Development and Change

Cover image for Vol. 47 Issue 3

Edited By: Ashwani Saith, Murat Arsel, Kees Biekart, Amrita Chhachhi, Bridget O'Laughlin and Servaas Storm

Impact Factor: 1.72

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 12/55 (Planning & Development)

Online ISSN: 1467-7660

Author Guidelines

The following page provides information on

Guidelines for Submitting Original Manuscripts

Guidelines for Submitting Special Issues


Guidelines for Submitting Original Manuscripts

Development and Change is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the critical analysis and discussion of current issues of development.  The journal receives articles from all the social sciences and intellectual persuasions concerned with development.  Empirical, theoretical and historical articles are all welcome.  Development and Change regularly publishes the first results of important new field-based research.  The journal invites notes and comments on the articles it publishes, with the objective of stimulating informed policy and theoretical debate.

All submissions must be original pieces and should not have been published or be under consideration elsewhere.

Online Submission
1) Via our Electronic Editorial Office (Manuscript Central): whenever possible, new submissions should be sent through our website:
2) Via e-mail: if for any reason submission through Manuscript Central is not possible, please ensure that the paper meets our style guidelines (see below) and then send as an MS-Word file attached to an e-mail, to Caroline Roldanus: roldanus@iss.n

Instructions for Preparing Manuscripts
Please read these instructions carefully: the Editors reserve the right to return/reject any submitted manuscript which does not comply with the instructions below.

Length and Layout

  • Articles for submission should be within the range of 8,000 to 10,000 words (including text, abstract, notes, and references): only in exceptional circumstances will the Editors consider a manuscript outside this range.  Articles should include an abstract of 100–200 words.  Authors should provide a total word-count for the manuscript together with their submission.

  • Comments on articles which have been published in earlier issues of Development and Change are expected to be shorter than this, usually in the range of 3,000–6,000 words.

  • Titles of articles should be brief, attractive and accurate in describing what the paper is about.

  • Keywords should be provided for all submissions (minimum of two, maximum of eight).

  • Headings and sub-headings within the text should be short and clear.  Avoid too many levels of sub-heading.  Avoid numbered (sub-)headings.
    Development and Change uses the following hierachy of headings within the text:
    Heading Level B
    Heading Level C

  • Use footnotes rather than endnotes. The location of footnotes within the text should be indicated by superscript numbers.

  • Tables, figures, appendices etc.: please note that the page extent of additional material will be taken into account when judging the overall length of a paper. Submissions which include many tables, figures, appendices etc. should therefore contain a shorter text, in order to compensate.

  • Artwork (figures, graphs, maps etc.) should be supplied separately (not embedded into the text), preferably as TIFF, EDS or PDF files. Please consult the Illustration Guidelines if you need advice on any aspect of preparing your artwork.

  • Headings should be placed above each table/figure and should follow this layout:
     Table 1. Asset Ownership by Household Category
     Figure 5. Communication Flows

  • Notes and sources should be placed under each table/figure. Column headings in tables should clearly define the data presented. 

House Style

  • For the main text, use Times New Roman, 12 point, 1.5 line spacing. For footnotes, use Times New Roman, 11 point, single line spacing. Set the alignment as ‘left’ (not justified).

  • Use British and ‘z’ spellings (e.g. ‘labour’, ‘centre’, ‘organize’; but beware of Greek words such as ‘analyse’, ‘paralyse’).  If in doubt, refer to the Oxford English Dictionary.

  • Use single quotation marks. For quotations within quotations, use double marks.  Indent quotations of more than 60 words, without quotation marks.  For quotations from other publications, always provide page number(s) for the quotation, however short.

  • Take out points in USA, OECD, Ms, Dr and other such abbreviations.

  • When using an acronym for the first time, the full name should be provided (with the acronym in parentheses).

  • Dates should be in the form of 9 March 2007.

  • Use the smallest possible number of numerals (whilst still retaining clarity) when referring to pagination and dates (e.g. 10–19, 42–5, 1961–4, 1961–75).  Use an en rule rather than a hyphen between the numbers.

  • In the text, spell out numbers from one to ninety-nine, use numerals for 100 and over (but when they appear in one phrase, use all numerals, e.g. ‘between 85 and 110 …’).

  • Always use numerals for percentages (75 per cent) and units of measurement (13 km, US$ 40,000, £ 6 billion). 

  • Spell out ‘per cent’ (not ‘percent’) in the text. The symbol % is acceptable in tables.

Terms such as ‘policy making’ and ‘decision making’ are hyphenated only when used as an adjective (e.g. ‘this led to new policy-making processes’), but not when used as a noun (e.g. ‘women are often excluded from decision making’). 

Authors are reminded that long lists of citations in the text are not always helpful, especially if referring to whole books or articles. Be selective about what you include in your citations and References. Where possible, be specific by referring to page numbers.

Development and Change uses the author/date system of referencing. All works cited in the text (including sources for tables and figures) should be listed alphabetically under REFERENCES, beginning on a separate sheet of paper. 

In the text:

  • Works cited in the text should read thus: (Brown, 1992: 63–4); Lovell (1989, 1993). 

  • For groups of citations, order alphabetically and not chronologically, using a semi-colon to separate names: (Brown, 1992; Gadgil and Guha, 1994; Lovell, 1989). 

  • Use ‘et al.’ when citing a work by more than two authors, but list all the authors in the References (unless there are six authors or more). 

  • To distinguish different works by the same author in the same year, use the letters a, b, c, etc., e.g. Besson (1993a, 1993b).

In the References:

  • For multi-author works, invert the name of the first author only (Gadgil, M. and R. Guha).  Use (ed.) for one editor, but (eds) for multiple editors. 

  • When listing two or more works by one author, repeat the author’s name for each entry.  List in chronological order, starting with the oldest publication.

  • Indicate (opening and closing) page numbers for articles in journals and for chapters in books. Use an en rule rather than a hyphen (e.g. pp. 97–110).

  • Note that italics are used only for titles of books and names of journals. Single quotation marks ‘ ’ are used for titles of journal articles, book chapters, dissertations, reports, working papers, unpublished material, etc.

  • For titles in a language other than English, provide an English translation in parentheses. 

  • For sources which have insufficent details to be included in the Reference list, use footnotes (e.g. interviews, some media sources, some internet sources).

See the following examples for style and punctuation.

  • Journal articles:

    Helleiner, Eric (2006) ‘Reinterpreting Bretton Woods: International Development and the Neglected Origins of Embedded Liberalism’, Development and Change 37(5): 943–67.

  • Books:

    Mosse, D. (2005) Cultivating Development: An Ethnography of Aid Policy and Practice. London: Pluto Press.

    Watson, S. and K. Gibson (eds) (1995) Postmodern Cities and Spaces. Oxford and Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.

    Cardelle, A. (1997) Health Care in the Time of Reform: Emerging Politicies for Private-Public Sector Collaboration on Health. Vol VI, No 1. Miami, FL: North South Center Press, University of Miami.

  • Contributions to books:

    Elson, D. (1996) ‘Appraising Recent Developments in the World Market for Nimble Fingers’, in A. Chhachhi and R. Pittin (eds) Confronting State, Capital and Patriarchy, pp. 35–55.  Basingstoke and London: Macmillan Press; New York: St Martin's Press.

  • Conference Papers:

    Kane P. (1983) ‘The Single Child Family in China: Urban Policies and their Effects on the One-Child Family’. Paper presented at the International Workshop, Contemporary China Centre, Oxford (17–18 March).

    Huber, E. (2000) ‘Social Policy and Development: Notes on Social Security and Pensions Systems’. Paper prepared for the UNRISD Conference on Social Policy in a Development Context, Tammsvik (23–24 September).

  • Dissertations:

    Srinivasan, Sharada (2006) ‘Development, Discrimination and Survival. Daughter Elimination in Tamil Nadu, India’. PhD dissertation, Institute of Social Studies, The Hague.

  • Discussion/Working Papers:

    Mayoux, Linda (1999) ‘Microfinance and the Empowerment of Women: A Review of the Key Issues’. ILO Social Finance Unit Working Papers No 22. Geneva: International Labour Organization.

    Cornwall, A (2002) ‘Making Spaces, Changing Places: Situating Participation in Development’. IDS Working Paper 170. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies.

  • Online Resources:

    NB: always indicate the date that the source was accessed, as online resources are frequently updated or removed.

    Sopensky, E. (2002) ’Ice Rink Becomes Hot Business’, Austin Business Journal. (accessed 16 October 2004).

    Galtung, J. (2003) ‘Rethinking Conflict: The Cultural Approach’. Speech delivered at the Informal Meeting of the European Ministers Responsible for Cultural Affairs, Council of Europe, Strasbourg (17–18 February). (accessed 8 August 2006).

    Esping-Andersen, G., D. Gallie, A. Hemerijck and J. Myles (2001) ‘A New Welfare Architecture for Europe?’. Report submitted to the Belgian Presidency of the European Union. (accessed 31 December 2002)

  • Unpublished Papers:

    Waithanji, E. (1999) ‘The Role of Community in Improving Animal Health Service Delivery in Rumbek County: Community Leaders’. Unpublished report of Oxfam workshop, Rumbek town, Southern Sudan (26–28 April).

    White, B. (2001) ‘Development Studies Journals and the Digital Future’. The Hague: Institute of Social Studies (mimeo).

  • Non-English Language Publications:

    SEPA (State Environmental Protection Agency) (1994) Zhongguo Huanjing Baohu Xingzheng Ershi-nian (Twenty Years of Environmental Protection Administration in China). Beijing: China Environmental Sciences Press

Images submitted for publication should be in CMYK and have a resolution of no less than 300 dpi.


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For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign.

The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with your Funder requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:


Guidelines for Submitting Special Issues

Special Issues focus on a particular theme or topic. They are guest-edited and are longer than regular issues, usually comprising 9 or 10 articles, to a maximum total length of 100,000 words. For instructions on submitting a Special Issue proposal, please see below.

Criteria for Special Issues:

  • The chosen theme should be relevant to Development and Change.
  • The theme should be comprehensively covered: a Special Issue should avoid obvious gaps and omissions in coverage.
  • There should be a strong connection between the overall topic and the individual articles; papers should address the theme squarely, rather than touching upon it in passing.
  • There should also be a connection and coherence between the articles: they must hang together and demonstrate a cohesion which marks them out as a collection, rather than a group of individual papers.
  • There should be some balance in terms of authorship: e.g. authors from the South should be well represented, not all authors should be based in one institution, etc.
  • Normally, there should be a geographical/regional balance, although sometimes there may be good reason to focus specifically on one region. Single-country Special Issues are unusual for Development and Change.
  • The papers must be of a quality which meets the usual standards of the journal. Guidelines for length and layout, etc. can be found below.
  • The Guest Editor’s Introduction is often key to the success of a Special Issue, drawing together the various contributions and the themes that are addressed by the individual papers. It is therefore essential that the Introduction is available at the first stage of a proposal being considered.

Review Procedure
Special Issues are subject to a rigorous review procedure, in the same way as normal submissions, first being reviewed by the Development and Change Editorial Board and then, if they show potential, being sent for external refereeing.

Division of Responsibilities
The Guest Editor of a Special Issue has primary responsibility for the planning, delivery and quality of the collection. He or she also works with the individual authors, ensuring that all the contributions meet the highest standards, that revisions required by the referees/Editorial Board are incorporated, and that deadlines are met. The Editorial Board retains control of the review process and makes the final decision in terms of both individual papers and the collection as a whole. Communication will be with the Guest Editor, not with individual authors.

Submitting a Proposal
Proposals for Special Issues must include:

  • The full Guest Editor’s Introductory Essay. This should not be seen as a short preface to the set of papers, but as an article-length paper which makes a contribution in its own right. It should: (1) provide an overall rationale for the collection, including the aim of the issue and the approach taken; (2) contextualize and locate the collection within the current debate and relevant literature; (3) present the main themes, explain their relevance and importance, and indicate how the various contributions relate to the themes and to each other.
  • A table of contents (list of titles and authors).
  • Abstracts of the papers.
  • A rough time-line (i.e. the current status of the papers, when the collection would be available for review etc.). Proposals which do not include the Introductory Essay will not be accepted for consideration. Proposals and any queries should be addressed to the managing editor, Paula Bownas