European Journal of Neuroscience

Cover image for Vol. 45 Issue 1

Edited By: John Foxe and Paul Bolam

Impact Factor: 2.975

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 114/256 (Neurosciences)

Online ISSN: 1460-9568

Featured Articles

All Featured Articles, Commentaries on Featured Articles, and Technical Spotlights are available free online.

Featured Articles and Commentaries

Jump to: 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010


Parallel pathways from motor and somatosensory cortex for controlling whisker movements in mice
Varun Sreenivasan, Kajari Karmakar, Filippo M. Rijli and Carl C. H. Petersen

Monosynaptic retrograde tracing starts to close the gaps in our understanding of complex premotor networks (Commentary on Sreenivasan et al.)
Cornelius Schwarz

Differentiating neural systems mediating the acquisition vs. expression of goal-directed and habitual behavioral control
Mimi Liljeholm, Simon Dunne and John P. O'Doherty

Walking bundles of habits (and response–outcome associations) (Commentary on Liljeholm et al.)
Aaron M. Bornstein, Amitai Shenhav and Kevin J. Miller

The classic P300 encodes a build-to-threshold decision variable
Deirdre M. Twomey, Peter R. Murphy, Simon P. Kelly and Redmond G. O'Connell

The P300 as a build-to-threshold variable (Commentary on Twomey et al.)
Christopher Summerfield and Hannah Tickle

Neural underpinnings of the ‘agent brain’: new evidence from transcranial direct current stimulation
Annachiara Cavazzana, Barbara Penolazzi, Chiara Begliomini and Patrizia Silvia Bisiacchi

Modulation of the pre-supplementary motor area reduces the sense of agency (Commentary on Cavazzana et al.)
Amir-Homayoun Javadi

Imaging learned fear circuitry in awake mice using fMRI
Anjanette P. Harris, Ross J. Lennen, Ian Marshall, Maurits A. Jansen, Cyril R. Pernet, Nichola M. Brydges, Ian C. Duguid and Megan C. Holmes

A new day for an old emotion: studying fear learning using awake mouse functional magnetic resonance imaging (Commentary on Harris et al.)
Marcelo Febo

Sex-dependent modulation of age-related cognitive decline by the L-type calcium channel gene Cacna1c (Cav1.2)
Panos Zanos, Shambhu Bhat, Chantelle E. Terrillion, Robert J. Smith, Leonardo H. Tonelli and Todd D. Gould

Looking for answers to L-type calcium channels in the ageing brain (Commentary on Zanos et al.)
Juliane Proft andNorbert Weiss

Functional properties of spontaneous excitatory currents and encoding of light/dark transitions in horizontal cells of the mouse retina
Andreas Feigenspan and Norbert Babai

Horizontal slices of mouse retina expose horizontal cells and their properties (Commentary on Feigenspan & Babai)
Wallace B. Thoreson


Rapid dopamine transmission within the nucleus accumbens: Dramatic difference between morphine and oxycodone delivery
Caitlin M. Vander Weele, Kirsten A. Porter-Stransky, Omar S. Mabrouk, Vedran Lovic, Bryan F. Singer, Robert T. Kennedy, and Brandon J. Aragona

Pick your poison: not all opioids are created equal in the eyes of dopamine (Commentary on Vander Weele et al.)
Dan P. Covey and Joseph F. Cheer

Top-down inputs from the olfactory cortex in the postprandial period promote elimination of granule cells in the olfactory bulb
Sayaka Komano-Inoue, Hiroyuki Manabe, Mizuho Ota, Ikue Kusumoto-Yoshida, Takeshi K. Yokoyama, Kensaku Mori and Masahiro Yamaguchi

‘Top-down’ modulation of interneuron survival in the olfactory bulb (Commentary on Komano-Inoue et al.)
Kurt A. Sailor and Pierre-Marie Lledo

Differential contributions of intra-cellular and inter-cellular mechanisms to the spatial and temporal architecture of the suprachiasmatic nucleus circadian circuitry in wild-type, cryptochrome-null and vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor 2-null mutant mice
Scott. Pauls, Nicholas. C. Foley, Duncan. K. Foley, Jospeh. LeSauter, Michael. H. Hastings, Elizabeth. S. Maywood and Rae. Silver

Identifying spatial and temporal organization in the circadian clock (Commentary on Pauls et al.)

Human cellular differences in cAMP – CREB signaling correlate with light-dependent melatonin suppression and bipolar disorder
Ludmila Gaspar, Maan van de Werken, Anne-Sophie Johansson, Ermanno Moriggi, Björn Owe-Larsson, Janwillem W. H. Kocks, Gabriella B. Lundkvist, Marijke C. M. Gordijn and Steven A. Brown

CREB signalling in bipolar disease (Commentary on Gaspar et al.)
Aarti Jagannath and Russell G. Foster

Diverse subthreshold cross-modal sensory interactions in the thalamic reticular nucleus: implications for new pathways of cross-modal attentional gating function
Akihisa Kimura
A search for the searchlight – crossmodal interactions in the reticular thalamic nucleus (Commentary on Kimura) László Acsády

Fluorescence-activated sorting of fixed nuclei: a general method for studying nuclei from specific cell populations that preserves post-translational modifications
Lucile Marion-Poll, Enrica Montalban, Annie Munier, Denis Hervé and Jean-Antoine Girault
Step-by-Step Protocol Lucile Marion-Poll, Enrica Montalban, Annie Munier, Denis Hervé and Jean-Antoine Girault

Vesicular glutamate transporter 2 is required for the respiratory and parasympathetic activation produced by optogenetic stimulation of catecholaminergic neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla of mice in vivo
Stephen B. G. Abbott, Benjamin B. Holloway, Kenneth E. Viar and Patrice G. Guyenet
C1 Neurons in the RVLM: are they catecholaminergic in name only? (Commentary on Abbott et al.) David Mendelowitz


Blocking brain-derived neurotrophic factor inhibits injury-induced hyperexcitability of hippocampal CA3 neurons
Raminder Gill, Philip K.-Y. Chang, George A. Prenosil, Emily C. Deane and Rebecca A. McKinney
Cutting through the complexity: the role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in post-traumatic epilepsy (Commentary on Gill et al.) Helen E. Scharfman

Paradoxical increase in survival of newborn neurons in the dentate gyrus of mice with constitutive depletion of serotonin
Silvina L. Diaz, Nicolas Narboux-Nême, Sara Trowbridge, Sophie Scotto-Lomassese, Felix B. Kleine Borgmann, Sebastian Jessberger, Bruno Giros, Luc Maroteaux, Evan Deneris and Patricia Gaspar
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis in the absence of serotonin (Commentary on Diaz et al.) Bernhard Luscher and Thomas Fuchs

Atypical cortical representation of peripheral visual space in children with an autism spectrum disorder
Hans-Peter Frey, Sophie Molholm, Edmund C. Lalor, Natalie N. Russo and John J. Foxe
Visual cortex processing in autism spectrum disorders (Commentary on Frey et al.) Christopher S. Monk

Motor cortex plasticity induced by theta burst stimulation is impaired in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea
George M. Opie, Peter G. Catcheside, Zafar A. Usmani, Michael C. Ridding and John G. Semmler
Aberrant cortical neuroplasticity in the OSA patient (Commentary on Opie et al.) James T. McKenna, Bernat Kocsis and Robert W. McCarl

Napping to renew learning capacity: enhanced encoding after stimulation of sleep slow oscillationsNapping to renew learning capacity: enhanced encoding after stimulation of sleep slow oscillations
Daria Antonenko, Susanne Diekelmann, Cathrin Olsen, Jan Born and Matthias Mölle
Engineering sleep to discover the function of slow wave activity (Commentary on Antonenko et al.) Erin J. Wamsley

Separate amygdala subregions signal surprise and predictiveness during associative fear learning in humans
Sabrina Boll, Matthias Gamer, Sebastian Gluth, Jürgen Finsterbusch, Christian Büchel

Adolescent gain in positive valence of a socially relevant stimulus: engagement of the mesocorticolimbic reward circuitry
Margaret R. Bell, Kayla C. De Lorme, Rayson J. Figueira, Deborah A. Kashy and Cheryl L. Sisk
Puberty and shifting values (Commentary on Bell et al.) Jill B. Becker

Neuronal responses to face-like stimuli in the monkey pulvinar
Minh Nui Nguyen, Etsuro Hori, Jumpei Matsumoto, Anh Hai Tran, Taketoshi Ono and Hisao Nishijo
A role for the pulvinar in social cognition (Commentary on Nui et al.) Yuri B. Saalmann and Sabine Kastner


Chemotherapy disrupts learning, neurogenesis and theta activity in the adult brain
Miriam S. Nokia, Megan L. Anderson, Tracey J. Shors
Chemotherapy modulates specific aspects of cognition parallel to neurogenesis (Commentary on Nokia et al.) P. J. Lucassen

Syntaxin 1 is required for DCC/Netrin-1-dependent chemoattraction of migrating neurons from the lower rhombic lip
Tiziana Cotrufo, Rosa María Andrés, Oriol Ros, Francesc Pérez-Brangulí, Ashraf Muhaisen, Giulia Fuschini, Ramón Martínez, Marta Pascual, Joan X. Comella, Eduardo Soriano
Putting flesh on the bones: DCC combines membrane insertion with cytoskeletal reorganization to promote chemoattraction (Commentary on Cotrufo et al.) Katherine E. Horn, Timothy E. Kennedy

Alpha2-adrenergic receptor activation regulates cortical interneuron migration
Orbicia Riccio, Nicolas Hurni, Sahana Murthy, Laszlo Vutskits, Lutz Hein, Alexandre Dayer
Noradrenergic receptor activation alters the migration and distribution of interneurons in the developing neocortex (Commentary on Riccio et al.) William D. Andrews, John G. Parnavelas

Antidepressants are neuroprotective against nutrient deprivation stress in rat hippocampal neurons
David Yang, Michael Chen and Amelia Russo-Neustadt
Antidepressants activate survival-promoting pathways in hippocampal neurons despite nutrient deprivation stress (Commentary on Yang et al.)
Smita Thakker-Varia

Insulin in the ventral tegmental area reduces hedonic feeding and suppresses dopamine concentration via increased reuptake
Dmitry. M. Mebel, Jovi. C. Y. Wong, Yifei. J. Dong and Stephanie. L. Borgland
Food for thought: attenuation of dopamine signaling by insulin (Commentary on Mebel et al.)
Garret D. Stuber

Novel biochemical manipulation of brain serotonin reveals a role of serotonin in the circadian rhythm of sleep/wake cycles
Eiko Nakamaru-Ogiso, Hiroyuki Miyamoto, Kozo Hamada, Koji Tsukada, Katsuji Takai
Serotonin and sleep: Breaking the cycle (Commentary on Nakamaru-Ogiso et al.)
Ketema N. Paul

The unfolded protein response in models of human mutant G93A amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
T. Prell, J. Lautenschläger, O.W. Witte, M.T. Carri & J. Grosskreut
Endoplasmic reticulum stress plays an important role in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Commentary on Prell et al.)
Ludo Van Den Bosch

Increased stress reactivity is associated with reduced hippocampal activity and neuronal integrity along with changes in energy metabolism
Alana Knapman, Sebastian F. Waltwasser, Daniel Martins-de-Souza, Florian Holsboer, Rainer Landgraf, Christoph W. Turch, Michael Czisch & Chadi Toumans
Linking cerebral metabolic function to stress vulnerability (Commentary on Knapman et al.)
James P. Herman, Diana Lindquist & Richard A. Komoroski

Projections and interconnections of genetically defined serotonin neurons in mice
Sun Jung Bang, Patricia Jensen, Susan M. Dymecki and Kathryn G. Commons
Dissecting the projections of different groups of raphe serotonergic neurons (Commentary on Bang et al.)
Ali Jahanshahi, Yasin Temel and Harry W. M. Steinbusch


The integrity of cholinergic basal forebrain neurons depends on expression of Nkx2-1
Lorenza Magno, Oliver Kretz, Bettina Bert, Sara Ersözlü, Johannes Vogt, Heidrun Fink, Shioko Kimura, Angelika Vogt, Hannah Monyer, Robert Nitsch and Thomas Naumann
A postnatal function for Nkx2-1 basal forebrain integrity (Commentary on Magno et al.)
Oscar Marín

Combined delivery of Nogo-A antibody, neurotrophin-3 and the NMDA-NR2d subunit establishes a functional ‘detour’ in the hemisected spinal cord
Lisa Schnell, Arsen S. Hunanyan, William J. Bowers, Philip J. Horner, Howard J. Federoff, Miriam Gullo, Martin E. Schwab, Lorne M. Mendell & Victor L. Arvanian
Spinal cord injury: taking a detour to recovery (Commentary on Schnell et al.)
Jacqueline C. Bresnahan & Michael S. Beattie

The neural network of phantom sound changes over time: a comparison between recent-onset and chronic tinnitus patients
Sven Vanneste, Paul van de Heyning and Dirk De Ridder
Tinnitus: where is the source (Commentary on Vanneste et al.)
Rodolfo Llinas

The diffusional properties of dendrites depend on the density of dendritic spines
Fidel Santamaria, Stefan Wils, Erik De Schutter and George J. Augustine
Anomalous diffusion imposed by dendritic spines (Commentary on Santamaria et al.)
Chris I. De Zeeuw and Tycho M. Hoogland

Spatiotemporal specificity of GABAA receptor-mediated regulation of adult hippocampal neurogenesis
Venceslas Duveau, Simon Laustela, Lydia Barth et al.
Adult-born neuron development is controlled by GABAA receptor subtypes (Commentary on Duveau et al.)
Angelique Bordey

Novel α1 and γ2 GABAA receptor subunit mutations in families with idiopathic generalized epilepsy
Pamela Lachance-Touchette et al.
GABAA receptor mutations in epilepsy (Commentary on Lachance-Touchette et al.)
Christopher A. Reid and Dimitri M. Kullmann

Differentiable contributions of human amygdalar subregions in the computations underlying reward and avoidance learning
Charlotte Prévost, Jonathan A. McCabe, Ryan K. Jessup, Peter Bossaerts, John P. O’Doherty
Cracking the almond (Commentary on Prévost et al.)
Kevin S. LaBar

Neural correlates of Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer in the nucleus accumbens shell are selectively potentiated following cocaine self-administration
Michael P. Saddoris, Alice Stamatakis and Regina M. Carelli
Neuronal correlates of normal and drug-potentiated Pavlovian–instrumental transfer (Commentary on Saddoris et al.)
Kyle S. Smith

Reduction in hippocampal neurogenesis after social defeat is long-lasting and responsive to late antidepressant treatment
P. Van Bokhoven, C. A. Oomen, W. J. G. Hoogendijk, A. B. Smit, P. J. Lucassen and S. Spijker
Extending the impact of stress on hippocampal neurogenesis (Commentary on P. Van Bokhoven et al.)
Carmen Sandi

Obesity-dependent cannabinoid modulation of proliferation in adult neurogenic regions
Patricia Rivera et al.
New fat and new neurons: endocannabinoids control neurogenesis in obesity (Commentary on Patricia Rivera et al.)
Daniela Cota and Giovanni Marsicano

Loss of striatal cannabinoid CB1 receptor function in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder mice with point-mutation of the dopamine transporter
Maura Castell et al.
The endocannabinoid system misfires in ADHD mice (Commentary on Castelli et al.)
Enrico Bracci

Cbln family proteins promote synapse formation by regulating distinct neurexin signaling pathways in various brain regions
Keiko Matsuda and Michisuke Yuzaki
Cerebellins meet neurexins (Commentary on Matsuda and Yuzuki)
David C. Martinelli and Thomas C. Südhof

Technology, expertise and social cognition in human evolution
Dietrich Stout, Richard Passingham, Christopher Frith, Jan Apel and Thierry Chaminade
Tools from the past in the modern brain
(Commentary on Stout et al.)
Antonia Hamilton

Cone arrestin confers cone vision of high temporal resolution in zebrafish larvae
Sabine L. Renninger, Matthias Gesemann and Stephan C. F. Neuhauss
Two are better than one: Unraveling the function of cone arrestins in zebrafish(Commentary on Renninger et al.)
Cheryl Craft

Fine-tuned coupling between human parahippocampal ripples and sleep spindles
Zsófia Clemens, Matthias Mölle, Loránd Erőss, Rita Jakus, György Rásonyi, Péter Halász and Jan Born
Rhythms of sleep: orchestrating memory consolidation (Commentary on Clemens et al.)
Erin J. Wamsley

Nucleus accumbens neurons encode predicted and ongoing reward costs in rats
Jeremy J. Day, Joshua L. Jones and Regina M. Carelli
A role for accumbens neurons in exertion of effort and evaluating effort-related costs of instrumental actions (Commentary on Day et al.)
John D. Salamone

Urges for food and money spill over into motor system excitability before action is taken
Nitin Gupta and Adam R. Aron
Quantifying reward with transcranial magnetic stimulation (Commentary of Gupta and Aron)
Miguel Alonso-Alonso


Continuous and intermittent transcranial magnetic theta burst stimulation modify tactile learning performance and cortical protein expression in the rat differently
Annika Mix, Alia Benali, Ulf T. Eysel and Klaus Funke
Can we enhance training-induced plasticity by modulating inhibitory cortical circuits with transcranial stimulation? (Commentary on Mix et al.)
Hartwig R. Siebner

Retinoic acid receptor-α signalling antagonizes both intracellular and extracellular amyloid-β production and prevents neuronal cell death caused by amyloid-β
C.I. Jarvis et al.
The close link between retinoid signalling and the α-secretase ADAM10 and its potential for treating Alzheimer’s disease (Commentary on Jarvis et al.)
F. Fahrenholz

The importance of recognizing paradoxes (Commentary on Madhavan et al.)
Alvaro Pascual-Leone
A paradox: after stroke, the non-lesioned lower limb motor cortex may be maladaptive
Sangeetha Madhavan, Lynn M. Rogers and James W. Stinear

Chaperoning against neuronal vulnerability (Commentary on Zijlstra et al.)
Michael E. Cheetham
Levels of DNAJB family members (HSP40) correlate with disease onset in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 3
M. P. Zijlstra, M. A. Rujano, M. A. Van Waarde, E. Vis, E. R. Brunt and H. H. Kampinga

Diversity and specificity of glial cell responses in the thalamus (Commentary on Parri et al.)
Etienne Audinat
Sensory and cortical activation of distinct glial cell subtypes in the somatosensory thalamus of young rats
H. Rheinallt Parri, Timothy M. Gould, Vincenzo Crunelli

Breaking down fear memory (Commentary on Meins et al.)
Stephen Maren
Impaired fear extinction in mice lacking protease nexin-1
Marita Meins, Cyril Herry, Christian Müller, Stéphane Ciocchi, Eliza Moreno, Andreas Lüthi, Denis Monard

Nature over nurture (Commentary on Rolando et al.)
Constantino Sotelo
Extracerebellar progenitors grafted to the neurogenic milieu of the postnatal rat cerebellum adapt to the host environment but fail to acquire cerebellar identities
Chiara Rolando, Simona Gribaudo, Kazuaki Yoshikawa, Ketty Leto, Silvia De Marchis, Ferdinando Rossi

GABA release at terminals of CCK-interneurons: synchrony, asynchrony and modulation by cannabinoid receptors (Commentary on Ali & Todorova)
Peter Jonas, Stefan Hefft
Asynchronous release of GABA via tonic cannabinoid receptor activation at identified interneuron synapses in rat CA1
A. B. Ali, M. Todorova

Non-neuronal cells, inflammation and epilepsy (Commentary on Aronica et al.)
Paolo F. Fabene
Expression pattern of miR-146a, an inflammation-associated microRNA, in experimental and human temporal lobe epilepsy
E. Aronica, K. Fluiter, A. Iyer, E. Zurolo, J. Vreijling, E. A. van Vliet, J. C. Baayen, J. A. Gorter

Diffusion tensor imaging provides new clues in adults with ADHD (Commentary on Konrad et al.)
F. Xavier Castellanos, Zoë Hyde
Disturbed structural connectivity is related to inattention and impulsivity in adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Andreas Konrad, Thomas F. Dielentheis, Dschamil El Masri, Martin Bayerl, Christoph Fehr, Thomas Gesierich, Goran Vucurevic, Peter Stoeter, Georg Winterer

MicroRNAs contribute to LTP in the hippocampus in vivo (Commentary on Wibrand et al.)
Denise Manahan-Vaughan
Differential regulation of mature and precursor microRNA expression by NMDA and metabotropic glutamate receptor activation during LTP in the adult dentate gyrus in vivo
Karin Wibrand, Debabrata Panja, Adrian Tiron, May L. Ofte, Kai-O. Skaftnesmo, Cherin S Lee, John T.G. Pena, Thomas Tuschl, Clive R. Bramham

Treating Parkinson's disease: preserve the spines! (Commentary on Soderstrom et al.)
Erwan Bezard
Impact of dendritic spine preservation in medium spiny neurons on dopamine graft efficacy and the expression of dyskinesias in parkinsonian rats
Katherine E. Soderstrom, Jennifer A. O'Malley, Nathan D. Levine, Caryl E. Sortwell, Timothy J. Collier, Kathy Steece-Collier

Technical Spotlights

Jump to: 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | pre 2011

Technical Spotlights in 2014

A protocol for concurrent high-quality immunohistochemical and biochemical analyses in adult mouse central nervous system
Tina Notter, Patrizia Panzanelli, Sandra Pfister, Dennis Mircsof and Jean-Marc Fritschy

Technical Spotlights in 2013

Challenges of proper placebo control for non-invasive brain stimulation in clinical and experimental applications
Nick J. Davis, Edward Gold, Alvaro Pascual-Leone and R. Martyn Bracewell

Viral transduction of the neonatal brain delivers controllable genetic mosaicism for visualising and manipulating neuronal circuits in vivo
Ji-Yoen Kim, Ryan T. Ash, Carolina Ceballos-Diaz, Yona Levites, Todd E. Golde, Stelios M. Smirnakis and Joanna L. Jankowsky

Using kinematic analysis of movement to predict the time occurrence of an evoked potential associated with a motor command
Christian O'Reilly, Réjean Plamondon, Mohamed K. Landou and Brigitte Stemmer

Technical Spotlights in 2012

Localization of single-cell current sources based on extracellular potential patterns: the spike CSD method
Zoltán Somogyvári, Dorottya Cserpán, István Ulbert and Péter Érdi

Selective and regulated gene expression in murine Purkinje cells by in utero electroporation
Jun Nishiyama, Yukari Hayashi, Toshihiro Nomura, Eriko Miura, Wataru Kakegawa, Michisuke Yuzaki

Spatio-temporal control of neural activity in vivo using fluorescence microendoscopy
Yuichiro Hayashi, Yoshiaki Tagawa, Satoshi Yawata, Shigetada Nakanishi and Kazuo Funabiki

Thinking of Co2 -staining explant tissue or cultured cells? How to make it reliable and specific
Mark R. P. Aurousseau, Ingrid K. Osswald, Derek Bowie

Technical Spotlights in 2011

Computation of measures of effect size for neuroscience data sets
Hentschke and Maik C. Stüttgen

Applying independent component analysis to detect silent speech in magnetic resonance imaging signals
Kazuhiro Abe, Toshimitsu Takahashi, Yoriko Takikawa, Hajima Arai and Shigeru Kitazawa

Full reaction time distributions reveal the complexity of neural decision-making
Imran Noorani and R.H.S. Carpenter

Technical Spotlights from 2009 - 2010

Accurate spike sorting for multi-unit recordings
Takashi Takekawa, Yoshikazu Isomura, Tomoki Fukai

Neural responses to uninterrupted natural speech can be extracted with precise temporal resolution
Edmund C. Lalor, John J. Foxe

Molecular neuroimaging in rodents: assessing receptor expression and function
Thomas Mueggler, Christof Baltes, Markus Rudin

Single-particle tracking methods for the study of membrane receptors dynamics
Damien Alcor, Géraldine Gouzer, Antoine Triller

Age matters
James Edgar McCutcheon, Michela Marinelli

Maintaining network activity in submerged hippocampal slices: importance of oxygen supply
Norbert Hájos, Tommas J. Ellender, Rita Zemankovics, Edward O. Mann, Richard Exley, Stephanie J. Cragg, Tamás F. Freund, Ole Paulsen

Is my antibody-staining specific? How to deal with pitfalls of immunohistochemistry
Jean-Marc Fritschy

Pavlovian fear conditioning as a behavioral assay for hippocampus and amygdala function: cautions and caveats
Stephen Maren

European Brain Council:

Read this European Brain Council paper, published in EJN issue 24:10 (November 2006), free online:
Resource allocation to brain research in Europe (RABRE)
P. Sobocki, I. Lekander, S. Berwick, J. Olesen and B. Jönsson