Weed Biology and Management

Cover image for Vol. 16 Issue 4

Edited By: Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Central Region Agricultural Research Center, NARO

Impact Factor: 0.5

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 60/83 (Agronomy); 171/209 (Plant Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1445-6664

Author Guidelines


Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on page charges and the section on copyright.

Submissions must comply with the Author Guidelines, failure to comply may result in your paper being returned to you for correction. Manuscripts should be submitted online at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/wbm.

For authors unable to submit their manuscript online, please consult the Editor-in-Chief at the Editorial Office address wbmeditor@wssj.jp



Aims and scope

Weed Biology and Management is an international journal published four times per year.

The journal accepts contributions in the form of original research and review articles in all aspects of weed science. The content of the contributions may relate to weed taxonomy, ecology and physiology, weed management and control methodologies, herbicide behaviors in plants, soils and environment, utilization of weeds and other aspects of weed science. All contributions must be of sufficient quality to extend our knowledge in weed science.

Editorial Review and Acceptance

Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are single-blind peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. Submission to the journal implies that the article has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Board and the Editorial Board reserves the right to refuse any material for publication. Invited Articles may also be accepted, on occasion, at the request of the Editorial Board.

Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of scientific content, the Editor or the Publisher reserves the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader.

Ethical Considerations

  • Plagiarism Detection. The journal employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.
  • Committee on Publication Ethics. The journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and subscribes to the principles set out by COPE. The journal also refers to Wiley’s Best Practice Guidelines on Publication Ethics: http://exchanges.wiley.com/ethicsguidelines.



Research Papers should not exceed six typeset pages (approximately 4000 words), inclusive of the title page, tables and figures.

Reviews should not exceed eight typeset pages, inclusive of the title page, tables and figures.

Papers exceeding the article type page length will be charged an excess pages fee (see 7. PUBLICATION FEE AND PAGE CHARGES).



Wiley’s Author Services

Prior to submission, we encourage you to browse the ‘Author Resources’ section of the Wiley ‘Author Services’ website: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/default.asp. This site includes useful information covering such topics as copyright matters, ethics and electronic artwork guidelines.

Wiley’s Pre-submissionEnglish-language editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit the Publisher’s site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author. Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Optimizing Your Article for Search Engines

Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimizing your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximize the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.



Manuscript Format and Style

  • Spelling. The journal uses US English and spelling should therefore follow the latest edition of Merriam–Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary.
  • Scientific names. Upon its first use in the title, abstract and text, the common name of a weed should be followed by the scientific name (genus, species and authority) in parentheses. For well-known species, however, the scientific name may be omitted from the article title. If no common name exists in English, the scientific name should be used only. At the first mention of a herbicide or other chemical substance, give its generic name only. Trade names should not be used.
  • Units of Measurement. Please use SI units wherever possible, as outlined in Units, Symbols and Abbreviations: A Guide for Medical and Scientific Editors and Authors, 5th edn (ed. by Baron D.N.), Royal Society of Medicine Press, London, 1994. Herbicide rates should be expressed in terms of the active ingredient, but where this is not possible, express units in terms of formulated product.
  • Abbreviations should be used sparingly and only where they ease the reader’s task by reducing the repetition of long, technical terms. On first use in the abstract and text, use the word in full (followed by the abbreviation in parentheses) and thereafter use the abbreviation. Abbreviations should not be used in the title

Parts of the Manuscript

Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page, (ii) abstract and keywords, (iii) text, (iv) acknowledgments, (v) the disclosure statement, (vi) references, (vii) figure legends, (viii) and tables (each table complete with title and footnotes). Figures and supporting information should be supplied as separate files. Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.

Title page

The title page should contain (i) the category of article, (ii) the title of the paper, (iii) the full names of the authors with family name last,(iv) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out,(v) the full postal address, telephone and facsimile numbers and email address of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript, proofs and requests for offprints should be sent and (vi) the short running title.

The title should be short, informative and contain the major keywords. A short running title should be less than 40 characters, including spaces.

For useful tips how to write the title of the paper and the abstract for maximizing the readership, please refer to “Optimizing Your Article for Search Engines “ included in “4. AUTHOR RESOURCES: PLEASE READ BEFORE YOU START WRITING A MANUSCRIPT”.

Abstract and keywords

Articles must have an abstract in 250 words or less that states the purpose, basic procedures, main findings and principal conclusions of the study. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references. Up to five keywords should be provided to assist with the indexing of the article.


Authors should use subheadings to label sections of their manuscript: Introduction, Materials and methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, Disclosure, References.


The source of financial grants and the contribution of colleagues or institutions should be acknowledged.

Disclosure statement

This statement must disclose any commercial interest of the authors in the findings presented. If there is none, this must be stated that “The authors declare no conflict of interest”.


  • The author/date system of referencing is used.
  • In the text, give the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: Sago (2000). If there are two authors, use ‘and’: Baskin and Baskin (1998); but if cited within parentheses, use ‘&’: (Baskin & Baskin 1998). When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: Powles et al. (1998).
  • In the list, references should be listed in alphabetical order. Cite the names of all authors when there are seven or fewer, when more than seven cite the first six plus et al.
  • Personal communication, unpublished data and publications from informal meetings are not to be listed in the reference list but should be listed in full in the text (e.g. Smith A. 2000, unpublished data).

References should be listed in the following form:

Journal articles
Hirase K. and Molin W.T. 2003. Sulfur assimilation in plants and weed control: Potential targets for novel herbicides and action sites of certain safeners. Weed Biol. Manag.3, 147–157.

Powles S.B., Lorraine-Colwill D.F., Dellow J.J. and Preston C. 1998. Evolved resistance to glyphosate in rigid ryegrass (Lolium rigidium) in Australia. Weed Sci. 46, 604–608.

Sago R. 2000. [Weed seedbank response to herbicide use in rice paddy fields.] J. Weed Sci. Technol. 45, 81–87 (in Japanese with English abstract).

Baskin C.C. and Baskin J.M. 1998. Seeds. Academic Press, London.

Chapter in a book
Marshall G. and Finch R.P. 1997. Molecular ecology: its role in studying herbicide resistance. In: Weed and Crop Resistance to Herbicides (ed. by De Prado R., Jorrin J. and Garcia-Torres L.). Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 171–179.

Electronic material
Cumming J. 2003. Dry White Beans-Prices, Ontario, 1981–2002. Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, Toronto. Available from URL: http://www.gov.ontario/stats/crops/whitebeanprices.html. Accessed 8 December 2004.


Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate sheet with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without referring  to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings. Tables should be submitted in Microsoft Word or Excel. Tables in RTF file can be accepted as long as it is editable. Image files and groupings of text boxes should be avoided.


All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Figures should be sized to fit within the column (88 mm), intermediate (114 mm) or the full text width (180 mm). Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication: Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS (line art) or TIFF (halftone/photographs) files only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programmes. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size (see below). EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).

For scanned images, the scanning resolution (at final image size) should be as follows to ensure good reproduction: line art:  >600 dpi; half-tones (including gel photographs): >300 dpi; figures containing both halftone and line images: >600 dpi.

Further information can be obtained at Wiley’s guidelines for figures: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/illustration.asp

Check your electronic artwork before submitting it: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/eachecklist.asp

Color figures: Figures submitted in colour will be reproduced in colour online free of charge.

Figure Legends: Legends should be included in the main text of the manuscript, after the references on separate page(s).– the figure and its legend must be understandable without referring to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

Supporting Information

Supporting information is not essential to the article but provides greater depth and background and may include tables, figures, videos, datasets, etc. This material can be submitted with your manuscript, and will appear online, without editing or typesetting. Guidelines on how to prepare this material and which formats and files sizes are acceptable can be found at: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/suppmat.asp

Please note that the provision of supporting information is not encouraged as a general rule. It will be assessed critically by reviewers and editors and will only be accepted if it is essential.



  • A cover letter should be included in the ‘Cover Letter Field’ of the ScholarOne system. The text can be entered directly into the field or uploaded as a file.
  • The main text file should be submitted as Microsoft Word or Rich Text Format. The top, bottom and side margins should be 30 mm and the lines should be double-spaced. All pages should be numbered consecutively in the top right-hand corner, beginning with the first page of the main text file.
  • Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. For submission, low-resolution figures saved as .JPG or .BMP files should be uploaded, for ease of transmission during the review process. Upon acceptance of the article, high-resolution figures (at least 300 dpi.) saved as .EPS or .TIFF files should be uploaded. Digital images supplied only as low-resolution files cannot be used.



Articles where at least one author is a WSSJ members
For articles where at least one author has a current WSSJ membership, there are no page charges for articles publishing within the page limit specified for each article type (Research papers maximum of 6 published pages; Review articles maximum of 8 published pages). For articles exceeding the pages limits, the corresponding author will be billed ¥8000 per 1/2 typeset page.

Non WSSJ members
A fee of ¥5000 per typeset page will be billed for articles when none of the authors has WSSJ membership. In addition, for articles exceeding the pages limits, the corresponding author will be billed ¥8000 per 1/2 typeset page for all the pages.



Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs. Note that in signing the journal’s license agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce material from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.



Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. More details on the copyright and licencing options for the journal appear above (see “8. LICENCING AND ONLINE OPEN ACCESS”).

Wiley’s Author Services: Tracking your paper’s progress

Author Services enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit

http://exchanges.wiley.com/authors/journal-authors_681.html for more details on online production tracking.


The corresponding author will receive an email with details on how to provide proof corrections. It is therefore essential that a working email address should be provided for the corresponding author.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.



Article PDF for authors

A PDF of the article will be made available to the corresponding author via Author Services.

Printed Offprints

Printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: http://offprint.cosprinters.com/cos. If you have queries about offprints please e-mail: offprint@cosprinters.com.

Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provides authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.



Editorial Office: wbmeditor@wssj.jp


Author Guidelines updated 10 June 2016