Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

Cover image for Vol. 57 Issue 8

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: Edmund Sonuga-Barke

Impact Factor: 6.615

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 2/69 (Psychology Developmental); 6/76 (Psychology); 8/136 (Psychiatry (Social Science)); 10/140 (Psychiatry)

Online ISSN: 1469-7610

Associated Title(s): Child and Adolescent Mental Health


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  1. Original Articles

    1. The latent structure of Acute Stress Disorder symptoms in trauma-exposed children and adolescents

      Anna McKinnon, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Peter Watson, Clare Dixon, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Anke Ehlers, Flaura Winston, Patrick Smith, William Yule and Tim Dalgleish

      Version of Record online: 30 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12597

    2. Randomized controlled trial of a book-sharing intervention in a deprived South African community: effects on carer–infant interactions, and their relation to infant cognitive and socioemotional outcome

      Lynne Murray, Leonardo De Pascalis, Mark Tomlinson, Zahir Vally, Harold Dadomo, Brenda MacLachlan, Charlotte Woodward and Peter J. Cooper

      Version of Record online: 28 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12605

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      Response time variability under slow- and fast-incentive conditions in children with ASD, ADHD and ASD+ADHD

      Charlotte Tye, Katherine A. Johnson, Simon P. Kelly, Philip Asherson, Jonna Kuntsi, Karen L. Ashwood, Bahare Azadi, Patrick Bolton and Gráinne McLoughlin

      Version of Record online: 28 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12608

    4. No relationship between prenatal androgen exposure and autistic traits: convergent evidence from studies of children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia and of amniotic testosterone concentrations in typically developing children

      Karson T. F. Kung, Debra Spencer, Vickie Pasterski, Sharon Neufeld, Vivette Glover, Thomas G. O'Connor, Peter C. Hindmarsh, Ieuan A. Hughes, Carlo L. Acerini and Melissa Hines

      Version of Record online: 27 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12602

    5. The course of early disinhibited social engagement among postinstitutionalized adopted children

      Jamie M. Lawler, Kalsea J. Koss, Colleen M. Doyle and Megan R. Gunnar

      Version of Record online: 27 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12606

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      Altered neural response to rejection-related words in children exposed to maltreatment

      V.B. Puetz, E. Viding, A. Palmer, P.A. Kelly, R. Lickley, I. Koutoufa, C.L. Sebastian and E.J. McCrory

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12595

    7. Attentional avoidance of fearful facial expressions following early life stress is associated with impaired social functioning

      Kathryn L. Humphreys, Katharina Kircanski, Natalie L. Colich and Ian H. Gotlib

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12607

  2. Practitioner Reviews

    1. Practitioner Review: Multilingualism and neurodevelopmental disorders – an overview of recent research and discussion of clinical implications

      Mirko Uljarević, Napoleon Katsos, Kristelle Hudry and Jenny L. Gibson

      Version of Record online: 22 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12596

      Language and communication skills are essential aspects of child development, which are often disrupted in children with neurodevelopmental disorders. Child psychiatrists, psychologists and others working in allied disciplines generally have pre- or post-registration training in assessment of linguistic development; however, practitioners may be less familiar with what to expect from a multilingual child, especially when a neurodevelopmental disorder is present or suspected.

      Multilingualism has potential to influence approaches to assessment of parent–child relationships, developmental assessment, diagnostic formulation, intervention and educational support. Multilingual parents of children with neurodevelopmental disorders report concerns over whether or not to raise their children to be multilingual. Investigation of potential benefits and challenges of multilingualism for children with neurodevelopmental disorders is therefore not only a significant research area, but also one which has important clinical implications.

      Clinical decision-making should in principle be informed by the latest evidence; however, this is not an easy task for practitioners, given the sheer volume of published research. Moreover, existing research on multilingualism and neurodevelopmental disorders varies widely in terms of its aims, focus and methodology, and much of the relevant research lies in journals which are not typically accessed by those working in frontline services. Therefore, in our practitioner review, we intend to provide an accessible, systematic review and integration of current findings on multilingualism and neurodevelopmental disorders. Our aim is to provide a snapshot of the current state-of-the-art in research that would help inform the practice of relevant professions.

      We begin with an overview of international research on the language development of multilingual, typically developing children. We also alert practitioners to the debate surrounding recently emerging findings which suggest multilingualism may be associated with improved performance on of measures of executive function and social cognition. These topics are then discussed with reference to clinical practice and The World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF, WHO, 2007), before moving on to a systematic review of multilingualism in neurodevelopmental disorders.

      Our review identified 51 studies and showed that the literature to-date has mostly focused on Communication Disorders (38) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) (10), with just two studies investigating multilingualism and Intellectual Disability. Many studies had problematic designs as they compared multilingual individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders to multi- or monolingual typically developing individuals, making it difficult to isolate effects of multilingualism per se.

      Nevertheless, studies which found a disadvantage for multilingual children with neurodevelopmental disorders were rare. In fact, when restricting our attention to those studies which compared a multilingual group with developmental disorders to a monolingual group with similar disorders, the findings consistently show no adverse association with language development or other aspects of functioning. Encouragingly, in the case of ASD a positive effect on communication and social functioning has been observed. Qualitative research identified from this review also underscores the value of multilingualism for participation in religious, family and community life. We also invite practitioners to consider the potential value of encouraging parent–child interaction in the parent's mother tongue as a way to maximize potential for parent–child synchrony, sensitive responding and fostering warmth. However, this latter point is yet to be empirically established.

      We conclude with discussion of implications for clinical practice and for future research. The evidence indicates that assumptions about the potential difficulties (and benefits) of multilingualism for individuals with developmental disorders should be challenged within communities of professional practice. We encourage practitioners to consider multilingualism within the broader framework of a social model of disability and with reference to children's rights under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. Finally, we identify gaps in the literature as well as methodological issues which will require attention in future research.

      In summary, we believe this review will be a useful and thought-provoking resource for an evidence-informed approach to working and researching with multilingual families with children with neurodevelopmental disorders.

    2. Practitioner Review: School-based interventions in child mental health

      Frank W. Paulus, Susanne Ohmann and Christian Popow

      Version of Record online: 22 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12584

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Clinical commentary

      • School-based interventions are effective, delivered ‘on the spot’, in the routine school setting, and provided by teachers, psychologists, nurses, social workers, other school staff, or internal and external therapists.
      • There are preventive and therapeutic (cognitive) behavioural interventions, aiming at preventing or improving mental health problems and disorders (such as social behaviour problems, ADHD, anxiety, depression and substance use).
      • Implementing school-based interventions includes selection of an appropriate programme targeting the problem behaviour of a defined student population. Determinants of success are dealing with restricted resources, respecting the practical conditions of the school environment, a confidential and valuing personal climate, and a thorough programme evaluation.
  3. Original Articles

    1. Attention bias modification for youth with social anxiety disorder

      Lee Pergamin-Hight, Daniel S. Pine, Nathan A. Fox and Yair Bar-Haim

      Version of Record online: 20 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12599

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      Associations between the parent–child relationship and adolescent self-worth: a genetically informed study of twin parents and their adolescent children

      Tom A. McAdams, Fruhling V. Rijsdijk, Jurgita Narusyte, Jody M. Ganiban, David Reiss, Erica Spotts, Jenae M. Neiderhiser, Paul Lichtenstein and Thalia C. Eley

      Version of Record online: 18 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12600

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    4. Deactivation in anterior cingulate cortex during facial processing in young individuals with high familial risk and early development of depression: fMRI findings from the Scottish Bipolar Family Study

      Stella W.Y. Chan, Jessika E. Sussmann, Liana Romaniuk, Tiffany Stewart, Stephen M. Lawrie, Jeremy Hall, Andrew M. McIntosh and Heather C. Whalley

      Version of Record online: 15 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12591

    5. Attentional bias training in girls at risk for depression

      Joelle LeMoult, Jutta Joormann, Katharina Kircanski and Ian H. Gotlib

      Version of Record online: 8 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12587

    6. Patterns of expressed emotion in adolescent eating disorders

      Renee D. Rienecke, Leslie Sim, James Lock and Daniel Le Grange

      Version of Record online: 5 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12594

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      Callous–unemotional traits affect adolescents' perception of collaboration

      Christine Fawcett, Victoria Wesevich, Erik Truedsson, Cecilia Wåhlstedt and Gustaf Gredebäck

      Version of Record online: 1 JUL 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12588

    8. Common infections with polyomaviruses and herpesviruses and neuropsychological development at 4 years of age, the Rhea birth cohort in Crete, Greece

      Marianna Karachaliou, Leda Chatzi, Theano Roumeliotaki, Mariza Kampouri, Andriani Kyriklaki, Katerina Koutra, Georgia Chalkiadaki, Angelika Michel, Eftichia Stiakaki, Manolis Kogevinas, Michael Pawlita, Tim Waterboer and Silvia de Sanjose

      Version of Record online: 23 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12582

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      Frequent daytime naps predict vocabulary growth in early childhood

      Klára Horváth and Kim Plunkett

      Version of Record online: 20 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12583

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      Mapping the structural organization of the brain in conduct disorder: replication of findings in two independent samples

      G. Fairchild, N. Toschi, K. Sully, E.J.S. Sonuga-Barke, C.C. Hagan, S. Diciotti, I.M. Goodyer, A.J. Calder and L. Passamonti

      Version of Record online: 15 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12581

    11. The impact of experimental sleep restriction on affective functioning in social and nonsocial contexts among adolescents

      Dana L. McMakin, Ronald E. Dahl, Daniel J. Buysse, Jennifer C. Cousins, Erika E. Forbes, Jennifer S. Silk, Greg J. Siegle and Peter L. Franzen

      Version of Record online: 15 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12568

    12. Attention bias in the developmental unfolding of posttraumatic stress symptoms in young children at risk

      Margaret J. Briggs-Gowan, Damion Grasso, Yair Bar-Haim, Joel Voss, Kimberly J. McCarthy, Daniel S. Pine and Lauren S. Wakschlag

      Version of Record online: 14 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12577

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      Early severe institutional deprivation is associated with a persistent variant of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: clinical presentation, developmental continuities and life circumstances in the English and Romanian Adoptees study

      Mark Kennedy, Jana Kreppner, Nicky Knights, Robert Kumsta, Barbara Maughan, Dennis Golm, Michael Rutter, Wolff Schlotz and Edmund J.S. Sonuga-Barke

      Version of Record online: 6 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12576

    14. Discrimination of amygdala response predicts future separation anxiety in youth with early deprivation

      Shulamite A. Green, Bonnie Goff, Dylan G. Gee, Laurel Gabard-Durnam, Jessica Flannery, Eva H. Telzer, Kathryn L. Humphreys, Jennifer Louie and Nim Tottenham

      Version of Record online: 4 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12578

    15. Sluggish cognitive tempo is associated with suicide risk in psychiatrically hospitalized children

      Stephen P. Becker, Amanda R. Withrow, Laura Stoppelbein, Aaron M. Luebbe, Paula J. Fite and Leilani Greening

      Version of Record online: 1 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12580

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      The impact of nonverbal ability on prevalence and clinical presentation of language disorder: evidence from a population study

      Courtenay Frazier Norbury, Debbie Gooch, Charlotte Wray, Gillian Baird, Tony Charman, Emily Simonoff, George Vamvakas and Andrew Pickles

      Version of Record online: 16 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12573

    17. Nutritional supplementation to reduce child aggression: a randomized, stratified, single-blind, factorial trial

      Adrian Raine, Rose A. Cheney, Ringo Ho, Jill Portnoy, Jianghong Liu, Liana Soyfer, Joseph Hibbeln and Therese S. Richmond

      Version of Record online: 11 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12565

    18. Developmental changes in electroencephalographic frontal asymmetry in young children at risk for depression

      Brandon L. Goldstein, Stewart A. Shankman, Autumn Kujawa, Dana C. Torpey-Newman, Thomas M. Olino and Daniel N. Klein

      Version of Record online: 3 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12567

  4. Practitioner Reviews

    1. Practitioner Review: Treatments for Tourette syndrome in children and young people – a systematic review

      Craig Whittington, Mary Pennant, Tim Kendall, Cristine Glazebrook, Penny Trayner, Madeleine Groom, Tammy Hedderly, Isobel Heyman, Georgina Jackson, Stephen Jackson, Tara Murphy, Hugh Rickards, Mary Robertson, Jeremy Stern and Chris Hollis

      Version of Record online: 2 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12556

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Tourette syndrome (TS) is a common neurodevelopmental condition affecting approximately 1% of children and young people (c. 70,000 people age 7–17 years in England) which if untreated has a major adverse impact on mental health, social functioning and quality of life. Despite the prevalence of TS in young people being greater than diabetes and epilepsy, it remains a frequently misunderstood condition and its seriousness at a population level is typically overlooked, as evidenced by the absence of evidence-based clinical guidelines. TS is characterised by persistent and impairing motor and vocal tics which typically emerge in childhood, run a waxing and waning course and carry on into adult life in about 30% of young people. Tics can be highly stigmatising, especially for teenagers, and often lead to bullying, peer victimisation, social exclusion, depression and self-harm. TS is associated and frequently coexists with other neurodevelopmental and mental health conditions including ADHD (60%), anxiety disorder (40%), OCD (30%) and ASD (20%) which add to the complexity of clinical management. Evidence from this major systematic review and meta-analysis shows that clinically effective treatments for tics in children and young people exist and include medication (e.g. α2-noradrenergic agonists and antipsychotics) and behavioural interventions, including exposure and response prevention, habit reversal training (HRT) and the comprehensive behavioural intervention for tics programme which combines psychoeducation with HRT. The results of this review suggest that both medication and behavioural interventions have similar efficacy (moderate effect size) in treating tics, with behavioural interventions having a more favourable adverse effect profile. When considering medication, the more favourable adverse effect profile of α2-noradrenergic agonists suggests that these agents should be offered before antipsychotics. However, psychoeducation and behavioural interventions are generally the preferred treatment option, particularly as first-line interventions, by young people and their parents. Despite demonstrated efficacy, access in most healthcare systems to evidence-based behavioural interventions for tics is extremely poor. Therefore, given the healthcare challenge of delivering behavioural interventions at scale with existing numbers of therapists and the traditional model of face-to-face delivery there is a pressing need to develop and evaluate digitally delivered interventions for young people with tics using a stepped-care model of therapist support.

  5. Original Articles

    1. Autonomic arousal in children of parents with and without social anxiety disorder: a high-risk study

      Milica Nikolić, Wieke de Vente, Cristina Colonnesi and Susan M. Bögels

      Version of Record online: 2 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12563

    2. The long-term effectiveness of a selective, personality-targeted prevention program in reducing alcohol use and related harms: a cluster randomized controlled trial

      Nicola C. Newton, Patricia J. Conrod, Tim Slade, Natacha Carragher, Katrina E. Champion, Emma L. Barrett, Erin V. Kelly, Natasha K. Nair, Lexine Stapinski and Maree Teesson

      Version of Record online: 19 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12558

    3. Structural brain correlates of adolescent resilience

      Keith B. Burt, Robert Whelan, Patricia J. Conrod, Tobias Banaschewski, Gareth J. Barker, Arun L.W. Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Mira Fauth-Bühler, Herta Flor, André Galinowski, Juergen Gallinat, Penny Gowland, Andreas Heinz, Bernd Ittermann, Karl Mann, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos-Orfanos, Tomas Paus, Zdenka Pausova, Luise Poustka, Marcella Rietschel, Trevor W. Robbins, Michael N. Smolka, Andreas Ströhle, Gunter Schumann, Hugh Garavan and the IMAGEN Consortium

      Version of Record online: 15 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12552

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      Parental death during childhood and depression in young adults – a national cohort study

      Lisa Berg, Mikael Rostila and Anders Hjern

      Version of Record online: 5 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12560

    5. Can school counselors deliver cognitive-behavioral treatment for social anxiety effectively? A randomized controlled trial

      Carrie Masia Warner, Daniela Colognori, Chad Brice, Kathleen Herzig, Laura Mufson, Chelsea Lynch, Philip T. Reiss, Eva Petkova, Jeremy Fox, Dominic C. Moceri, Julie Ryan and Rachel G. Klein

      Version of Record online: 22 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12550

    6. A randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavioral therapy for ADHD in medication-treated adolescents

      Susan E. Sprich, Steven A. Safren, Daniel Finkelstein, Jocelyn E. Remmert and Paul Hammerness

      Version of Record online: 17 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12549

    7. Behavioral outcomes of picky eating in childhood: a prospective study in the general population

      Sebastian Cardona Cano, Hans W. Hoek, Daphne van Hoeken, Lisanne M. de Barse, Vincent W.V. Jaddoe, Frank C. Verhulst and Henning Tiemeier

      Version of Record online: 19 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12530

    8. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and sluggish cognitive tempo throughout childhood: temporal invariance and stability from preschool through ninth grade

      Daniel R. Leopold, Micaela E. Christopher, G. Leonard Burns, Stephen P. Becker, Richard K. Olson and Erik G. Willcutt

      Version of Record online: 8 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12505

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      Language profiles and literacy outcomes of children with resolving, emerging, or persisting language impairments

      Margaret J. Snowling, Fiona J. Duff, Hannah M. Nash and Charles Hulme

      Version of Record online: 17 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12497


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