British Journal of Educational Technology
© British Educational Research Association
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BJET is a primary source for academics and professionals in the expanding fields of educational and training technology throughout the world. The Journal is published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the British Educational Research Association (BERA).
Articles cover the whole range of education and training, concentrating on the theory, applications and development of learning technology and communications. This includes such subjects as:
* The design and production of learning materials;
* The use of information and communication technologies in education and training;
* The psychology of communication;
* Curriculum development and course design;
* Evaluation and monitoring;
* Priorities in resources, planning and organisation;
* The storage, retrieval and dissemination of learning resources and information;
* The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of print, electronic and optical media used for learning;
* Delivery systems for open and distance learning;
* Support for self study and for learners at a distance;
* Assessment, notably assessment on demand and of learning from experience;
* Problems and potential of new technologies in education and training;
* Educational research and dissemination.
In addition to full length peer reviewed articles and shorter colloquium pieces, we include book reviews and notes on other publications received.
We welcome jargon-free writing: write as simply as you can. Remember that our readers are busy people: conciseness is a virtue, whatever the overall length. Avoid parochial references and assumptions: for many BJET readers English is not their mother tongue. Spell out all acronyms first time around. Reports of experimental work should be analytical not merely descriptive: reviews of developing fields should be critical, not merely informative; theoretical overviews should contain some original contribution or novel perspective.
We strongly advise that you ask one or more of your colleagues to review your article before sending it to BJET. The concept of internal peer review seems to have gone out of fashion, but our experience is that it can be very helpful in polishing submissions so that the probability of success is much greater! If English is not your first language, then you will find it helpful to enlist the help of a native English speaker to edit the piece, to correct grammar and ensure that idioms are correct. This too makes it easier for the reviewers to give full justice to your work.
You may, if you wish, seek the assistance of a 'Critical Friend' during your preparation or revision of a paper for BJET - follow the link for more information on the Critical Friend arrangement.
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/english_language.asp. All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.
A set of guidelines for how to optimize articles for search engines, including examples of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ titles and abstracts in this respect are available on our website here: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/seo.asp.
Articles should not normally exceed 4000 words including references to any sources that readers might wish to trace. However, there is no merit in lengthy reference lists per se. Wherever possible, the reasons for citing a reference should be clear from the context. Please check very carefully both their accuracy and presentation (see style notes below).
From time to time we do publish articles which are longer than this 4000 word target. Sometimes it is not possible to make the argument within this limit - but we do need to be convinced that the additional material is necessary.
All articles should have an abstract (100-200 words) and structured practitioner notes at the beginning. The aim of these notes is to help practitioners relate the work reported in the paper to their day to day activities as a teacher or trainer. They should take the form of three lists with three or four bullet points in each:
What is already known about this topic
What this paper adds
Implications for practice and/or policy
Articles are rigorously reviewed and the speed of publication of articles depends greatly on the authors’ readiness to respond to the reviewers’ comments.
Some authors wish to link their contributions to a Web site containing interactive multimedia material, or to refer to large data sets which cannot be accommodated in the printed journal. We have models for publishing such contributions and the Editor will be pleased to discuss this with you.
This section aims at a style akin to a conversation in print, with shorter contributions (up to about 1500 words) that are not normally subject to reviewing and are therefore published much faster than articles. Possible areas include a:
• summary of work in progress raising queries or problems
• short thought piece, perhaps questioning received wisdom
• early warning of the potential and problems of new media
• story of an unsuccessful research attempt and the lessons learned
• reaction to a previous BJET contribution.
Colloquia are published online only and do not normally appear in the print issue. Colloquia do not have abstracts or practitioner notes.
The authors should be listed in order of contribution to the paper and all authors take responsibility for their own contributions. Only include those authors who have made a substantive contribution; those who have made marginal contributions (for example, colleagues or supervisors who have reviewed draft of the work) should be named in an Acknowledgments paragraph after the conclusions.
Conflict of interest
Conflicts of interest are less common in learning technology than in, for example, life sciences where authors may have received funding from pharmaceutical companies. However, where the work reported deals with commercial products (for example, software developed for educational purposes), you should consider carefully whether there is any conflict of interest and make this clear at the beginning of the paper or colloquium. This may take the form of a declaration that there is no conflict of interest, or a statement that sets out the potential conflict.
It helps us greatly if your manuscript confirms to the rules below, particularly in the layout of references. These give us the most problems in copy editing. Please follow APA style and use the format of other articles in BJET as a guide for laying out your contribution.
1. Please will you ensure that the manuscript you submit is free from typographical errors, spelling mistakes, etc. It is your responsibility to ensure that manuscripts are as error free as possible and that simply relying on spell checkers is insufficient. Errors are an unnecessary distraction and make it harder to review the paper objectively.
2. As word processing software gets more sophisticated is becomes easier to submit your manuscript in a professional format. Please do not use these advanced features. The typesetting process works best with simple text from, for example Microsoft Word 97 or 2000. In the final stage of copy-editing we have to remove all of these advanced features and this sometimes changes the sense of what you are trying to say. This is time-consuming and may delay your article so that it has to be held back to a later issue of the journal. If you are submitting an article that you have formatted for internal use, please help us by removing the advanced features before you submit.
3. Where possible, provide machine readable illustrations (as bmp or tif files). If this is not possible then submit camera ready illustrations on separately numbered sheets, each bearing an explanatory caption. Please avoid using very pale colours since these do not print well (if at all) in black and white. Use dashed and dotted lines to differentiate lines on graphs. It is not possible to redraw artwork.
1. Figures and tables should be given at the end of the manuscript and the ideal position for these materials should be shown in the manuscript.
2. Main article titles = italic, initial cap only
3. Authors (please see section on Authorship above)
4. Include a short note about current work or experience (not more than 60 words) and an address for correspondence. This should be in italics.
Email addresses – heading should read ‘Email:’ if following a full stop (e.g. straight after the end of a postal address) and ‘email:’ if following a semi colon (e.g. if tel or fax detailed have preceded the email address). Never E-mail or e-mail.
• Main: roman, bold, initial cap and essentials only – no space below
• Secondary: italic, initial cap and essentials only – no space below
•Tertiary: roman, initial cap and essentials only – no space below
Either UK or USA spelling can be used but must be consistent within each article.
UK, USA (no full stop, all caps). et al. Ibid.
eg. ie. N.B.
p. and pp. (followed by a space) Dr Mr etc. no full stop Etc
Number ranges in full e.g. 564–577 (not 564–77)
%, not per cent, eg. 15% (not 15 percent)
N-rules for dates, figures, page numbers etc (eg. 1989–1990)
Don’t start sentences with numerals, spell out in full.
n and t (tests) should be in italic.
p can not have greater value than 1-therefore no zero before the point e.g., p< .00005
Quotation marks: Double quotes, single within quotes
Ellipsis: e.g. He was singing Hickory Dickory Dock… quite merrily. (n.b. no space before, but space after ellipsis) Or at the end of a sentence: He was singing Hickory Dickory Dock… .
Figure 1: Electronic discussion groups (centred, italic, initial cap and essentials only, no full stop). In text, use cap initial.
Table 2: Requirements for tutors (centred, italic, initial cap and essentials only, no full stop) Keys to tables and figures should be roman. No full stop. In text, use cap initial.
9. Footnotes should not be used. If a point is worth making it should be included in the main text.
10. Acknowledgements (if needed) appear after main text and before the references.
The Journal follows the text referencing style and reference list style detailed in the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition).
References are cited in the text as follows:
Jones and Dickinson (2004), or (Hurley, 2004), or (Jeager, 2003, 2004, b), or (Jones and Dickinson, 2004; Hurley, 2004).
For up to five authors, all surnames should be cited in the first instance, with subsequent occurrences cited as et al., e.g. Cobley et al. (2002) or (Cobley et al., 2002). For six or more authors, cite only the surname of the first author followed by et al. However, all the authors for each article should be listed in the Reference List.
Join the names in a multiple author citation in running text by the word 'and'. In parenthetical material, in tables, and in the References List, join the names by an ampersand (&).
References to unpublished material should be avoided.
Full references should be given at the end of the article in alphabetical order, and not in footnotes. References to journals should include the authors' surnames and initials, the full title of the paper, the full name of the journal, the year of publication, the volume number, and inclusive page numbers. Titles of journals must not be abbreviated and should be italicised. References to books should include the authors' surnames and initials, the full title of the book, the place of publication, the publisher's name and the year of publication.
References to articles, chapters and symposia contributions should be cited as per the examples below:
Book: Mathias, H.et al. (1988). (Eds) Designing new systems and technologies for Learning (pp 57-59). London: Kogan Page.
Article: Megarry, J. (1988). Hypertext and compact disc: the challenge of multimedia learning. British Journal of Educational Technology. 19, 172-183.
N.B. please cite published proceedings in book styles wherever possible.
Use Ed.(s) for Editor(s); edn. for edition; p.(pp.) for page(s); Vol. 2 for Volume 2.
12. Full reference details of articles referenced on-line must be given along with the URL, i.e. authorship, year, title of document/report and URL. If this information is not available, the reference should be removed and only the web address cited in the text.
Eg, Smith A. (1999) Select committee report into social care in the community [WWW document]. URL http://www.dhss.gov.uk/reports/report015285.html
Where the resource is not an ‘article’ then please use the form: [<author>] <page title> Retrieved online <date> at: <URL>
eg: URL: XML Schema. Retrieved online 10/10/03 at: http://w3c.org/xml/xmlschema/
Cited: ........ [URL: XML Schema]
We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.
EndNote reference styles can be searched for here:
Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:
Point your web browser at the BJET section of the ScholarOne Manuscript website –
(http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bjet) You will be asked to provide the necessary details about yourself and your submission and then upload the file containing you work. You can review it (indeed you must review your work) before final submission. You should then receive a prompt acknowledgement and you will be kept in touch with progress through the review and (hopefully) acceptance. Please note: This journal does not accept Microsoft Word 2007 documents at this time. Please use Word's "Save As" option to save your document as an older (.doc) file type.
The journal to which you are submitting your manuscript employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.
BJET has a relatively unusual reviewing procedure. Instead of the editor allocating submitted articles to reviewers who are known to have specific interests in that topic, members of the reviewer panel are invited to 'bid' for articles recently received. Once or twice each month, the list of the titles of new articles is circulated to a panel of over 250 reviewers who choose those that they think will be of interest to them and are in areas where they are familiar with the topic.
This has two interesting consequences. Firstly, it provides a rapid turn-round for those submissions that are perceived to be of interest. But secondly, there are some articles that do not attract any immediate bidders. However, we have a number of experienced reviewers who then volunteer to deal with the 'orphans' so they are not left out. One consequence of this is that you should therefore give careful consideration to your title to ensure that it provides a good description of the topic of your article.
We are looking for articles that "take us beyond what we already know." A description of an established methodology in a familiar environment needs to have some novel aspect or be spectacularly written, if it is to gain the approval of the reviewers. Often, we suggest that such articles be shortened to focus on one or two aspects and submitted as a Colloquium piece.
Please let the Editor know if you are likely to be unavailable or at a different address for any significant time in the near future.
BJET is published six times each year, and articles occasionally have to be carried over at the last minute because of space constraints, so it is normally not possible to say in advance in which issue a specific contribution will appear, even after it has been accepted for publication in a revised form.
If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.
For authors signing the CTA
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed below:
CTA Terms and Conditions
Please do not complete this PDF until you are prompted to login into Author Services as described above.
Note to Contributors on Deposit of Accepted Version
Certain funders, including the NIH, members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) and Wellcome Trust require deposit of the Accepted Version in a repository after an embargo period. Details of funding arrangements are set out at the following website: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement. Please contact the Journal production editor if you have additional funding requirements.
Wiley has arrangements with certain academic institutions to permit the deposit of the Accepted Version in the institutional repository after an embargo period. Details of such arrangements are set out at the following website: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement
For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA
To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.asp and visit http://www.wileyopenaccess.com/details/content/12f25db4c87/Copyright--License.html.
If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement.
For RCUK and Welcome Trust authors
Please click on the link below to preview the terms and conditions of this license:
Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.asp and visit http://www.wileyopenaccess.com/details/content/12f25db4c87/Copyright--License.html
Books for review should be sent to:
BJET Reviews Editor
4 Ethel Road