Australian Economic History Review

Cover image for Vol. 55 Issue 3

Edited By: Lionel Frost and Andrew Seltzer

Impact Factor: 0.5

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 14/35 (History of Social Sciences); 241/333 (Economics)

Online ISSN: 1467-8446

Author Guidelines

Australian Economic History Review (AEHR) is the official journal of the Economic History Society of Australia and New Zealand. It publishes original historically oriented research articles on the economy, business and society, with a particular interest in the Asia–Pacific region, including Australia and New Zealand. Suitable papers in the following fields will be considered: economic history; history of economic thought; industrial relations;demography; and business history. New methodological approaches are particularly welcome, as is the exchange of critical comments on important topics in economic, business and social history.

Inquiries regarding the scope of AEHR should be directed to either of the Editors-in-Chief

Associate Professor Lionel Frost
Monash Business School
Monash University

Professor Andrew Seltzer
Royal Holloway
University of London

Papers are accepted on the basis of the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are peer reviewed by at least two anonymous reviewers and an Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editors who reserve the right to refuse any material for publication.

Manuscripts should be written so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. They should be written in a clear, concise, and direct style. When contributions are accepted for publication, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript may be returned to the author for revision.

Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

Note that submission implies that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium. Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at

AEHR uses an electronic workflow and hardcopy submission of manuscripts is not acceptable.

It is highly recommended that all prospective authors visit Wiley's Author Services website for information on preparing manuscripts for submission:

Covering letter
Papers are accepted for publication in the journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose a conflict of interest.


Plagiarism Detection

The journal employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

Publication Ethics

The journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and subscribes to the principles set out by COPE. The journal also refers to Wiley’s Best Practice Guidelines on Publication Ethics:

The manuscript must be supplied as a Word document. PDFs are not acceptable for refereeing and editing purposes. Manuscripts should follow the Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers (AGPS, Canberra).

AEHR uses UK spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Concise Oxford Dictionary.

All measurements must give SI or SI derived units. Please go to the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) website: for more information about SI units.

Article length (including references, endnotes, tables and appendices) should be between 8,000 and 10,000 words. Articles that are more than 11,000 words in length are unlikely to be considered for publication. Comments, research notes and other communications should not exceed 3,500 words unless invited to do so by an Editor. Book reviews should not exceed 1,000 words.


Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page (with author contact details) (ii) acknowledgments, (iii) abstract, keywords and JEL categories, (iv) text (including footnotes), (v) references, (vi) appendices, (vii) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes); and (viii) figures and figure legends.

Title page
The title page must contain all identifying information. This includes (i) the title of the paper (the title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. Please limit title length to 75 characters. Do not use abbreviations in the title), (ii) a short running title (less than 40 characters), (iii) the full names of all authors, (iv) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out, (v) the full postal and email address, plus facsimile and telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent (the present address of any author, if different from where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote), and (vi) acknowledgments.

Acknowledgements should appear on the title page. The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged.

Abstract, key words and JEL classification codes
Page two of the manuscript must repeat the title of the paper without any author identification. Next, all articles must have a brief abstract of 100 words or fewer. The abstract is to be placed immediately below the title (repeated from the title page), typed in double spacing, and indented six character spaces in from the left margin. It should succinctly convey to the reader the topic, method or data, the significance of the findings, and so on. It must not simply be a shortened version of the introduction or conclusion, nor must it contain mathematical symbols, abbreviations, references or footnotes.

The abstract should be followed by up to five JEL classification codes (see, and at least two keywords including one geographic identifier.

It is highly recommended that all authors visit the Wiley Author Services website: for information on how to optimize your abstract for search engines.

The text begins on page three of the manuscript, and should be organised into logical sections such as introductory section (conveying the background and purpose of the report), data and methodology, and so on, identified with subheadings. Subheadings must be unnumbered and in capital letters.

All footnotes must appear at the bottom of the appropriate page. They need to be numbered consecutively throughout the text. Citations should appear in a shortened form in the footnotes but written in full in the list of references. The shortened form should include the author’s surname and a shortened title, e.g. Chandler, Scale and Scope, pp. 21–2.

When citing archival material, use a full reference in the footnote to allow the reader to locate the material. The archive name may be abbreviated at the first reference, then the abbreviated name given in subsequent references. For example:
Public Records Office Victoria (PROV). VA 672 Premier's Office, VPRS 1163/P1 Inwards Correspondence Files, Unit 744, 1883/291. Letter re. remedy for pauperism. 1883.

Footnotes should be used primarily to identify the consulted citations and authors should avoid elaboration or tangential discussions. If the discussion is important, it should be in the text. Footnotes should be referred to in the text with consecutive, superscript Arabic numerals.

A consolidated alphabetical list of all books, articles, essays, theses and archives referred to (including any referred to in the tables, graphs, and maps) must be provided. The reference list must only include items directly cited or referred to in the text.

In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. . Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data). Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Book reference
McLean, I.W. (2013) Why Australia Prospered: The Shifting Sources of Economic Growth Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Chapter in a book
Wilson, J.K. (2015) Government and the evolution of public policy. In: S. Ville and G. Withers, eds. The Cambridge Economic History of Australia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 330 - 50 .

Research paper/report
McClean, I. W., and Pincus, J. J. (1982) Living standards in Australia 1890–1940: evidence and conjectures, Working Paper in Economic History, No. 6 (Canberra: Australian National University).

Bureau of Industry Economics (1992) International performance indicators: rail freight, Research Report No.41 (Canberra).

Journal reference
Carter, M., and Maddock, R. (1987) Leisure and Australian wellbeing. Australian Economic History Review, 27: 200–5.

Fountain, H. (1996) Australian Consolidated Industries: A Case Study of Transactions in Knowhow. PhD thesis, University of Sydney.

Statistical publication without author
Registrar General’s Statistical Review of England and Wales (1958), (London: HMSO).

Government publication
New South Wales, Parliamentary debates, 1889– 91.

Armidale Express, Parliamentarian to run for mayor, 19 April 1989.

Annual report
Australian National Railways Commission (1967–8), Annual Report (Adelaide).

Archival material
The archive name, abbreviation (if used) and location only is to be provided in the reference list. For example:

Public Records Office Victoria. (PROV), Melbourne.

Non-English language references
References in languages that do not use Roman script should be transcribed into Roman script.

A reference in a language other than English should have a translation of the title between square brackets:

Kishimoto, Mio (1997) Shindai Chugoku no Bukka to Keizai Hendo [Prices and economic change in the Qing Dynasty] (Tokyo: Kenbun Shuppan).

References to web sites and electronic data
Authors should refer to permanent (hardcopy) sources wherever possible. Where websites and electronic data sources are used, full web addresses and date of access must be supplied.

Flandreau, M. and Komlos, J., (2007) Early Forward Exchange Markets: Vienna, 1876–1914. [Accessed 21 Jun 2007]. Available from URL:

Where a journal article is only available online, the digital object identifier (doi) should be included at the end of the standard author/ date/title/journal/issue/page sequence.

Gai, P., Cameron, G. and Tan, K. Y. (2009) Sovereign Risk in the Classical Gold Standard Era. Economic Record, doi: 10.1111/j.1475- 4932.2009.00569.x

These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered with Roman numerals and referred to in the text. They might include long data tables or discussion of methodologies, estimation procedures, and similar matters that would impede the flow of the discussion in the main text of the article.

Keep tables to a minimum. Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text with Arabic numerals.

Type tables on a separate page with the title above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Do not use verticle lines to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings.

Keep figures to a minimum. All illustrations (diagrams, graphs, photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. In addition to a legend (required for all figures, see below), all graphical figures must contain clear and concise x and y axis labels, including units of measurement. Please note the journal does not reproduce colour images.

Sharp, black and white graphs or diagrams must be drawn using a computer graphics package such as Excel. Each figure must be supplied individually as an .xls or .eps file, with its accompanying data set. Photographic and scanned images must be supplied as high resolution files (at least 300 dpi, at a minimum width of 8.6 cm), saved as .eps, or .tif. Do not embed figures in a Word document.

Figure legends
Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define or explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

It is essential that all mathematical equations are presented in a way that communicates with non-mathematical, non-quantitative economic historians and the intelligent lay person. Equations should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numerals; these should be ranged right in parentheses. All variables should appear in italics. Use the simplest possible form for all mathematical symbols. Explain the variables concisely. Lengthy discussion of method or techniques should be placed in an appendix.

Authors of papers containing mathematical equations must ensure that the PDF page proofs are checked thoroughly for accuracy.

Literary conventions
Sufficient and correct punctuation is necessary to eliminate ambiguity; but do not over punctuate. Use a (serial) comma before the ‘and’ in enumerations (e.g. alpha, beta, and gamma).

When used in the text, numbers from one to nine should be written in words, with other numbers and decimals expressed in figures (except at the beginning of a sentence). If the number is followed by a measurement, a numeral should be used: 18 kilometres, 150 tonnes etc. Very large numbers should be expressed as, for example, 3.2 million rather than 3,200,000. The traditional method of using a comma between numbers with more than three numerals should be used. Percentages should be expressed as: 75 per cent (per annum) not 75% (p.a.), except in tables, figures and footnotes. With decimals, always use a zero before numbers less than unity: 0.23, not .23. Fractions must be written in words (e.g., three-quarters). When referring to numbers in sequence, avoid unnecessary repetition: 204–9, and not 204–09.

Time periods and dates
Use: nineteenth century; 20 years; the 1920s (no apostrophe). Use 1901–10, not 1901–1910. Use 1901/02 for the financial year. Dates should be given as July 1944 or 22 July 1944 (no commas) in the text, and 22/7/1944 in footnotes, tables, and figures.

Abbreviations should only be used to ease the reader’s task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. They may be used if they are part of everyday speech (e.g. BHP, IMF). Abbreviations in the text m a y be used if repeated often. The first use of the abbreviated term should be written in full with the abbreviation in brackets. Thereafter use the abbreviation only. Abbreviations in lower case require full stops (e.g. a.m., i.e.) but not in upper case (e.g. BHP).

Use single quotation marks(‘/’) for all direct quotations and double quotation marks (“/”) for a quotation within a quotation. A quotation of 50 words or more should be placed on its own without quotation marks, indented by 1 cm.

Use hyphens sparingly, but two words should be hyphenated if they are used as a compound adjective (except where one is an adverb), such as: twentieth-century industrialisation. Hyphens should also be used for compass directions (e.g., south-west), fractions (e.g., one-third), and to join words of equal value (e.g., owner-occupier). The following compound words do not need a hyphen: 'prewar', 'interwar', 'postwar'.

All non-English words and phrases should be in italics if given in full (but not if abbreviated), as should the names of books, journals, and newspapers.

Use initial capitals for Act, Bill, Cabinet, the Crown, the Chair. Use lower case for geographical divisions as opposed to political ones (e.g., eastern Australia, but Western Australia). Use initial lower case when referring generally to titles, institutions or events, but initial capitals when referring to a specific individual, institution or event (e.g., state premiers, but Premier Bloggs; state governments, but the State Government of South Australia). Use First World War (not World War I).

Personal titles: These should be used sparingly, and only if necessary to clarify a point. If reference is made to a person by his or her title, all subsequent references to that person should be to the surname alone. The following form of titles should be used: Professor (in full), Dr, Mr, Mrs, Ms (no full stops).

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Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. More details on the copyright and licencing options for the journal appear below.

Wiley’s Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.


A PDF reprint of the article will be supplied free of charge to the corresponding author. Additional printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:

Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provides authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.

Author Guidelines updated 21 July 2015