Australian Economic History Review

Cover image for Vol. 54 Issue 2

Edited By: John Singleton and Lionel Frost

Impact Factor: 0.296

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 20/36 (History of Social Sciences); 276/332 (Economics)

Online ISSN: 1467-8446

Author Guidelines


Australian Economic History Review is the official journal of the Economic History Society of Australia and New Zealand. It publishes original historically oriented research articles on the economy, business and society, with a particular interest in the Asia–Pacific region, including Australia and New Zealand. Suitable papers in the following fields will be considered: economic history; business history; historical economics; history of economic thought; industrial relations; demography; political economy; and business studies. New methodological approaches are particularly welcome, as is the exchange of critical comments on important topics in economic, business and social history.

Papers are accepted on the basis of the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are peer reviewed by at least two anonymous reviewers and an Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editors who reserve the right to refuse any material for publication.

Manuscripts should be written to be intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. They should be written in a clear, concise, and direct style. When contributions are accepted for publication, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript may be returned to the author for revision.

All articles submitted to the Journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication. Manuscripts must be submitted via Scholar One at

We recommend that all prospective authors visit Wiley-Blackwell’s Author Services website for information on preparing manuscripts for submission, where authors will find guides on such topics as how to write an effective abstract and how to prepare graphical materials for reproduction in the Journal.

Covering letter
Papers are accepted for publication in the Journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere, which must be stated in the covering letter that is to be uploaded to Scholar One. Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose a conflict of interest. If tables or figures have been reproduced from another source, or for which the author does not hold copyright such as an archive image, a letter from the copyright holder (usually the Publisher), stating authorisation to reproduce the material, must be provided before publication of an accepted article can proceed. This is best provided at the time of submission and should be stated in the covering letter.

Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard copyright transfer agreements (CTA) in place for the journal, including terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available here: CTA Terms and Conditions FAQs

OnlineOpen – ‘Gold’ open access
OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons licence. In addition, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository or other free public server, immediately on publication. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access, known as ‘gold road’ open access.  

OnlineOpen licenses
Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms:

  • Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC)
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND)

For more information about the OnlineOpen license terms and conditions click here.  

Manuscripts should follow the Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers (AGPS, Canberra).
The Journal uses UK spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Concise Oxford Dictionary.

All historical measurements must give SI or SI derived units in parentheses on first mention to allow comparison. Similarly with local currency units, a note on the equivalent in an international unit of exchange, such as the US dollar or Sterling, would help readers comprehend the size of any monetary amounts.

Abbreviations should be used sparingly – only where they ease the reader’s task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. Initially use the word-group in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. This includes common terms such as gross domestic product (GDP). Thereafter use the abbreviation only.

Article length (including references, endnotes, tables and appendices) should preferably be between 7,000 and 10,000 words. Book reviews should not exceed 1,000 words.

Manuscripts submitted to the Scholar One system should be presented in the following order: (i) title page (without author contact details) (ii) acknowledgments (this can wait until after refereeing to avoid identification, but the author might indicate intention to include an acknowledgement), (iii) the abstract, keywords and JEL categories, (iv) the text (including footnotes), (v) references, (vi) appendices, and (vii) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes); (viii) figures are to be loaded as one or more separate files along with the figure legends.

Title page
The title page must contain all identifying information. This includes (i) the title of the paper (the title should be short, informative and contain the major key words). Please limit title length to 75 characters. Do not use abbreviations in the title, but include a (ii) a short running title (less than 40 characters). The full names of all authors, their institutions at which the work was carried out, and contact details including the email address are to be inserted in the appropriate author fields by the corresponding author who is submitting the article via Scholar One.

Acknowledgements should appear on the title page. The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged.

Abstract, key words and JEL classification codes
Page two of the manuscript must repeat the title of the paper without any author identification. Next, all articles must have a brief abstract of 100 words or fewer. The abstract is to be placed immediately below the title (repeated from the title page), typed in double spacing, and indented from the left margin. It should succinctly convey to the reader the topic, method or data, the significance of the findings, and so on. It must not simply be a shortened version of the introduction or conclusion, nor must it contain mathematical symbols, abbreviations, references or footnotes.

The abstract should be followed by up to five Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) classification codes (see, and at least two keywords including one geographic identifier. It is highly recommended that all authors visit the Wiley-Blackwell Author Services website for information on how to optimize your abstract for search engines.

The text begins on page three of the manuscript, and should be organised into logical sections such as introductory section (conveying the background and purpose of the report), data and methodology, and so on, identified with subheadings.

All footnotes must appear at the bottom of the appropriate page. They need to be numbered consecutively throughout the text. Citations should appear in a shortened form in the footnotes but written in full in the list of references. The shortened form should include the author’s surname and a shortened title, e.g. Chandler, Scale and scope, pp. 21–2. Do not use ibid. or op cit for subsequent citation. Footnotes should be used primarily to identify the consulted citations and authors should avoid elaboration or tangential discussions. If the discussion is important, it should be in the text. Footnotes should be referred to in the text with consecutive, superscript Arabic numerals. For archival material, sufficient detail must be given in the footnote to match effectively the list in the References at the end of the article.

A consolidated alphabetical list of all books, articles, essays, and theses referred to (including any referred to in the tables, graphs, and maps) should be provided. The reference list should only include items directly cited in the text.

In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the footnotes of the text only (e.g., Smith A, 2000, unpublished data; Blogs, B, email communications, 27/2/2009).

Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Book reference
Meredith, D., and Dyster, B. (1999) Australia in the Global Economy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Chapter in a book
Poynter, J. R. (1979) Baillieu, William Lawrence. In: B. Nairn and G. Serle, eds. Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 7 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press), pp. 231–58.

Research paper/report
McClean, I. W., and Pincus, J. J. (1982) Living standards in Australia 1890–1940: evidence and conjectures, Working Paper in Economic History, No. 6 (Canberra: Australian National University).
Bureau of Industry Economics (1992) International performance indicators: rail freight, Research Report No.41 (Canberra).

Journal reference
Carter, M., and Maddock, R. (1987) Leisure and Australian wellbeing. Australian Economic History Review, 27: 200–5.
Whiteman, J., and Person, K. (1993) Benchmarking telecommunications using data envelopment analysis. Economic Papers, 12: 97–105.

Fountain, H. (1996) Australian Consolidated Industries: A Case Study of Transactions in Knowhow. PhD thesis, University of Sydney.

Statistical publication without author
Registrar General’s Statistical Review of England and Wales (1958), (London: HMSO).

Government publication
New South Wales, Parliamentary debates, 1889– 91.

Armidale Express, Parliamentarian to run for mayor, 19 April 1989.

Annual report
Australian National Railways Commission (1967–8), Annual Report (Adelaide).

Archival material
Public Records Office Victoria. VA 672 Premier’s Office, VPRS 1163/P1 Inwards Correspondence Files, Unit 744, 1883/291. Letter re. remedy for pauperism. 1883.

Non-English language references
References in languages that do not use Roman script should be transcribed into Roman script. A reference in a language other than English should have a translation of the title between square brackets:

Kishimoto, Mio (1997) Shindai Chugoku no Bukka to Keizai Hendo [Prices and economic change in the Qing Dynasty] (Tokyo: Kenbun Shuppan).

References to web sites and electronic data
Authors should refer to permanent (hardcopy) sources wherever possible. Where websites and electronic data sources are used, full web addresses and date of access must be supplied. Articles that are published in an online early format must include the digital object identifier (doi) and authors should check to see whether any such article has been published in the hardcopy version at the time of final proofs.

Flandreau, M. and Komlos, J., (2007) Early Forward Exchange Markets: Vienna, 1876–1914. [Accessed 21 Jun 2007]. Available from URL:

Where a journal article is only available online, the digital object identifier (doi) should be included at the end of the standard author/ date/title/journal/issue/page sequence.

Gai, P., Cameron, G. and Tan, K. Y. (2009) Sovereign Risk in the Classical Gold Standard Era. Economic Record, doi: 10.1111/j.1475- 4932.2009.00569.x

These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered with Roman numerals and referred to in the text. They might include long data tables or discussion of methodologies, estimation procedures, and similar matters that would impede the flow of the discussion in the main text of the article.

Tables should be relevant, self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text with Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the title above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings.

Keep figures relevant. All illustrations (diagrams, graphs, photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. In addition to a legend (required for all figures, see below), all graphical figures must contain clear and concise x and y axis labels, including units of measurement. Please note the journal does not reproduce colour images. Sharp, black and white graphs or diagrams must be drawn using a computer graphics package such as Excel. Each figure must be supplied individually as an .xls or .eps file, with its accompanying data set. Photographic and scanned images must be supplied as high resolution files (at least 300 dpi, at a minimum width of 8.6 cm), saved as .eps, .tif. or PDF files. Figures should be uploaded as separate files in Scholar One. They should not be embedded in the main text. For further information on preparing artwork and other images, see instructions here.

Figure legends
Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define or explain all abbreviations and units of measurement. Each figure must also list the source(s) and any relevant copyright information.

All mathematical equations are to be presented in a way that communicates with the intelligent lay person. Equations should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numerals; these should be ranged right in parentheses. All variables should appear in italics. Use the simplest possible form for all mathematical symbols. Explain the variables concisely. Lengthy discussion of method or techniques should be placed in an appendix.

Authors of papers containing mathematical equations must ensure that the PDF page proofs are checked thoroughly for accuracy.

Literary conventions
Sufficient and correct punctuation is necessary to eliminate ambiguity; but do not over punctuate. Use a (serial) comma before the ‘and’ in enumerations (e.g. alpha, beta, and gamma).

When used in the text, numbers from one to nine should be written in words, with other numbers and decimals expressed in figures (except at the beginning of a sentence). If the number is followed by a measurement, a numeral should be used: 18 kilometres, 150 tonnes etc. Very large numbers should be expressed as, for example, 3.2 million rather than 3,200,000. The traditional method of using a comma between numbers with more than three numerals should be used. Percentages should be expressed as: 75 per cent (per annum) not 75% (p.a.), except in tables, figures and footnotes. With decimals, always use a zero before numbers less than unity: 0.23, not .23. Fractions must be written in words (e.g., three-quarters). When referring to numbers in sequence, avoid unnecessary repetition: 204–9, and not 204–09.

Time periods and dates
Use: nineteenth century; 20 years; the 1920s (no apostrophe). Use 1901–10, not 1901–1910; use 1905-6, not 1905-06. Use 1901/02 for the financial year. Use Second World War, not World War Two or WWII. Dates should be given as July 1944 or 22 July 1944 (no commas) in the text, and 22/7/1944 in footnotes, tables, and figures.

Use single quotation marks(‘/’) for all direct quotations and double quotation marks (“/”) for a quotation within a quotation. A quotation of 50 words or more should be placed on its own without quotation marks, indented by 1 cm.

Use hyphens sparingly, but two words should be hyphenated if they are used as a compound adjective (except where one is an adverb), such as: twentieth-century industrialisation. Hyphens should also be used for compass directions (e.g., south-west), fractions (e.g., one-third), and to join words of equal value (e.g., owner-occupier).

All non-English words and phrases should be in italics if given in full (but not if abbreviated), as should the names of books, journals, and newspapers.

Use initial capitals for Act, Bill, Cabinet, the Crown, the Chair. Use lower case for geographical divisions as opposed to political ones (e.g., eastern Australia, but Western Australia). Use initial lower case when referring generally to titles, institutions or events, but initial capitals when referring to a specific individual, institution or event (e.g., state premiers, but Premier Bloggs; state governments, but the State Government of South Australia).

Personal titles
These should be used sparingly, and only if necessary to clarify a point. If reference is made to a person by his or her title, all subsequent references to that person should be to the surname alone. The following form of titles should be used: Professor (in full), Dr, Mr, Mrs, Ms (no full stops).

It is essential that corresponding authors supply an email address to which correspondence can be emailed while their article is in production. Notification of the URL from where to download a PDF typeset page proof, associated forms and further instructions will be sent by email to the corresponding author. The purpose of the PDF proof is a final check of the layout, and of tables and figures. Alterations other than the essential correction of errors are unacceptable at PDF proof stage. The proof should be checked, and approval to publish the article should be emailed to the Publisher by the date indicated, otherwise it may be signed off by the Editor or held over to the next issue.

Twenty free offprints and a free PDF offprint will be supplied to the corresponding author. A minimum of 50 additional offprints will be provided upon request, at the author’s expense. These paper offprints may be ordered online. Please visit, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields. If you have queries about offprints please email

Visit the Australian Economic History Review homepage for more information, and Wiley-Blackwell’s web pages for submission guidelines and digital graphics standards. The Australian Economic History Review is available online at Wiley Online Library. Visit to search the articles and register for table of contents and e-mail alerts.