Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

Cover image for Vol. 57 Issue 2

Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

Edited By: Edmund Sonuga-Barke

Impact Factor: 6.459

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 2/68 (Psychology Developmental); 7/76 (Psychology); 9/133 (Psychiatry (Social Science)); 13/140 (Psychiatry)

Online ISSN: 1469-7610

Associated Title(s): Child and Adolescent Mental Health


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  1. Annual Research Reviews

    1. Annual Research Review: Enduring neurobiological effects of childhood abuse and neglect

      Martin H. Teicher and Jacqueline A. Samson

      Article first published online: 1 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12507

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      Childhood maltreatment is the most important preventable cause of psychopathology, accounting for about almost half of the risk for childhood onset psychiatric disorders. A key discovery is that maltreatment alters trajectories of brain development. This review synthesizes neuroimaging findings in children who experienced caregiver neglect, as well as from studies in young people and adults who experienced physical, sexual and emotional abuse. Key findings are that childhood maltreatment is associated with consistent alterations in key regions of the brain and maltreatment is consistently associated with enhanced amygdala response to threatening stimuli and diminished striatal response to anticipated reward. Brain regions and pathways affected are predominantly part of circuits regulating threat detection and reward anticipation, with exposure to single types of abuse associated with specific alterations that convey the aversive experience. These brain changes may be best understood as adaptive responses to facilitate survival and reproduction in the face of adversity. Their relationship to psychopathology is complex, however, as they are discernible in both susceptible and resilient individuals with maltreatment histories. Future studies will need to focus on mechanisms fostering resilience.

  2. Original Articles

    1. Actigraph measures discriminate pediatric bipolar disorder from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and typically developing controls

      Gianni L. Faedda, Kyoko Ohashi, Mariely Hernandez, Cynthia E. McGreenery, Marie C. Grant, Argelinda Baroni, Ann Polcari and Martin H. Teicher

      Article first published online: 22 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12520

  3. Annual Research Reviews

    1. Annual Research Review: The role of the environment in the developmental psychopathology of autism spectrum condition

      William Mandy and Meng-Chuan Lai

      Article first published online: 19 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12501

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      Although autism spectrum condition (ASC) is highly genetic, environmental factors play a role in its emergence and development across the life span. Susceptibility to some environmental risks for ASC (e.g. traffic-related air pollution), may be moderated by genotype. Other environmental risks, (e.g. perinatal complications associated with hypoxia) may be part of gene–environment correlations, whereby genetic risk increases the probability of environmental exposure, which in turn shapes the emergence of the ASC phenotype. Based on a developmental psychopathology synthesis of the research literature, this review shows that although genes are highly influential on the aetiology and development of ASC, environmental interventions have the potential to reduce susceptibility to the condition, alleviate symptoms and modify the developmental course. The clinical and public health implications of the findings are discussed, but one clear finding is that there is no evidence that vaccination is a postnatal risk for ASC. Further work on the study of environmental risk and protection will help elucidate aetiological and phenotypic heterogeneity, and will promote the discovery of mechanisms underpinning the emergence and development of ASC, and the recommendations for various study designs are outlined.

  4. Original Articles

    1. Latent class profiles of depressive symptoms from early to middle childhood: predictors, outcomes, and gender effects

      Diana J. Whalen, Joan L. Luby, Rebecca Tilman, Anissa Mike, Deanna Barch and Andy C. Belden

      Article first published online: 8 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12518

    2. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and sluggish cognitive tempo throughout childhood: temporal invariance and stability from preschool through ninth grade

      Daniel R. Leopold, Micaela E. Christopher, G. Leonard Burns, Stephen P. Becker, Richard K. Olson and Erik G. Willcutt

      Article first published online: 8 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12505

    3. Subdimensions of social-communication impairment in autism spectrum disorder

      Somer L. Bishop, Karoline Alexandra Havdahl, Marisela Huerta and Catherine Lord

      Article first published online: 8 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12510

  5. Annual Research Reviews

    1. Annual Research Review: Discovery science strategies in studies of the pathophysiology of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders: promises and limitations

      Yihong Zhao and F. Xavier Castellanos

      Article first published online: 6 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12503

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      Psychiatric science remains descriptive, with a categorical nosology intended to enhance interobserver reliability. Increased awareness of the mismatch between categorical classifications and the complexity of biological systems drives the search for novel frameworks including discovery science in Big Data. In this review (which includes a useful glossary of Big Data, discovery science, and related molecular genetics terminology), we provide an overview of incipient approaches, primarily focused on classically categorical diagnoses such as schizophrenia (SZ), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We discuss the promise and limitations of Big Data approaches that aim to increase the power of mining neuropsychiatric data, and call particularly for the application and development of Big Data approaches that dissect the causes and mechanisms of neuropsychiatric disorders and identify corresponding biomarkers for early diagnosis.

    2. Annual Research Review: Neural contributions to risk-taking in adolescence – developmental changes and individual differences

      Eveline A. Crone, Anna C. K. van Duijvenvoorde and Jiska S. Peper

      Article first published online: 6 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12502

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      This review describes the most recent insights in neural processes involved in risk-taking, with a focus on brain structure, function, and connectivity, in healthy adolescents and adolescents with impulsivity disorders. Moving beyond a discussion of regional functional activity, and putting emphasis on connectivity patterns as important determinants for age changes and individual differences, the review focuses on the ventral striatum and the prefrontal cortex connectivity that is related to the individual differences in risk-seeking behavior, and discusses how this may provide an understanding of the emergence of impulsivity disorders, such as ADHD and conduct disorder, and the developmental trajectories of these and other externalizing behavioral disorders in childhood and adolescence.

  6. Original Articles

    1. Group-based cognitive behavioural psychotherapy for children and adolescents with ASD: the randomized, multicentre, controlled SOSTA – net trial

      Christine M. Freitag, Katrin Jensen, Leyla Elsuni, Michael Sachse, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Martin Schulte-Rüther, Susann Hänig, Alexander von Gontard, Luise Poustka, Tanja Schad-Hansjosten, Christina Wenzl, Judith Sinzig, Regina Taurines, Julia Geißler, Meinhard Kieser and Hannah Cholemkery

      Article first published online: 30 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12509

    2. Symptoms of autism spectrum disorder and anxiety: shared familial transmission and cross-assortative mating

      Jorieke Duvekot, Jan van der Ende, John N. Constantino, Frank C. Verhulst and Kirstin Greaves-Lord

      Article first published online: 30 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12508

    3. Heritability of autism spectrum disorders: a meta-analysis of twin studies

      Beata Tick, Patrick Bolton, Francesca Happé, Michael Rutter and Frühling Rijsdijk

      Article first published online: 27 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12499

    4. Is there an association between eating behaviour and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in preschool children?

      Vasiliki Leventakou, Nadia Micali, Vaggelis Georgiou, Katerina Sarri, Katerina Koutra, Stella Koinaki, Maria Vassilaki, Manolis Kogevinas and Leda Chatzi

      Article first published online: 26 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12504

  7. Annual Research Reviews

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Annual Research Review: Transdiagnostic neuroscience of child and adolescent mental disorders – differentiating decision making in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, depression, and anxiety

      Edmund J. S. Sonuga-Barke, Samuele Cortese, Graeme Fairchild and Argyris Stringaris

      Article first published online: 26 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12496

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      Ineffective decision making is a major source of everyday functional impairment and reduced quality of life for young people with mental disorders. However, very little is known about what distinguishes decision making by individuals with different disorders or the neuropsychological processes or brain systems underlying these. In this review, we first propose a neuroeconomic model of the decision-making process with four separate stages and suggest that the decision making is mediated by neuropsychological processes operating within three domains, with the processes underpinned by the interplay of multiple brain networks. Based on the clinical insights and considering each of the decision-making stages in turn, we outline disorder-specific hypotheses about impaired decision making in four childhood disorders. We hypothesize that decision making is inefficient, impulsive, and inconsistent in ADHD; reckless and insensitive to negative outcomes in CD; disengaged/perseverative/pessimistic in depression; and hesitant/risk-aversive/self-deprecating in anxiety. We conclude that the limited and fragmentary nature of the evidence base illustrates the need for a major research initiative in decision making in childhood disorders and highlight a number of themes to be considered in this future research.

  8. Original Articles

    1. Childhood peer network characteristics: genetic influences and links with early mental health trajectories

      Eszter Szekely, Irene Pappa, James D. Wilson, Shankar Bhamidi, Vincent W. Jaddoe, Frank C. Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier and Philip Shaw

      Article first published online: 22 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12493

  9. Practitioner Reviews

    1. Practitioner Review: Involving young people with callous unemotional traits in treatment – does it work? A systematic review

      Simon Wilkinson, Rebecca Waller and Essi Viding

      Article first published online: 21 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12494

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      This paper is the first systematic review of the evidence for individual-focused interventions for antisocial behavior in young people with callous unemotional (CU) traits. Whilst a review of parenting interventions for children with CU traits has been carried out (Waller et al., Clinical Psychology Review, 33, 2013, 593), there has been no previous review of interventions involving direct work with young people. Given that parenting interventions are not always successful and do not have a strong evidence base based on studies of older children and adolescents, we think that it is important to provide a clear overview regarding individual-focused treatments. We think that such a review is particularly timely, given the DSM-5 CU traits specifier and the unfortunate, but widely held belief, that treatment is likely to be less successful in children with CU traits. We ask two questions in our review. First, we asked whether individual-focused interventions directly reduce levels of CU traits? Second, we asked whether CU traits predict the effectiveness of individual-focused interventions for antisocial behavior? The extant evidence certainly suggests that whilst children with CU traits typically display more severe antisocial behavior, there are treatments that work to reduce both CU traits and antisocial behavior in these children. Interventions tailored to address specific areas of difficulty for children with CU traits may be particularly effective and we argue that further randomized controlled trials of tailored interventions such as behavioral therapy, CBT, interventions designed to increase positive emotion and emotion recognition training are needed.

  10. Original Articles

    1. Implicit cognition about self-injury predicts actual self-injurious behavior: results from a longitudinal study of adolescents

      Catherine R. Glenn, Evan M. Kleiman, Christine B. Cha, Matthew K. Nock and Mitchell J. Prinstein

      Article first published online: 18 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12500

    2. Different brain responses during empathy in autism spectrum disorders versus conduct disorder and callous-unemotional traits

      Eduard T. Klapwijk, Moji Aghajani, Olivier F. Colins, Godfried M. Marijnissen, Arne Popma, Natasja D. J. van Lang, Nic J. A. van der Wee and Robert R. J. M. Vermeiren

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12498

    3. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
    4. Family-centered prevention ameliorates the longitudinal association between risky family processes and epigenetic aging

      Gene H. Brody, Tianyi Yu, Edith Chen, Steven R.H. Beach and Gregory E. Miller

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12495

    5. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
    6. Therapist-youth agreement on alliance change predicts long-term outcome in CBT for anxiety disorders

      Krister W. Fjermestad, Matthew D. Lerner, Bryce D. McLeod, Gro Janne H. Wergeland, Einar R. Heiervang, Wendy K. Silverman, Lars-Göran Öst, Andres De Los Reyes, Odd E. Havik and Bente S.M. Haugland

      Article first published online: 9 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12485

    7. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Maternal perinatal mental health and offspring academic achievement at age 16: the mediating role of childhood executive function

      Rebecca M. Pearson, Marc H. Bornstein, Miguel Cordero, Gaia Scerif, Liam Mahedy, Jonathan Evans, Abu Abioye and Alan Stein

      Article first published online: 29 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12483

    8. Parenting behavior at 2 years predicts school-age performance at 7 years in very preterm children

      Karli Treyvaud, Lex W. Doyle, Katherine J. Lee, Alexandra Ure, Terrie E. Inder, Rod W. Hunt and Peter J. Anderson

      Article first published online: 29 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12489

    9. Suicidal ideation in early to middle adolescence: sex-specific trajectories and predictors

      Molly Adrian, Adam Bryant Miller, Elizabeth McCauley and Ann Vander Stoep

      Article first published online: 27 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12484

    10. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
  11. Research Reviews

    1. Research Review: Do motor deficits during development represent an endophenotype for schizophrenia? A meta-analysis

      Birgitte Klee Burton, Carsten Hjorthøj, Jens Richardt Jepsen, Anne Thorup, Merete Nordentoft and Kerstin J. Plessen

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12479

  12. Original Articles

    1. Parental autonomy granting and child perceived control: effects on the everyday emotional experience of anxious youth

      Kristy Benoit Allen, Jennifer S. Silk, Suzanne Meller, Patricia Z. Tan, Cecile D. Ladouceur, Lisa B. Sheeber, Erika E. Forbes, Ronald E. Dahl, Greg J. Siegle, Dana L. McMakin and Neal D. Ryan

      Article first published online: 9 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12482

    2. Fever and infections in pregnancy and risk of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in the offspring

      Julie Werenberg Dreier, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Allan Hvolby, Ester Garne, Per Kragh Andersen and Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff

      Article first published online: 3 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12480

    3. The risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children exposed to maternal smoking during pregnancy – a reexamination using a sibling design

      Carsten Obel, Jin Liang Zhu, Jørn Olsen, Sanni Breining, Jiong Li, Therese K. Grønborg, Mika Gissler and Michael Rutter

      Article first published online: 28 OCT 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12478

    4. You have free access to this content
      Positive parenting and children's prosocial behavior in eight countries

      Concetta Pastorelli, Jennifer E. Lansford, Bernadette Paula Luengo Kanacri, Patrick S. Malone, Laura Di Giunta, Dario Bacchini, Anna Silvia Bombi, Arnaldo Zelli, Maria Concetta Miranda, Marc H. Bornstein, Sombat Tapanya, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Liane Pena Alampay, Suha M. Al-Hassan, Lei Chang, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Kenneth A. Dodge, Paul Oburu, Ann T. Skinner and Emma Sorbring

      Article first published online: 28 OCT 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12477

    5. Oppositional defiant disorder dimensions and subtypes among detained male adolescent offenders

      Marcel Aebi, Steffen Barra, Cornelia Bessler, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Susanne Walitza and Belinda Plattner

      Article first published online: 23 OCT 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12473

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      The opposite end of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder continuum: genetic and environmental aetiologies of extremely low ADHD traits

      Corina U. Greven, Andrew Merwood, Jolanda M. J. van der Meer, Claire M. A. Haworth, Nanda Rommelse and Jan K. Buitelaar

      Article first published online: 17 OCT 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12475

  13. Annual Research Reviews

  14. Original Articles

    1. Stepped care versus standard trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy for young children

      Alison Salloum, Wei Wang, John Robst, Tanya K. Murphy, Michael S. Scheeringa, Judith A. Cohen and Eric A. Storch

      Article first published online: 7 OCT 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12471

    2. Links between within-person fluctuations in hyperactivity/attention problems and subsequent conduct problems

      Anne B. Arnett, Bruce F. Pennington, Jami F. Young and Benjamin L. Hankin

      Article first published online: 28 SEP 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12466

    3. Extending the ‘cross-disorder’ relevance of executive functions to dimensional neuropsychiatric traits in youth

      Lauren M. McGrath, Ellen B. Braaten, Nathan D. Doty, Brian L. Willoughby, H. Kent Wilson, Ellen H. O'Donnell, Mary K. Colvin, Hillary L. Ditmars, Jessica E. Blais, Erin N. Hill, Aaron Metzger, Roy H. Perlis, Erik G. Willcutt, Jordan W. Smoller, Irwin D. Waldman, Stephen V. Faraone, Larry J. Seidman and Alysa E. Doyle

      Article first published online: 28 SEP 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12463

  15. Annual Research Reviews

  16. Original Articles

    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Profiling depression in childhood and adolescence: the role of conduct problems

      Lucy Riglin, Anita Thapar, Katherine H. Shelton, Kate Langley, Norah Frederickson and Frances Rice

      Article first published online: 24 SEP 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12465

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      Identifying mechanisms that underlie links between COMT genotype and aggression in male adolescents with ADHD

      Stephanie H.M. van Goozen, Kate Langley, Clare Northover, Kelly Hubble, Katya Rubia, Karen Schepman, Michael C. O'Donovan and Anita Thapar

      Article first published online: 23 SEP 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12464

  17. Annual Research Reviews


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