British Journal of Educational Technology

Cover image for Vol. 46 Issue 4

Edited By: Nick Rushby

Impact Factor: 1.318

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 46/224 (Education & Educational Research)

Online ISSN: 1467-8535

Associated Title(s): British Educational Research Journal, Review of Education

Author Guidelines

BJET is a primary source for academics and professionals in the expanding fields of educational and training technology throughout the world.  The Journal is published by Wiley on behalf of The British Educational Research Association (BERA).

Articles cover the theory, applications and development of educational technology systems, methods and information and applications of information and communication technologies in higher, vocational and non-formal education, schooling, training and informal learning and may include such subjects as:

·         Theories of educational technology;
·         Educational systems development and renewal;
·         Leadership and management in innovation and change;
·         Curriculum development and course design;
·         Open, distance and blended learning;
·         Educational applications of information and communications technologies;
·         The design, development and application of learning systems, networks and programmes;
·         Psychology of learning and communication;
·         Individual, group and collaborative learning;
·         Learning support and guidance.
·         The storage, retrieval and dissemination of learning resources and information;
·         Professional development for educational/organisational change;
·         Monitoring, evaluation and quality assurance;
·         Formative and summative evaluation;
·         Costs, cost effectiveness and cost benefits.

Since planners, managers and practitioners need to know how the possibilities of educational technology can be maximized and problems of adoption and sustainability minimized, BJET particularly welcomes such submissions as:

·         Multi-site, multi-perspective studies by teams of researchers testing promising approaches and fostering further developments;
·         Longitudinal studies that evidence the benefits of educational technology innovations to systems and institutions;
·         Reports on educational technology initiatives which met with problems and/or failed to achieve their aims, and the lessons to be learned from these;
·         Research studies that confirm, build upon or contradict previous BJET contributions.

In addition to full length peer reviewed articles, we include book reviews and notes on other publications received.

Due to the volume of excellent primary research submitted to BJET, and the desire to avoid a substantial backlog of papers awaiting publication in an issue, the journal will no longer be accepting Colloquia. Please do not submit new Colloquia, as these will be rejected. The journal will still publish occasional Letters to the Editor, at the Editor’s discretion.

We welcome jargon-free writing: write as clearly as you can.  Remember that our readers are busy people: conciseness is a virtue, whatever the overall length.  Avoid parochial references and assumptions: for many BJET readers English is not their mother tongue.  Spell out all acronyms first time around.  Reports of experimental work should be analytical not merely descriptive: reviews of developing fields should be critical, not merely informative; theoretical overviews should contain some original contribution or novel perspective.

We strongly advise that you ask one or more of your colleagues to review your article before you submit it to BJET.  The concept of internal peer review seems to have gone out of fashion, but our experience is that it can be very helpful in polishing submissions so that the probability of success is much greater!  If English is not your first language, then you will find it helpful to enlist the help of a native English speaker to edit the piece, to correct grammar and ensure that idioms are correct.  This too makes it easier for the reviewers to give full justice to your work.

You may, if you wish, seek the assistance of a 'Critical Friend' during your preparation or revision of a paper for BJET - follow the link for more information on the Critical Friend arrangement.

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

A set of guidelines for how to optimize articles for search engines, including examples of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ titles and abstracts in this respect are available on our website here:

Originality and copyright

When you submit a paper to us it is a condition that your contribution is original and that is has neither been published previously nor is currently being considered for publication elsewhere.  You are asked to confirm this when you make the submission.

BJET is a member of CrossCheck by iThenticate. iThenticate is a plagiarism screening service that verifies the originality of content submitted before publication. The iThenticate software checks submissions against millions of published research papers, documents on the web, and other relevant sources. Authors, researchers and freelancers can also use the iThenticate system to screen their work before submission by visiting

As a matter of routine, BJET checks all of the work submitted for publication using iThenticate. This provides us with a report on material within your submission that has previously been published elsewhere - by yourself or by others.

If you have a similar paper under consideration or about to be published in another journal, please will you advise us in your covering letter and send a copy of that paper as an attachment in a separate email to the Editor (

Permission requests for BJET are handled by Wiley via Rightslink. Further information can be found here. Authors are granted many reuse rights in their own work, but there are some restrictions. Authors are advised to read their signed copyright form for details.

If your contribution is accepted you will be asked to login in to Author Services and complete the appropriate license agreement via the Wiley Author Licensing Service or WALS.  This simplifies the licensing process for you regardless of whether you are publishing ‘conventionally’ using usual license agreements or choosing OnlineOpen for ‘open access’ publication.


Articles should not normally exceed 4000 words including references to any sources that readers might wish to trace.  However, there is no merit in lengthy reference lists per se.  Wherever possible, the reasons for citing a reference should be clear from the context.  Please check very carefully both their accuracy and presentation (see style notes below).

From time to time we do publish articles which are longer than this 4000 word target.  Sometimes it is not possible to make the argument within this limit - but we do need to be convinced that the additional material is necessary.

All articles should have an abstract (100-200 words) and structured practitioner notes at the beginning.   The aim of these notes is to help practitioners relate the work reported in the paper to their day to day activities as a teacher or trainer.  As shown above they should take the form of three lists with three or four bullet points in each.

What is already known about this topic
·                     -----
·                     -----
·                     -----
What this paper adds
·                     -----
·                     -----
·                     -----
Implications for practice and/or policy
·                     -----
·                     -----
·                     -----

Some authors wish to link their contributions to a Web site containing interactive multimedia material, or to refer to large data sets which cannot be accommodated in the printed journal.  We have models for publishing such contributions and the Editor will be pleased to discuss this with you.


All articles are rigorously reviewed and the speed of publication of articles depends greatly on the authors’ readiness to respond to the reviewers’ comments. 

BJET has a relatively unusual reviewing procedure.  Instead of the editor allocating submitted articles to reviewers who are known to have specific interests in that topic, members of the reviewer panel are invited to 'bid' for articles recently received. Once or twice each month, the list of the titles of new articles is circulated to a panel of over 250 reviewers who choose those that they think will be of interest to them and are in areas where they are familiar with the topic. 

This has two interesting consequences.  Firstly, it provides a rapid turn-round for those submissions that are perceived to be of interest.  But secondly, there are some articles that do not attract any immediate bidders.  However, we have a number of experienced reviewers who then volunteer to deal with the 'orphans' so they are not left out.  One consequence of this is that you should therefore give careful consideration to your title to ensure that it provides a good description of the topic of your article.

We are looking for articles that "take us beyond what we already know:" A description of an established methodology in a familiar environment needs to have some novel aspect or be spectacularly written, if it is to gain the approval of the reviewers.  


he authors should be listed in order of contribution to the paper and all authors take responsibility for their own contributions.  Only include those authors who have made a substantive contribution; those who have made marginal contributions (for example, colleagues or supervisors who have reviewed draft of the work) should be named in an Acknowledgments paragraph after the conclusions.

Conflict of interest

Conflicts of interest are less common in learning technology than in, for example, life sciences where authors may have received funding from pharmaceutical companies.  However, where the work reported deals with commercial products (for example, software developed for educational purposes), you should consider carefully whether there is any conflict of interest and make this clear at the beginning of the paper.  This may take the form of a declaration that there is no conflict of interest, or a statement that sets out the potential conflict.


Wiley’s OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles whose funding agency requires grantees to make the results of their research publically available at no cost to readers. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee (currently US$3000) to ensure that the article is made freely available immediately upon publication via Wiley Online Library. Note that OnlineOpen does not have any impact on the speed of publication.

Please do not tell us that you want to publish using OnlineOpen when you submit your contribution.  After acceptance you will receive an email from Author Services with a link to your ‘My Publication’ page.  From here you can select for your article to be published OnlineOpen in return for your payment of the open access fee by clicking on ‘Make my article OnlineOpen’.  A number of funders and institutions have arrangements with Wiley to pay the open access publication fee directly on behalf of their investigators.  For more information on this and general open access advice, please visit:  Using OnlineOpen will not have any impact on the speed of publication.

Style notes

It helps us greatly if your manuscript confirms to the rules below, particularly in the layout of references.  These give us the most problems in copy editing.  Please follow APA style and use the format of other articles in BJET as a guide for laying out your contribution.

1.      Please ensure that the manuscript you submit is free from typographical errors, spelling mistakes, etc. It is your responsibility to ensure that manuscripts are as error free as possible and that simply relying on spell checkers is insufficient.  Errors are an unnecessary distraction and make it harder to review the paper objectively. 
2.      As word processing software gets more sophisticated is becomes easier to submit your manuscript in a professional format.  Please do not use these advanced features.  The typesetting process works best with simple text from, for example Microsoft Word 97 or 2000.  In the final stage of copy-editing we have to remove all of these advanced features and this sometimes changes the sense of what you are trying to say.  This is time-consuming and may delay your article so that it has to be held back to a later issue of the journal.  If you are submitting an article that you have formatted for internal use, please help us by removing any advanced features before you submit.
3.      Please provide machine readable illustrations as bmp, jpeg or tif files and avoid using very pale colours since these do not print well (if at all) in black and white.  Use dashed and dotted lines to differentiate lines on graphs.  It is not possible to redraw artwork.

1.      Figures and tables should be given at the end of the manuscript and the ideal position for these materials should be shown in the manuscript.
2.      Main article titles = italic, initial cap only
3.      Authors (please see section on Authorship above)
4.      Include a short note about current work or experience (not more than 60 words) and an address for correspondence. This should be in italics.
Email addresses – heading should read ‘Email:’ if following a full stop (e.g. straight after the end of a postal address) and ‘email:’ if following a semi colon (e.g. if tel or fax detailed have preceded the email address).  Never E-mail or e-mail.

5.      Headings

°         Main: roman, bold, initial cap and essentials only – no space below
°         Secondary: italic, initial cap and essentials only – no space below
°         Tertiary: roman, initial cap and essentials only – no space below

6.      Style

Either UK or USA spelling can be used but must be consistent within each article.

UK, USA (no full stop, all caps).

et al.





p. and pp. (followed by a space)

Dr  Mr etc no full stop


Number ranges in full e.g. 564–577 (not 564–77)

%, not per cent, eg. 15% (not 15 percent)

N-rules for dates, figures, page numbers etc (eg. 1989–1990)

Don’t start sentences with numerals, spell out in full.

n and t (tests) should be in italic.
p can not have greater value than 1-therefore no zero before the point e.g., p< .00005

Quotation marks: Double quotes, single within quotes

Ellipsis:  e.g. He was singing Hickory Dickory Dock… quite merrily. (n.b. no space before, but space after ellipsis)   Or at the end of a sentence: He was singing Hickory Dickory Dock… .

7.      Figures

Figure 1: Electronic discussion groups (centred, italic, initial cap and essentials only, no full stop).  In text, use cap initial

8.      Tables

Table 2: Requirements for tutors (centred, italic, initial cap and essentials only, no full stop)  Keys to tables and figures should be roman. No full stop   In text, use cap initial

9.      Footnotes should not be used.  If a point is worth making it should be included in the main text.
10.  Acknowledgements (if needed) appear after main text and before the references.
11.  References

The Journal follows the text referencing style and reference list style detailed in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition).
References are cited in the text as follows:

Jones and Dickinson (2004), or (Hurley, 2004), or (Jeager, 2003, 2004, b), or (Jones and Dickinson, 2004; Hurley, 2004).

For up to five authors, all surnames should be cited in the first instance, with subsequent occurrences cited as et al., e.g. Cobley et al. (2002) or (Cobley et al., 2002).  For six or more authors, cite only the surname of the first author followed by et al. However, all the authors for each article should be listed in the Reference List.
Join the names in a multiple author citation in running text by the word 'and '. In parenthetical material, in tables, and in the References List, join the names by an ampersand (&).
References to unpublished material should be avoided.

Full references should be given at the end of the article in alphabetical order, and not in footnotes. References to journals should include the authors ' surnames and initials, the full title of the paper, the full name of the journal, the year of publication, the volume number, and inclusive page numbers. Titles of journals must not be abbreviated and should be italicised. References to books should include the authors ' surnames and initials, the full title of the book, the place of publication, the publisher's name and the year of publication.
References to articles, chapters and symposia contributions should be cited as per the examples below:

Book:   Mathias, al. (1988). (Eds) Designing new systems and technologies for Learning (pp 57-59). London: Kogan Page.

Article: Megarry, J. (1988). Hypertext and compact disc: the challenge of multimedia learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, 19, 172-183.
      N.B. please cite published proceedings in book styles wherever possible.

Use Ed.(s) for Editor(s); edn. for edition; p.(pp.) for page(s); Vol. 2 for Volume 2.

12.  Full reference details of articles referenced on-line must be given along with the URL, i.e. authorship, year, title of document/report and URL. If this information is not available, the reference should be removed and only the web address cited in the text.
Eg, Smith A. (1999) Select committee report into social care in the community [WWW document]. URL
Where the resource is not an ‘article’ then please use the form:
[<author>] <page title> Retrieved online <date> at: <URL>

eg:  URL: XML Schema. Retrieved online 10/10/03 at:
Cited: ........ [URL: XML Schema]

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.

EndNote reference styles can be searched for here:

Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:


Point your web browser at the BJET section of the ScholarOne Manuscript website –
(  You will be asked to provide the necessary details about yourself and your submission and then upload the file containing you work.  You can review it (indeed you must review your work) before final submission.  You should then receive a prompt acknowledgement and you will be kept in touch with progress through the review and (hopefully) acceptance. 

BJET is published six times each year, and articles occasionally have to be carried over at the last minute because of space constraints, so it is normally not possible to say in advance in which issue a specific contribution will appear, even after it has been accepted for publication in a revised form.

Video abstracts

If your paper is accepted for publication, then you have the option of raising its profile with a Video Abstract.

You can watch an example of these video abstracts here

An invitation and instructions on how to submit a video abstract will be sent to you when and if your paper is accepted.