The Journal of Physiology

Cover image for Vol. 593 Issue 8

Edited By: David Paterson

Impact Factor: 4.544

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 8/81 (Physiology); 55/252 (Neurosciences)

Online ISSN: 1469-7793

Associated Title(s): Experimental Physiology

The Biomedical Basis of Elite Performance


BBEP

Published online: 22 July 2011

Published by: Experimental Physiology and The Journal of Physiology

Papers selected by: Paul Greenhaff and Michael White

Live Q&A on Twitter: Paul Greenhaff and Michael White answered your questions in a live Twitter Q&A on Monday, 1 August 2011. The Q&A has been archived and can be viewed on Storify.

For more information on The Biomedical Basis of Elite Performance Meeting visit: http://www.bbep2012.org

Introduction

Table of Contents


Introduction


As everyone is altogether aware, Britain is hosting the Olympic Games in 2012 and the spectacle is approaching with ever increasing anticipation and excitement. However, the event also offers the biomedical and exercise science based research communities across the globe the opportunity to highlight human and exercise physiology in a very positive way.

The Biomedical Basis of Elite Performance, a joint meeting of The Physiological Society and the British Pharmacological Society, together with The Journal of Physiology, Experimental Physiology, British Journal of Pharmacology and The Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, will be taking place in London between 19 and 21 March 2012. The aim is to offer colleagues the opportunity to attend a world-class meeting, comprising symposia, oral communications, plenary lectures and posters highlighting applied, basic and clinical research themes of direct relevance to elite human performance. Furthermore, the four journals involved will publish papers produced by each speaker in advance of the meeting, adding significantly to the scientific impact of this exciting event.

As a build-up to the opening of registration on 1 November 2011 for The Biomedical Basis of Elite Performance, The Physiological Society offers here a selection of papers published in The Journal of Physiology and Experimental Physiology over recent years in a virtual issue that highlights human and exercise physiology. From the plethora of potentially suitable papers available, those selected draw attention to exercise and training as extreme physiological variants. Further striking features are the high quality and considerable breadth of physiology covered, including genes and human performance, the regulation of muscle protein and collagen turnover, tendon responses to exercise, fatigue (local and central), age and sex differences in response to training, vasodilator function, oxygen transport and oxygen demand, motor drive and motor unit recruitment, respiratory fatigue and mitochondrial and fuel metabolism.

The Scientific Organising Committee for The Biomedical Basis of Elite Performance meeting is looking forward to welcoming you in London next year. We have worked hard to keep the registration cost of the meeting as low as possible to ensure a vibrant and well attended event. Until then, enjoy the collection of papers on hand here and don’t forget to register early!

Paul Greenhaff and Michael White
On behalf of The Physiological Society's Scientific Organising Committee


Table of Contents



EP

Cardiovascular strain impairs prolonged self-paced exercise in the heat
Julien D. Périard, Matthew N. Cramer, Phillip G. Chapman, Corinne Caillaud, and Martin W. Thompson (2011)
Exp Physiol 96, 134–144


EP

Effect of body posture on postexercise parasympathetic reactivation in men
M. Buchheit, H. Al Haddad, P. B. Laursen, and S. Ahmaidi (2009)
Exp Physiol 94, 795–804


EP

Influence of prior sprint exercise on the parameters of the ‘all-out critical power test' in men
Anni Vanhatalo and Andrew M. Jones (2009)
Exp Physiol 94, 255–263


EP

Human angiotensin-converting enzyme I/D and α-actinin 3 R577X genotypes and muscle functional and contractile properties
Tracey McCauley, Sarabjit S. Mastana, James Hossack, Martin MacDonald, and Jonathan P. Folland (2009)
Exp Physiol 94, 81–89


EP

Sex differences in contractile properties and fatigue resistance of human skeletal muscle
Rob C. I. Wüst, Christopher I. Morse, Arnold de Haan, David A. Jones, and Hans Degens (2008)
Exp Physiol 93, 843–850



JP

Chronic oral ingestion of l-carnitine and carbohydrate increases muscle carnitine content and alters muscle fuel metabolism during exercise in humans
Benjamin T. Wall, Francis B. Stephens, Dumitru Constantin-Teodosiu, Kanagaraj Marimuthu, Ian A. Macdonald, and Paul L. Greenhaff (2011)
J Physiol 589, 963–973


JP

Training in the fasted state improves glucose tolerance during fat-rich diet
Karen Van Proeyen, Karolina Szlufcik, Henri Nielens, Koen Pelgrim, Louise Deldicque, Matthijs Hesselink, Paul P. Van Veldhoven, and Peter Hespel (2010)
J Physiol 588, 4289-4302


JP

Resistance exercise volume affects myofibrillar protein synthesis and anabolic signalling molecule phosphorylation in young men
Nicholas A. Burd, Andrew M. Holwerda, Keegan C. Selby, Daniel W. D. West, Aaron W. Staples, Nathan E. Cain, Joshua G. A. Cashaback, James R. Potvin, Steven K. Baker, and Stuart M. Phillips (2010)
J Physiol 588, 3119–3130


JP

Short-term sprint interval training increases insulin sensitivity in healthy adults but does not affect the thermogenic response to β-adrenergic stimulation
Jennifer C. Richards, Tyler K. Johnson, Jessica N. Kuzma, Mark C. Lonac, Melani M. Schweder, Wyatt F. Voyles, and Christopher Bell (2010)
J Physiol 588, 2961–2972


JP

Reduced muscle activation during exercise related to brain oxygenation and metabolism in humans
P. Rasmussen, J. Nielsen, M. Overgaard, R. Krogh-Madsen, A. Gjedde, N. H. Secher, and N. C. Petersen (2010)
J Physiol 588, 1985–1995


JP

A practical model of low-volume high-intensity interval training induces mitochondrial biogenesis in human skeletal muscle: potential mechanisms
Jonathan P. Little, Adeel Safdar, Geoffrey P. Wilkin, Mark A. Tarnopolsky, and Martin J. Gibala (2010)
J Physiol 588, 1011–1022


JP

Growth hormone stimulates the collagen synthesis in human tendon and skeletal muscle without affecting myofibrillar protein synthesis
Simon Doessing, Katja M. Heinemeier, Lars Holm, Abigail L. Mackey, Peter Schjerling, Michael Rennie, Kenneth Smith, Søren Reitelseder, Anne-Marie Kappelgaard, Michael Højby Rasmussen, Allan Flyvbjerg, and Michael Kjaer (2010)
J Physiol 588, 341–351


JP

Habitual exercise and vascular ageing
Douglas R. Seals, Ashley E. Walker, Gary L. Pierce, and Lisa A. Lesniewski (2009)
J Physiol 587, 5541–5549


JP

Age- and fitness-related alterations in vascular sympathetic control
Péter Studinger, Richard Goldstein, and J. Andrew Taylor (2009)
J Physiol 587, 2049–2057


JP

Is there an optimum endurance polygenic profile?
Jonatan R. Ruiz, Félix Gómez-Gallego, Catalina Santiago, Marta González-Freire, Zoraida Verde, Carl Foster, and Alejandro Lucia (2009)
J Physiol587, 1527–1534


JP

Differential stimulation of myofibrillar and sarcoplasmic protein synthesis with protein ingestion at rest and after resistance exercise
Daniel R. Moore, Jason E. Tang, Nicholas A. Burd, Tracy Rerecich, Mark A. Tarnopolsky
and Stuart M. Phillips (2009)
J Physiol 587, 897–904


JP

On the mechanisms that limit oxygen uptake during exercise in acute and chronic hypoxia: role of muscle mass
José A. L. Calbet, Göran Rådegran, Robert Boushel, and Bengt Saltin (2009)
J Physiol 587, 477–490


JP

Neuromuscular blockade of slow twitch muscle fibres elevates muscle oxygen uptake and energy turnover during submaximal exercise in humans
Peter Krustrup, Niels H. Secher, Mihai U. Relu, Ylva Hellsten, Karin Söderlund, and Jens Bangsbo (2008)
J Physiol 586, 6037–6048


JP

Contribution of respiratory muscle blood flow to exercise-induced diaphragmatic fatigue in trained cyclists
Ioannis Vogiatzis, Dimitris Athanasopoulos, Robert Boushel, Jordan A. Guenette, Maria Koskolou, Maroula Vasilopoulou, Harrieth Wagner, Charis Roussos, Peter D. Wagner, and Spyros Zakynthinos (2008)
J Physiol 586, 5575–5587


JP

Time course of change in vasodilator function and capacity in response to exercise training in humans
Toni M. Tinken, Dick H. J. Thijssen, Mark A. Black, N. Timothy Cable, and Daniel J. Green (2008)
J Physiol 586, 5003–5012


JP

Repeated bouts of aerobic exercise lead to reductions in skeletal muscle free radical generation and nuclear factor κB activation
Susan V. Brooks, Aphrodite Vasilaki, Lisa M. Larkin, Anne McArdle, and Malcolm J. Jackson (2008)
J Physiol 586, 3979–3990


JP

Differential effects of resistance and endurance exercise in the fed state on signalling molecule phosphorylation and protein synthesis in human muscle
Sarah B. Wilkinson, Stuart M. Phillips, Philip J. Atherton, Rekha Patel, Kevin E. Yarasheski, Mark A. Tarnopolsky, and Michael J. Rennie (2008)
J Physiol 586, 3701–3717


JP

Non-selective β-adrenergic blockade prevents reduction of the cerebral metabolic ratio during exhaustive exercise in humans
Thomas Seifert Larsen, Peter Rasmussen, Morten Overgaard, Niels H. Secher, and Henning B. Nielsen (2008)
J Physiol 586, 2807–2815


JP

Haemodynamic responses to exercise, ATP infusion and thigh compression in humans: insight into the role of muscle mechanisms on cardiovascular function
José González-Alonso, Stefan P. Mortensen, Tina D. Jeppesen, Leena Ali, Horace Barker, Rasmus Damsgaard, Niels H. Secher, Ellen A. Dawson, and Stéphane P. Dufour (2008)
J Physiol 586, 2405–2417


JP

Motor unit recruitment in human biceps brachii during sustained voluntary contractions
Zachary A. Riley, Adam H. Maerz, Jane C. Litsey, and Roger M. Enoka (2008)
J Physiol 586, 2183–2193


JP

Locomotor muscle fatigue modifies central motor drive in healthy humans and imposes a limitation to exercise performance
Markus Amann and Jerome A. Dempsey (2008)
J Physiol 586, 161–173


JP

Similar metabolic adaptations during exercise after low volume sprint interval and traditional endurance training in humans
Kirsten A. Burgomaster, Krista R. Howarth, Stuart M. Phillips, Mark Rakobowchuk, Maureen J. MacDonald, Sean L. McGee, and Martin J. Gibala (2008)
J Physiol 586, 151–160


JP

During hypoxic exercise some vasoconstriction is needed to match O2 delivery with O2 demand at the microcirculatory level
Carsten Lundby, Robert Boushel, Paul Robach, Kirsten Møller, Bengt Saltin, and José A. L. Calbet (2008)
J Physiol 586, 123–130


JP

The cerebral metabolic ratio is not affected by oxygen availability during maximal exercise in humans
S. Volianitis, A. Fabricius-Bjerre, A. Overgaard, M. Strømstad, M. Bjarrum, C. Carlson, N. T. Petersen, P. Rasmussen, N. H. Secher, and H. B. Nielsen (2008)
J Physiol 586, 107–112


JP

The acute effect of stretching on the passive stiffness of the human gastrocnemius muscle tendon unit
C. I. Morse, H. Degens, O. R. Seynnes, C. N. Maganaris, and D. A. Jones (2008)
J Physiol 586, 97–106

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