European Journal of Neurology

Cover image for Vol. 23 Issue 10

Edited By: Anthony Schapira Associate Editors: Alberto Albanese, Michael Brainin, Maurizio Leone, Charles Davie, Seppo Juvela, Eng-King Tan, Zbigniew Wszolek, Pertti Saloheimo, James Meschia

Impact Factor: 3.956

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 38/192 (Clinical Neurology); 67/256 (Neurosciences)

Online ISSN: 1468-1331

CME Articles

CME Articles

“CME articles are available free of charge for registered users via the EAN website Log in on the society’s website, read the article and answer the related questions in order to get one 1 point of CME.”


EAN guidelines on central neurostimulation therapy in chronic pain conditions (pages 1489-1499)
G. Cruccu, L. Garcia-Larrea, P. Hansson, M. Keindl, J.-P. Lefaucheur, W. Paulus, R. Taylor, V. Tronnier, A. Truini and N. Attal

Outcome of heparin-treated patients with acute cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: influence of the temporal pattern of intracerebral haemorrhage (pages 1387-1392)
M. A. Busch, O. Hoffmann, K. M. Einhäupl and F. Masuhr

A European multicentre survey of impulse control behaviours in Parkinson's disease patients treated with short- and long-acting dopamine agonists (pages 1255-1261)
A. Rizos, A. Sauerbier, A. Antonini, D. Weintraub, P. Martinez-Martin, B. Kessel, T. Henriksen, C. Falup-Pecurariu, M. Silverdale, G. Durner, K. Røkenes Karlsen, M. Grilo, P. Odin, K. Ray Chaudhuri and on behalf of EUROPAR and the IPMDS Non-Motor-PD-Study Group

Neurology of the cryopyrin-associated periodic fever syndrome (pages 1145-1151)
T. Parker, S. Keddie, D. Kidd, T. Lane, M. Maviki, P. N. Hawkins, H. J. Lachmann and L. Ginsberg

Brain magnetic resonance imaging helps to differentiate atypical multiple sclerosis with cavitary lesions and vanishing white matter disease (pages 995-1000)
X. Ayrignac, N. Menjot de Champfleur, S. Menjot de Champfleur, C. Carra-Dallière, J. Deverdun, A. Corlobe and P. Labauge

Distinguishing clinical and radiological features of non-traumatic convexal subarachnoid hemorrhage (pages 839-846)
J. Graff-Radford, J. E. Fugate, J. Klaas, K. D. Flemming, R. D. Brown and A. A. Rabinstein

Frequency and temporal profile of recanalization after cerebral vein and sinus thrombosis (pages 681-687)
C. Herweh, M. Griebe, C. Geisbüsch, K. Szabo, E. Neumaier-Probst, M. G. Hennerici, M. Bendszus, P. A. Ringleb and S. Nagel

Diabetes mellitus exacerbates the clinical and electrophysiological features of Guillain–Barré syndrome (pages 439-446)
J. S. Bae, Y. J. Kim and J. K. Kim

Clinical dissection of childhood occipital epilepsy of Gastaut and prognostic implication (pages 241-246)
A. Verrotti, D. Laino, V. E. Rinaldi, A. Suppiej, L. Giordano, I. Toldo, L. Margari, P. Parisi, R. Rizzo, S. Matricardi, R. Cusmai, S. Grosso, R. Gaggero, N. Zamponi, P. Pavone, G. Capovilla, M. Rauchenzauner, C. Cerminara, G. Di Gennaro, M. Esposito, P. Striano, S. Savasta, G. Coppola, S. Siliquini, F. Operto, V. Belcastro, F. Ragona, G. L. Marseglia and A. Spalice

Intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischaemic stroke in the elderly: data from the Baden-Wuerttemberg stroke registry (pages 13-20)
B. Reuter, C. Gumbinger, T. Sauer, H. Wiethölter, I. Bruder, S. Rode, P. A. Ringleb, R. Kern, W. Hacke, M. G. Hennerici and Stroke Working Group of Baden-Wuerttemberg


Practical recommendations for the process of proposing, planning and writing a neurological management guideline by EAN task forces (pages 1505-1510)
M. A. Leone, M. Keindl, A. H. Schapira, G. Deuschl and A. Federico

Patterns of anti-inflammatory drug use and risk of dementia: a matched case–control study (pages 1421-1428)
A. Dregan, P. Chowienczyk and D. Armstrong

Non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in 173 patients: a prospective study of long-term outcome (pages 1329-1336)
J. Konczalla, J. Schmitz, S. Kashefiolasl, C. Senft, V. Seifert and J. Platz

Efficacy and safety of pharmacological treatments for acute Lyme neuroborreliosis – a systematic review (pages 1249-1259)
R. Dersch, M. H. Freitag, S. Schmidt, H. Sommer, S. Rauer and J. J. Meerpohl

Non-motor symptoms burden in treated and untreated early Parkinson's disease patients: argument for non-motor subtypes (pages 1145-1150)
P. Zis, P. Martinez-Martin, A. Sauerbier, A. Rizos, J. C. Sharma, P. F. Worth, R. Sophia, M. Silverdale and K. Ray Chaudhuri

Intracerebral hemorrhage at young age: long-term prognosis (pages 1029-1037)
R.-J. Koivunen1, T. Tatlisumak1, J. Satopää, M. Niemelä and J. Putaala

Brain atrophy over time in genetic and sporadic frontotemporal dementia: a study of 198 serial magnetic resonance images (pages 745-752)
J. L. Whitwell, B. F. Boeve, S. D. Weigand, M. L. Senjem, J. L. Gunter1, M. C. Baker, M. DeJesus-Hernandez, D. S. Knopman, Z. K. Wszolek, R. C. Petersen, R. Rademakers, C. R. Jack Jr and K. A. Josephs

Impulse control disorders in Parkinson's disease: don't set your mind at rest by self-assessments (pages 603-609)
H. Baumann-Vogel, P. O. Valko, G. Eisele, and C. R. Baumann

Pallidal stimulation for acquired dystonia due to cerebral palsy: beyond 5 years (pages 426-e32)
L. M. Romito1, G. Zorzi, C. E. Marras, A. Franzini, N. Nardocci and A. Albanese

Action tremor in Parkinson's disease: frequency and relationship to motor and non-motor signs (pages 223-228)
A. F. Gigante, G. Bruno, G. Iliceto, M. Guido, D. Liuzzi, P. V. Mancino, M. F. De Caro, P. Livrea and G. Defazio

Clinical spectrum and outcomes of patients with encephalitis requiring intensive care (pages 6-e1)
R. Sonneville, N. Gault, E. de Montmollin, I. F. Klein, E. Mariotte, S. Chemam, F. Tubach, B. Mourvillier, J. F. Timsit, M. Wolff and L. Bouadma


Vitamin D and white matter abnormalities in older adults: a cross-sectional neuroimaging study (pages 1436–e95)
C. Annweiler, T. Annweiler, R. Bartha, F. R. Herrmann, R. Camicioli and O. Beauchet

Multiple sclerosis clinical course and cardiovascular disease risk – Swedish cohort study (pages 1353–e88)
H. Roshanisefat, S. Bahmanyar, J. Hillert, T. Olsson and S. Montgomery

Safety of early endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis: an international multicenter study (pages 1251–e76))
G. Tsivgoulis, C. Krogias, G. S. Georgiadis, R. Mikulik, A. Safouris, S. H. Meves, K. Voumvourakis, M. Haršány, R. Staffa, S. G. Papageorgiou, A. H. Katsanos, A. Lazaris, A. Mumme, M. Lazarides and S. N. Vasdekis

Early-onset Alzheimer's disease: a global cross-sectional analysis (pages 1149–e65)
P. K. Panegyres, H. Y. Chen and the Coalition against Major Diseases (CAMD)

The incidence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension in Israel from 2005 to 2007: results of a nationwide survey (pages 1055–1059)
A. Kesler, N. Stolovic, Y. Bluednikov and T. Shohat

Total drug treatment and comorbidity in myasthenia gravis: a population-based cohort study (pages 948–955)
J. B. Andersen, J. F. Owe, A. Engeland and N. E. Gilhus

Risk factors in patients with perimesencephalic hemorrhage (pages 816–819)
L. A. Mensing, Y. M. Ruigrok, P. Greebe, M. H. M. Vlak, A. Algra and G. J. E. Rinkel

EFNS/ENS Guidelines for the treatment of ocular myasthenia (pages 687–693)
E. Kerty, A. Elsais, Z. Argov, A. Evoli and N. E. Gilhus

EFNS/ENS Consensus on the diagnosis and management of chronic ataxias in adulthood (pages 552–562)
B. P. C. van de Warrenburg, J. van Gaalen, S. Boesch, J.-M. Burgunder, A. Dürr, P. Giunti, T. Klockgether, C. Mariotti, M. Pandolfo and O. Riess

Clinical and imaging characterization of progressive spastic dysarthria (pages 368–376)
H. M. Clark, J. R. Duffy, J. L. Whitwell, J. E. Ahlskog, E. J. Sorenson and K. A. Josephs

Simple variables predict miserable outcome after intravenous thrombolysis (pages 185–191)
D. J. Seiffge, A. Karagiannis, D. Strbian, H. Gensicke, N. Peters, L. H. Bonati, K. Kotisaari, M. Lepp, J. Kejda-Scharler, C. Trnka, P. Ginsbach, T. Tatlisumak, P. A. Lyrer and S. T. Engelter

Diabetes and thrombolysis for acute stroke: a clear benefit for diabetics (pages 5–10)
M. Reiter, Y. Teuschl, K. Matz, L. Seyfang, M. Brainin and for the Austrian Stroke Unit Registry Collaborators


Application of the 2010 revised criteria for the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis to patients with clinically isolated syndromes (pages 1510–1516)
T. F. Runia, N. Jafari and R. Q. Hintzen

Etiology of first-ever ischaemic stroke in European young adults: the 15 cities young stroke study (pages 1431–1439)
N. Yesilot Barlas, J. Putaala, U. Waje-Andreassen, S. Vassilopoulou, K. Nardi, C. Odier, G. Hofgart, S. Engelter, A. Burow, L. Mihalka, M. Kloss, J. Ferrari, R. Lemmens, O. Coban, E. Haapaniemi, N. Maaijwee, L. Rutten-Jacobs, A. Bersano, C. Cereda, P. Baron, L. Borellini, C. Valcarenghi, L. Thomassen, A. J. Grau, F. Palm, C. Urbanek, R. Tuncay, A. Durukan Tolvanen, E. J. van Dijk, F.-E. de Leeuw, V. Thijs, S. Greisenegger, K. Vemmos, C. Lichy, D. Bereczki, L. Csiba, P. Michel, D. Leys, K. Spengos, H. Naess, T. Tatlisumak and S. Z. Bahar

Defining pseudoprogression in glioblastoma multiforme (pages 1335–1341)
E. Van Mieghem, A. Wozniak, Y. Geussens, J. Menten, S. De Vleeschouwer, F. Van Calenbergh, R. Sciot, S. Van Gool, O. E. Bechter, P. Demaerel, G. Wilms and P. M. Clement

Prediction of on-road driving ability after traumatic brain injury and stroke (pages 1227–1233)
P. M. Aslaksen, M. Ørbo, R. Elvestad, C. Schfer and A. Anke

Psychosocial risk factors, pre-motor symptoms and first-time hospitalization with Parkinson's disease: a prospective cohort study (pages 1113–1120)
A. J. Clark, B. Ritz, E. Prescott and N. H. Rod

EFNS review on the role of muscle biopsy in the investigation of myalgia (pages 997–1005)
T. Kyriakides, C. Angelini, J. Schaefer, T. Mongini, G. Siciliano, S. Sacconi, J. Joseph, J. M. Burgunder, L. A. Bindoff, J. Vissing, M. de Visser and D. Hilton-Jones

Safety of endovascular treatment beyond the 6-h time window in 205 patients (pages 865–871)
S. Jung, J. Gralla, U. Fischer, M.-L. Mono, A. Weck, R. Lüdi, M. R. Heldner, O. Findling, M. El-Koussy, C. Brekenfeld, G. Schroth, H. P. Mattle and M. Arnold

Exposure to anaesthetic agents does not affect multiple sclerosis risk (pages 735–739)
A. K. Hedström, J. Hillert, T. Olsson and L. Alfredsson

Risk prediction of very early recurrence, death and progression after acute ischaemic stroke (pages 599–604)
I. L. Maier, M. Bauerle, P. Kermer, H.-J. Helms and T. Buettner

Cognitive impairment in HIV infection is associated with MRI and CSF pattern of neurodegeneration (pages 420–428)
F. Steinbrink, S. Evers, B. Buerke, P. Young, G. Arendt, E. Koutsilieri, D. Reichelt, H. Lohmann, I.-W. Husstedt and the German Competence Network HIV/AIDS

Multiple brain infarcts in young adults: clues for etiologic diagnosis and prognostic impact (pages 216–222)
S. Mustanoja, J. Putaala, E. Haapaniemi, D. Strbian, M. Kaste and T. Tatlisumak

EFNS/MDS-ES recommendations for the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (pages 16–34)
A. Berardelli, G. K. Wenning, A. Antonini, D. Berg, B. R. Bloem, V. Bonifati, D. Brooks, D. J. Burn, C. Colosimo, A. Fanciulli, J. Ferreira, T. Gasser, F. Grandas, P. Kanovsky, V. Kostic, J. Kulisevsky, W. Oertel, W. Poewe, J.-P. Reese, M. Relja, E. Ruzicka, A. Schrag, K. Seppi, P. Taba and M. Vidailhet


EFNS/MDS-ES recommendations for the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (pages 16–34)
A. Berardelli, G. K. Wenning, A. Antonini, D. Berg, B. R. Bloem, V. Bonifati, D. Brooks, D. J. Burn, C. Colosimo, A. Fanciulli, J. Ferreira, T. Gasser, F. Grandas, P. Kanovsky, V. Kostic, J. Kulisevsky, W. Oertel, W. Poewe, J.-P. Reese, M. Relja, E. Ruzicka, A. Schrag, K. Seppi, P. Taba and M. Vidailhet

EFNS task force: the use of neuroimaging in the diagnosis of dementia (pages 1487–1501)
M. Filippi, F. Agosta, F. Barkhof, B. Dubois, N. C. Fox, G. B. Frisoni, C. R. Jack, P. Johannsen, B. L. Miller, P. J. Nestor, P. Scheltens, S. Sorbi, S. Teipel, P. M. Thompson and L.-O. Wahlund

European guidelines on management of restless legs syndrome: report of a joint task force by the European Federation of Neurological Societies, the European Neurological Society and the European Sleep Research Society (pages 1385–1396)
Diego Garcia-Borreguero, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Ralf Kohnen, Shaun O'Keeffe, Claudia Trenkwalder, Birgit Högl, Heike Benes, Poul Jennum, Markku Partinen, Danyal Fer, Pasquale Montagna, Claudio L. Bassetti, Alex Iranzo, Karel Sonka and Anne-Marie Williams

EFNS-ENS guidelines for the use of PCR technology for the diagnosis of infections of the nervous system (pages 1278–1291)
I. Steiner, E. Schmutzhard, J. Sellner, A. Chaudhuri and P. G. E. Kennedy

EFNS-ENS Guidelines on the diagnosis and management of disorders associated with dementia (pages 1159–1179)
S. Sorbi, J. Hort, T. Erkinjuntti, T. Fladby, G. Gainotti, H. Gurvit, B. Nacmias, F. Pasquier, B. O. Popescu, I. Rektorova, D. Religa, R. Rusina, M. Rossor, R. Schmidt, E. Stefanova, J. D. Warren, P. Scheltens and the EFNS Scientist Panel on Dementia and Cognitive Neurology

Clinical and radiological differences in posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome between patients with preeclampsia-eclampsia and other predisposing diseases (pages 935–943)
T. G. Liman, G. Bohner, P. U. Heuschmann, M. Scheel, M. Endres and E. Siebert

Susac syndrome: clinical characteristics and treatment in 29 new cases (pages 800–811)
F. J. Mateen, A. Y. Zubkov, R. Muralidharan, J. E. Fugate, F. J. Rodriguez, J. L. Winters and G. W. Petty

How subjective are subjective language complaints (pages 666–671)
I. P. Martins, I. Mares and P. A. Stilwell

The clinical spectrum of intracerebral hematoma, hemorrhagic infarct, non-hemorrhagic infarct, and non-lesional venous stroke in patients with cerebral sinus–venous thrombosis (pages 537–543)
E. Kumral, F. Polat, C. Uzunköprü, C. allı and Ö. Kitiş

Dementia quality of life instrument – construct and concurrent validity in patients with mild to moderate dementia (pages 376–384)
S. Voigt-Radloff, R. Leonhart, M. Schützwohl, L. Jurjanz, T. Reuster, A. Gerner, K. Marschner, F. van Nes, M. Graff, M. Vernooij-Dassen, M. O. Rikkert, V. Holthoff and M. Hüll

Nystagmus and oscillopsia (pages 6–14)
A. Straube, A. Bronstein and D. Straumann

Mild traumatic brain injury (pages 191–198)
P. E. Vos, Y. Alekseenko, L. Battistin, E. Ehler, F. Gerstenbrand, D. F. Muresanu, A. Potapov, C. A. Stepan, P. Traubner, L. Vecsei and K. von Wild