Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities

Cover image for Vol. 30 Issue 1

Edited By: Chris Hatton and Peter Langdon; Founded by Professor David Felce

Impact Factor: 1.711

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 13/71 (Rehabilitation (Social Science)); 19/57 (Psychology Educational)

Online ISSN: 1468-3148

Author Guidelines

Table example

The journal to which you are submitting your manuscript employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to this journal you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.


The Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities is an international, peer-reviewed journal which draws together findings derived from original applied research in intellectual disabilities. The journal is an important forum for the dissemination of ideas to promote valued lifestyles for people with intellectual disabilities. It reports on research from the UK and overseas by authors from all relevant professional disciplines. It is aimed at an international, multi-disciplinary readership.

The topics it covers include community living, quality of life, challenging behaviour, communication, sexuality, medication, ageing, supported employment, family issues, mental health, physical health, autism, economic issues, social networks, staff stress, staff training, epidemiology and service provision.  Theoretical papers are also considered provided the implications for therapeutic action or enhancing quality of life are clear. Both quantitative and qualitative methodologies are welcomed. All original and review articles continue to undergo a rigorous, peer-refereeing process.

Please read the instructions below carefully for details on submission of manuscripts, the journal's requirements and standards as well as information concerning the procedure after a manuscript has been accepted for publication. Authors are encouraged to visit for further information on the preparation and submission of articles.

All manuscripts must be submitted solely to this journal and not published, in press, or submitted elsewhere.


Acceptance of papers is based on the understanding that authors have treated research participants with respect and dignity throughout. Please see Section 2.2 below.

2.1 Authorship and Acknowledgements

Authorship: Authors submitting a paper do so on the understanding that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors and that all authors agree to the submission of the manuscript to the journal. ALL named authors must have made an active contribution to the conception and design and/or analysis and interpretation of the data and/or the drafting of the paper and ALL authors must have critically reviewed its content and have approved the final version submitted for publication. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship.

It is a requirement that all authors have been accredited as appropriate under submission of the manuscript. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under Acknowledgements.

Acknowledgements: Under Acknowledgements please specify contributors to the article other than the authors accredited. Please also include specifications of the source of funding for the study and any potential conflict of interest if appropriate. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included.

2.2 Ethical Approvals

Research involving human participants will only be pubished if such research has been conducted in full accordance with ethical principles, including the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki (version, 2002 and the additional requirements, if any, of the country where the research has been carried out. Manuscripts must be accompanied by a statement that the research was undertaken with the understanding and written consent of each participant (or the participant's representative, if they lack capacity), and according to the above mentioned principles. A statement regarding the fact that the study has been independently reviewed and approved by an ethical board should also be included.

All studies using human participants should include an explicit statement in the Material and Methods section identifying the review and ethics committee approval for each study, if applicable. Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt as to whether appropriate procedures have been used.

Ethics of investigation: Papers not in agreement with the guidelines of the Helsinki Declaration as revised in 1975 will not be accepted for publication.

2.3 Clinical Trials

Clinical trials should be reported using the CONSORT guidelines available at A CONSORT checklist should also be included in the submission material (

The Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities encourages authors submitting manuscripts reporting from a clinical trial to register the trials in any of the following free, public trials registries:, The clinical trial registration number and name of the trial register will then be published with the paper.

2.4 Conflict of Interest and Source of Funding

Conflict of Interest: Authors are required to disclose any possible conflict of interest. These include financial (for example patent ownership, stock ownership, consultancies, speaker's fee). Author's conflict of interest (or information specifying the absence of conflict of interest) will be published under a separate heading.

The Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities requires that sources of institutional, private and corporate financial support for the work within the manuscript must be fully acknowledged, and any potential conflict of interest noted. As of 1st March 2007, this information is a requirement for all manuscripts submitted to the journal and will be published in a highlighted box on the title page of the article. Please include this information under the separate headings of 'Source of Funding' and 'Conflict of Interest' at the end of the manuscript.

If the author does not include a conflict of interest statement in the manuscript, then the following statement will be included by default: 'No conflict of interest has been declared'.

Source of Funding: Authors are required to specify the source of funding for their research when submitting a paper. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included. The information will be disclosed in the published article.

2.5 Permissions

If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publishers.

2.6 Copyright Assignment

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions


For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:


Submissions are now made online using ScholarOne Manuscripts (formerly Manuscript Central). To submit to the journal go to http:// If this is the first time you have used the system you will be asked to register by clicking on ‘create an account’. Full instructions on making your submission are provided. You should receive an acknowledgement within a few minutes. Thereafter, the system will keep you informed of the process of your submission through refereeing, any revisions that are required and a final decision.

4.1 Manuscript Files Accepted

Manuscripts should be uploaded as Word (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rft) files (not write-protected) plus separate figure files. GIF, JPEG, PICT or Bitmap files are acceptable for submission, but only high-resolution TIF or EPS files are suitable for printing.

To allow double-blinded review, please upload your manuscript and title page as separate files.

Please upload:
1. Your manuscript without title page under the file designation 'main document'.
2. Figure files under the file designation 'figures'.
3. Title page which should include title, authors (including corresponding author contact details), acknowledgements and conflict of interest statement where applicable, should be uploaded under the file designation 'title page'.

All documents uploaded under the file designation 'title page' will not be viewable in the HTML and PDF format you are asked to review at the end of the submission process. The files viewable in the HTML and PDF format are the files available to the reviewer in the review process.

Please note that any manuscripts uploaded as Word 2007 (.docx) will be automatically rejected. Please save any .docx files as .doc before uploading.

4.2 Blinded Review

All articles submitted to the journal are assessed by at least two anonymous reviewers with expertise in that field. The Editors reserve the right to edit any contribution to ensure that it conforms with the requirements of the journal.


Original Articles, Review Articles, Brief Reports, Book Reviews and Letters to the Editor are accepted. Theoretical Papers are also considered provided the implications for therapeutic action or enhancing quality of life are clear. Both quantitative and qualitative methodologies are welcomed. Articles are accepted for publication only at the discretion of the Editor. Articles should not exceed 7000 words. Brief Reports should not normally exceed 2000 words. Submissions for the Letters to the Editor section should be no more than 750 words in length.


6.1 Format

Language: The language of publication is English. Authors for whom English is a second language must have their manuscript professionally edited by an English speaking person before submission to make sure the English is of high quality. It is preferred that manuscripts are professionally edited. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

6.2 Structure

All manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities should include:

Cover Page: A cover page should contain only the title, thereby facilitating anonymous reviewing. The authors' details should be supplied on a separate page and the author for correspondence should be identified clearly, along with full contact details, including e-mail address. 
Running Title: A short title of not more than fifty characters, including spaces, should be provided.
Keywords: Up to six key words to aid indexing should also be provided.
Main Text: All papers should have a structured abstract (maximum 150 words) as follows: Background, Method, Results, and Conclusions. The abstract should provide an outline of the research questions, the design, essential findings and main conclusions of the study. Authors should make use of headings within the main paper as follows: Introduction, Method, Results and Discussion. Subheadings can be used as appropriate. All authors must clearly state their research questions, aims or hypotheses clearly at the end of the Introduction. Figures and Tables should be submitted as a separate file.
Style: Manuscripts should be formatted with a wide margin and double spaced. Include all parts of the text of the paper in a single file, but do not embed figures. Please note the following points which will help us to process your manuscript successfully:
-Include all figure legends, and tables with their legends if available.
-Do not use the carriage return (enter) at the end of lines within a paragraph.
-Turn the hyphenation option off.
-In the cover email, specify any special characters used to represent non-keyboard characters.
-Take care not to use l (ell) for 1 (one), O (capital o) for 0 (zero) or ß (German esszett) for (beta).
-Use a tab, not spaces, to separate data points in tables.
-If you use a table editor function, ensure that each data point is contained within a unique cell, i.e. do not use carriage returns within cells. 

Spelling should conform to The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English and units of measurements, symbols and abbreviations with those in Units, Symbols and Abbreviations (1977) published and supplied by the Royal Society of Medicine, 1 Wimpole Street, London W1M 8AE. This specifies the use of S.I. units.

6.3 References

APA - American Psychological Association

References should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). This means in text citations should follow the author-date method whereby the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998). The complete reference list should appear alphabetically by name at the end of the paper.

A sample of the most common entries in reference lists appears below. Please note that a DOI should be provided for all references where available. For more information about APA referencing style, please refer to the APA FAQ. Please note that for journal articles, issue numbers are not included unless each issue in the volume begins with page one.

Journal article
Beers, S. R. , & De Bellis, M. D. (2002). Neuropsychological function in children with maltreatment-related posttraumatic stress disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 483–486. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.159.3.483

Book Edition
Bradley-Johnson, S. (1994). Psychoeducational assessment of students who are visually impaired or blind: Infancy through high school (2nd ed.). Austin, TX: Pro-ed.

6.4 Tables, Figures and Figure Legends

Tables should include only essential data. Each table must be typewritten on a separate sheet and should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals, e.g. Table 1, and given a short caption.

Figures should be referred to in the text as Figures using Arabic numbers, e.g. Fig.1, Fig.2 etc, in order of appearance. Figures should be clearly labelled with the name of the first author, and the appropriate number. Each figure should have a separate legend; these should be grouped on a separate page at the end of the manuscript. All symbols and abbreviations should be clearly explained. In the full-text online edition of the journal, figure legends may be truncated in abbreviated links to the full screen version. Therefore, the first 100 characters of any legend should inform the reader of key aspects of the figure.

Preparation of Electronic Figures for Publication
Although low quality images are adequate for review purposes, print publication requires high quality images to prevent the final product being blurred or fuzzy. Submit EPS (line art) or TIFF (halftone/photographs) files only. MS PowerPoint and Word Graphics are unsuitable for printed pictures. Do not use pixel-oriented programmes. Scans (TIFF only) should have a resolution of at least 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size. Please submit the data for figures in black and white or submit a Colour Work Agreement Form. EPS files should be saved with fonts embedded (and with a TIFF preview if possible).

Further information can be obtained at Wiley-Blackwell's guidelines for figures:

Check your electronic artwork before submitting it:

Permissions: If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publisher.

Colour Charges: It is the policy of the Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities for authors to pay the full cost for the reproduction of their colour artwork. Colour Work Agreement Form can be downloaded here.


Upon acceptance of a paper for publication, the manuscript will be forwarded to the Production Editor who is responsible for the production of the journal.

7.1 Proof Corrections

The corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing a link to a website. A working e-mail address must therefore be provided for the corresponding author. The proof can be downloaded as a PDF file from this site.

Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following website:
This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen, and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available; in your absence, please arrange for a colleague to access your e-mail to retrieve the proofs.

Proofs must be returned to the Production Editor within 3 days of receipt.

As changes to proofs are costly, we ask that you only correct typesetting errors. Excessive changes made by the author in the proofs, excluding typesetting errors, will be charged separately. Other than in exceptional circumstances, all illustrations are retained by the Publisher. Please note that the author is responsible for all statements made in their work, including changes made by the copy editor.

7.2 Early View (Publication Prior to Print)

The Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities is covered by Wiley-Blackwell's Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have a volume, issue or page number, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a DOI (digital object identifier) which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.

7.3 Author Services

Online production tracking is available for your article through Wiley-Blackwell's Author Services. Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources include FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

For more substantial information on the services provided for authors, please see Wiley-Blackwell's Author Services.

7.4 Author Material Archive Policy

Please note that unless specifically requested, Wiley-Blackwell will dispose of all hardcopy or electronic material submitted two issues after publication. If you require the return of any material submitted, please inform the editorial office or Production Editor as soon as possible.

7.5 Offprints and Extra Copies

Free access to the final PDF offprint of the article will be available via Author Services only. Additional paper offprints may be ordered online. Please click on the following link, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields:

If you have queries about offprints please email