Language Learning

Cover image for Vol. 65 Issue 1

General Editor: Nick C. Ellis / Journal Editor: Pavel Trofimovich / Associate Journal Editor: Steven J. Ross / Associate Journal Editor: Kara Morgan-Short / Associate Journal Editor: Emma Marsden / Monograph Series Editor: Mary J. Schleppegrell and Marianne Gulberg / LL Cognitive Neuroscience Series Editor: Núria Sebastián-Gallés / Executive Director: Scott Jarvis / Associate Executive Director: Alister Cumming

Impact Factor: 1.433

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 22/169 (Linguistics); 34/219 (Education & Educational Research)

Online ISSN: 1467-9922

Author Guidelines

Instructions for Contributors

Language Learning is an international journal that publishes rigorous, original empirical research as well as systematic critical literature reviews and innovative methodological contributions. Domains covered include first and second language acquisition in naturalistic as well as tutored contexts, including second, foreign, and heritage language, bilingual education, immersion programs, and study abroad. All disciplinary perspectives are welcome, from linguistics and psychology to education, anthropology, sociology, cognitive or the neurosciences.

As one of the premier peer-reviewed journals in the field of applied linguistics, established in 1948 at the University of Michigan, Language Learning strives to promote research of the highest quality, from thorough literature reviews and solid theoretical frameworks to rigorous data analysis, cogent argumentation and clear presentation.

Submissions must match the aims, scope, and style requirements of the journal. Manuscripts submitted must conform to the specifications of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition.

Manuscripts considered for publication will be reviewed for their presentation and analysis of new empirical data, expert use of appropriate research methods, and rigorous development of theories relevant to problems in language studies—with the guiding criterion of providing distinct increments in existing knowledge. Methods sections must be detailed enough to allow the replication of research. Theoretical accounts should be internally consistent, explanatory, and predictive. Language Learning also invites review articles that systematically analyze data, concepts, and results from previous studies to clarify trends and issues in language research and to inform readers of trends in developing fields of language study. When reporting research using quantitative and statistical methods, authors submitting to Language Learning are required to provide measures of effect sizes, at least for the major statistical contrasts which they report (see Editor's Announcement, Volume 57, Issue 1 for detailed guidance).

Published papers are usually less than 10,000 words. All manuscripts are to be accompanied by an abstract of 100 to 120 words (see Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, chapter 2). Authors should pay careful attention to preparing their submission to allow blinded review.

Manuscripts will be considered for publication with the understanding that all pertinent sources of support and information have been acknowledged and that the manuscript is being submitted to Language Learning only. Language Learning will not consider articles that have been published or are being considered for publication elsewhere. Authors will be asked to submit a cover letter to the editor with their manuscript submission. In it, they should provide any relevant background to the submission and disclose any special circumstances that may raise potential ethical considerations, such as any conflict of interests, or any potential overlap of the present submission with the text or the data appearing elsewhere, in related published or under-review work.

Review process. Language Learning processes manuscripts in a prompt and professional fashion. To expedite peer reviews and ensure the highest level of expertise in the review process, some manuscripts will be forwarded to one of the Associate Editors, Steven J. Ross, Kara Morgan-Short, and Emma Marsden, who will serve as the action editor in those cases. Articles suitable for the journal are typically sent to at least three reviewers drawn from among experts in the field. The names of all reviewers consulted are printed in the journal annually.

Submission of manuscripts. Manuscripts should be submitted online at Full instructions and support are available on the site and a user ID and password can be obtained on the first visit. Support can be contacted by phone (888-503-1050), e-mail or via the “Get Help Now” link. If you cannot submit online, please contact the Editorial Office by e-mail:

Shared Research Instrumentation Policy for Accepted Articles: Language Learning encourages accepted authors to upload their data collection materials to the IRIS database ( IRIS is an online repository for data collection materials used for second language research. This includes data elicitation instruments such as interview and observation schedules, language tests, pictures, questionnaires, software scripts, URL links, word lists, pedagogical interventions, and so on. Once an article has been formally accepted, the authors can upload their instrument(s) with an ‘in press’ reference, and the IRIS team will add page numbers to the reference once they are available. The sharing of research instrumentation benefits the research community and helps authors and journals increase the visibility of their published research, as download statistics for research instruments broadly reflect citation indices.

Correspondence. Please direct your correspondence (please include your telephone number[s], Internet address, and institutional affiliation) to the appropriate person listed below:

For questions about journal manuscripts, contact:

Pavel Trofimovich
Journal Editor, Language Learning
Department of Education (LB-579)
1455, de Maisonneuve Blvd. West
Concordia University
Montreal, Quebec
Canada H3G 1M8
Editorial Office e-mail:

For submission of grant applications and questions about business matters, contact:

Alister Cumming
Executive Director & Best of Language Learning Series Editor, Language Learning
Centre for Educational Research on Languages and Literacies
Ontario Institute for Studies in Education
University of Toronto
252 Bloor Street West, 10th floor
Toronto, Ontario
Canada M5S 1V6
Tel: (416) 978-0276
Fax: (416) 926-4769

For questions about general editorial policy and other book series, contact:

Nick C. Ellis
General Editor, Language Learning
University of Michigan
West Hall
1085 South University Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1107
Tel: 734-647-0454

Copyright Transfer Agreement
If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with your Funder requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

Early View
Language Learning articles are now routinely published online through Early View in advance of their appearance in a print issue. Click here to view the full announcement.

Online production tracking is now available for your article through Wiley-Blackwell's Author Services.

Author Services enables authors to track their article — once it has been accepted — through the production process to publication online. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Upon publication, corresponding authors can collect a gratis PDF offprint of their article from Author Services. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission, and more.