Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities

Cover image for Vol. 28 Issue 5

Edited By: Chris Hatton and Peter Langdon

Impact Factor: 1.137

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 31/55 (Psychology Educational); 38/70 (Rehabilitation (Social Science))

Online ISSN: 1468-3148

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Recently Published Articles

  1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
  2. The Life Expectancy of People with Intellectual Disabilities in Germany (pages 373–382)

    Friedrich Dieckmann, Christos Giovis and Jana Offergeld

    Article first published online: 9 AUG 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jar.12193

    Accessible Abstract


    How old do people with intellectual disabilities become in Germany? We look at what age adult people with intellectual disabilities die on average.


    We collected data about adult people with intellectual disabilities in the regions Westphalia-Lippe and Baden-Wuerttemberg for the years 2007–2009. We use the data to calculate for each age group how many persons die and how many survive within a year.


    The average life expectancy of men with intellectual disabilities is 70.9 years in Westphalia-Lippe and 65.3 years in Baden-Wuerttemberg. The average life expectancy of women with intellectual disabilities is 72.8 years in Westphalia-Lippe and 69.9 years in Baden-Wuerttemberg.


    On average, people with intellectual disabilities still live shorter lives than non-disabled people in Germany. But nowadays, people with intellectual disabilities usually grow older than they did 20 years ago. Some groups of people with disabilities have a higher risk to die earlier, for example, persons with Down's syndrome.

  3. Mortality Rates in the General Irish Population Compared to those with an Intellectual Disability from 2003 to 2012 (pages 406–413)

    Mary McCarron, Rachael Carroll, Caraiosa Kelly and Philip McCallion

    Article first published online: 9 AUG 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jar.12194

    Accessible Abstract


    People with intellectual disability overall die much younger than the general population. It is very difficult to compare the general population with people with intellectual disability because of the different measures that are often used to examine the numbers.


    In 2012 the National Intellectual Disability Database and the Census in Ireland was examined. The average age of death was examined and some additional calculations were used to examine the overall figures.


    What was found was that women with intellectual disability are living longer than males with intellectual disability. But people with an intellectual disability are dying 19 years earlier than the general population. People with a more severe level of intellectual disability died younger.


    It is more accurate to use some additional calculations to identify the average age when people die as it helps us to understand differences in age of death for people with an intellectual disability.