form the basis for management or policy recommendations, which should be submitted to alternative publishing outlets.

5. Papers can cover a broad range of ecological topics from landscape ecology and ecosystem dynamics to individual population dynamics and behavioural ecology.

6. The paper needs a logical structure with a specific question that is addressed by the methods and analysis.

7. Conclusions need to be supported by the results presented.

8. Studies need to be well supported by appropriate statistical analyses that are reported in sufficient detail to allow readers to assess the rigour of the conclusions. Where replication is impractical, the implications for interpretation should be acknowledged.  

Preparation of manuscripts

All articles submitted to the journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication.

Manuscripts should be written so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of scientific content, the Editor or the Publisher reserves the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.

Covering letter
Papers are accepted for publication in the journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. This must be stated in the covering letter.

Papers describing experiments that involve procedures that could impact on the welfare of vertebrate animals must include a statement that the reseach has been approved by an appropriate animal welfare or ethics committee, and that it conforms to the national guidelines for animal usage in research.

Pre-submission English-language editing
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the standard of English. Wiley English Language Editing Services offers English language, translation and formatting services. Please visit services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.  

Copyright, licensing and online open

Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs. Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.

Manuscripts should be double-spaced, and must include sequential line numbering except for tables and figures. New paragraphs should be indented. The hyphenation option should be turned off, including only those hyphens that are essential to the meaning.  

The journal uses UK spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Concise Oxford Dictionary. All measurements must be given in SI units as outlined in the latest edition of Units, Symbols and Abbreviations: A Guide for Medical and Scientific Editors and Authors (Royal Society of Medicine Press, London).

Abbreviations should be used sparingly and only where they ease the reader’s task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation. At the first mention of a chemical substance, give the generic name only. Trade names should not be used.  

Review articles
Review articles that are brief, synthetic and/or provocative are occasionally commissioned by the Editors. These submissions are reviewed under the journal’s usual standards. It is normal for there to be some negotiation between the invited author and the commissioning Editor about the content and timing of any invited submission. Please contact the Editors if you would like to write such a review. Unsolicited review manuscripts may also be considered.  

Parts of the manuscript
Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page, (ii) abstract and keywords, (iii) text,  (iv) acknowledgements, (v) references, (vi) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes) and (vii) figures with figure legends.

Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.  

Title page
The title page should contain: (i) the title of the paper, (ii) the full names of the authors, (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out, as well as the present address of any author if different from that where the work was carried out, and (iv) the full postal and email address, plus telephone number, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript, proofs and requests for offprints should be sent.

The title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. A short running title (less than 40 characters, including spaces) should also be provided.  

Articles must have an abstract that states in 300 words or less the purpose, basic procedures, main findings and principal conclusions of the study. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references. The names of organisms used should be given.

Five key words should be supplied below the abstract for the purposes of indexing.  

Authors should use the following subheadings to divide the sections of their manuscript: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Species Nomenclature, Acknowledgements, References. These sections of the text should be less than 7,500 words.

Introduction: This section should include sufficient background information to set the work in context. The aims of the manuscript, and why these aims are of broad ecological interest, should be clearly stated. The introduction should not contain either findings or conclusions.

Methods: This should be concise but provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be repeated by others.

Results: Results should be presented in a logical sequence in the text, tables and figures; repetitive presentation of the same data in different forms should be avoided. The results should not contain material appropriate to the Discussion.

Discussion: This should consider the results in relation to any hypotheses advanced in the Introduction and place the study in the context of other work. Only in exceptional cases should the Results and Discussion sections be combined.  

Species nomenclature: When the generic or specific name of the major study organism(s) is first used, the taxonomic family or affiliation should also be mentioned, both in the abstract and in the body of the text.  

Upon its first use in the title, abstract and text, the common name of a species should be followed by the scientific name (genus and species) in parentheses. However, for wellknown species, the scientific name may be omitted from the article title. If no common name exists in English, the scientific name should be used only.  

Acknowledgements: The source of financial grants and other funding should be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged.

References: The Harvard (author, date) system of referencing is used. Consult a recent issue of the journal for the referencing format.

Personal communications, unpublished data and publications from informal meetings are not to be listed in the reference list but should be listed in full in the text with a year date (e.g. A. Smith, unpublished data, 2000).  

References in articles: We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.

EndNote styles can be searched for here:

Reference Manager styles can be searched for here:  

Tables: Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations should be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, , should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P values. The table and its legend/footnotes should be understandable without reference to the text.  

Figures: A figure legend shoudl accompany each figure. All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Magnifications should be indicated using a scale bar on the illustration.

Line figures should be supplied as sharp, black and white graphs or diagrams, drawn professionally or with a computer graphics package; lettering must be included and should be sized to be no larger than the journal text.  

Graphics should be supplied as high resolution (at least 300 dpi at the final size) files, saved in .eps or .tif format.   

Colour photographs should be submitted as good quality, glossy colour prints. A charge of A$1100 for one to three colour figures and $550 for each extra colour figure thereafter will be charged to the author.  

In the event that an author is not able to cover the costs of reproducing colour figures in colour in the printed version of the journal, Austral Ecology offers authors the opportunity to reproduce colour figures for free in the online version of the article (but they will appear in black and white in the print version). If an author wishes to take advantage of this free colour-on-the-web service, they should liaise with the Editorial Office to ensure that the appropriate documentation is completed for the Publisher.   

Figure legends: Legends should accompany each figure, be self-explanatory and incorporate definitions of any symbols used. All abbreviations and units of measurement should be explained so that the figure and its legend are understandable without reference to the text. (A letter stating copyright authorization should be provided if figures have been reproduced from another source.)  

Supporting information
Wiley is able to host online approved supporting information that authors submit with their paper. Supporting information must be important, ancillary information that is relevant to the parent article but which does not or cannot appear in the printed and online edition of the journal. Supporting information can comprise additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Like the manuscript accompanying it, it should be original and not previously published. If previously published, it must be submitted with the necessary permissions. For details about preparation of supporting information, please refer to the supporting information guidelines available here:

Proofs, offprints and page charges

Notification of the URL from where to download a PDF typeset page proof, associated forms and further instructions will be sent by email to the corresponding author. The purpose of the PDF proof is to respond to any queries and a final check of the layout, and of tables and figures. Alterations other than the essential correction of errors are unacceptable at PDF proof stage. The proof should be checked, and approval to publish the article should be emailed to the Publisher by the date indicated; otherwise, it may be signed off on by the Editor or held over to the next issue.

Authors should supply an email address to which proofs can be emailed. If absent, authors should arrange for a colleague to access their email, retrieve the PDF proof and check and return them to the Publisher on their behalf.  

A PDF file of the final version of the paper will be provided free of charge. The PDF file is for the authors’ personal or professional use, for the purposes of scholarly or scientific research or study. Extra printed offprints may be purchased if required.  

Page charges
A charge of A$11.00 per printed page will be levied on each article appearing in the journal (not including thesis abstracts and book reviews). These charges are payable to Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd and will be invoiced when page proofs are sent to the authors. This procedure notwithstanding, no paper will be rejected or given any extraordinary treatment on the basis other than its scientific merit. Contributors not in receipt of institutional or grant-based support may apply to the Managing Editor for exemption from page charges.