© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Edited By: N S Morton
Impact Factor: 2.436
ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2012: 12/30 (Anesthesiology); 23/122 (Pediatrics)
Online ISSN: 1460-9592
PEDIATRIC ANESTHESIA AUTHOR GUIDELINES 2013
Pediatric Anesthesia is an international journal for those active in research, teaching and practice in a wide selection of medical disciplines in all areas relevant to anesthesia and intensive care in new-borns, infants and children.
Priority is given to high-quality original research that advances knowledge, safety, organisation or methodology applicable to other settings and countries. We would particularly like to encourage the reporting of randomised controlled trials.
We will support our authors by posting the accepted version of articles by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance by the journal. Authors must ensure that manuscripts are clearly indicated as NIH-funded using the guidelines below.
NEW FOR 2013: We are now accepting articles with audio and video files as part of our History of Pediatric Anesthesia Timeline series. The published article will link to the corresponding video/audio file hosted on YouTube or iTunes. See our special feature page and submission policy below for more details.
The journal takes publication ethics very seriously and its ethical policies are outlined in the separate document, Ethics Policy of Pediatric Anesthesia. These guidelines are based on the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines and must be followed in full.
Consent for publication
If individuals might be identified from a publication (e.g. from images) authors must obtain explicit informed consent from the individual. Please do not confuse this with consent for the procedure. Consent is required for studies involving human subjects ‒ ALL case reports, letters that describe cases and some original articles. Cohort studies are exempt; instead you must provide evidence of IRB approval (name of IRB, date of approval and approval code/reference number).
Audio/Video content: Authors are required to obtain the prior written consent of any other persons that are visible in the Video, or parental consent for any minor visible in the video, to use their image in the video clip.
In addition the author must complete an online broadcast release form available here: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/store/10.1111/(ISSN)1460-9592/asset/homepages/Online_Video_Broadcast_Release_Form_Pediatric_Anesthesia.pdf?v=1&s=b47671d9564fbabcecbc8cf9567b7b8bcc6ae574
The editorial office scrutinises submitted papers for evidence of plagiarism and falsified data using CrossCheck iThenticate® software. If authors wish to screen their submissions for plagiarism before submission, the following sites offering a free service: Article checker (www.articlechecker.com ); CrossCheck (www.ithenticate.com/ ); CrossRefMe (www.crossrefme.com ); Doc Cop (www.doccop.com ); Dupli Checker (www.duplichecker.com ); Plagiarisma (www.plagiarisma.net ); Plagiarism Checker (www.searchenginereports.net/articlecheck.aspx ); and The Plagiarism Checker (www.Dustball.com/cs/plagiarism.checker ). There is now no requirement to submit the results of plagiarsm self-checking to the editorial office.
Disclosures/conflicts of interest
Authors are required to disclose competing interests. A competing interest exists when a primary interest (such as patients’ welfare or the validity of research) might be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain or personal rivalry).
All sources of funding must be disclosed in the Acknowledgments section of the paper. List governmental, industrial, charitable, philanthropic and/or personal sources of funding used for the studies described in the manuscript. Attribution of these funding sources is preferred. If in doubt – disclose. For further details, please refer to the Conflict of interest.
For papers where there are no competing interests, include the statement ‘Conflicts of interest: No conflicts of interest declared.’
For research where no source of funding is declared, include the statement ‘This research was carried out without funding.’
All papers published in Pediatric Anesthesia are subject to peer review. Papers that are outside the scope of the journal, that do not comply with the guidelines below or are otherwise judged to be unsuitable by the editor will be rejected without review.
Appropriate papers are sent to at least two independent referees for evaluation. Authors are encouraged to suggest reviewers of international standing. Referees advise on the originality and scientific merit of the paper; the section editor, with advice from the Editor in Chief and editorial board, decides on publication. The Editor-in-Chief’s decision is final.
PRE-SUBMISSION ADVICE AND PREPARATION
Before submitting your manuscript, ensure that you refer to the requirements below, which explain the file types, structure and supporting information required for a successful submission.
SUBMISSIONS THAT DO NOT CONFORM TO OUR REQUIREMENTS WILL BE UNSUBMITTED. THE EDITOR MAY REJECT YOUR SUBMISSION IF THESE GUIDELINES ARE NOT MET.
Writing should be clear and simple, avoiding excessive use of the passive, and written in good clear 'international' English.
Particularly if English is not your first language, before submitting your manuscript you may wish to have it edited for language. This is not a mandatory step, but may help to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by journal editors and reviewers. Language editing does not guarantee that your manuscript will be accepted for publication. If you would like information about one such service please see http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/english_language.asp. The Editor may recommend an English Language Editing Service to an author as a condition of acceptance. There are other specialist language editing companies that offer similar services and you can also use any of these. Authors are liable for all costs associated with such services.
Manuscripts and tables
In order to be processed by our production team, all files should be editable, prepared in an appropriate word processing package and saved as .doc or .rtf. Please note: PDF (.pdf) is not a .doc or .rtf file format and is therefore not an appropriate file type. Manuscripts should be double line spaced with 2.5cm margins. Use 10pt Helvetica font. Headings: main (section) headings [A] in bold sentence case; sub-headings [B] in italic sentence case; sub-sub-headings [C] in italic sentence case with the text continued on the same line.
For help and advice on preparing your artwork, see http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/illustration.asp
Figures should be prepared in an appropriate graphic package and named according to DOS conventions, e.g. 'figure1.tif'. Space in the print version is limited. Please consider if any of your figures (or tables) could appear online only. Additional figures and tables can be made available on the web version of the journal – please see below.
Line work (vector graphics) and combined images (photographs with lines/ bars)- .ai (Adobe Illustrator)/ Encapsulated PostScript (.eps). There is a ‘save as’ function in most statistical/ spreadsheet packages such as Microsoft Excel that allows files to be saved in eps format.
Lines should not be thinner than 0.25 pts and in-fill patterns and screens should have a density of at least 10%. Use 10pt Helvetica font for labels. The optimal resolution for these images is 600‒1200dpi.
Photographs should be saved as high-resolution (300dpi) .tif files at 1.5x desired print size. Lower resolutions (<300 dpi) may compromise output quality.
Audio/ Video recordings
The recording must be continuous and of sufficient quality for us to publish online i.e. no shaking, blurring or interference.
The file must be saved in .mov format for video and MPEG, MP3 or MP4 format for audio.
The recording should last no longer than 10 minutes.
The file must be less than 2GB in size.
The resolution should be 1280 x 720 (16 x 9 HD) or 640 x 480 (4:3 SD), if possible.
Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format.
For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/suppinfo.asp
Permission to include other’s work
Permission to reproduce material within the manuscript must be obtained in advance by the corresponding author. Refer to the original publisher, who is responsible for managing the rights of the original author. Expect this to take up to six weeks. Once granted, upload a copy of the approval as a supporting file. An acknowledgement to the source must be made in your text.
All submissions to Pediatric Anesthesia should conform to the uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals, drawn up by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) see http://www.icmje.org/.
All submissions should include the following:
1. Title and running head (short title);
2. Article category;
3. First name, middle initial (if any) and family name of all authors – no degrees or titles. all those listed as authors must fulfil the ICMJE criteria – please see the ‘Authorship’ section of the Ethics Policy for further guidance.;
4. Affiliations should be written after the authors list as follows: Department/Division/Unit name, if any; affiliation name/City (without state)/Country;
5. Correspondence should be written after the affiliations list as follows: write only the title of one corresponding author (Mr/Mrs/Ms/Dr/Prof), first name(s) written with initials only, and followed by the last name – e.g. J. E. Smith; add Department/Division/Unit name, if any/ affiliation name/Street address/ City/ postal code /Country/ Email address;
6. A structured abstract (summary for review papers);
7. Six MeSH-compliant keywords http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh
8. Main body containing sections on background, methods, results and conclusions, with the appropriate heading.
9. Disclosure/ Acknowledgements: Indicate at the end of the text before references: 1. Any necessary ethical approval(s); 2. The source of funding for the study; and 3. Any conflict of interest.
10. A reference list in Vancouver style (Ann. Intern. Med. 1997; 126: 36-47), in the order made in the text. Example: confirmed by other studies.23 / 23 Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. BMJ 2009; 339: b2535. For books, names and initials of all authors, the full title, place of publication, publisher, year of publication and page number should be given.
11. Tables – if appropriate, in tabulate text. Do not embed tables.
12. Figure legends – if appropriate, in a list following the references/ tables. (Figures must be uploaded additionally as individual graphic files. Please do not embed figures.)
Supporting information/ additional files if appropriate
1. Plagiarism self-check – ALL MANUSCRIPT TYPES. Results of your check must be submitted for review. You should upload your results onto S1M, along with your submission, either exported to a file directly from the plagiarism-checking program (examples given in ‘POLICIES’ above) or copied and pasted into a separate word file. Please use the file designation 'Pre-submission plagiarism check'.
2. Disclosure – Corresponding authors are required to confirm whether they or their co-authors have any conflicts of interest to declare, and to provide details of these (see above). The corresponding author, on behalf of all co-authors, should ensure the DISCLOSURE section (Submission step 5) is completed at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/pan.
3. Figures – prepared and labelled as advised in ‘PRE-SUBMISSION ADVICE AND PREPARATION’ above.
4. Audio/ Video - prepared as advised in ‘PRE-SUBMISSION ADVICE AND PREPARATION’ above. Please use the file designation 'audio/video data'.
5. Supplementary data - prepared and labelled as advised in ‘PRE-SUBMISSION ADVICE AND PREPARATION’ above. Please use the file designation 'supplementary data'.
6. Study protocol – the appropriate study protocol (see ‘Guidelines on specific papers’ below)
7. Consent for publication– A completed / signed parental/patient consent form should be uploaded onto S1M as file designation 'Publication consent'. Download the links given in ‘POLICIES’, above.
8. Online video broadcast release – a completed form should be uploaded onto S1M as file designation 'online broadcast release'. Download the links given in ‘POLICIES’, above. 9. Permission – if reproducing others work (see ‘PRE-SUBMISSION ADVICE’ above).
Accepted article types
Correspondence –Letters to the editor are encouraged, particularly if they comment, question or criticize original articles that have been published in the journal. Letters that describe cases require parental/ patient consent for publication.
Maximum words – 800; maximum figures and tables – 1; maximum references – 5.
Original research – structured abstract of no more than 250 words should include the following: background, objective(s), methods (include design, setting, subject and main outcome measures as appropriate), results and conclusion. Original articles that describe cases require parental/ patient consent. For cohort studies, please upload a copy of your IRB approval.
Maximum words – 2500; maximum figures and tables – 6; maximum references – 25.
Reviews – structured summary giving information on methods of selecting the publications cited.
Maximum words – 3000; maximum figures and tables – 6; maximum references – no limit.
Case reports – only exceptional reports that have important education or safety messages will be considered. Our current rejection rate is 90%. Conclude with 3 learning points for our readers. All case reports require parental/ patient consent for publication.
Maximum words – 1000; maximum figures or tables – 1; maximum references – 5
We work together with Wiley’s Open Access journal, Clinical Case Reports, to enable rapid publication of good quality case reports that we are unable to accept for publication in our journal. Authors of case reports rejected by our journal will be offered the option of having their case report, along with any related peer reviews, automatically transferred for consideration by the Clinical Case Reports editorial team. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and publication decisions will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. Clinical Case Reports will consider case reports from every clinical discipline and may include clinical images or clinical videos. Clinical Case Reports is an open access journal, and article publication fees apply. For more information please go to www.clinicalcasesjournal.com.
Authors should refer to the EQUATOR NETWORK guidance on good research reporting (http://www.equator-network.org), which has the full suite of reporting guidelines.
Randomised clinical trials (RCTs) must conform to the CONSORT statement (http://www.consort-statement.org) on the reporting of RCTs. A flow diagram of subjects, the trial protocol, and the registration details of the trial must be included in the paper, along with and a numbered checklist provided as supplementary material.
Diagnostic studies must conform to the STARD statement http://www.stard-statement.org/. A flow diagram of subjects, the trial protocol, and the registration details of the trial must be included in the paper along with and a checklist provided as supplementary material.
Observational studies (Epidemiology): Please follow the STROBE guidelines http:// www.strobe-statement.org/and submit the study protocol as supplementary material.
Systematic reviews/ meta-analysis of randomised trials and other evaluation studies must conform to PRISMA guidelines (http://www.prisma-statement.org ; these have superseded the QUOROM guidelines) and submit the study protocol as supplementary material.
Quality improvement articles should follow the SQUIRE Guidelines (http://squire-statement.org/).
History of Pediatric Anesthesia Timeline submissions must follow the structure of review papers (see above). Submissions that contain audio/video files MUST be accompanied by both an Online Video Broadcast Release Form and a Publication Consent Form.SUBMISSION
Submissions must have been read and approved by all authors. Submission of a manuscript implies that it reports unpublished work and that it is not under active consideration for publication elsewhere, nor been accepted for publication, nor been published in full or in part (except in abstract form).
All material to be considered for publication in Pediatric Anesthesia should be submitted via the journal's online submission system at ScholarOne Manuscripts http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/pan.
Full instructions and support are available on the site and a user ID and password can be obtained on the first visit. If you have any queries please contact Lou Whelan, Pediatric Anesthesia Editorial Office: firstname.lastname@example.org
Once you are ready to submit, check:
Your main document conforms to our requirements;
Figures are uploaded as graphic files;
Supporting documents are uploaded: plagiarism check (all submissions)/ study protocol/ consent/ permission (if any); and
You have completed all submission steps – ensure the DISCLOSURE section (step 5) is correct.
Failure to do so will result in your files returned to your author centre. You will receive an email detailing corrections required.
If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.
For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:
CTA Terms and Conditions http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.asp
For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA
To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.asp and visit http://www.wileyopenaccess.com/details/content/12f25db4c87/Copyright--License.html.
If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement.
Journal policy states authors pay the full cost for the reproduction of their colour artwork. On acceptance of your paper for publication, if you would like for your figures to appear in colour complete and sign the Colour Work Agreement Form (CWAF). This form is available via
Once completed, please return the form to Customer Service at the following address: Customer Services (OPI), John Wiley & Sons Ltd, European Distribution Centre, New Era Estate, Oldlands Way, Bognor Regis, West Sussex PO22 9NQ.
Manuscripts received with colour files WILL NOT be reproduced in colour unless a CWAF has been received. Please note: Scanned or faxed versions of the forms should not be sent as that would be in contravention of Wiley’s PCI compliance policy.
Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author and should be returned within 48 hours of receipt to avoid delay in publication. Overseas contributors should ensure that a rapid airmail service is used. Authors are encouraged to use E-annotation tools available in Adobe Acrobat Professional or Acrobat Reader (version 7.0 or above) to e-annotate the PDF copy of their proofs, which can be returned electronically.
Open Access Publishing
OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available openly on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is openly available upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see http://wileyonlinelibrary.com/onlineopen#OnlineOpen_Terms.
Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at https://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/onlineopen_order.asp.
Prior to acceptance, there is no requirement to inform the Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.
Pediatric Anesthesia has an Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after Early View publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which, if cited with the journal name and year of publication. allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.
Author Services http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/
Online production tracking is available for your article through Author Services.
Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production so they don’t need to contact the production editor to check on progress. Visit http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/ for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.
Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available only via Author Services. Please therefore sign up for Author Services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers.
Additional paper offprints may be ordered online. Please click on the following link, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: Offprint.Cosprinters . If you have queries about offprints please email email@example.com.
Single issues from current and recent volumes are available at the current single issue price from firstname.lastname@example.org. Previous volumes can be obtained from the Periodicals Service Company, 11 Main Street, Germantown, NY 12526, USA. Email: email@example.com
Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, we will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.