Identification of candidate pelagic marine protected areas through a seabird seasonal-, multispecific- and extinction risk-based approach
L. Krüger, J. A. Ramos, J. C. Xavier, D. Grémillet, J. González-Solís, Y. Kolbeinsson, T. Militão, J. Navarro, M. V. Petry, R. A. Phillips, I. Ramírez, J. M. Reyes-González, P. G. Ryan, I. A. Sigurðsson, E. Van Sebille, R. M. Wanless and V. H. Paiva
Version of Record online: 12 FEB 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/acv.12339
Marine Protected Areas are one of the main tools used to buffer the impact of environmental change on Marine Ecosystems. In this study we used year-round tracking data of pelagic seabird communities into distribution modelling to detect key areas for conservation in the Southwest Atlantic Ocean. The key marine areas were located on the southern Patagonian Shelf overlapping extensively with areas of high fishing activity, off south and southeast Brazil overlapping with areas of high plastic pollution and ocean acidification, and off northeast Brazil on an area of high biodiversity with relatively low human impacts. There was a loss in conservation value for seasonal areas off tropical waters when compared to the non-seasonal approach when using ?cost’ layers. Our approach identified additional candidate areas for incorporation in the network of pelagic MPAs.