International Journal of Training and Development

Cover image for Vol. 19 Issue 2

Edited By: Paul Lewis, William J. Rothwell, Linda Miller, AAhad Osman-Gani

Online ISSN: 1468-2419

Author Guidelines

Submission of papers from anywhere in the world should be made to the Editor in chief Paul Lewis in the form of a Word document attached to an e-mail.


Submission of papers

Types of paper published

The IJTD publishes:
- research reviews;
- research articles;
- research notes;
- notes on policy and practice; and
- international briefings.

Everything is refereed using the IJTD’s standard ‘double blind’ procedure.

Research reviews provide a structured summary of the existing literature in a recognized part of the training and development field, an assessment of the state of that literature and an agenda for future research, along with a comprehensive bibliography. These are normally by invitation but any authors interested in writing a review are welcome to put their proposal to the Editor in chief.

Research articles report original, empirical research, whether qualitative or quantitative, including original use of existing databases.

Research notes also report empirical work but typically display a narrower focus than articles, contain less contextual content and have more limited implications.

Notes on policy and practice can deal with, for example, public policy initiatives, assessment of policy and developments in professional practice.

International briefings describe, with some analysis, training and development in a particular country. The IB series aims to increase the international knowledge base of training and development in order to promote comparative work. The editors welcome proposals for new IBs and also material that updates those already published.

Early View

IJTD is covered by Wiley-Blackwell's Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors‟ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.


International readership
The IJTD has an international readership.  It is likely that only a minority of an article’s readers will be in the country of the author.  Contributors are asked to bear this in mind, for example, in the use of language and in making any assumptions about the reader's knowledge of the country in which the research has been undertaken.  Authors should ensure that their articles are intelligible to those who may not be familiar with the traditions, infrastructure and policies of their particular countries.  It is likely that one of the referees asked to comment on an article submitted for publication will be from a country other than that of the writer.

Multidisciplinary readership
Any terms, concepts or methods which are specific to a particular discipline should be explained so that they can be understood by readers from outside that discipline.

Links between academic work and professional practice
The IJTD is read by practitioners and policy makers as well as by academics and it is part of editorial policy that the Journal provides a bridge between academic work and professional practice.  Where appropriate, authors should indicate any potential significance that their work may have for training and development policy and practice.

All papers submitted to the IJTD are sent out for refereeing under the conventional ‘double blind’ system.

Articles should be between 5000 and 9000 words in length, typed on one side of A4 paper, double line spaced with margins. International Briefings should be approximately 5,000 words in length and Research Notes and Policy and Practice Notes 3-5,000 words.  An accurate word count (including references) should be provided.  Tables and figures should be counted by treating the space they occupy as an equivalent number of words. Authors are encouraged to submit their articles as email attachments rather than as hard copy.

Number of copies and format
Articles should be submitted in the form of an e-mail attachment and should be double-spaced with margins and include an abstract.  A cover page - which should be in an attachment separate from that of the article - should contain the title, name and contact and biographical details of the author(s). All work submitted should be checked carefully for typing errors, spelling mistakes and other faults.  Pages must be numbered. 

Tables and figures
• These must be numbered consecutively, checked for accuracy and clearly presented.  Extensive use of either should be avoided to minimize printing costs.
• Tables and figures should be on separate sheets and numbered with Arabic numerals in order of appearance in the text.  Their location in the text must be clearly indicated.
• Line drawings should be printed from a good quality laser printer, or professionally drawn using black ink.  Labeling should be in a san serif typeface.  Drawings should be presented larger than their proposed printed size in the journal.

Mathematical and econometrical material
Algebraic equations and models should be used only when they clarify or advance the argument.  Where used their implications should be discussed in the text while data and methodological discussion are confined to a technical appendix.

Authors must indicate if their papers have been submitted or published elsewhere even if in a different form. If subject to copyright then clearance must be obtained and sent to the Editor. Work which is to be in a book prior to its publication in article form is not acceptable.  All articles published in the IJTD are subject to the Journal’s copyright and may not be published elsewhere without the Journal’s consent.

Autobiographical note
Each contributor should supply, in an attachment separate from the article: full name, postal address, e-mail address, telephone number, fax number, appointment or job description and name of organization (and whether this may be published).  Authors should indicate whether or not they will allow the IJTD to publish their e-mail addresses to enable readers to contact them.

Authors should include an abstract of not more than 150 words, double-spaced. 


Footnotes are additional material which, while amplifying the text, are more conveniently discussed separately.  They should be marked in the text by the use of asterisks (*) and daggers (†) and placed at the foot of the relevant pages.  They should, however, be kept to a minimum, and wherever possible, be incorporated into the text.  


In the text

References indicate the precise sources of books, articles, statistics etc. cited in the text. These should be marked in the text by the author’s surname, the year of publication and, where necessary, a more precise source such as a page number. References must include a page number if they contain a quotation or make reference to a specific point or finding in the cited work.  


Informal learning can take place, for instance, when people work and interact with each other and learn while doing so (Marsick and Watkins, 1992).

Previous studies have examined the predictors of subjective career success (Nabi, 2001; Peluchette and Jeanquart, 2000; Vos and Soens, 2008). Where there is more than one reference the references should be in alphabetical order of the first-named author.

As Westera (2001) has argued, the word ‘competence’ has a range of meanings.

The sectoral training system in the Netherlands aims to be coherent, flexible and relevant to the world of work (Nijhof, 2004, 23). Twenty-three is a page number. It is not necessary to put p or page in front of page numbers. A page number is required here because reference is made to specific points.

Ng, Eby and Sorensen (2005) found that organizational climate had an effect on subjective career success. When first cited, all three authors should be named. Subsequently, the reference can be shortened to Ng et al. The year does not have to be cited when the reference is mentioned a second tor subsequent time unless there are two or more references to the work of the particular author.

At the end of the article

At the end of the article, the references should be listed alphabetically by author’s surname. The entries in the list should not be numbered. Where a reference is to a work which has more than one author the first author’s name should indicate its position in the list.

Guidance for authors of International Briefings

Aims of the International Briefing series

Important aims of these briefings are:
• to widen the T & D/HRD international knowledge base;
• to encourage comparative work; and
• to contribute to the development of a world-wide network of academic correspondents in the T & D/HRD field.

It is intended that International Briefings should be in a standard format using the following headings.
• Basic data about the country e.g.  demographic details
• Public T & D/HRD policy, strategy and infrastructure
• Corporate T & D/HRD policies and strategies
• Training and development/HRD in practice
• Academic work in the T & D/HRD field
• Sources of information on T & D/HRD in ...
• Networking - academic correspondents in ...

International Briefings are a periodic feature of the journal.

Their length should not exceed 5000 words.

List of International Briefings published up to and including March 2010

1 Netherlands 3:1 (Mar 99)  
2 UK  3:2 (Jun 99)  
3 Germany 3:3 (Sep 99)  
4 Australia 3:4 (Dec 99)  
5 India  4:1 (Mar 00)  
6 USA  4:2 (Jun 00)  
7 Singapore 4:4 (Dec 00)  
8 France 5:1 (Mar 01) 
9 United Arab Emirates 5:2 (Jun 01)
10 China   5:3 (Sep 01)
11 Saudi Arabia  6:2 (Jun 02)
12 Norway  6:4 (Dec 02)
13 Spain  7:1 (Mar 03)
14 Finland  7:2 (Jun 03)
15 Austria  7:3 (Sep 03)
16 Republic of Ireland 10:2 (Jun 06)
17 New Zealand 11:1 (Mar 07)
18 Vietnam 11:2 (Jun 07)
19 Nigeria 11:3 (Sep 07)
20 Andorra 12:3 (Sep 08) 
21 Macao (China) 13:4 (Dec 09)
22 Spain 14:1 (Mar 10)
23 Morocco 15:2 (Jun 11)
24 Bangladesh 15:4 (Dec 11)
25 Chile 16:2 (Jun 12)
26 Philippines 16:4 (Dec 12)
27 Peru 17:1 (Mar 13)
28 Quebec (Canada) 17:1 (Mar 13)
29 Kazakhstan 17:1 (Mar 13)
30 Iraqi Kurdistan 17:4 (Dec 13)
31 Mexico 17:4 (Dec 13)

Pre-submission English-language editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found here. All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

License Agreements

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

Wiley-Blackwell's Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article – once it has been accepted – through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.