Early Medieval Europe

Cover image for Vol. 24 Issue 4

Edited By: Marios Costambeys, Simon MacLean, Roy Flechner, Julia Barrow, Deborah Mauskopf Deliyannis, Helmut Reimitz, Gabor Thomas, Ian Wood

Online ISSN: 1468-0254

Author Guidelines


Guide to Authors

Early Medieval Europe has now adopted ScholarOne Manuscripts, for online manuscript submission and peer review. From now on all submissions to the journal must be submitted online at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/eme. Full instructions and support are available on the site and a user ID and password can be obtained on the first visit. If you require assistance then click the Get Help Now link which appears at the top right of every ScholarOne Manuscripts page. If you cannot submit online, please contact the Co-ordinating Editors, Dr. Marios Costambeys (costa@liverpool.ac.uk) or Prof. Simon MacLean (sm89@st-andrews.ac.uk), Early Medieval Europe, Department of History, Amory Building, Rennes Drive, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4RJ.

In order to facilitate publication, authors should submit carefully checked manuscripts adhering to the instructions set out below. Manuscripts should be between 6,000 and 10,000 words and should be typed double line-spaced on one side only of A4 paper (21 x 29.7 cm) or American standard-sized paper (21.5 x 25cm), with a 3 cm margin all round. Pages should be numbered consecutively throughout in the top right-hand corner.

Although published in English, the journal has a translation fund so that foreign language submissions are welcome. Authors can submit manuscripts in French, German, Italian or Spanish. These will be refereed, and translated if accepted.

Manuscripts should be arranged in the following way:

The journal now follows a policy of double anonymity in refereeing so that neither the referee nor the author knows each other’s identity. Please, therefore, do not put your name on the first page of the article but simply put the article title. Please send in a separate sheet with your name, full address, telephone and fax numbers and email address. It is also important, therefore, that when an author cites his/her own work in an endnote, that he/she does not identify him/herself as the author. Authors should cite their own work as they would that of another scholar.

The text should be typed double line-spaced. Tables and line diagrams should be provided at the end (not incorporated into the manuscript) and their position for eventual insertion should be keyed into the text in the appropriate position.

Abstract: an abstract/summary should be provided summarizing the article in fewer than 100 words. This should be positioned just before the main text begins.

Endnotes should not overwhelm the text. They should be typed as endnotes and submitted separately from the text and in a single numerical sequence. They should be typed double line-spaced with double spaces between notes.

Acknowledgements, where required, should appear at the end of the text.

No more than three levels of subheading should be used. Indicate in the left-hand margin the level of heading required (A, B, C).

When using single words or short phrases in a foreign language, they should be shown in italic. Foreign institutions/organizations (e.g. Reichstag; Action Française) and foreign quotations should appear in roman and be treated like English ones (see below).

Spelling should follow that of the Oxford English Dictionary; authors are responsible for consistency in spelling and nomenclature. Please use the -ize spelling, noting exceptions such as advertise, compromise, exercise etc.

Capitalization should be kept to a minimum. Capitals are, however, preferred for ‘the Middle Ages’ and ‘the Continent’. Also, ‘Emperor Theodosius’, but ‘the emperor’; ‘Pope Leo’, but ‘the pope’. References to ‘the church’ should only be capitalized (‘the Church’) if there is any risk of ambiguity.

Numbers should be spelt out in full up to 100. If in one sentence there is a mixture of numbers below and above 100, then they should appear as figures and not spelt out. Use Arabic numerals for all page numbers, tables, diagrams, etc.

Dates should appear as follows: 1 January 1201; 1201–2; 1214–16; the 840s. Centuries should be spelt out: e.g., ‘in the tenth century’; ‘the mid-tenth century’. NB ‘a tenth-century manuscript’; ‘an early tenth-century manuscript’; ‘a mid-tenth-century manuscript’.

Place names (and personal names) both in the text and on illustrations should be anglicized where familiar English versions exist, e.g. Munich, Hanover etc. American place names should be accompanied by an American state in standard abbreviated form using capital letters, e.g.  ‘(Cambridge, MA, 1999)’ or ‘(Portland, OR, 1998)’.

Quotations should appear in single quotation marks, with double quotation marks reserved for internal quotations. Passages of more than fifty words should be indented.
Quotations from a source not in English should appear in the text translated, with the original text in the endnotes. However, please refer to the Co-ordinating Editor if you need to present the original text and translation differently.

References should normally be given in the endnotes rather than in the text and should follow the guidelines and examples below: 

All first names of authors should be abbreviated to initials, and there should be no space between initials.

The title of a book or an article should be given in full exactly as in the publication with no abbreviation.

Every significant word in a title in English should begin with a capital. For foreign language titles, please follow the contemporary usage in the language concerned.

In the case of editions of texts (or edited collections of essays), the title of the work should precede the name(s) of the editor(s). See examples below.

The first reference to a book, edition or article must be given in full, with full bibliographical details. A short form should be used for subsequent references.

In a first reference to an article, the page numbers of the whole article must be cited, followed by a more specific reference if desired.

Page numbers should be elided as far as possible, e.g. 190–3; 101–2 (but 14–16).

Latin titles should use minimal capital letters, e.g. Historia ecclesiastica

i)          for a book:
P.D. King, Law and Society in the Visigothic Kingdom (Cambridge, 1972), pp.  176B7.

ii)         for a multi-volume book:
M.Bloch, Feudal Society, trans. L.A. Manyon, 2 vols (London, 1962); J. Fontaine, Isidore de Seville et la culture classique dans L’Espagne wisigothique, 2 vols (Paris, 1983), II, p. 6.

iii)        for a book in a series:
M. Mostert, The Library of Fleury: A Provisional List of Manuscripts, Medieval Studies and Sources 3 (The Hague, 1989); H. Steger, David rex et propheta, Erlanger Beiträge zur Sprach- und Kunstwissenschaft 6 (Nuremberg, 1961).

iv)        for an edition of a book other than the first:
F.M. Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England, 3rd edn (Oxford, 1971).  

v)         for an unpublished dissertation:
R.T.W. McDermid, ‘The Constitution and the Clergy of Beverley Minster in the Middle Ages’, MA thesis, University of Durham (1980); S. Coupland, ‘Charles the Bald and the Defence of the West Frankish Kingdom against the Viking Invasions, 840–877’, Ph.D. thesis, University of Cambridge (1987).

vi)        for an article in a journal:
C. Bouchard, ‘Consanguinity and Noble Marriages in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries’, Speculum 56 (1981), pp. 268–87; C. Carozzi, ‘La vie du roi Robert par Helgaud de Fleury: historiographie et hagiographie’, Annales de Bretagne et des pays de l’ouest 87 (1980), pp. 219–35, at p. 222.

vii)       for an article in a book or collection of essays:
E. James, ‘Beati Pacifici: Bishops and the Law in Sixth-Century Gaul’, in J. Bossy (ed.), Disputes and Settlements: Law and the Human Relations in the West (Cambridge, 1983), pp. 25–46, at pp. 27–9; J.L. Nelson, ‘Royal Saints and Early Medieval Kingship’, in J.L. Nelson (ed.), Politics and Ritual in Early Medieval Europe (London, 1986), pp. 69–74.

viii)      for an edition with or without a translation:
Einhard, Vita Karoli, c. 1, ed. R. Rau, Quellen zur karolingischen Reichsgeschichte 1 (Darmstadt, 1974), p. 166; Capitula ecclesiastica ad Salz data, 803–4, ed. A. Boretius, MGH, Capitularia I (Hanover, 1883), no. 42, p. 119; Anglo-Saxon Wills, ed. D. Whitelock (Cambridge, 1930).
After its first mention, a title can be abbreviated for the rest of the article, e.g. King, Law and Society, pp. 170–7; Bouchard, ‘Consanguinity and Noble Marriages’, p. 269; Nelson, ‘Royal Saints’, p. 70; Einhard, Vita Karoli, c. 1, ed. Rau, p. 167.

The following abbreviations may be used for reference to frequently cited series and journals:

ASE                Anglo-Saxon England
BAR                British Archaeological Reports
BCS                Cartularium Saxonicum: a Collection of Charters relating to
                       Anglo-Saxon History
, ed. W. De G. Birch,
                        3 vols with index (London, 1885–99)
CCSL             Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina (Turnhout)
CM                 Continuatio Medievalis
CSEL              Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum
EHR                English Historical Review
EETS               Early English Text Society
OS                  Old series
SS                  Supplementary series
EME                 Early Medieval Europe
HBS                Henry Bradshaw Society
MGH                Monumenta Germaniae Historica
AA                  Auctores antiquissimi
SRM                Scriptores rerum Merovingicarum
SRG                Scriptores rerum Germanicarum
PL                   Patrologia Latina
RS                  Rolls Series
S                    P. Sawyer, Anglo-Saxon Charters: An Annotated List 
                       and Bibliography
, Royal Historical Society Guides and 
                        Handbooks 8 (London, 1968)
Settimane        Settimane di studio del Centro italiano di studi sull' alto

Other abbreviations to be used in endnotes:
cf.; ch./chs; col./cols; ed./eds; 2nd edn; esp.; et al.; fol./fols; idem; eadem; MS; MSS, ns; os; repr.; rev.; 5th ser.; s.a.; s.v.; trans.; vol./vols

References to the Bible: Matthew XIII.25; II Kings XII; Psalm XX

References to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: (using Plummer’s edition and Whitelock’s translation by way of example):
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 827 (= 829): Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel, ed. C. Plummer (Oxford, 1892–9), I, pp. 60–1 (text); The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: A Revised Translation, ed. D. Whitelock, with D.C. Douglas and S.I. Tucker (London, 1961; rev. 1965), pp. 40–1 (trans.).
Subsequent references: ASC 904 A, 905 CD (= 903): Two Chronicles, ed. Plummer, I, pp. 92–5 (text); Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, ed. Whitelock et al., p. 73 (trans.).

References to manuscripts:
Where shelfmarks are required for manuscripts, they should be given in the following form:
London, British Library, Royal 15 C. VII (Old Minster, Winchester, s x/xi)

These should be typed (double line-spaced) on separate sheets and contain only horizontal rules. Tables should be numbered in arabic consecutively throughout the manuscript coupled with a short, descriptive title above the table. Any relevant footnotes should be placed below and be suitably identified using * Å Ø § etc. below.

All illustrations, whether line diagrams, or photographs, are termed ‘Figures’ and referred to as such in the manuscript. They should be numbered consecutively. 

Electronic Figures should be supplied rather than hard copy, if possible. These should be sent as eps or tif files. Please supply halftones to 300dpi and line art to 600dpi. Once figures have been passed to the typesetter authors may be asked to resupply to these specifications. Please do not embed figures into word files, as this lowers the resolution. Further instructions on how to prepare electronic artwork can be found here. Instructions for supplying hard copy illustrations are below.

Line diagrams should be presented in a form suitable for immediate reproduction (i.e. not requiring redrawing by the Publisher), each drawing on a separate sheet (A4 size). They should be reproducible to a final printed width of 104 mm and a maximum depth of 192 mm.
Labels (i.e. letters within the boundary of the diagram) should use initial capital letters for the first word only (except for proper nouns of course). Remember that the figure will be reduced in size for printing, so aim for a final height of 2 mm for the capitals when printed.

Half-tones are acceptable only if they are essential to the understanding of the text. Please supply clear, glossy, unmounted prints of black and white photographs, with a good range of contrast. Colour photographs are not acceptable. Where photographs are to be grouped, a photocopy of the relevant photographs should be arranged to show the desired grouping. The author’s name, title of paper and figure number should be attached to the back of all illustrations. (Do not write directly onto the back of photographs, nor use paper clips to attach details).

Do attach captions to figures, but provide as separate copy. All figure captions should be numbered corresponding to the order referred to in text, and typed out in full.

There are several software packages available to help authors manage and format the references and footnotes in their journal article. We recommend the use of a software tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.
EndNote reference styles can be searched for here:

Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

All manuscripts will be refereed. Authors submitting manuscripts do so on the understanding that the work has not been published previously and, should the work be accepted for publication, that: the author(s) obtain the necessary permission to use material already protected by copyright. Authors must have obtained permission to reproduce figures, tables or any other material from another source. This also applies to any data from which a figure or table has been produced. Please refer to Wiley-Blackwell's guide to copyright and permissions for guidance.

Copyright Transfer Agreement

Authors will be required to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) for all papers accepted for publication. Signature of the CTA is a condition of publication and papers will NOT be published unless a signed form has been received. After submission authors will retain the right to publish their paper in various media/circumstances (please see the CTA for further details).
If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:
CTA Terms and Conditions http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.asp For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.asp and visit http://www.wileyopenaccess.com/details/content/12f25db4c87/Copyright--License.html.
If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit: http://www.wiley.com/go/funderstatement. For RCUK and Wellcome Trust authors click on the link below to preview the terms and conditions of this license: Creative Commons Attribution License OAA To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/faqs_copyright.asp and visit http://www.wileyopenaccess.com/details/content/12f25db4c87/Copyright--License.html.

Checked proofs are to be returned to the Co-ordinating Editor within two weeks. Only corrections to printer’s errors will be accepted at this stage without prior discussion with the Co-ordinating Editor. If corrected proofs are not received back from the author within two weeks, the Co-ordinating Editor reserves the right to check the proofs on the author’s behalf.

The author/principal author will receive 5 complimentary copies of the issue in which their article is published. They may order offprints from the publishers at cost price.

Authors who require fuller guidance on the presentation of references, abbreviations, etc., should consult the Co-ordinating Editor before submitting their manuscripts.

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/english_language.asp. All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

NEW: Online production tracking is now available for your article through Wiley-Blackwell’s Author Services.
Author Services enables authors to track their article – once it has been accepted – through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/ for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.     

The corresponding author will receive an email alert containing a link to a web site. A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF (portable document format) file from this site. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the Adobe web site:

This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Hard copy proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available. Excessive changes made by the author in the proofs, excluding typesetting errors, will be charged separately.

The author/principal author will receive a PDF offprint of their article upon publication.

11. OnlineOpen
OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see http://wileyonlinelibrary.com/onlineopen#OnlineOpen_Terms Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at: https://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/onlineopen_order.asp Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

English Language Editing Service: Ensure your paper is clearly written in standard, scientific English language appropriate to your discipline. Visit our site to learn about the options. Please note that using the Wiley English Language Editing Service does not guarantee that your paper will be accepted by this journal.