Journal of Regional Science

Cover image for Vol. 56 Issue 4

Edited By: Mark D. Partridge, Edward Coulson, Steven Brakman, and Jens Suedekum

Impact Factor: 1.63

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 15/55 (Planning & Development); 49/104 (Environmental Studies); 75/344 (Economics)

Online ISSN: 1467-9787

Author Guidelines


1) Manuscripts must be submitted online at Manuscript files should be Word or PDF format.

2) In a cover letter, authors must disclose any sources of external funding used in the research supporting the paper. The final version of accepted papers must also disclose external funding as well.

3) Any and all co-authors must be identified and added to a submission’s list of authors.

4) All identifying material — author names, affiliations, contact information, and acknowledgements — must be removed from submitted paper files. The Journal uses a double-blind review process. Referees are not identified to authors, and authors’ names are not known to reviewers.

5) Manuscripts must be typed, double-spaced, use 12-point font, have 1-inch margins, and typically not exceed 25 pages of text. This limit does not include appendices, tables, figures, and references. The general order of the components of a paper is: first page (with abstract), text, footnotes, references, appendices, tables, and figures. A manuscript need not be in JRS style when first submitted, but must conform at a later stage if accepted for publication. The Journal’s style guideline can be found below.

Simultaneous submissions
The Journal does not accept simultaneous submissions (papers being reviewed elsewhere at the same time).

Submission problems
Full instructions and support are available on the JRS submission site and a user ID and password can be obtained on the first visit. Support can be contacted by phone (+1 434 817 2040) or via the red Get Help Now link at the top of the login page. If you have trouble submitting online, please contact Casey Wagner in the Editorial Office by e-mail (


The abstract should be in the style of those published in the Journal of Economic Literature (JEL), should contain no more than 100 words, and should include JEL categorization preferences.

Major subsections should be flush to the left margin, and identified with Arabic numerals and capitalized headings (e.g., 1. INTRODUCTION). The next level of subsection should be denoted with a heading that is nonnumbered, flush left, and italicized (or underlined) with only the first letter of each word capitalized (the conventions of capitalization in titles should be maintained). The third tier of subsections should have a title that is similar in style to the previous level, except that it is indented, ends with a period, and is immediately followed by the beginning text of the first paragraph of the subsection.

Equations should be clearly separated from the text, centered, and numbered. Equation numbers should be within parentheses flush to the left margin. Equations to which later reference is made should be numbered consecutively throughout the text as Equation (x). Do not number equations to which no direct reference is made.

Keep the use of footnotes to a minimum. If it is necessary to use them, type them in the manuscript as double-spaced endnotes. They should be numbered consecutively throughout the text.

Mathematical Notation
- Matrix and vector symbols should be set in boldface type or should be underlined with a wavy line. Do not italicize matrices or vectors. Please note that our typesetter is unable to print Greek letters in boldface, if these are used to denote matrices or vectors they should not be italicized.
- Scalars, elements of arrays, or other variables should be denoted in italics (except for those denoted by Greek letters) and not boldface type.
- Abbreviations for mathematical functions or notation, such as Max, Min, log, ln, e, cos, sin, tan, Var, Cov, Prob are not italicized.
- Ratios and fractions in text are denoted using a slash (x/y) as opposed to the horizontal bar that is used in displayed equations.
- Punctuation is to be included before and after displayed equations.
- Diagonal matrices should be denoted by ^ over the symbol of the vector to be diagonalized.
- Notationally, “ln” is preferred to “loge,” and “e” is preferred to “exp.”
- If more than one level of subscript or superscript is used, denote the various levels clearly. Likewise, if both zero and the letter “O” are used as subscripts or superscripts, ensure that the difference is apparent. The same is true for the number “1” and the letter “L.”

Numbers less than 10 should be spelled out. Exceptions:
(1) percentages and decimal fractions
(2) numbers in a series containing one or more numbers greater than 10
(3) section, table, figure, and equation numbers
(4) dates

Within a single paragraph, numbers referring to a specific measure or type of item should be either all spelled out or all in numerals.

All tables and figures must be cited in the text.

Tables should be numbered consecutively through the entire text and can be embedded in the Word or PDF manuscript at initial review. Table footnotes should be identified by lower-case letters, not numbers. Table titles should be typed in the following style: TABLE 1: Title of Table (no period). Titles should appear above each table.

Figures can be embedded in the Word or PDF manuscript file at initial review. Figures should be numbered and cited in the text consecutively. Titles should be typed as follows: FIGURE 1: Title of Figure (period). Characters and symbols for variables should be typed in italic or boldface type as appropriate (see Section 3).

Figures should be at least 300 dpi and should be no larger than 30pt (width) x 50.5pt (height). EPS formatting is preferred. Please avoid submitting figures in Power Point format as it degrades the quality while converting them to the usable format.

Titles for illustrations belong in the legends for illustrations, not on the illustrations themselves. Photomicrographs must have internal scale markers, and the magnification must be stated. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in the photomicrographs should contrast with the background. If any person is identifiable in a photograph, written permission from the subjects(s) to use the photograph must accompany the manuscript. If a figure has been published, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder (usually the publisher or journal) to reproduce the material. Permission is required, even for one's own publications, except for documents in the public domain.

Math in Tables and Figures
Decimal fractions less than 1.00 use an initial zero if the quantity being measured sometimes exceeds 1.00. If the quantity never exceeds 1.00, as in levels of significance, probabilities, and correlation coefficients, no preceding zero should be used.

General references to works or references to works supporting a claim should appear in the text, not in footnotes. For example:

Consumer aggregation is not a straightforward matter in a spatial economy (Lösch, 1954).
A proof is given in Greenhut and Ohta (1975, pp. 241-242).
Theoretical urban economists (Isard, 1956; Mills, 1980) typically distinguish between agglomeration and localization economies.

References pertaining to subject matter of tangential interest should be addressed via footnotes. For example, a footnote might read:

To get an appreciation of the multidisciplinary reception which location-allocation models have been enjoying recently, see Ghosh and Rushton (1987).

As noted above, all citations should include the name(s) of the author(s) and the year of publication. If the author name is used in the text (as in Greenhut and Ohta, above), only the year and page reference (if any) should be included in parentheses. If the entire citation is parenthetical, separate name(s), year, and page number(s) by commas. If it is a multiple-reference citation, separate the references by semicolons, as shown for the Isard and Mills references above.

et al.
Use “et al.” (not italicized) for citing references having more than three authors. All authors must be included in the reference list, regardless of the number of authors for the work.

Page numbers are needed for all direct quotes.

The reference list should appear on separate pages following the text and footnotes. Only cited references should be included in the list. The list should be in alphabetical order based upon the primary author's last name, and secondarily on subsequent coauthors. If references to two different works by the same author or set of authors are cited, they should be listed in order of ascending (earliest to most recent) publication date. If two or more works by an author or set of authors are published in the same year, use letter codes indicating the order in which they are cited in the text to delineate them. If the primary author of one reference is also the sole author of another reference, the single-authored piece should be listed before the coauthored piece.

Use a 3-em baseline in the place of the author(s) name(s) for a reference which was written by the same author (set of authors) of the reference listed before it. If the set of authors in any way changes from one reference to the next, all of the authors' names must be included in the reference. Whenever possible, full first names and any middle initial(s) should be shown, even if first initials only are indicated in the original works.

Page numbers are separated by an “en-dash” rather than a hyphen (e.g., pp. 132-176).

Single-authored Book:
Miller, Ronald E. 1979. Dynamic Optimization and Economic Applications. New York: McGraw Hill.

Coauthored Book:
Markusen, Ann, Peter Hall, and Amy Glasmeier. 1987. High Tech America. Boston: Allen and Unwin.

Edited Book:
Ghosh, Avijit and Gerard Rushton, eds., 1987. Spatial Analysis and Location-Allocation Models. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.

Selection from an Edited Book:
Boyce, David E. 1978. “Equilibrium Solutions to Combined Urban Residential Location, Mode Choice and Trip Assignment Models,” in a W. Buhr and P. Friedrich (eds.), Competition among Small Regions. Baden-Baden: Nomes Velagsgesellschaft, pp. 246-264.

Journal Article:
Richardson, Harry W. 1985. “Input-Output and Economic Base Multipliers: Looking Backward and Forward,” Journal of Regional Science, 25(4), 607-661.

Working or Discussion Papers:
Nakagome, Masaki. 1988. “Regional Differences in Unemployment Rates and the Equilibrium of Local Dual Labor Markets with Imperfect Information,” Working Paper No. 120, Regional Science Department, University of Pennsylvania.

Dissertation or Thesis:
Asami, Yasushi. 1987. “Game-theoretic Approaches to Bid Rent,” Ph.D. dissertation, Regional Science Department, University of Pennsylvania.

Paper Presented at a Meeting:
Stevens, Benjamin H. and George I. Treyz. 1983. “Trends in Regional industrial Diversification and Self-sufficiency and Their Implications for Growth,” paper presented at the North American Regional Science Association Meetings, Chicago.

Unpublished Paper:
Sveikauskas, Leo. 1977. “Studies in the Cross-section Analysis of Productivity,” Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Commerce.

Institutional Reports with Author Known (book would be in italics not quotes):
Long, Larry H. and K. A. Hansen. 1979. “Reasons for Interstate Migration: Jobs, Retirement, Climate, and Other Influences,” Current Population Reports, P-23, No. 81. Washington, DC: Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce.

Institutional Reports with Anonymous Authors:
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Crop Reporting Board. 1978. Agricultural Prices, Annual Summary, 1977, PRI-3(78). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Weber, Alfred. 1929. Theory of the Location of Industries (Cal Friedrich, trans.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Magazine or Newspaper Article with Anonymous Authors:
New York Times. 1981. “Tiny Town Wins Six Year Battle for Own Electricity,” January 11, p. 49.

Various Issues:
U.S. Department of Commerce, Environmental Data Service. Various years. Climatological Data, National Summary. Asheville, NC: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Forthcoming Date of Publication (Note: List year and volume number, if known):
Kuroda, Tatsuaki. Forthcoming. “Location of Public Facilities with Spill-over Effects,” Journal of Regional Science.

In questions of detail, the Journal of Regional Science attempts to follow the guidelines established by the Chicago Manual of Style.

Please do not hesitate to contact the Assistant Editor, Casey Wagner (, with queries or questions.


If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

Wiley's Self-Archiving Policy
Authors of articles published in Wiley journals are permitted to self-archive the submitted (preprint) version of the article at any time, and may self-archive the accepted (peer-reviewed) version after an embargo period. Use the following link for more information, and to view the policy for Journal of Regional Science: