Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Cover image for Vol. 60 Issue 4

Edited By: Frank Scrimgeour, John Gibson, Riccardo Scarpa

Impact Factor: 1.302

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 6/17 (Agricultural Economics & Policy); 101/344 (Economics)

Online ISSN: 1467-8489

Author Guidelines

Best Article Prize
The Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society and Wiley are proud to award a prize of $A500 and a A$500 book voucher for the article judged the best in each published volume. Past winners can be viewed here.


Thank you for your interest in Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright. To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

Articles can be submitted online at:

We look forward to receiving your submission.


Aims and Scope
AJARE provides a forum for innovative and scholarly work in agricultural, resource and environmental economics. Contributions in this field are encouraged from members of the Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society and non-members, in Australia and abroad. Editorial objectives are to maintain a high standard of analytical rigor while offering sufficient variety of content to appeal to a broad spectrum of both academic and professional economists and policymakers. In addition to regular articles, policy reviews and surveys of key issues in agricultural, resource and environmental economics are welcome.

Editorial Review and Acceptance
Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics has a comprehensive, double-blind peer review process. Editorial decisions are supported by peer reviews and Associate Editor guidance. The editor considers all information related to suitability of the manuscript for the journal’s audience, manuscript novelty, academic rigor, quality of communication, and other matters. The Editor’s decisions about which manuscripts are accepted for publication are final.

Manuscripts should be written in a clear, concise, direct style. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of content, the Editor and the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader.

Data storage and documentation
Analyses published in AJARE are expected to be replicable by other scholars. To this end, authors are expected to document their data sources, models, and estimation procedures as thoroughly as possible, and to make the data used available to others for replication purposes. Our policy is to encourage authors to submit major databases and code used to conduct the data analyses in their paper. Please read the Data and Code Availability Policy. When submitting your paper, follow the instructions on ScholarOne to upload these files. If an exception to this rule is desired, for example due to confidentiality of data, this should be noted in the article, and the reasons for seeking an exception should be explicitly noted in the cover letter at time of submission.

Prior Publication Policy
For the journal's policy regarding the prior publication of submitted manuscripts, please click here.


Conflict of Interest Statement. Authors must indicate whether there is a conflict of interest when lodging their submission via the ScholarOne Manuscript submission website. If there is a conflict of interest, the author must clearly identify the conflict in their covering letter that declares any grants or other sources of funding that support reported research, as well as any relevant industrial links or affiliations that the author may have. Any potential conflicts of interest will be held in confidence while the paper is under review and will not influence the editorial decision but, if the article is accepted for publication, the Editor will consider whether such information needs to be communicated to the reader.

Plagiarism Detection. The journal employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

Committee on Publication Ethics. The journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).


i. Original Article

Word limit: 7,000 words including tables, references, footnotes and appendices

Abstract: 200 words maximum

Figures/Tables: 6 in total

Description: High quality, original and innovative research articles. Typically these have an introduction that explains the motivation for the research and how it relates to the literature; theoretical or modelling developments; data, design and/or model descriptions; analytical methods; results; discussion and conclusions. Articles that refer to topics covered in recent Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics papers are likely to be of high relevance to our readership.

ii. Original Review Articles

Word limit: 9,000 words maximum including tables, references, footnotes and appendices

Abstract: 200 words maximum

Figures/Tables: 6 in total

Description: Reviews are comprehensive surveys and analyses of specific topics. They are usually submitted upon invitation by the Editors. Typically these have an introduction that explains the motivation for the article, survey and comment on the existing literature and point to outstanding research issues. Both solicited and unsolicited review articles will undergo peer review prior to acceptance.

iii. Original Policy Forum Papers

Word limit: 5000 words including tables, references, footnotes and appendices

Abstract: 200 words maximum

Figures/Tables: 6 in total

Description: Policy Forum papers address topical policy issues in a scholarly manner, and provide an opportunity for authors to express a more personal viewpoint than is normal in traditional research articles. Policy Forum papers should implicitly, if not explicitly, present hypotheses and/or arguments about policies that are based on theory and/or on observation. It is not necessary to formally or empirically test such hypotheses in Forum papers, but they need to be soundly and succinctly argued with relevant research cited.

iv. Notes

Word limit: 2500 including tables, references, footnotes and appendices

Figures/Tables: 6 in total

Description: Often, but not always, these are comments made on another paper previously published in The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. In these cases, should the Note be accepted by the Review process, the Editors will send the Note to the author/s of the original paper and will invite a Reply. In other instances a Note may be a brief report on a research topic in agricultural, resource or environmental economics of interest to journal readers.


Author Services
Prior to submission, we encourage you to browse the ‘Author Resources’ section of the Wiley ‘Author Services’ website: This site includes useful information covering such topics as copyright matters, ethics, electronic artwork guidelines, and how to optimise articles for search engines.

Pre-acceptance English-language editing
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. Visit our site to learn about the options. All services are paid for and arranged by the author.  Please note using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.

Optimising Your Article for Search Engines
Many students and researchers looking for information online will use search engines such as Google, Yahoo or similar. By optimising your article for search engines, you will increase the chance of someone finding it. This in turn will make it more likely to be viewed and/or cited in another work. We have compiled these guidelines to enable you to maximise the web-friendliness of the most public part of your article.

Manuscript style

Spacing. Double spacing should be used throughout the manuscript, including equations and tables.


Section: numbered (1.), bold, centred, capitalise first letter

Sub-section: numbered (1.1), bold, left justified, capitalise first letter

Sub-sub-section: numbered (1.1.1), italic, left justified, capitalise first letter

References, Acknowledgements and Appendix: not numbered, bold, centred, capitalise first letter

Equations. Mathematical equations should not be used excessively. If long, they should be consigned to appendices either for inclusion at the end of the manuscript or in the data document submitted for storage. To help minimize typesetting errors, authors of papers including equations should: (a) avoid graphics mode (e.g. equation editor) when drafting single-line equations; and (b) when checking proofs, confirm that the mathematical text is correct. Use italics in text when giving variables from equations.

Numbers in text Examples: one, two, eight, nine, 10, 11, 1000, 5500, 10 000, 55 000 000, 35 per cent. Abbreviations and acronyms Keep to a minimum. Use only standard metric abbreviations.

Parts of the Manuscript
The manuscript should be submitted in separate files: title page; main text file; figures.

Title page
The title page should contain (i) a short informative that contains the major key words. The title should not contain abbreviations; (ii) the full names of the authors; (iii) the author's institutional affiliations at which the work was carried out; (iv) the full postal and email address, plus telephone number, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent; (v) acknowledgements. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.

The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Personal thanks and thanks to anonymous reviewers are not appropriate.

Acknowledgements are not to be included in the article file, they are to be added to the Title Page which remains blinded from review.

Main text
As papers are double-blind peer reviewed the main text file should not include any information that might identify the authors. The main text of the manuscript should be presented in the following order: (i) abstract and key words, (ii) text, (iii) references, (iv) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes), (v) figure legends, and (vi) appendices. Figures and supporting information should be submitted as separate files.

Abstract and key words
All manuscript categories must have an abstract of 200 or fewer words that states the purpose, basic procedures, main findings and principal conclusions of the study. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references.

Five key words or terms, for the purposes of indexing, should be supplied below the abstract, in alphabetical order.

Abstracts and Key words are to be included in the article file at all stages of the submission process for review purposes

Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics uses the parenthetical (author date) system of referencing - examples are given below. In the text, give the author’s name followed by the year in parentheses: Smith (2000). If there are two authors, use ‘and’: Smith and Jones (2001) or (Smith and Jones 2001). When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: MacDonald et al. (2002).

Direct quotes should be identified in single quotation marks. Page numbers must be included after the year for quoted material; for example: (Smith and Jones 2001, p. 77)

In the reference list, references should be listed in alphabetical order. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. In the reference list, cite the names of all authors, do not use et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A 2000, unpublished data or Anthony Smith, AARES, pers. comm.). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list.

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. An EndNote reference style for this journal can be found here: A Reference Manager reference style for this journal can be found here:

Journal article

Choe, Y.S. and Jeong, J. (1993). Charitable contributions by low- and middle-income taxpayers: further evidence with a new method. National Tax Journal 46, 33–39.

Online article not yet published in an issue

An online article that has not yet been published in an issue (therefore has no volume, issue or page numbers) can be cited by its Digital Object Identifier (DOI). The DOI will remain valid and allow an article to be tracked even after its allocation to an issue.

Murphy, K., Tyler, T.R. and, Curtis, A. (2009). Nurturing regulatory compliance: iIs procedural justice effective when people question the legitimacy of the law? Regulation & Governance doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5991.2009.01043.x


Fujita, M., Krugman, P. and, Venables, A.J. (2001). The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Chapter in a book

Anderson, K., Tyers, R. (1990). How Developing Countries Could Gain from Agricultural Trade Liberalization in the Uruguay round. In: Goldin I, Knudsen O (eds) Agricultural Trade Liberalization: Implications for Developing Countries, pp. 387-424. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris.

Footnotes should only be used if absolutely essential. Generally, incorporate all material in normal text. If used, footnotes should be brief and numbered consecutively in plain superscripts. Exceptions are (a) initial footnotes associated with the title of the article or author’s name, denoted by an asterisk (or an asterisk and a dagger if two such notes are required), and (b) footnotes to a table, indicated by lower-case superscript letters with the notes typed below the table.

Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate page with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for tests of statistical significance. Statistical measures such as SD should be identified in the headings or the table footnotes.

Tables are not to be included within the body of the article file. They are to be added to the end of the file OR placed into 1 separate uploaded file.

Figure legends
Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.

These should be placed at the end of the paper, numbered in Roman numerals and referred to in the text. If written by a person other than the author of the main text, the writer’s name should be included below the title.

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Provide all figures in black and white. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. Figures files should be at least 300 dpi supplied as jpg or tiff.

More information about figures is available on Author Services at:

Supporting Information
Supporting information is not essential to the article but provides greater depth and background and may include tables, figures, videos, datasets, etc. This material can be submitted with your manuscript, and will appear online, without editing or typesetting. Guidelines on how to prepare this material and which formats and files sizes are acceptable can be found at:

Please note that the provision of supporting information is not encouraged as a general rule. It will be assessed critically by reviewers and editors and will only be accepted if it is essential.


• Manuscripts should be submitted online at

• Two Word-files need to be included upon submission: A title page file and a main text file that includes all parts of the text in the sequence indicated in the section 'Parts of the manuscript', including tables and figure legends but excluding figures which should be supplied separately.

• Main text file is to be blinded at all stages

• Pdf files will not be accepted

• The main text file should be prepared using Microsoft Word, double spaced.

• Data files should be uploaded with your submission. Instructions for doing so are shown within the ScholarOne system.

• Each figure should be supplied as a separate file, with the figure number incorporated in the file name. For submission, low-resolution figures saved as .jpg or .bmp files should be uploaded, for ease of transmission during the review process. Upon acceptance of the article, high-resolution figures (at least 300 d.p.i.) saved as .eps or .tif files will be required.

Associate your ScholarOne account with your ORCID iD
ORCID iD is a unique and persistent identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher and connects you and your research activities. We encourage you to register for an ORCID iD and then associate it with your ScholarOne account. Click here to find out how.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.


Wiley’s Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; the responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at


Article PDF for authors

A PDF of the article will be made available to the corresponding author via Author Services.

Printed Offprints

Printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:

Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provide authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.


For any submission queries, please contact:

Marta White

Editorial Office
Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
155 Cremorne Street
Richmond Victoria 3121

Email:; tel: +61 3 9274 3136; fax: +61 3 9274 3390.

Author Guidelines updated 11 May 2016