European Journal of Neuroscience

Cover image for Vol. 45 Issue 4

Edited By: John Foxe and Paul Bolam

Impact Factor: 2.975

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 114/256 (Neurosciences)

Online ISSN: 1460-9568

Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

Reasons to publish in EJN

  • EJN is a general neuroscience journal publishing articles on all aspects of neuroscience
  • No editorial rejection on the basis of what is fashionable in neuroscience
  • High standard, rigorous and fair peer-review
  • Editorial Board consists of recognised international experts
  • Rapid publication. Papers appear online within a few days of acceptance
  • Publishing is free and color figures appear in the online edition free of charge
  • EJN reaches a very wide audience and its readership continues to grow
  • Authors can choose to publish their accepted manuscripts as open access papers
  • EJN is the Journal of the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies (FENS)
  • EJN is free online to all the members of FENS societies and SfN
  • Publication proceeds fund the activities of FENS

The Editorial Office of EJN can be contacted at; Emma Boxer Tel. 441865476234

Click here to download the Author Guidelines as a PDF

1. General | 2. Types of Manuscripts | 3. Editorial Policies | 4. Preparing Manuscripts for Submission | 5. Detailed Manuscript Preparation Guidelines | 6. Online submission | 7. Publication

1. General

EJN is an international general neuroscience journal that publishes original research articles and reviews in the broad fields of developmental, molecular, cellular, systems, behavioural, computational and cognitive neurosciences. Our aim is to advance the understanding of the organization and function of the nervous system in health and disease, thereby improving the diagnosis and treatment of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. Manuscripts submitted to EJN should describe novel results generated by experiments that were guided by clearly defined aims or hypotheses and should not have been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. Please note that EJN does not publish case reports.

EJN is a hybrid journal, so authors can opt to publish their accepted manuscripts as open access papers (please see OnlineOpen).

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2. Types of Manuscripts

Research Reports
The major part of each Issue of EJN is devoted to Research Reports. These must describe significant and original scientific data from experimental or theoretical neuroscience studies and provide sufficiently detailed information in the Materials and method section for the observations to be critically evaluated and, if necessary, repeated.

Short Communications
Short Communications should report a significant advance in the field and should represent a ‘complete’ study rather than preliminary observations. They should contain a maximum of 3500 words, up to 4 Figures and 2 Tables and should be organized as described for Research Reports. The total word count must be indicated on the title page. We strongly discourage the use of supplementary material. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned to the authors or re-classified as a standard Research Report.

Reviews in EJN are full-length articles on topics of particular current interest. Extensive overviews of the literature are discouraged. Rather, review articles should aim to critically evaluate a timely issue of interest for the broad readership of EJN. While their length is not limited, the writing should be concise and precise. Illustrations, which effectively convey key topics of the review, are encouraged. Proposals for Reviews are welcomed by the Editors-in-Chief and the Section Editors.

Technical Spotlights
Technical Spotlights are brief reviews (total ~ 5000 Words) that evaluate and discuss novel techniques as well as controversial research approaches, or issues of validity concerning a major methodology or research avenue. Proposals for Technical Spotlights are welcomed by the Editors-in-Chief and the Section Editors.

Registered Reports
Registered Reports represent a new format of research article in which manuscripts containing a study proposal are reviewed for publication consideration prior to data collection. Thus, Registered Reports are evaluated based solely on the intrinsic merit of the research proposal rather than the statistical significance of the eventual results.

The peer review process for Registered Reports happens in two stages. Initial Stage 1 submissions include the complete Introduction, Method, and Proposed Analyses. Stage 1 submissions are evaluated based on: 1) the significance of the research question(s) and potential contribution of findings to knowledge; 2) the logic, rationale and plausibility of the proposed hypotheses; 3) the rigor of the proposed methodology and statistical analysis; and 4) the extent to which the methodology is sufficiently clear such that an independent investigator could replicate the procedures and analysis. If the Stage 1 submission is accepted in principle, authors are guaranteed publication of their final manuscript predicated upon them carrying out the research protocol exactly as proposed and drawing appropriate conclusions about the findings. Upon completion of their study, authors submit the final manuscript as a Stage 2 submission to ensure those conditions were met.

Specific submission guidelines for Registered Reports can be found here.

Neuro-Opinions are brief editorials that discuss issues of topical interest to the neuroscience community. Proposals for Neuro-Opinions are welcomed by the Editors-in-Chief.

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3. Editorial Policies

All studies and articles submitted for publication in EJN should abide by the highest of ethical standards relating to the conduct of scientific research, the publishing of scientific data, the use of human subjects and the use of experimental animals. All studies should abide by the ethical standards as described in the Society for Neuroscience guidelines on Responsible Conduct Regarding Scientific Communication.

As per the recommendation of ICMJE, authorship at EJN is based on the following four criteria: "i) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; ii) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; iii) Final approval of the version to be published and iv) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work. All those designated as authors should meet all 4 criteria. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be acknowledged. It is the collective responsibility of the authors to determine that all people named as authors meet all four criteria. In the event of authorship disputes, it is the responsibility of the institution(s) where the work was performed to investigate. Any changes to the order of the authors, or the removal or addition of authors, needs to be approved in writing by all authors.

EJN follows the Code of Conduct of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and handles cases of research and publication misconduct accordingly (

Whenever an author uses previously published words or images (in text, tables or figures), the author must cite the original work (even if it is their own). If the author wishes to use previously published text word for word, this text should be in quotations and limited to a couple of sentences; the source should also be referenced in the bibliography. EJN uses the CrossCheck plagiarism detection software to check all submitted manuscripts for all forms of plagiarism, including self-plagiarism.

Manuscripts submitted to EJN:

  • Must not have been published before (in any language). Anything published, other than an abstract of less than 500 words, is considered as prior publication. If it is necessary to include the authors’ own previously published material, it should be referenced in the usual way and appropriate permission must be obtained from the copyright holder. This policy applies to text, figures and parts of figures.
  • Must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere.
  • Should have been approved by all authors and the institutions where the work was carried out.
  • If accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form or slightly modified form, in any language, without the consent of Wiley.
  • Must not merely consist of expanded versions of work published elsewhere.
  • Must be accompanied by (as supplementary document files) copies of any material the authors have published in the last two years (or which is in the process of publication) that overlaps with the content of the submitted manuscript.

EJN now requires the submitting author (only) to provide an ORCID iD when submitting their manuscript. For each journal account, authors will only need to provide an ORCID iD during submission once. For future submissions, their ORCID iD will appear as part of their author details. Once registered with ORCID, researchers will be able to manage the privacy settings of their individual ORCID Record data, ensuring them complete control over how their information is used, in line with ORCID’s Privacy Policy.

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4. Preparing Manuscripts for Submission

4.1 'Your Paper Your Way'
4.2 Text Formatting and English
4.3 Layout and File Requirements
4.3.1 Original Submissions
4.3.2 Revisions and Resubmissions

4.3.3 NPRC submissions
4.3.4 Wiley transferable peer review

4.1 ‘Your Paper Your Way’
If you have had a paper rejected by another journal you may submit it to EJN without re-formatting to EJN guidelines. When submitting, please make this clear in the cover letter. Re-formatting to EJN guidelines will only be required following the initial round of peer review. Please ensure there is sufficient detail in the Materials and Methods to enable reviewers to assess the work.

4.2 Text Formatting and English
The text of your manuscript should be prepared throughout in a standard font (Times/Times New Roman for text, and Helvetica/Arial and Symbol for figures) no smaller than 12 points. The manuscript should be formatted in double spacing and the lines should not be numbered. Headings and sub-headings should not end with a period ".".

We recommend that manuscripts are proof-read by a native English-speaking scientist. A list of Wiley Editing Services can be found at These services are arranged and paid for by the author, and their use does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

4.3 Layout and File Requirements
When uploading your files, please use simple filenames which do not include spaces or special characters (do not use underscores). The submission files should not exceed 250MB in total. If you have trouble loading large files, please contact the editorial office at for assistance.

For manuscripts that contain complex equations or other mathematical content, it is possible to submit LaTeX files. If you do, please also upload the PostScript or PDF version of your compiled file.

4.3.1 Original submissions
The manuscript should be uploaded either in the format listed under Revisions (see below), or as a single PDF file (containing the main text document, tables and figures). In the latter case, figures must be at the end of the PDF document and their number must be indicated on the same page as the figures. Your cover letter should not be part of the PDF.

The sections of a Research Report should be in the following order: Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, Conflict of Interest Statement, Author Contributions, Data Accessibility Statement, Abbreviations, References, Tables, Figure Captions and Figures. Review articles and Technical Spotlight articles are not required to follow this outline.

4.3.2 Revisions and Resubmissions
Revised and Resubmitted manuscripts should be submitted as a Word file (.doc or .docx) and high resolution figures should be saved separately (for figure requirements, please see Figures section of these guidelines). Please do not submit PDF files for Revised and Resubmitted manuscripts. A detailed point-by-point response letter to the reviews, describing the changes you have made in the text, should be uploaded as a separate Word or PDF file using the file designation "Authors' Responses to Reviewers". For Revised or Re-Submitted manuscripts changes to the text should be emboldened or underlined to assist reviewers with re-evaluation. Please do not use track changes. All supporting information, including supplementary figures and captions, should be merged and uploaded as a separate single PDF file, except video or audio files which should be uploaded separately with the file designation “Media files”.

Files should appear in the same order as the original submission but should be preceded by the Reply to Reviewers, and followed at the end by the Graphical Abstract Text and Figure.

Papers submitted as ‘Your paper your way’ will need to be re-formatted to adhere to EJN guidelines at the time of Revision or Re-Submission.

4.3.3 NPRC submissions
EJN is a member of the NPRC, an alliance of neuroscience journals that have agreed to share manuscript reviews at the author’s request. The NPRC system allows fast-track reviewing of articles submitted together with prior reviews and appropriate revisions. EJN encourages authors of manuscripts that are of good quality, but were rejected because of low priority rating, to make use of this track when submitting to EJN. For more information, please visit

For manuscripts submitted through the NPRC track, it is the authors’ responsibility to ask the editorial office of the previous journal to transfer the reviews, along with the name of the reviewers, to In addition to submitting your manuscript as an original submission, please submit a detailed point-by-point response letter to the previous reviews by uploading a Word or PDF file with the file designation "Authors' responses to reviewers".

4.3.4 Wiley transferable peer review
EJN is participating in Wiley's transferable peer review scheme. Authors of original research articles that are rejected from the journal with completed reviews will be invited to transfer the manuscript, accompanied by the previous reviews, to any of the other Wiley journals participating in the scheme. Authors will have the opportunity to revise their manuscript according to the reviewers’ comments prior to transfer if they wish to do so. A list of participating journals and more information about the scheme can be found here.

Please note that this transferable peer review scheme is separate from the NPRC transfer system.

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5. Detailed Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

Manuscripts should be prepared according to the guidelines below and submitted online at

5.1. Title Page
5.2 Abstract
5.3 Introduction
5.4. Materials and Methods
5.4.1 Ethical standards
i.) Studies Involving human subjects

ii.) Experimental animals
5.4.2 Suppliers
5.4.3 Reagents
5.4.4 Microscopy
5.4.5. Gels and blots
5.4.6. Handling of image data
5.4.7. Statistical methods

5.5. Results and Statistical Analyses
5.6 Discussion
5.7 Acknowledgements
5.8 Competing Interests
5.9 Author Contributions
5.10 Data Accessibility
5.10.1 Data and materials policy
5.10.2 Data citation policy
5.11 Abbreviations
5.12 References
5.12.1. Reference list
5.13 Tables
5.14 Figure Captions
5.15 Figures
5.15.1 Colour figures
5.15.2 Permissions
5.16 Graphical Abstracts
5.17 Supporting Information

5.1 Title Page
The Title page must include:

  • The proposed Journal section
  • A clear and concise title, avoiding the use of abbreviations
  • The authors’ first name(s) and surnames
    Note: Authors who normally write their names in non-Latin characters may include both a transliterated version of their names, followed in parenthesis by their names in their native writing system. Any non-Latin languages that can be represented in Unicode characters will be accepted.
  • The address(es) from which the work originated
  • The name, institutional affiliation, address, fax number and e-mail address of the person who will deal with correspondence, including proofs (which are sent electronically)
  • A running title not in excess of 50 characters (including spaces)
  • The total number of pages, figures, tables and equations
  • The total number of words in: (i) the whole manuscript; (ii) the Abstract
  • A list of four or five keywords not appearing in the title, preceded by “Keywords”

In cases where animals are used, if the species used does not appear in the title, it should be included in the keywords and be mentioned in the first few lines of the abstract.

5.2 Abstract
The Abstract should be written in complete sentences without headings and should provide a summary not exceeding 250 words, in a form comprehensible to any neuroscientist and suitable for publication without the full article text. The aim of the study and working hypothesis should be stated. If appropriate, the species of animal used should be indicated if it is not given in the title. The Abstract should provide a concluding statement highlighting the significance and impact of the results for the neurosciences. The use of references, as well as abbreviations and statistical results, should be avoided in the Abstract.

5.3 Introduction
The main part of a Research Report or Short Communication should start with a brief introduction, which outlines the historical or logical origins of the study and clearly states the aim of the study and/or hypothesis to be tested, without repeating the Abstract or summarising the results.

5.4 Materials and Methods
The Materials and Methods section should provide a sufficiently detailed description of the methods to allow another researcher to repeat your work. Important methodological aspects of your work, such as generation of mutant animals or the method of sample preparation, should be described, even if such descriptions can also be found in prior publications.

5.4.1 Ethical standards
Studies using human or animal subjects should include an explicit statement identifying the Institution or Review Committee which approved the study, and preferably providing the permit number given. Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt whether appropriate procedures were followed.

(i) Studies involving human subjects
When human subjects are used, manuscripts must be accompanied by a statement that the experiments were undertaken with the understanding and written consent of each subject, and that the study conforms with World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki published on the website of the Journal of American Medical Association. In addition, the name of the institutional review board (or appropriate review committee) that approved the study should be given and their approval should be explicitly stated.

(ii) Studies involving experimental animals

When experimental animals are used, specify the species, strain, sex, age, supplier, and numbers of animals used in total and for individual experimental conditions. The species should be identified in the Title or Abstract. If genetically modified mice were used, the Standards for the publication of mouse mutant studies (see Crusio et al., Genes, Brain and Behavior (2009) 8:1–4) should be followed. Please provide detailed and full strain and sub-strain information and use the correct nomenclature.

The Materials and Methods section must briefly but explicitly state measures which were taken to minimize pain or discomfort, e.g. type and dose of anesthetic used and peri-operative care, and how the number of animals used was minimized. Experiments should be carried out in accordance with the Council Directive 2010/63EU of the European Parliament and the Council of 22 September 2010 on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes or with the Guidelines laid down by the NIH in the US regarding the care and use of animals for experimental procedures. In addition, the name of the Animal Use and Care Committee or Institution that approved the study should also be given and their approval should be explicitly stated. Work using animals that does not conform to these standards would not be repeatable in Europe or the USA and so falls outside of the scope of the journal.

EJN is a signatory of the Animal Research: Reporting In Vivo Experiments (ARRIVE) guidelines, supported by the NC3Rs ( A convenient checklist can be obtained here. We strongly recommend that authors adhere to these guidelines and use the checklist (which should be uploaded as a supplementary file).

5.4.2 Suppliers
Suppliers of materials should be named and, with the exception of well-known suppliers, such as Sigma, Kodak and Zeiss, their location (city, state, country) included.

5.4.3 Reagents
The origin and specificity of reagents, notably antibodies, oligonucleotides, cDNA constructs, need to be documented, including the nucleic acid sequence or peptide sequence used. Nucleic acid probes should be fully sequenced when applicable. Control experiments that were conducted to ensure the specificity of the method (immunohistochemistry, immunoprecipitation, western blotting, in situ hybridization) should be described, along with key references to previous work with this reagent. For antibodies, this documentation must include a precise description of the antigen, the nature of the antibody (species, purification), the supplier, catalogue number, and specificity tests performed (e.g., western blot, immunoprecipitation, validation with knockout tissue, etc). For reports involving immunohistochemical methods, please consult the criteria and recommendations discussed in Fritschy JM (2008) EJN 28:2365-2370.

5.4.4 Microscopy
Information necessary to evaluate the resolution of images from microscopy (type of microscope, numerical aperture of the lens) must be provided. Microscopic images must include calibration bars (statements about original magnification are insufficient, as final published images can be any size). For confocal laser scanning microscopy, the voxel size and the number of confocal planes included in an image must be indicated. For quantification of digital parameters (signal intensity, size or number of objects), detailed information about the procedure, notably criteria for threshold determination, normalization, and calibration (if applicable) should be provided. The counting of cells etc. should be performed by unbiased stereological methods.

5.4.5 Gels and blots
Gels and blots should be presented with molecular weights noted. Cropping of images for the purposes of clarity and conciseness is acceptable, but at least several band-widths should be kept above and below the cropped band and all important bands must be shown. Merging images from different experiments is not acceptable. If splicing of data from a single experiment is necessary to reorder the samples, this should be clearly indicated on the figure and in the figure caption. The method of normalization of results must be explicitly stated in the figure captions.

5.4.6 Handling of image data
EJN follows the guidelines set by the Rockefeller University Press and endorsed by the Council of Science Editors

  • No specific feature within an image may be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or introduced.
  • Adjustments of brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable if they are applied to the whole image and as long as they do not obscure, eliminate, or misrepresent any information present in the original. Every pixel should be treated in exactly the same way.
  • The grouping of images from different parts of the same gel, or from different gels, fields, or exposures must be made explicit by the arrangement of the figure (e.g., using dividing lines) and in the text of the figure caption.
  • If the original data cannot be produced by an author when asked to provide it, the acceptance of the manuscript may be revoked.

5.4.7 Statistical methods
A complete description of statistical methods is required. The recommendations described in the EJN Editorial on Reporting Statistical Methods and Results (EJN 2008, 28, 2363-2364) are a component of these Author Guidelines and should be followed in detail.

5.5 Results and Statistical Analyses
The observations should be presented with minimal reference to earlier literature or to possible interpretations. The main statistical results should be reported in the Results section. The description of the statistical results should include the proper statistical term (such as the F statistic) as well as the degrees of freedom and the precise value of P. The description of statistical results in the figure captions should be limited to important post hoc comparisons. The recommendations described in the EJN Editorial on Reporting Statistical Methods and Results should be followed in detail. These recommendations are summarized in a convenient checklist that can be downloaded here.

Please note that EJN now discourages the use of bar charts. Where possible, we recommend that authors use the more informative boxplots or scatterplots instead. Please see our editorial on Graphical Representation of Statistical Analyses for further details.

5.6 Discussion
The Discussion should begin by summarizing the major findings, while avoiding repetition of statements provided in the Abstract or the Results section. For clarity, the use of subheadings is recommended.

5.7 Acknowledgements
A short statement about grant and other financial support should be given, along with a list of contributions from collaborators who are not co-authors (it is implicit that they agree with this mention).

All sources of funding should be declared in the Acknowledgements. If a private/commercial sponsor supported the research, authors are advised to describe the role of the study sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the paper for publication. If the funding source had no such involvement, this should be stated.

5.8 Competing Interests
EJN requires that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise, which might be perceived as influencing an author's objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication in this journal. The absence of conflicts of interest should also be stated. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure this policy is adhered to.

5.9 Author Contributions
The contribution of each author should be listed.

5.10. Data Accessibility
All manuscripts which report primary data should include a Data Accessibility section which states where the article's supporting data and materials can be accessed. If Authors choose not to archive their data and materials, they must explicitly state this in the Data Accessibility section and explain why the information will not be made publicly available.

5.10.1 Data and materials policy
EJN expects that data supporting the results in the paper will be archived in an appropriate public repository. As a minimum, sufficient data should be deposited so that the results of your article are fully reproducible. Whenever possible the statistical tools, protocols, software etc . used to generate the analyses presented in the paper should also be publicly archived (and the accession codes provided in the Methods section of the manuscripts). The journal also expects authors to supply any supporting materials such as stimuli, computer code, or simulations necessary to allow readers to reproduce the methodology in the published article, unless this is precluded by copyright. This may be in any form(s) the authors feel is most accessible for use, including programming code, SAS commands, R functions and packages, etc.

Wiley have partnered with Figshare in order to facilitate the data archiving process. Submitting authors may upload their data and code as "Data Files" in the online submission system. These files will then be made available for peer review. Upon acceptance of an article, the Data File(s) will be deposited to Figshare on the Author’s behalf with a CC-Zero license (no rights reserved) applied by default. The data will be assigned a single DOI and will be automatically and permanently associated with the HTML version of the manuscript.

5.10.2 Data citation policy

When citing or making claims based on data, please refer to the data in the text and provide a formal citation in the reference list. We recommend the format proposed by the Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles: Authors; Year; Dataset title; Data repository or archive; Version (if any); Persistent identifier (e.g. DOI).

5.11 Abbreviations
Abbreviations should be kept to a minimum as they save relatively little space but often diminish the readability of a manuscript. In general, abbreviations should not appear in the Title or Abstract. The word/phrase to be abbreviated must be written out in full when first used, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. A list of all abbreviations used in the text and their meanings must be provided (in alphabetical order).

5.12 References
Citations in the text should be given in parenthesis, e.g. (Blanc & White, 1985; Weiss et al., 1986), except when the author’s name is part of a sentence, e.g. “White (1985) reported that … “. Where there are two authors, both should be named, but with three or more, only the first author’s name plus ‘et al´ should be given. Note that when more than one paper refers to the same first author in the same year, a, b, c suffixes must be used in the text and reference list, written as (Weiss et al., 1986a; White, 1986c).

5.12.1 Reference list
The use of a tool such as EndNote, Reference Manager, or Bookends is recommended for reference management and formatting. EndNote reference styles can be searched for at, and Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for at Note that some reference managing software includes unnecessary details about the journal, so please proof-read the list.

The reference list should be in alphabetical order according to the name of the first author, and then chronologically where several papers by the same author are cited. All authors should be included in each reference listed; these should not be abbreviated to et al. Only published and ‘In Press’ (i.e. accepted for publication in a specific journal or book), material should be included in the reference list. No numbering or tabs should be included before each list entry. Please consult recent EJN articles to ensure that you have formatted the list correctly.

(i) Journal Articles
The titles of journals should be abbreviated in accordance with the World List of Scientific Periodicals, 4th edition. Single-word titles, e.g. Psychoneuroendocrinology, should not be abbreviated. They should be formatted as follows:

Lancaster, B. & Boxall, A. R. (1998) Tyrosine kinases and synaptic transmission. Eur. J. Neurosci., 10, 2-7.
(Note the emboldening of the Volume number.)

(ii) Books and Symposia
Books should be listed as follows:

Katz, D.I. (1997) Traumatic brain injury. In Mills, V.M., Cassidy, J.W. & Katz, D.I. (eds), Neurologic Rehabilitation. A Guide to Diagnosis, Prognosis and Treatment Planning. Blackwell Science, Oxford, pp. 105-143.

Symposia contributions should take a similar format to books, including the place and date of the meeting, the name and location of the organiser/publisher, both overall and contribution titles, all authors and Editors names, and page number(s). For example:

Fuss, S.H., Çelik, A. & Korsching, S.I. (2001) Levels of olfactory information processing in the zebrafish olfactory bulb. In Elsner, N. & Kreuzberg, G.W. (eds), Göttingen Neurobiology Report 2001. Proceedings of the 4th Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society 2001, Vol. II, 28th Göttingen Neurobiology Conference. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart, p. 474.

5.13 Tables
Tables must be supplied as editable text and not as embedded figures/objects (except for original submissions, where it is possible to submit a single PDF file). Tables should be numbered, have a bold title and appear in the text following the references. Each column should have a heading.

5.14 Figure Captions

Figure captions should be listed as part of the main manuscript text file, at the end of the document. They should explain each figure as fully as possible. The reader should rarely be referred to the text, except where it is necessary in order to avoid repetition. Where a figure contains 5 abbreviations or fewer, they should all be explained in the caption. For figures with larger numbers of abbreviations, the authors should include these in the abbreviations list (see abbreviation section). Scale bars are required for all photographs. The main statistical findings should be described in the Result section, but the captions may describe the results of important post-hoc comparisons (usually also symbolized in graphs depicting data).

5.15 Figures
All figures should be uploaded separately and must be labelled with a figure number (except for initial submissions, where it is possible to submit a single PDF file). Before uploading figure files, all white/blank spaces around the figure should be cropped out. To ensure accurate conversion of characters, standard fonts such as Times, Times New Roman, Ariel or Helvetica should be used for preparing the text and figures. Symbol font should be used to convert Greek characters and other non-standard characters, such as the degree symbol.

For production, figures need to be of a high resolution and saved as .tiff files (300 d.p.i. for colour/half tone and 800 d.p.i. for line work (black line art, white background), or saved as .eps .doc or .docx files. Photoshop or IrfanView (free to download on the Web) may be used to produce high resolution figures. In their final size, figures need to fit the width of a single column of text, (88 mm) or, if necessary, the full page width (184 mm). The final size of the printed figure cannot exceed 230 x 184 mm including captions. Lettering should be no less than 2 mm in height in the final printed figure, should be in proportion to the overall dimensions of the figure and be consistent between figures. Where several figures are mounted together they should be squared accurately and separated by about 5 mm. All of the figures in such a group should have approximately the same contrast values.

Avoid bar or line graphs with only two data points, such results should be described in the text only. We encourage the use of scatter plots in preference to bar charts to enable the reader to get a more accurate representation of the data.

There is no limit to the number of figures allowed for Research Reports, but authors should make sure that each figure is relevant to the text and that the figures are presented and numbered in the order in which they are mentioned in the text. When there are large numbers of figures, layout problems are less likely to occur if the figures are of similar shapes and sizes. The submitted files should not exceed a total of 250MB. If you have difficulty uploading large files, please contact the editorial office at for assistance.

Please refer to for general guidelines on preparing electronic artwork.

5.15.1 Colour figures
Authors can elect to have colour illustrations in the online version of their published manuscript, while having them reproduced in black-and-white in the printed version, free of charge. In this case, both colour and black-and-white versions of the figure should be uploaded and the figure caption should not refer to colour as it will be used for both the print and online versions.

If authors elect to have colour figures published in the printed journal, the cost per figure is 400 GBP plus VAT. These charges are waived for all Review articles, and on request for authors from former Eastern Bloc countries publishing Research Reports or Short Communications.

Following acceptance, a signed copy of the completed Color Work Agreement Form must be sent to Customer Services before colour figures can be processed.

5.15.2 Permissions
Permission must be obtained from the copyright-holder for the use of previously published illustrations. Authors are free to re-use their own figures that appear in another Wiley publication, as long as the original publication is properly cited. Please address permissions queries to

5.16 Graphical Abstracts
Graphical abstracts are aimed at promoting articles. They appear in the online tables of contents for issues of EJN and in the list of Early View articles.

For all Revised and Resubmitted manuscripts, please upload the following files as part of the submission process:

  • a Word document file with the file designation "Graphical Abstract Text". This should consist of 2-3 sentences (maximum 500 characters, including spaces) highlighting the major findings of the article and their impact for the neurosciences.
  • a figure file with the file designation "Graphical Abstract Figure". This figure should be representative of your manuscript and should contain no caption, heading or outline. Labels on the figure may be removed when appropriate. The figure needs to be of a high resolution and saved as a .tiff file (300 d.p.i. for colour/half tone and 800 d.p.i. for line work), or saved as a .eps .doc or .docx file. Before uploading the file, all white/blank spaces around the figure should be cropped out.

5.17 Supporting Information
The use of supporting information should be limited to non-essential items, such as documentation of experiments controlling the specificity of reagents, etc. Authors need to justify in the cover letter the need for supporting information in their manuscript.

Supporting information will not be published in the print edition of the journal but will be included in the online edition. Supporting information has to be submitted for review purposes and should appear at the end of the manuscript, following the figures.

Supporting information will be published as submitted and will not be copyedited, thus authors should make sure the data is clearly presented and that it conforms to the style of the rest of the paper. All supporting information, including supplementary figures and captions, should be merged and uploaded as a separate single PDF file, except video or audio files which should be uploaded separately with the file designation “Media files”.

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6. Online Submission

Authors should submit their manuscripts online at

EJN does not have submission fees or page charges. However, if authors wish to include colour figures in the printed issue then colour-printing costs will be charged.

During the submission process the following must be provided:

  • The names, valid email addresses and institutions of all of the authors included in the paper
  • The name of the most appropriate journal section and Section Editor should be selected from the list provided. To view the list of Section Editors with their areas of expertise and journal sections, please refer to
  • All manuscripts files:
    • Main text, including Title page, Acknowledgements, Abbreviations, Competing Interests, Data Accessibility statement and Figure Captions
    • Tables and figures
    • For original submissions ONLY, you may submit a single PDF files containing the main text document, tables and figures (see above for details)
    • If the manuscript is a revision, resubmission or NPRC submission, please upload a point-by-point response letter describing the changes you have made in the text. Please upload this response letter as a separate Word or PDF file, using the file designation "Authors' Responses to Reviewers".
  • If the manuscript is a resubmission, you will need to provide the original manuscript ID number.
    Cover illustrations
    If you have any colour illustrations, either appearing in your paper or relating to it, that would make good images for the front cover, please upload them as high resolution JPG or TIFF files during the file upload step of the submission process, with the file designation "Cover Image Suggestion".

Cover illustrations
If you have any colour illustrations, either appearing in your paper or relating to it, that would make good images for the front cover, please upload them as high resolution JPG or TIFF files during the file upload step of the submission process, with the file designation "Cover Image Suggestion".

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7. Publication

7.1. License Agreements
7.1.1. Authors funded by NIH
7.1.2. Authors funded by the Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK (RCUK)
7.1.3. Other funder policies
7.1.4. OnlineOpen

7.2. Self Archiving
7.3. Accepted Articles
7.4. Early View Articles
7.5. Offprints

When a manuscript is accepted, authors will be advised that their accepted manuscript has been electronically sent from the Editorial Office to the Production Editors. The Production Editor can be contacted at If colour figures are required in the print version, authors will be notified to send a completed and signed copy of the Color Work Agreement Form to Customer Services before their accepted manuscript will be processed for publication. At this stage, it is necessary to send evidence of permission to use any previously published material.

7.1 License Agreements
EJN is a hybrid journal, so authors can opt to publish their accepted manuscripts as open access papers (OnlineOpen). Upon acceptance of a manuscript, the corresponding author will be prompted to log into Author Services where, via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS), they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. If the OnlineOpen option is not selected then the corresponding author should sign the copyright transfer agreement (CTA).

7.1.1 Authors funded by NIH
The NIH mandates grantees to deposit their peer-reviewed author manuscripts in PubMed Central, to be made publicly available within 12 months publication. In order to help authors comply with the NIH mandate, the publisher will post the accepted version of the manuscript (i.e. prior to the publisher's copyediting and formatting processes) of NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central at the point of acceptance by the journal. This version will then be made publicly available in PubMed Central 12 months after publication. Following the deposit authors will receive further communications from the NIH with respect to the submission. For further information, see

Alternatively, if authors wish to make their FINAL published article available, without a 12 month embargo, they can choose to publish via the OnlineOpen service. See below for further details.

7.1.2 Authors funded by the Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)
If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by certain funders [e.g. The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)] you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license, supporting you in complying with your funder requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal's compliant self-archiving policy, please visit

7.1.3 Other funder policies
For information for Howard Hughes Medical Institute grantees and other funder policies, please visit

7.1.4 OnlineOpen
OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article open access. With OnlineOpen the author, their funding agency, or institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in PubMed Central and its mirror sites. OnlineOpen also enables authors to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository, or other free public server, immediately on publication. For full details please see

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

  • Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC)
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License (CC BY-NC-ND)

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit

Government employees in both the US and the UK need to complete the Author Warranty sections, although copyright in such cases does not need to be assigned. After submission of the form, authors will retain the right to publish their paper in various media/circumstances. Please see the form for further details and email any queries to

7.2 Self Archiving
Authors are permitted to deposit the accepted version of their article (i.e. pre-copy editing and formatting by the production editors) in personal, subject, or institutional repositories 12 months after publication. In addition, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository or other free public server, immediately on publication.

7.3 Accepted Articles
'Accepted Articles' have been accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but have not been through the copyediting, typesetting, pagination and proofreading process. Accepted Articles are published online a few days after final acceptance and appear in PDF format only. The articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows them to be cited and tracked, and are indexed by PubMed. Therefore the submitting author must carefully check the names and affiliations of all authors provided in the cover page of the manuscript, as it will not be possible to alter these once a paper is made available online in Accepted Article format.

7.4 Early View Articles
EJN articles are published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue through the Early View service. Early View articles have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. 

7.5 Offprints
Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available via Author Services only. Please therefore sign up for Author Services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers.


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