Australian Economic History Review

Cover image for Vol. 55 Issue 1

Edited By: Lionel Frost and Andrew Seltzer

Impact Factor: 0.296

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 20/36 (History of Social Sciences); 276/333 (Economics)

Online ISSN: 1467-8446



Author Guidelines


INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS

AIMS AND SCOPE
Australian Economic History Review (AEHR) is the official journal of the Economic History Society of Australia and New Zealand. It publishes original historically oriented research articles on the economy, business and society, with a particular interest in the Asia–Pacific region, including Australia and New Zealand. Suitable papers in the following fields will be considered: economic history; history of economic thought; industrial relations;demography; and business history. New methodological approaches are particularly welcome, as is the exchange of critical comments on important topics in economic, business and social history.

Inquiries regarding the scope of AEHR should be directed to either of the Editors-in-Chief

Associate Professor Lionel Frost
Monash Business School
Monash University
(lionel.frost@monash.edu)

Professor Andrew Seltzer
Royal Holloway
University of London
(A.Seltzer@rhul.ac.uk)

EDITORIAL REVIEW AND ACCEPTANCE
Papers are accepted on the basis of the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are peer reviewed by at least two anonymous reviewers and an Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editors who reserve the right to refuse any material for publication.

Manuscripts should be written so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. They should be written in a clear, concise, and direct style. When contributions are accepted for publication, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript may be returned to the author for revision.

SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS
All articles submitted to the Journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication.

To submit a manuscript, go to the following site and follow the instructions: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/aehr

AEHR uses an electronic workflow and hardcopy submission of manuscripts is not acceptable.

It is highly recommended that all prospective authors visit Wiley's Author Services website for information on preparing manuscripts for submission: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/journal.asp

Covering letter
Papers are accepted for publication in the Journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose a conflict of interest.

If tables or figures have been reproduced from another source, a letter from the copyright holder (usually the Publisher), stating authorisation to reproduce the material, must be attached to the covering letter.

COPYRIGHT, LICENSING AND ONLINEOPEN
Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard copyright transfer agreements (CTA) in place for the journal, including terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available here: CTA Terms and Conditions FAQs

OnlineOpen – ‘Gold’ open access
OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons licence. In addition, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository or other free public server, immediately on publication. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access, known as ‘gold road’ open access.  

OnlineOpen licenses
Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms:

  • Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC)
  • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND)

For more information about the OnlineOpen license terms and conditions click here.  

STYLE OF THE MANUSCRIPT
The manuscript must be supplied as a Word document. PDFs are not acceptable for refereeing and editing purposes. Manuscripts should follow the Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers (AGPS, Canberra).

Spelling
AEHR uses UK spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Concise Oxford Dictionary.

Units
All measurements must give SI or SI derived units. Please go to the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) website: http://www.bipm.org/en/about-us/ for more information about SI units.

PARTS OF THE MANUSCRIPT
Article length (including references, endnotes, tables and appendices) should be between 8,000 and 10,000 words. Articles that are more than 11,000 words in length are unlikely to be considered for publication. Comments, research notes and other communications should not exceed 3,500 words unless invited to do so by an Editor. Book reviews should not exceed 1,000 words.

Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page (with author contact details) (ii) acknowledgments, (iii) abstract, keywords and JEL categories, (iv) text (including footnotes), (v) references, (vi) appendices, (vii) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes); and (viii) figures and figure legends.

Title page
The title page must contain all identifying information. This includes (i) the title of the paper (the title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. Please limit title length to 75 characters. Do not use abbreviations in the title), (ii) a short running title (less than 40 characters), (iii) the full names of all authors, (iv) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out, (v) the full postal and email address, plus facsimile and telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent (the present address of any author, if different from where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote), and (vi) acknowledgments.

Acknowledgements
Acknowledgements should appear on the title page. The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged.

Abstract, key words and JEL classification codes
Page two of the manuscript must repeat the title of the paper without any author identification. Next, all articles must have a brief abstract of 100 words or fewer. The abstract is to be placed immediately below the title (repeated from the title page), typed in double spacing, and indented six character spaces in from the left margin. It should succinctly convey to the reader the topic, method or data, the significance of the findings, and so on. It must not simply be a shortened version of the introduction or conclusion, nor must it contain mathematical symbols, abbreviations, references or footnotes.

The abstract should be followed by up to five JEL classification codes (see http://www.aeaweb.org/journal/jel_class_system.php), and at least two keywords including one geographic identifier.

It is highly recommended that all authors visit the Wiley Author Services website: http://exchanges.wiley.com/authors/optimize-your-article-for-search_334.html for information on how to optimize your abstract for search engines.

Text
The text begins on page three of the manuscript, and should be organised into logical sections such as introductory section (conveying the background and purpose of the report), data and methodology, and so on, identified with subheadings. Subheadings must be unnumbered and in capital letters.

Footnotes
All footnotes must appear at the bottom of the appropriate page. They need to be numbered consecutively throughout the text. Citations should appear in a shortened form in the footnotes but written in full in the list of references. The shortened form should include the author’s surname and a shortened title, e.g. Chandler, Scale and Scope, pp. 21–2.

When citing archival material, use a full reference in the footnote to allow the reader to locate the material. The archive name may be abbreviated at the first reference, then the abbreviated name given in subsequent references. For example:
Public Records Office Victoria (PROV). VA 672 Premier's Office, VPRS 1163/P1 Inwards Correspondence Files, Unit 744, 1883/291. Letter re. remedy for pauperism. 1883.

Footnotes should be used primarily to identify the consulted citations and authors should avoid elaboration or tangential discussions. If the discussion is important, it should be in the text. Footnotes should be referred to in the text with consecutive, superscript Arabic numerals.

References
A consolidated alphabetical list of all books, articles, essays, theses and archives referred to (including any referred to in the tables, graphs, and maps) must be provided. The reference list must only include items directly cited or referred to in the text.

In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. . Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data). Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Book reference
McLean, I.W. (2013) Why Australia Prospered: The Shifting Sources of Economic Growth Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Chapter in a book
Wilson, J.K. (2015) Government and the evolution of public policy. In: S. Ville and G. Withers, eds. The Cambridge Economic History of Australia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 330 - 50 .

Research paper/report
McClean, I. W., and Pincus, J. J. (1982) Living standards in Australia 1890–1940: evidence and conjectures, Working Paper in Economic History, No. 6 (Canberra: Australian National University).

Bureau of Industry Economics (1992) International performance indicators: rail freight, Research Report No.41 (Canberra).

Journal reference
Carter, M., and Maddock, R. (1987) Leisure and Australian wellbeing. Australian Economic History Review, 27: 200–5.

Thesis
Fountain, H. (1996) Australian Consolidated Industries: A Case Study of Transactions in Knowhow. PhD thesis, University of Sydney.

Statistical publication without author
Registrar General’s Statistical Review of England and Wales (1958), (London: HMSO).

Government publication
New South Wales, Parliamentary debates, 1889– 91.

Newspaper
Armidale Express, Parliamentarian to run for mayor, 19 April 1989.

Annual report
Australian National Railways Commission (1967–8), Annual Report (Adelaide).

Archival material
The archive name, abbreviation (if used) and location only is to be provided in the reference list. For example:

Public Records Office Victoria. (PROV), Melbourne.

Non-English language references
References in languages that do not use Roman script should be transcribed into Roman script.

A reference in a language other than English should have a translation of the title between square brackets:

Kishimoto, Mio (1997) Shindai Chugoku no Bukka to Keizai Hendo [Prices and economic change in the Qing Dynasty] (Tokyo: Kenbun Shuppan).

References to web sites and electronic data
Authors should refer to permanent (hardcopy) sources wherever possible. Where websites and electronic data sources are used, full web addresses and date of access must be supplied.

Flandreau, M. and Komlos, J., (2007) Early Forward Exchange Markets: Vienna, 1876–1914. [Accessed 21 Jun 2007]. Available from URL: http://eh.net/databases/earlyforward/

Where a journal article is only available online, the digital object identifier (doi) should be included at the end of the standard author/ date/title/journal/issue/page sequence.

Gai, P., Cameron, G. and Tan, K. Y. (2009) Sovereign Risk in the Classical Gold Standard Era. Economic Record, doi: 10.1111/j.1475- 4932.2009.00569.x

Appendices
These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered with Roman numerals and referred to in the text. They might include long data tables or discussion of methodologies, estimation procedures, and similar matters that would impede the flow of the discussion in the main text of the article.

Tables
Keep tables to a minimum. Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text with Arabic numerals.

Type tables on a separate page with the title above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Do not use verticle lines to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings.

Figures
Keep figures to a minimum. All illustrations (diagrams, graphs, photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. In addition to a legend (required for all figures, see below), all graphical figures must contain clear and concise x and y axis labels, including units of measurement. Please note the journal does not reproduce colour images.

Sharp, black and white graphs or diagrams must be drawn using a computer graphics package such as Excel. Each figure must be supplied individually as an .xls or .eps file, with its accompanying data set. Photographic and scanned images must be supplied as high resolution files (at least 300 dpi, at a minimum width of 8.6 cm), saved as .eps, or .tif. Do not embed figures in a Word document.

Figure legends
Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define or explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

Equations
It is essential that all mathematical equations are presented in a way that communicates with non-mathematical, non-quantitative economic historians and the intelligent lay person. Equations should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numerals; these should be ranged right in parentheses. All variables should appear in italics. Use the simplest possible form for all mathematical symbols. Explain the variables concisely. Lengthy discussion of method or techniques should be placed in an appendix.

Authors of papers containing mathematical equations must ensure that the PDF page proofs are checked thoroughly for accuracy.

Literary conventions
Grammar
Sufficient and correct punctuation is necessary to eliminate ambiguity; but do not over punctuate. Use a (serial) comma before the ‘and’ in enumerations (e.g. alpha, beta, and gamma).

Numbers
When used in the text, numbers from one to nine should be written in words, with other numbers and decimals expressed in figures (except at the beginning of a sentence). If the number is followed by a measurement, a numeral should be used: 18 kilometres, 150 tonnes etc. Very large numbers should be expressed as, for example, 3.2 million rather than 3,200,000. The traditional method of using a comma between numbers with more than three numerals should be used. Percentages should be expressed as: 75 per cent (per annum) not 75% (p.a.), except in tables, figures and footnotes. With decimals, always use a zero before numbers less than unity: 0.23, not .23. Fractions must be written in words (e.g., three-quarters). When referring to numbers in sequence, avoid unnecessary repetition: 204–9, and not 204–09.

Time periods and dates
Use: nineteenth century; 20 years; the 1920s (no apostrophe). Use 1901–10, not 1901–1910. Use 1901/02 for the financial year. Dates should be given as July 1944 or 22 July 1944 (no commas) in the text, and 22/7/1944 in footnotes, tables, and figures.

Abbreviations
Abbreviations should only be used to ease the reader’s task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. They may be used if they are part of everyday speech (e.g. BHP, IMF). Abbreviations in the text m a y be used if repeated often. The first use of the abbreviated term should be written in full with the abbreviation in brackets. Thereafter use the abbreviation only. Abbreviations in lower case require full stops (e.g. a.m., i.e.) but not in upper case (e.g. BHP).

Quotations
Use single quotation marks(‘/’) for all direct quotations and double quotation marks (“/”) for a quotation within a quotation. A quotation of 50 words or more should be placed on its own without quotation marks, indented by 1 cm.

Hyphens
Use hyphens sparingly, but two words should be hyphenated if they are used as a compound adjective (except where one is an adverb), such as: twentieth-century industrialisation. Hyphens should also be used for compass directions (e.g., south-west), fractions (e.g., one-third), and to join words of equal value (e.g., owner-occupier). The following compound words do not need a hyphen: 'prewar', 'interwar', 'postwar'.

Italicisation
All non-English words and phrases should be in italics if given in full (but not if abbreviated), as should the names of books, journals, and newspapers.

Capitalisation
Use initial capitals for Act, Bill, Cabinet, the Crown, the Chair. Use lower case for geographical divisions as opposed to political ones (e.g., eastern Australia, but Western Australia). Use initial lower case when referring generally to titles, institutions or events, but initial capitals when referring to a specific individual, institution or event (e.g., state premiers, but Premier Bloggs; state governments, but the State Government of South Australia). Use First World War (not World War I).

Personal titles: These should be used sparingly, and only if necessary to clarify a point. If reference is made to a person by his or her title, all subsequent references to that person should be to the surname alone. The following form of titles should be used: Professor (in full), Dr, Mr, Mrs, Ms (no full stops).

PROOFS
It is essential that corresponding authors supply a current email address to which correspondence can be emailed while their article is in production.

Notification of the URL from where to download a PDF typeset page proof, associated forms and further instructions will be sent by email to the corresponding author. The purpose of the PDF proof is a final check of the layout, and of tables and figures. Alterations other than the essential correction of errors are unacceptable at PDF proof stage. The proof should be checked, and approval to publish the article should be emailed to the Publisher by the date indicated, otherwise it may be signed off by the Editor or held over to the next issue.

OFFPRINTS
A free PDF offprint of the article will be supplied to the corresponding author. A minimum of 50 additional offprints will be provided upon request at the author's expense. These paper offprints may be ordered online. Please visit http://offprint.cosprinters.com fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields:

If you have queries about offprints please e-mail: offprint@cosprinters.com


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