Australian & New Zealand Journal of Statistics

Cover image for Vol. 59 Issue 2

Edited By: James Curran, Michael Martin, Martin Hazelton, Chris Triggs, Petra Graham, Rolf Turner and Samuel Müller

Impact Factor: 0.679

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 87/124 (Statistics & Probability)

Online ISSN: 1467-842X

Author Guidelines


1. Submission
2. Aims and Scope
3. Preparing the Submission
4. Review Process and Editorial Policies
5. Author Licensing
6. Publication Process After Acceptance
7. Post Publication


Authors should kindly note that submission implies that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium.

Once the submission materials have been prepared in accordance with the Author Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at

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Submission of manuscripts

Latex Template: Please download and unpack the latest version of the zip archive here: This archive is periodically revised, so authors should download the new version. Please carefully read the material in the file StyleGuide.pdf which is to be found in that archive.

You are STRONGLY encouraged to make use of the LaTeX document preparation system and the anzsauth document class. Use of this document class will make it much easier for you to prepare your paper in a manner conforming to the journal's requirements. The necessary class file anzsauth.cls is to be found in the archive referred to above. An associated file anzst.bst which implements the anzsj bibliography style is also to be found. Using this bibliography style will help to ensure that your citations and list of references are in accordance with the protocols on which the journal insists. Finally there is a file protoType.pdf which contains a great deal of useful advice on preparing your paper using the anzsauth document class. The LaTeX source file, protoType.tex, on which protoType.pdf is based, is also provided for you to use as a model or template to guide you in preparing your own document.

The journal also accepts documents created using MicroSoft Word (TM), but this is discouraged. Even if you do not use LaTeX to prepare your paper you are advised to read protoType.pdf both for the useful advice to be found therein and for the entertainment value.

Submission letter: The submission letter should include the following about your paper: (i) what is known about the topic (ii) what is new, and (iii) what is the significance and who will find it useful. Typically, one paragraph would be adequate for each of these three items. If any of the authors has published related work, or has other related work under consideration for publication, or submits such related work before the paper is published by ANZJS in the printed version, then the author should inform the Editor of ANZJS of this work, explaining how they differ from, and what is new in, the paper submitted to ANZJS.

Tables or figures from other sources: If tables or figures or any other materials have been reproduced in the paper from another source, the author(s) must have permission from the original source to reproduce the material, and the source must be acknowledged immediately below the table or figure.

Data sets analysed in the paper: Unpublished data sets that are analysed in the paper must be made accessible to the reader; the editor may require that these data be published in the online section Supporting Information of ANZJS. If confidentiality issues prevent this, the fact must be drawn to the attention of the Editor upon initial submission of the paper. The Editor will determine whether the paper can be considered for publication.


The main body of the journal is divided into three sections.

The Theory and Methods Section publishes papers containing original contributions to the theory and methodology of statistics, econometrics and probability, and seeks papers motivated by a real problem and which demonstrate the proposed theory or methodology in that situation. There is a strong preference for papers motivated by, and illustrated with, real data.

The Applications Section publishes papers demonstrating applications of statistical techniques to problems faced by users of statistics in the sciences, government and industry. A particular focus is the application of newly developed statistical methodology to real data and the demonstration of better use of established statistical methodology in an area of application. It seeks to aid teachers of statistics by placing statistical methods in context.

The Statistical Computing Section publishes papers containing new algorithms, code snippets, or software descriptions (for open source software only) which enhance the field through the application of computing. Preference is given to papers featuring publically available code and/or data, and to those motivated by statistical methods for practical problems.

In addition, suitable review papers and articles of historical and general interest will be considered. The journal also publishes book reviews on a regular basis.



Papers should not be unnecessarily long for their content, and only in exceptional situations be over 24 pages in length when typed in double-space with 27 lines per page, excluding references, tables and figures. Authors should also note that manuscripts that are unnecessarily long for their content or significance tend to receive strongly negative reports from reviewers.


The journal uses UK spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Concise Oxford Dictionary.

Parts of the manuscript

Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page, (ii) summary and key words, (iii) main text, (iv) references, (v) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes), (vi) figure legends and (viii) appendices. Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter. Figures and supporting information should be supplied as separate files.

Title page

The title page should contain:
i. A short informative title that contains the major key words. The title should not contain abbreviations (see Wiley's best practice SEO tips);
ii. A short running title of less than 40 characters;
iii. The full names of the authors;
iv. The author's institutional affiliations where the work was conducted, with a footnote for the author’s present address if different from where the work was conducted;
v. Acknowledgments.

Title page footnotes

Please refer to a recent issue of the journal to see how the title page footnotes are presented and follow the same structure. The title page and only the title page may contain footnotes. These may be used in the following order to (i) give the postal addresses of the author’s institutions; (ii) indicate that the work of any author was carried out at an address different from that of the present institution of that author (which is given under the authors’ names); (iii) make acknowledgements including to the organisation that provided a grant (it is not usually necessary to give the grant number(s)).


All articles must have a brief, self-contained summary of fewer than 250 words, under the heading, ‘Summary’. It should state the major points and the principal conclusions of the paper in fewer than 150 words. The remaining 100 words of the summary should highlight the significance of the contribution, preferably using special cases and/or examples. The summary should not contain formulae, abbreviations or references.

Key Words

Several key words or phrases, separated by semi-colons, should be supplied below the Summary, in alphabetical order. Unless it is essential, please do not use words that are in the title. At least two key words that are part of the ANZJS key word list must be included.

Main Text

The text should be organized into an introductory section, conveying the background and purpose of the paper, and then into sections identified with headings.


It is essential that the Introduction be accessible to the broad readership of the journal. The Introduction should discuss the motivation and context for the paper, relate it to the literature, particularly the recent literature on the subject, and it should explain the nature of the problem studied, preferably in a non-mathematical way, using examples and special cases. It is desirable to use a real set of data to motivate the work. These data may then be used as a worked data example in a later section. Further, it is also desirable to discuss special cases of the general results for illustrative purposes. Finally, the significance of the results must be indicated briefly to place the main contribution of the article in the context of the current literature.

Main body

Theory and Methods Section: For papers in this section: (i) it must be made clear how the paper advances statistical science, (ii) the proposed new method must be evaluated and compared with competing methods, (iii) generally, the significance of the contribution must be discussed, preferably in a section under the heading ‘Discussion’, and (iv) the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed methods must be discussed. A data example will usually be needed to illustrate the new method.

Applications Section: For papers in this section, the substantive problem and the data should lead the analysis and the exposition. The steps in the analysis of the data should be carefully explained and justified. Authors should be honest about any arbitrary choices they may have made in the analysis. Where possible, the description of the analysis should be supported by carefully constructed graphics. Overall, the analysis and the presentation of the analysis should be considered, relevant and insightful. The results of the analysis should be interpreted and discussed in the context of the substantive problem under consideration. Sufficient details must be included to enable the readers to replicate the analyses on another data set. The relevance of the new ideas to empirical studies from other areas must be discussed


Citation of references in the text: In the text, please write the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: Smith (2000). If there are two authors, use ‘&’: Smith & Jones (2001). When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: MacDonald et al. (2002).

References list at the end: References should be listed in alphabetical order according to the Harvard (author, date) system. Cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; if there are seven or more, list the first three followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. A. Smith, unpubl. data, 2000). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list. A work must not appear in the reference list if it is not cited in the text. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. Please look at a recent issue to see how the Journal sets out References. Authors’ names appear in small capitals. For example, use ‘{\sc Chernoff, H. (1980)}’ in LaTeX. For journals, include only volume numbers, and not issue numbers. Please abbreviate the names of journals in accordance with the abbreviations used by Mathematical Reviews. These are available at Use an ampersand (&), not ‘and’, to separate the names of authors when citing their work. The location of the publisher of a book should appear before the publisher’s name; e.g., ‘New York: Wiley’. For the page range, use the n-dash –, as in 65–78; in LaTex this is obtained by two hyphens.

See below examples of appropriate format for the References section. Please also refer to a recent issue to see how the journal sets out References.

HOLLANDER, M., PARK, D.H. & PROSCHAN, F. (1986). A class of life distributions for aging. J. Amer. Statist. Assoc. 81, 91–95.

JOHN, J.A. & WILLIAMS, E.R. (1995). Cyclic and Computer Generated Designs, 2nd edn. London: Chapman & Hall.

Chapter in a book
CHERNOFF, H. (1981). An analysis of the Massachusetts Numbers Game. In Statistics and Related Topics, eds M. Csorgo, D.A. Dawson, J.N.K. Rao, A.K.M.E. Saleh, 23–37. New York: North-Holland.


These should be placed at the end of the paper before the References, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.


Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Table notes, which refer to notes that appear immediately below the table, not at the bottom of the page as footnotes, are encouraged to make it easier to understand the table. Legends should be concise but comprehensive - the table, legend and table-notes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶ should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings. The numbers in tables should be suitably rounded. For reporting estimates, the number of digits used must be reasonable for the standard errors. For example, an estimate of 1:752417(se = 0:12567) could be presented as 1:75(se = 0:13). As a general guide, you may compute an approximate 95% confidence interval, for example ‘estimate _ 2(se)’, and use this to round the estimates. For reporting the relative efficiency of a method, two digits are adequate in most cases. For example, a relative efficiency of 0:86321 could be presented as 0:86 or 86 percent, because for most readers the efficiency in the third digit, even if it is statistically significant, is unlikely to be of practical significance. When reporting the results of a Monte Carlo simulation study, a measure of standard error must also be presented. If the required message could be conveyed by a statement such as ‘the standard error for each estimate does not exceed 2.5’, it is preferable to do so rather than including separate standard errors which in turn tends to clutter the table.

Figure Legends

Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.


Although authors are encouraged to send the highest-quality figures possible, for peer-review purposes, a wide variety of formats, sizes, and resolutions are accepted. Click here for the basic figure requirements for figures submitted with manuscripts for initial peer review, as well as the more detailed post-acceptance figure requirements.


Guidelines for the presentation of mathematics in papers can be found here.

Writing style

Manuscripts should be written in clear, concise, and direct style. In general, terms should not be abbreviated unless they are used repeatedly and the abbreviation is helpful to the reader. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only. Abbreviation of author names, for example as in Hall and Heyde (HH), should be avoided. Please use the appropriate tense. When describing something that was done in the past, including simulations, use the past tense. Use the present tense when describing a universal truth. For example, use ‘Smith (2007) showed that two plus two equals four’, not ‘Smith (2007) shows that two plus two equals four’.

In general, the phrase ‘note that’ should be avoided and the point that you wish to make must be made briefly. Similarly, rather than saying ‘it is interesting to note that’, it is better to say why it is interesting.

Supporting Information

Supporting information is information that is not essential to the article, but provides greater depth and background. It is hosted online and appears without editing or typesetting. It may include tables, figures, videos, datasets, etc.

Click here for Wiley’s FAQs on supporting information.

Note: if data, scripts, or other artefacts used to generate the analyses presented in the paper are available via a publicly available data repository, authors should include a reference to the location of the material within their paper.

Wiley Author Resources

Manuscript Preparation Tips: Wiley has a range of resources for authors preparing manuscripts for submission available here. In particular, authors may benefit from referring to Wiley’s best practice tips on Writing for Search Engine Optimization.

Editing, Translation, and Formatting Support: Wiley Editing Services can greatly improve the chances of a manuscript being accepted. Offering expert help in English language editing, translation, manuscript formatting, and figure preparation, Wiley Editing Services ensures that the manuscript is ready for submission.

Publication Ethics

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Note this journal uses iThenticate’s CrossCheck software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. Read Wiley's Top 10 Publishing Ethics Tips for Authors here. Wiley’s Publication Ethics Guidelines can be found here.


Please look at a recent issue of the journal before revising the manuscript and endeavour to match the journal’s style as closely as possible. Conformity to style requirements is particularly important at this stage.

Online Submission of Manuscripts There are two ways to submit your revised manuscript. You may use the revision link that would have been e-mailed to you. In this case, there is no need to enter log-in details. Alternatively, you may follow these steps: (a) go to, (b) log into your Author Center, (c) click on the revision link or on your manuscript title listed under ‘Manuscripts with Decisions’, and (d) click on ‘Create a Revision’ under ‘Actions’.

Responses to referee(s)

When submitting your revised manuscript, please attach a separate sheet(s) containing a list of itemized responses to the comments made by the referee(s). In order to expedite the processing of the revised manuscript, please be as specific as possible in your response to the referee(s). Please DO NOT upload your revised manuscript as a ‘new submission’.

Review of revised versions

The invitation to the author(s) to submit a revised version does not entail a commitment on the part of the journal or the Editors to accept the revised version. Every revised version will be reviewed, and the editorial team will make a decision based on the suitability of the revised version for publication. Please also be advised that our editorial policy is to reject a revised manuscript unless it is very close to being publishable in content, format and language.

Peer Review and Acceptance

Manuscripts are judged on the significance of the contribution to the literature, the quality of analysis and the clarity of presentation.

Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are single-blind peer reviewed by anonymous reviewers in addition to the Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editor-in-Chief, who reserves the right to refuse any material for publication.

Wiley's policy on the confidentiality of the review process is available here.

Publication Ethics

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Note this journal uses iThenticate’s CrossCheck software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. Read Wiley'sTop 10 Publishing Ethics Tips for Authors here. Wiley’s Publication Ethics Guidelines can be found here.


If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author will receive an email prompting them to log in to Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be required to complete a copyright license agreement on behalf of all authors of the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright agreement, or OnlineOpen under the terms of a Creative Commons License.

General information regarding licensing and copyright is available here. To review the Creative Commons License options offered under OnlineOpen, please click here. (Note that certain funders mandate that a particular type of CC license has to be used; to check this please click here.)

Self-Archiving definitions and policies. Note that the journal’s standard copyright agreement allows for self-archiving of different versions of the article under specific conditions. Please click here for more detailed information about self-archiving definitions and policies.

Open Access fees: If you choose to publish using OnlineOpen you will be charged a fee. A list of Article Publication Charges for Wiley journals is available here.

Funder Open Access: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access Policies.


Accepted article received in production

When your accepted article is received by Wiley’s production production team, you (corresponding authors) will receive an email asking you to login or register with Author Services. You will be asked to sign a publication licence at this point.


Once your paper is typeset you will receive email notification of the URL from where to download a PDF typeset page proof, associated forms and full instructions on how to correct and return the file. Please note that you are responsible for all statements made in your work, including changes made during the editorial process and thus you must check your proofs carefully. Note that proofs should be returned 48 hours from receipt of first proof.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View (Online Version of Record) articles are published on Wiley Online Library before inclusion in an issue. Note there may be a delay after corrections are received before your article appears online, as Editors also need to review proofs. Once your article is published on Early View no further changes to your article are possible. Your Early View article is fully citable and carries an online publication date and DOI for citations.


A PDF reprint of the article will be supplied free of charge to the corresponding author. Additional printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:


Access and sharing

When your article is published online:
• You receive an email alert (if requested).
• You can share your published article through social media.
• As the author, you retain free access (after accepting the Terms & Conditions of use, you can view your article).
• The corresponding author and co-authors can nominate up to ten colleagues to receive a publication alert and free online access to your article.

You can now order print copies of your article (instructions are sent at proofing stage).

Now is the time to start promoting your article. Find out how to do that here.

Measuring the impact of your work

Wiley also helps you measure the impact of your research through our specialist partnerships with Kudos and Altmetric.

Author Guidelines updated 26 June 2017