International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders

Cover image for Vol. 51 Issue 1

Edited By: Steven Bloch and Cristina McKean

Impact Factor: 1.471

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 14/25 (Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology); 22/172 (Linguistics); 24/70 (Rehabilitation (Social Science)); 30/64 (Rehabilitation)

Online ISSN: 1460-6984

Author Guidelines

Instructions for Authors
IJLCD Submit an Article
1. Aims & Scope

International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders is the official journal of the Royal College of Speech & Language Therapists.

The Journal welcomes submissions on all aspects of speech, language, communication disorders and speech and language therapy. It provides a forum for the exchange of information and discussion of issues of clinical or theoretical relevance in the above areas. The Journal publishes a range of articles, including research reports, reviews, discussions and clinical fora, as well as editorials or commentaries commissioned by the editor(s). Research reports from both quantitative and qualitative frameworks are encouraged but must have appropriate and clear methodology and thoroughly analysed and interpreted results. Further information about the Journal, including links to the online sample copy and contents pages, can be found on the Journal homepage.

2. Submission of Manuscripts

All submissions should be made online at the International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders Manuscript Central site. New users should first create an account. Once a user is logged onto the site submissions should be made via the Author Centre.

Your covering letter should state clearly which Editor your submission is for (see below).

Dr Nicola Botting deals with submissions on:
• Children’s communication and disorders
• Education and schools

Dr Steven Bloch deals with submissions on:
• Adults’ communication and disorders
• Service provision related to speech and language therapy
• Clinical education
• Other areas not covered above

If you experience any problems in your submission, please contact the relevant Editor directly, preferably by email:

Dr Steven Bloch
Department of Language and Communication
University College London
London, UK

Dr Nicola Botting
Department of Language and Communication Science
City University
London, UK

Your submissions should be accompanied by a covering email/letter stating that: a) the submitted paper comprises original, unpublished material and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; b) the study on which the paper has been based has received full ethical approval by an appropriate Research Ethics Committee.

3. Preparation of Manuscripts

Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors are referred to recent copies of the Journal and are encouraged to copy exactly the published format of papers therein.

Text should be supplied in a format compatible with Microsoft Word for Windows (PC). Charts and tables are considered textual and should also be supplied in a format compatible with Word. All figures––illustrations, diagrams, photographs––should be supplied in jpg format.

All manuscripts must be typed in 12pt font and in double space with margins of at least 2.5 cm.

Please also note the following:
• Please write clearly and concisely, stating your objectives clearly and defining your terms. Your arguments should be substantiated with well reasoned supporting evidence.
• In writing your paper, you are encouraged to review articles in the area you are addressing which have been previously published in the Journal, and where you feel appropriate, to reference them. This will enhance context, coherence, and continuity for readers.
• For all manuscripts, gender-, race-, and creed-inclusive language is mandatory.
• Ethics of Experimentation: submissions to the Journal are required to have followed the procedures in force in their countries which govern the ethics of work done with human subjects. The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) represents a minimal requirement.

English Language Editing Service
Ensure your paper is clearly written in standard, scientific English language appropriate to your discipline. Visit our site to learn about the options. Please note that using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Phonetic Symbols

To ensure that phonetic fonts convert to pdf correctly, use the font DoulosSIL. This can be downloaded free of charge from Fonts must also be embedded. To do this click Tools from the top menu bar, go to Options and select the Save tab. Tick the box to ‘Embed TrueType Fonts’ and click OK. Authors are also asked to upload a pdf copy of their manuscript, designated as ‘file not for review’. In the event that phonetic fonts do not convert properly, this will expedite the review process.

3.1 Publication types

Research Reports: a full report of a research study using appropriate quantitative or qualitative methods

Reviews: a review of theoretical or clinical topics or issues that entails a critique of current research or addresses significant issues or takes a novel and interesting view.

Short Reports: a short paper reporting some preliminary or interesting results or a small scale study.

Clinical Forum: a target article on clinical issues or topics of interest to the readership presenting novel or controversial views or taking a novel stance on issues, followed by peer-commentary and an author’s reply.

Discussions: a relatively short discussion of some theoretically or clinically relevant topics or issues.

Editorials or commentaries: a short article on novel or controversial topics or topics of interest to the readership, commissioned by the editor(s).

Letters: letters relating to materials previously published in the Journal or to topical issues.

Special issues: part or whole special issues comprising a collection of papers on a particular theme and usually edited by a guest editor.

3.2 Word limits

It is recommended that authors do not exceed the following word limits. Word limits include all text (article, references, tables, figures)
- 8000 words for research reports and discussions. No more than 30 references.
- 10000 words for reviews. No more than 50 references.
- 3000 words for short reports. No more than 15 references.
- 1000 words for editorials or commentaries. No more than 10 references.

3.3 Manuscript components

Manuscripts must include:

Title Page. This should contain the article title, a running head not exceeding 50 characters (including spaces), 3–6 keywords and full contact details of the authors (including telephone and fax numbers and emails).

Declaration of Interest

Structured Abstracts. Authors submitting papers should note that structured abstracts (between 150–400 words) are now required for all papers. Please do not include references in the abstracts. There is good evidence that structured abstracts are clearer for readers and facilitate better appropriate indexing and citation of papers. The essential features of the structured abstract are given below. Note in particular that any clinical implications should be clearly stated. Note also that the headings should be included in the text, as section markers.

For Research Reports, Short Reports and Clinical Forum papers

Background. Describe the background to the study.

Aims. State the aims and objectives of the study including any clear research questions or hypotheses.

Methods & Procedures. Outline the methodology and design of experiments, the participants targeted and how they were recruited, the materials employed and the nature of the analyses performed.

Outcomes & Results. Outline the participants characteristics with basic relevant demographic information and the important and relevant results of the analyses.

Conclusions & Implications. State the basic conclusions and implications of the study. State, clearly and usefully, if there are implications for management, treatment or service delivery.

For Reviews and Discussions

Background. Outline the background to the review.

Aims. State the primary objective of the paper; the reasons behind your critical review and analyses of the literature;

Methods: State your approach and methods if relevant and the sources you used to retrieve references

Main Contribution. The main outcomes of the paper and results of analyses; and any implications for future research and for management, treatment or service delivery.

Conclusions. State your main conclusions.

Text. This should in general, but not necessarily, be divided into sections with the headings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Summary and/or Conclusion(s). The text must be in the exact format of the Journal.

‘What this paper adds’.. Please include a box offering the main points your paper adds to the literature, for readers who would like an overview without reading the whole paper. We recommend that this is divided into two short sections, each with 1–3 short sentences.

Section 1: What is already known on this subject In a couple of short sentences say what was already known on this subject before you did your study and why your study needed to be done. Be clear and specific, not vague.

Section 2: What this study adds In a couple of short sentences give a simple answer to the question ‘What do we now know as a result of this study that we did not know before?’ Be brief, succinct, specific and accurate. You might use the last sentence to summarise any clinical or theoretical implications that your study has.

Tables and Figures. Tables and figures should be referred to in text as follows: figure 1, table 1. The place at which a table or figure is to be inserted in the printed text should be indicated clearly on the manuscript. Each table and/or figure must have a legend that explains its purpose without reference to the text.

Artwork submitted for publication will not be returned and will be destroyed after publication, unless otherwise requested.

Colour figures.
a. Any figure submitted as a colour original will appear in colour in the journal's online edition free of charge and can be downloaded.
b. Paper copy colour reproduction will only be considered on condition that authors contribute to the associated costs. Charges are: £500/US$1030 for the first colour page and £250/US$515 for each colour page after per article. (Colour costs will be waived for invited Review Articles.)

References. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders uses the Harvard (Author Date) system to indicate references in the text, tables and legends. The full references should be listed alphabetically, and presented following the text of the manuscript.

The Journal uses the following conventions for references:

To a book:
BANDLER, R. and GRINDER, J., 1979, Frogs into Princes: Neuro-linguistic Programming (Moab, Utah: Real People Press).

To a chapter in a book
BENJAMIN, B. J., 1988, Changes in speech production and linguistic behaviours with aging. In B. B. Shadden (eds), Communication Behaviour and Aging. A Sourcebook for Clinicians (Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins), pp. 162–181.

To an article in a journal
BIEVER, D. M. and BLESS, D. M., 1989, Vibratory characteristics of the vocal folds in young and adult geriatric women. Journal of Voice, 3, 120–131.

Reference to a newspaper or magazine
RICHARDS, H., 1996, Republican life? The Times Higher Education Supplement, 1 November, 16.

Reference to an Internet source
RCSLT. Country by country: SLT information oversees. (accessed 1 January 2005).

Reference to a case in law
In text, italicize names of plaintiffs and defendants: Miranda v. Arizona 1974

Reference to government legislation
US Congress, Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, 1956, The Mutual Security Act of 1956,
84th Congress, second session, report 2273. US Congress, House Committee on Banking & Currency, 1945, Bretton Woods

3.4 Book Reviews
The following material should appear in all reviews in the order of the following example (note also the punctuation):
(Title of book)Scientific Thinking in Speech and Language Therapy
By CARMEL LUM (Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2002) [Pp. 259.] ISBN 0-8058-4029-X. $39.95 (hbk).

4. Proofs
The Editor reserves the right to proceed to press without submitting page proofs to the author. However, usual practice will involve electronically sending one set to the corresponding author, unless otherwise requested. Proofs should be returned within three days by email, fax or express post. Authors will be charged for excessive correction at this stage of production.
If authors do not return page proofs within five days of receipt, the Editor reserves the right to either delay publication to a subsequent issue or to proceed to press without author corrections.

5. Electronic Offprints

Authors will be provided with an electronic offprint of their article. Additional paper offprints may be ordered online. Please click on the following link, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields. If you have queries about offprints please email

You can also access electronic offprints of your article through the Author Services system. By registering for Author Services, you will be able to enjoy the following additional benefits: - Track the progress of your article through the production process - Receive publication status alerts - Enable free access to your published article online for all co-authors and up to 10 nominated colleagues - Enjoy a 25% discount on Wiley books Future benefits will enable you to discover the number of times your article has been downloaded and which articles have cited yours.

6. Copyright

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the IJLCD Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA)

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected, the corresponding author will be presented with the IJLCD CTA to sign. The terms and conditions of the IJLCD CTA can be previewed below:

Terms and Conditions [PE to add existing non-standard license PDF to OTIS and provide link from Online Library once live]. Please do not complete this PDF until you are prompted to login into Author Services as described above.

Note to Contributors on Deposit of Accepted Version

Funder arrangements

Certain funders, including the NIH, members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) and Wellcome Trust require deposit of the Accepted Version in a repository after an embargo period. Details of funding arrangements are set out at the following website: Please contact the Journal production editor if you have additional funding requirements.


Wiley has arrangements with certain academic institutions to permit the deposit of the Accepted Version in the institutional repository after an embargo period. Details of such arrangements are set out at the following website:

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected, the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License CC BY NC

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License CC BY NC ND

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

7. IThenticate

IJLCD is a member of CrossCheck by iThenticate. iThenticate is a plagiarism screening service that verifies the originality of content submitted before publication. The iThenticate software checks submissions against millions of published research papers, documents on the web, and other relevant sources. Authors, researchers and freelancers can also use the iThenticate system to screen their work before submission by visiting