Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Cover image for Vol. 59 Issue 1

Edited By: John Rolfe, Lin Crase, John Tisdell

Impact Factor: 1.065

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 6/17 (Agricultural Economics & Policy); 120/333 (Economics)

Online ISSN: 1467-8489

Author Guidelines

Thank you for your interest in The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. Please consult the following instructions to help you prepare your manuscript, and feel free to contact us with any questions. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts must adhere to the following instructions. Manuscripts that do not follow these instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review. We are looking forward to your submission.


The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics provides a forum for innovative and scholarly work in agricultural, resource and environmental economics. Contributions in this field are encouraged from members of the Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society and non-members, in Australia and abroad. Editorial objectives are to maintain a high standard of analytical rigor while offering sufficient variety of content to appeal to a broad spectrum of both academic and professional economists and policymakers. In addition to regular articles, policy reviews and surveys of key issues in agricultural, resource and environmental economics are welcome.

Frequency: 4 times per year.


The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. Except where otherwise stated, manuscripts are double-blind peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers and the Editor. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editor, who reserves the right to refuse any material for publication.

Manuscripts should be written in a clear, concise, direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.


Author Services

Prior to submission, we encourage you to browse the ‘Author Resources’ section of the Wiley-Blackwell ‘Author Services’ website: This site includes useful information covering such topics as copyright matters, ethics, electronic artwork guidelines, and how to optimise articles for search engines.

Prior Publication Policy

For the journal's policy regarding the prior publication of submitted manuscripts, please click here.

Conflict of Interest Statement

Authors must indicate whether there is a conflict of interest when lodging their submission via the ScholarOne Manuscript submission website. If there is a conflict of interest, the author must clearly identify the conflict in their covering letter that declares any grants or other sources of funding that support reported research, as well as any relevant industrial links or affiliations that the author may have. Any potential conflicts of interest will be held in confidence while the paper is under review and will not influence the editorial decision but, if the article is accepted for publication, the Editor will consider whether such information needs to be communicated to the reader.

Pre-submission English-language editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found on the Author Services web pages ( Japanese authors can also find a list of local English improvement services at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Chinese Scholars Network

Chinese authors might also be interested in visiting Wiley-Blackwell’s Chinese Scholars Network, a resource for authors providing information on such topics as manuscript preparation and the peer review process


Manuscript categories

i. Original Article

Word limit: 7,000 words including tables, references, footnotes and appendices

Abstract: 200 words maximum

Figures/Tables: No limit

Description: High quality, original and innovative research articles. Typically these have an introduction that explains the motivation for the research and how it relates to the literature; theoretical or modeling developments; data, design and/or model descriptions; analytical methods; results; discussion and conclusions. Articles that refer to topics covered in recent Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics papers are likely to be of high relevance to our readership.

ii. Original Review Articles

Word limit: 9,000 words maximum including tables, references, footnotes and appendices

Abstract: 200 words maximum

Figures/Tables: No limit

Description: Reviews are comprehensive surveys and analyses of specific topics. They are usually submitted upon invitation by the Editors. Typically these have an introduction that explains the motivation for the article, survey and comment on the existing literature and point to outstanding research issues. Both solicited and unsolicited review articles will undergo peer review prior to acceptance.

iii. Original Policy Forum Papers

Word limit: 5000 words including tables, references, footnotes and appendices

Abstract: 200 words maximum

Figures/Tables: No limit

Description: Policy Forum papers address topical policy issues in a scholarly manner, and provide an opportunity for authors to express a more personal viewpoint than is normal in traditional research articles. Policy Forum papers should implicitly, if not explicitly, present hypotheses and/or arguments about policies that are based on theory and/or on observation. It is not necessary to formally or empirically test such hypotheses in Forum papers, but they need to be soundly and succinctly argued with relevant research cited.

iv. Notes

Word limit: 2500 including tables, references, footnotes and appendices

Figures/Tables: No limit

Description: Often, but not always, these are comments made on another paper previously published in The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. In these cases, should the Note be accepted by the Review process, the Editors will send the Note to the author/s of the original paper and will invite a Reply. In other instances a Note may be a brief report on a research topic in agricultural, resource or environmental economics of interest to journal readers.

Manuscript style

Parts of the manuscript

Abstract and key words

All manuscript categories must have an abstract of 200 or fewer words that states the purpose, basic procedures, main findings and principal conclusions of the study. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references.

Five key words or terms, for the purposes of indexing, should be supplied below the abstract, in alphabetical order.


Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for tests of statistical significance. Statistical measures such as SD should be identified in the headings or the table footnotes.


All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Provide all figures in black and white. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. For submission, low-resolution figures saved as .jpg or .bmp files should be uploaded, for ease of transmission during the review process. Upon acceptance of the article, high-resolution figures (at least 300 d.p.i.) saved as .eps or .tif files should be uploaded. More information about figures is available on Author Services at:

Figure legends

Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.


The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Personal thanks and thanks to anonymous reviewers are not appropriate.


Standard Harvard

The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics uses the parenthetical (author date) system of referencing - examples are given below. In the text, give the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: Smith (2000). If there are two authors, use ‘and’: Smith and Jones (2001) or (Smith and Jones 2001). When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: MacDonald et al. (2002).

Direct quotes should be identified in single quotation marks. Page numbers must be included after the year for quoted material; for example: (Smith and Jones 2001, p. 77)

In the reference list, references should be listed in alphabetical order. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A 2000, unpublished data or Anthony Smith, AARES, pers. comm.). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. An EndNote reference style for this Journal can be found here: A Reference Manager reference style for this Journal can be found here:

Journal article

Choe, Y.S. and Jeong, J. (1993). Charitable contributions by low- and middle-income taxpayers: further evidence with a new method. National Tax Journal 46, 33–39.

Online article not yet published in an issue

An online article that has not yet been published in an issue (therefore has no volume, issue or page numbers) can be cited by its Digital Object Identifier (DOI). The DOI will remain valid and allow an article to be tracked even after its allocation to an issue.

Murphy, K., Tyler, T.R. and, Curtis, A. (2009). Nurturing regulatory compliance: iIs procedural justice effective when people question the legitimacy of the law? Regulation & Governance doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5991.2009.01043.x


Fujita, M., Krugman, P. and, Venables, A.J. (2001). The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Chapter in a book

Anderson, K., Tyers, R. (1990). How Developing Countries Could Gain from Agricultural Trade Liberalization in the Uruguay round. In: Goldin I, Knudsen O (eds) Agricultural Trade Liberalization: Implications for Developing Countries, pp. 387-424. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris.


Footnotes should only be used if absolutely essential. Generally, incorporate all material in normal text. If used, footnotes should be brief and numbered consecutively in plain superscripts. Exceptions are (a) initial footnotes associated with the title of the article or author’s name, denoted by an asterisk (or an asterisk and a dagger if two such notes are required), and (b) footnotes to a table, indicated by lower-case superscript letters with the notes typed below the table.


These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.


Manuscripts should be submitted online at Authors must supply an email address as all correspondence will be by email.

The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics has a comprehensive, double-blind peer review process. Editorial decisions are supported by peer reviews and Associate Editor guidance. The editor considers all information related to suitability of the manuscript for the Journal’s audience, manuscript novelty, academic rigor, quality of communication, and other matters. The Editor’s decisions about which manuscripts are accepted for publication are final.

Submission requirements

Each submission must include: a title page, copyright form and manuscript. The length of manuscripts must adhere to the specifications under the Manuscript Categories section.

Author identification

To protect anonymity in the reviewing process, authors should avoid disclosing their identity in the manuscript. Authors should withhold their name, affiliation and acknowledgements from the paper until after it has been accepted. References that identify the author(s) should also be removed. A separate title page should accompany all submissions.

Title page

The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper, (ii) the full names of the authors and (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with (iv) the full postal and email address, plus facsimile and telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.

The title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. Do not use abbreviations in the title. A short running title (less than 40 characters) should also be provided.


Double spacing should be used throughout the manuscript, including equations and tables.


Section: numbered (1.), bold, centred, capitalise first letter

Sub-section: numbered (1.1), bold, left justified, capitalise first letter

Sub-sub-section: numbered (1.1.1), italic, left justified, capitalise first letter

References, Acknowledgements and Appendix: not numbered, bold, centred, capitalise first letter


Mathematical equations should not be used excessively. If long, they should be consigned to appendices either for inclusion at the end of the manuscript or in the data document submitted for storage. To help minimize typesetting errors, authors of papers including equations should: (a) avoid graphics mode (e.g. equation editor) when drafting single-line equations; and (b) when checking proofs, confirm that the mathematical text is correct. Use italics in text when giving variables from equations.

Numbers in text

Examples: one, two, eight, nine, 10, 11, 1000, 5500, 10 000, 55 000 000, 35 per cent.

Abbreviations and acronyms

Keep to a minimum. Use only standard metric abbreviations.

Data storage and documentation

Analyses published in AJARE are expected to be replicable by other scholars. To this end, authors are expected to document their data sources, models, and estimation procedures as thoroughly as possible, and to make the data used available to others for replication purposes. Our policy is to encourage authors to submit major databases and code used to conduct the data analyses in their paper. Please read the Data and Code Availability Policy. When submitting your paper, follow the instructions on ScholarOne to upload these files. If an exception to this rule is desired, for example due to confidentiality of data, this should be noted in the article, and the reasons for seeking an exception should be explicitly noted in the cover letter at time of submission.


Author Services

Author Services is a Wiley-Blackwell service that provides useful information for authors. It enables authors to track accepted articles through the production process, enables authors to gain free access to their published articles and nominate up to 10 colleagues to be provided with free access to their published articles.

Copyright, Licensing and OnlineOpen

Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard copyright transfer agreements (CTA) in place for the journal, including terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: CTA Terms and Conditions FAQs

OnlineOpen – ‘Gold road’ Open Access

OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons licence. In addition, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository or other free public server, immediately on publication. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access, known as ‘gold road’ open access.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND).

For more information about the OnlineOpen license terms and conditions click here.


It is essential that corresponding authors supply an email address to which correspondence can be emailed. Notification of the URL from where to download a Portable Document Format (PDF) typeset page proof, associated forms and further instructions will be sent by email to the corresponding author. The purpose of the PDF proof is a final check of the layout, and of tables and figures. Alterations other than the essential correction of errors are unacceptable at PDF proof stage. The proof must be checked, and approval to publish the article should be emailed to the Publisher by the date indicated; otherwise, it may be signed off on by the Editor or held over to the next issue.

Early View

The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics offers rapid speed to publication using Wiley-Blackwell’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication and the authors’ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at


A PDF offprint will be provided to the corresponding author of original articles free of charge. Note this does not apply to book review authors. PDF offprints are for personal use and authors are not permitted to post this version of their article online. A minimum of 50 hard copy offprints will be provided upon request, at the author’s expense. These printed offprints may be ordered online at Inquiries should be made via email to


Wiley-Blackwell and the Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society offer a prize of $A500 for the article judged the best in each volume.


Visit The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics home page at for more information, and Wiley Online Library’s web pages for submission guidelines and digital graphics standards.


Editorial Office, Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 155 Cremorne Street Richmond, Victoria 3121 Australia

Email:; tel: +61 3 9274 3136; fax: +61 3 9274 3390.