Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology

Cover image for Vol. 57 Issue 1

Edited By: Peter Baxter, Bernard Dan and Peter Rosenbaum

Impact Factor: 3.292

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 8/118 (Pediatrics); 49/194 (Clinical Neurology)

Online ISSN: 1469-8749

DMCN Podcasts


Listen to the Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology podcasts:

Author Podcast: Marie Holmefur and Ann-Christen Eliasson, December 2014
Discussion of the paper: 'The influence of early modified constraint-induced movement therapy training on the longitudinal development of hand function in children with unilateral cerebral palsy'

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Read the paper here: 'The influence of early modified constraint-induced movement therapy training on the longitudinal development of hand function in children with unilateral cerebral palsy'

Discussion Podcast November 2014
Discussion of the papers: 'Recent trends in cerebral palsy survival. Part I: Period and Cohort Effects' and 'Recent trends in cerebral palsy survival. Part II: individual survival prognosis'

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Read the papers here: 'Recent trends in cerebral palsy survival. Part I: Period and Cohort Effects' and 'Recent trends in cerebral palsy survival. Part II: individual survival prognosis'


Discussion Podcast September 2014
Discussion of the paper ‘Reported outcomes of lower limb orthopaedic surgery in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy: a mapping review’

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Read the paper here: ‘Reported outcomes of lower limb orthopaedic surgery in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy: a mapping review'

Discussion Podcast July 2014
Discussion of the paper ‘Benign hereditary chorea related to NKX2.1: expansion of the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum’

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Read the paper here: ‘Benign hereditary chorea related to NKX2.1: expansion of the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum’

Discussion Podcast June 2014
Discussion of the paper ‘Early intervention after perinatal stroke: opportunities and challenges’

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Read the paper here: ‘Early intervention after perinatal stroke: opportunities and challenges’

Discussion Podcast May 2014
Discussion of the paper ‘Screening for childhood mental health disorders using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: the validity of multi-informant reports’

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Read the paper here: ‘Screening for childhood mental health disorders using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: the validity of multi-informant reports’

Discussion Podcast April 2014
Discussion of the paper ‘Predicting neurocognitive and behavioural outcome after early brain insult’

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Read the paper here: ‘Predicting neurocognitive and behavioural outcome after early brain insult’

Discussion Podcast March 2014
Discussion of the paper 'Practice considerations for the introduction and use of power mobility for children'

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Read the paper here: ‘Practice considerations for the introduction and use of power mobility for children’

Discussion Podcast February 2014
Discussion of the paper 'Ophthalmic abnormalities in children with developmental coordination disorder’

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Read the paper here: ‘Ophthalmic abnormalities in children with developmental coordination disorder’

Author Podcast: Nuala H Simpson
Discussion of the paper ‘Increased prevalence of sex chromosome aneuploidies in specific language impairment and dyslexia’

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Read the paper here: ‘Increased prevalence of sex chromosome aneuploidies in specific language impairment and dyslexia’

Author Podcast: Diane Sellers
Discussion of the paper ‘Development and reliability of a system to classify the eating and drinking ability of people with cerebral palsy’

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Read the paper here: ‘Development and reliability of a system to classify the eating and drinking ability of people with cerebral palsy’

Author Podcast: Laura Miller
Discussion of the paper ‘Mastery motivation in children with congenital hemiplegia: individual and environmental associations’

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Read the paper here: ‘Mastery motivation in children with congenital hemiplegia: individual and environmental associations’

Discussion Podcast
Discussion of the paper 'Prevalence of cerebral palsy, co-occurring autism spectrum disorders, and motor functioning – Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, USA, 2008’

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Read the paper here: 'Prevalence of cerebral palsy, co-occurring autism spectrum disorders, and motor functioning – Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, USA, 2008’

Author Podcast: Jordi Julvez
Discussion of the paper 'A cohort study on full breastfeeding and child neuropsychological development: the role of maternal social, psychological, and nutritional factors’

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Read the paper here: 'A cohort study on full breastfeeding and child neuropsychological development: the role of maternal social, psychological, and nutritional factors’

Discussion Podcast
Discussion of the paper 'Development of a Performance of Upper Limb module for Duchenne muscular dystrophy’

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Read the paper here: 'Development of a Performance of Upper Limb module for Duchenne muscular dystrophy'

Author Podcast: Bernadette Gillick
'Discussion of the paper 'Primed low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and constraint-induced movement therapy in pediatric hemiparesis: a randomized controlled trial’

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Read the paper here: 'Primed low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and constraint-induced movement therapy in pediatric hemiparesis: a randomized controlled trial'

Discussion Podcast
Discussion of the paper 'Towards a definition of neurodisability: a Delphi survey'

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Discussion Podcast
Discussion Podcast: Msall an Novak

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Author Podcast: Staudt
Discussion of the paper: 'Two types of exercise-induced neuroplasticity in congenital hemiparesis: a transcranial magnetic stimulation, functional MRI, and magnetoencephalography study'

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Read the paper here: 'Two types of exercise-induced neuroplasticity in congenital hemiparesis: a transcranial magnetic stimulation, functional MRI, and magnetoencephalography study'

Discussion Podcast
Discussion of the paper: 'Validity and reliability of radiological methods to assess the proximal hip geometry in children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review'

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Read the paper here: Validity and reliability of radiological methods to assess the proximal hip geometry in children with cerebral palsy: a systematic reviews

Discussion Podcast
Discussion of the paper: 'The potential for stem cell therapies to have an impact on cerebral palsy: opportunities and limitations'

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Read the paper here: The potential for stem cell therapies to have an impact on cerebral palsy: opportunities and limitations

www.drfehlings.ca

Author Podcast: Nick Taylor
Discussion of the paper: 'Progressive resistance training and mobility-related function in young people with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial'

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Read the paper here: Progressive resistance training and mobility-related function in young people with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial

Author Podcast: Van der Aa
Discussion of the paper: 'Neonatal neuroimaging predicts recruitment of contralesional corticospinal tracts following perinatal brain injury'

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Read the paper here: Neonatal neuroimaging predicts recruitment of contralesional corticospinal tracts following perinatal brain injury

Discussion Podcast: Williams and Graham
Discussion of the paper: 'Muscle volume alterations in spastic muscles immediately following botulinum toxin type-A treatment in children with cerebral palsy'

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Read the paper here: Muscle volume alterations in spastic muscles immediately following botulinum toxin type-A treatment in children with cerebral palsy

Discussion Podcast: Vermeulen and Steinbok
Discussion of the paper: Long-term effect of selective dorsal rhizotomy on gross motor function in ambulant children with spastic bilateral cerebral palsy, compared with reference centiles'

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Read the paper here: Long-term effect of selective dorsal rhizotomy on gross motor function in ambulant children with spastic bilateral cerebral palsy, compared with reference centiles

Discussion Podcast: Lumsden and Monbaliu
Discussion of the paper:' Proportion of life lived with dystonia inversely correlates with response to pallidal deep brain stimulation in both primary and secondary childhood dystonia'

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Read the paper here: Proportion of life lived with dystonia inversely correlates with response to pallidal deep brain stimulation in both primary and secondary childhood dystonia

Discussion Podcast: Willoughby and Krebs
Discussion of the paper: 'The impact of complementary and alternative medicine on hip development in children with cerebral palsy'

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Read the paper here: The impact of complementary and alternative medicine on hip development in children with cerebral palsy

Discussion Podcast: Kumar and Langridge
Discussion of the paper 'Discussion of the paper 'Prevalence and risk factors for neurological disorders in children aged 6 months to 2 years in northern India'

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Read the paper here: Prevalence and risk factors for neurological disorders in children aged 6 months to 2 years in northern India

Author Podcast: Cecilia Algarin
Discussion of the paper 'Iron-deficiency anemia in infancy and poorer cognitive inhibitory control at age 10 years'

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Read the paper here: Iron-deficiency anemia in infancy and poorer cognitive inhibitory control at age 10 years

Discussion Podcast: Ellenberg et al.
Discussion of the paper 'The association of cerebral palsy with birth asphyxia: a definitional quagmire'


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Read the paper here: The association of cerebral palsy with birth asphyxia: a definitional quagmire

Author Podcast: Alice Gardiner
Discussion of the paper 'Clinical features of childhood-onset paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia with PRRT2 gene mutations'


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Read the paper here: Clinical features of childhood-onset paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia with PRRT2 gene mutations

Author Podcast: Daren Jackson
Discussion of the paper 'Is lower IQ in children with epilepsy due to lower parental IQ? A controlled comparison study'


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Read the paper here: Is lower IQ in children with epilepsy due to lower parental IQ? A controlled comparison study

Author Podcast: Linda de Vries
Discussion of the paper 'Neonatal posterior cerebral artery stroke: clinical presentation, MRI findings, and outcome'

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Read the paper here: Neonatal posterior cerebral artery stroke: clinical presentation, MRI findings, and outcome

Discussion Podcast: Lehtonen and Pit-ten Cate
Discussion of the paper 'Behaviour in children with neurofibromatosis type 1: cognition, executive function, attention, emotion, and social competence'

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Read the paper here: Behaviour in children with neurofibromatosis type 1: cognition, executive function, attention, emotion, and social competence

Discussion Podcast: Livingston, et al.
Discussion of the paper 'Recognizable phenotypes associated with intracranial calcification'

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Read the paper here: Recognizable phenotypes associated with intracranial calcification

Discussion Podcast: Newton and Scherzer
Discussion of the paper 'Global perspective on early diagnosis and intervention for children with developmental delays and disabilities'

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Read the paper here: Global perspective on early diagnosis and intervention for children with developmental delays and disabilities

Author Podcast - Erich Rutz
Stability of the Gross Motor Function Classification System after single-event multilevel surgery in children with cerebral palsy

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Read the paper here: Stability of the Gross Motor Function Classification System after single-event multilevel surgery in children with cerebral palsy

November 2012

Discussion Podcast: Willemsen and Dulac
Comorbidity and metabolic context are crucial factors determining neurological sequelae of hypoglycaemia

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Read the paper here: Comorbidity and metabolic context are crucial factors determining neurological sequelae of hypoglycaemia

Author Podcast - Mijna Hadders-Algra
Effects of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation of infant formula on cognition and behaviour at 9 years of age

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Read the paper here: Effects of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation of infant formula on cognition and behaviour at 9 years of age

October 2012

Discussion Podcast - Eugenio Mercuri
Discussion of the paper: A critical review of functional assessment tools for upper limbs in Duchenne muscular dystrophy

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Read the paper here: A critical review of functional assessment tools for upper limbs in Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Author Podcast - Hilary Johnson
Discussion of the paper: Prevalence and predictors of drooling in 7- to 14-year-old children with cerebral palsy: a population study

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Read the paper here: Prevalence and predictors of drooling in 7- to 14-year-old children with cerebral palsy: a population study

September 2012

Discussion Podcast - Dr Wilma van der Slot and Dr John Belew
Discussion of Dr van der Slot's paper: Chronic pain, fatigue, and depressive symptoms in adults with spastic bilateral cerebral palsy

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Read the paper here: Chronic pain, fatigue, and depressive symptoms in adults with spastic bilateral cerebral palsy

Author Podcast - Alberto Tozzi paper
Effect of duration of breast feeding on neuropsychological development at 10-12 years of age in a cohort of healthy children.

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Read the paper here: Effect of duration of breast feeding on neuropsychological development at 10-12 years of age in a cohort of healthy children

August 2012

Discussion Podcast - David Odd

Read the paper here: Long-term cognitive outcomes of infants born moderately and late preterm

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July 201

Podcast - Dr. Peter Baxter, Dr Rob Forsyth and Professor Frank Besag discuss paper
Risks and Causes of Death in Children with a Seizure Disorder.

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Read the paper here: Risks and Causes of Death in Children with a Seizure Disorder

Podcast - Professor Katherine Kirk
Dysautonomia after Paediatric Brain Injury.

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Read the paper here: Dysautonomia after Paediatric Brain Injury

June 2012

Podcast - Professor Mary Jo Hidecker
Inter-relationships of functional status in cerebral palsy: Analyzing Gross Motor Function, Manual Ability, and Communication Function Classification Systems in children.

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Read the paper here: Inter-relationships of functional status in cerebral palsy: Analyzing Gross Motor Function, Manual Ability, and Communication Function Classification Systems in children

Podcast - Peter Baxter, Martin Gough, Lee Barber
Could muscle deformity in children with spastic cerebral palsy be related to an impairment of muscle growth and altered adaptation.

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Read the paper here: Could muscle deformity in children with spastic cerebral palsy be related to an impairment of muscle growth and altered adaptation

Author Videocast: Dr Eileen Fowler
The PEDALS stationary cycling intervention and health-related quality of life in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial. Dr Fowler, of UCLA/Orthopaedic Hospital Center for Cerebral Palsy, discusses her recent study examining the relationship between exercise and psychosocial wellbeing for children with CP

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Read the paper here: Cycling Intervention and HRQOL in CP

May 2012

Author Podcast: Professor Linda Pring
The structure of savant calendrical knowledge. Professor Pring, of Goldsmiths University, London, discusses her recent article, a study exploring the organisation of date knowledge in eight savant calendar calculators

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Read the paper here: The structure of savant calendrical knowledge

Efficacy of the ketogenic diet in Lennox--Gastaut syndrome
Discussion led by Peter Baxter, with Dr Monica Lemmon and Prof Eric Kossoff of John Hopkins University, and Prof Helen Cross of the UCL Institute of Child Health.

Read the paper here: Efficacy of the ketogenic diet in Lennox–Gastaut syndrome: a retrospective review of one institution’s experience and summary of the literature

Read the commentary: The ketogenic diet in the treatment of Lennox–Gastaut syndrome

April 2012

A systematic review of two outcomes in autism spectrum disorder - epilepsy and mortality
Discussion with Dr. Sue Woolfenden of Sydney Children's Hospital Network, and Professor Roberto Tuchman of Miami Children's Hospital.

Read the paper here: A systematic review of two outcomes in autism spectrum disorder – epilepsy and mortality

February 2012

Atyical timing and presentation of periventricular haemorrhagic infarction in pre term infants: the role of thrombophillia
A discussion led by Johanna C Harteman et al

Read the paper here: Atypical timing and presentation of periventricular haemorrhagic infarction in preterm infants: the role of thrombophilia

January 2012

Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) and motor dyspraxia

Discussion, led by Peter Baxter, on the EACD Recommendations for the definition, diagnosis, assessment and intervention of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). Discussion joined by Doctor Rainer Blank, from the University of Heidelberg, and Professor Jan Piek of Curtin University, Perth, Australia.

Read the paper here: European Academy for Childhood Disability (EACD): Recommendations on the definition, diagnosis and intervention of developmental coordination disorder

December 2011

Behavioural comorbidity in Tanzanian children with epilepsy: a community-based case–control study

‘Behavioural comorbidity in Tanzanian children with epilepsy: a community-based case–control study’ by Kathryn Burton, Jane Rogathe, Ewan Hunter, Matthew Burton, Mark Swai, Jim Todd, Brian Neville, Richard Walker, Charles Newton. The aim and emphasis of this study was to define the prevalence of and risk factors for behavioural disorders in children with epilepsy from a rural district of Tanzania by conducting a community-based case–control study. Editor in Chief of Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, Dr Peter Baxter, speaks to one of the co-authors, Professor Charles Newton (Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, North Tyneside General Hospital, North Shields, UK) and to Professor David Dunn (Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA), who has written a commentary with Rachel Yoder on this paper: ‘Challenge of neurological and psychosocial problems in developing countries’.

Read the paper: Behavioural comorbidity in Tanzanian children with epilepsy: a community-based case–control study

Read the commentary: Challenge of neurological and psychosocial problems in developing countries

November 2011
Neurodevelopmental movement disorders – an update on childhood motor stereotypies

The term ‘stereotypies’ encompasses a diverse range of movements, behaviours, and/or vocalizations that are repetitive, lack clear function, and sometimes appear to have a negative impact upon an individual’s life. This review aims to describe motor stereotypies. This study reviewed the current literature on the nature, aetiology, and treatment of motor stereotypies. This review features in the November 2011 issue of Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology: ‘Neurodevelopmental movement disorders – an update on childhood motor stereotypies’ by Sinéad Barry, Gillian Baird, Karine Lascelles, Penny Bunton, Tammy Hedderly. Pediatric Neurologist and Leader of the TANDeM Clinic, Evelina Children’s Hospital, London and Professor Mark Mahone, Child Neuropsychologist and Director of the Neuropsychology in Kennedy Kreeger Institute in Baltimore Editor in Chief Dr Peter Baxter, speaks to one of the authors of the review, Tammy Hederly (Pediatric Neurologist and Leader of the TANDeM Clinic, Evelina Children’s Hospital, London) and guest speaker Professor Mark Mahone (Child Neuropsychologist and Director of the Neuropsychology in Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, USA).

Read the paper here: Neurodevelopmental movement disorders – an update on childhood motor stereotypies

October 2011
Predictive validity of Prechtl’s Method on the Qualitative Assessment of General Movements: a systematic review of the evidence

The aim of this systematic review was to examine the evidence for the predictive validity of Prechtl’s Method on the Qualitative Assessment of General Movements (GMsA) with respect to neurodevelopmental outcomes. This paper: ‘Predictive validity of Prechtl’s Method on the Qualitative Assessment of General Movements: a systematic review of the evidence’ authored by Vasiliki Darsaklis, Laurie M Snider, Annette Majnemer, Barbara Mazer, published in the October issue of Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, is discussed by Dr Peter Baxter, Editor in Chief of the journal, and two of the authors, Vasiliki Darsaklis (Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation of Greater Montreal (CRIR), School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada) and Laurie M Snider (School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, and CRIR, Montreal Children’s Hospital, Montreal, QC, Canada).

Read the paper here: Predictive validity of Prechtl’s Method on the Qualitative Assessment of General Movements: a systematic review of the evidence

September 2011
Cerebrospinal fluid B-cell expansion in longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis associated with neuromyelitis optica immunoglobulin G
A first episode of central nervous system (CNS) demyelination may represent heterogeneous entities such as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, clinically isolated syndrome, neuromyelitis optica (NMO), or multiple sclerosis. As new immune therapies become available, it is increasingly important to make an early diagnosis. In this podcast, Editor in Chief of Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, Dr Peter Baxter, talks to Professor Russell Dale (Clinical School, The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Sydney) about the paper he co-authored in the September issue of the journal: 'Cerebrospinal fluid B-cell expansion in longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis associated with neuromyelitis optica immunoglobulin G' by Russell C Dale, Esther Tantsis, Vera Merheb, Fabienne Brilot.

Read the paper here:Cerebrospinal fluid B-cell expansion in longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis associated with neuromyelitis optica immunoglobulin G

August 2011
Developing and validating the Communication Function Classification System for individuals with cerebral palsy
The purpose of this study was to create and validate the Communication Function Classification System (CFCS) for children with cerebral palsy (CP), for use by a wide variety of individuals who are interested in CP. In this August podcast, Dr Peter Baxter speaks to Professor Mary Jo Cooley Heidecker (Assistant Professor, Department of Speech–Language Pathology, University of Central Arkansas, Conway, AR, USA) and Professor Peter Rosenabum (Professor of Paediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada), who were co-authors of the paper ‘Developing and validating the Communication Function Classification System for individuals with cerebral palsy’ by Mary Jo Cooley Hidecker, Nigel Paneth, Peter L Rosenbaum, Raymond D Kent, Janet Lillie, John B Eulenberg, Ken Chester, Jr, Brenda Johnson, Lauren Michalsen, Morgan Evatt, Kara Taylor.

Read the paper here:
Developing and validating the Communication Function Classification System for individuals with cerebral palsy

Read the commentary:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-8749.2011.04035.x/abstract

July 2011
Focus on Function and Context Therapy
In this July podcast, Dr Peter Baxter, Editor in Chief of Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology discusses two papers: ‘Focus on function: a cluster, randomized controlled trial comparing child- versus context-focused intervention for young children with cerebral palsy’ by Mary C Law, Johanna Darrah, Nancy Pollock, Brenda Wilson, Dianne J Russell, Stephen D Walter, Peter Rosenbaum, Barb Galuppi, and ‘Context therapy: a new intervention approach for children with cerebral palsy’ by Johanna Darrah, Mary C Law, Nancy Pollock, Brenda Wilson, Dianne J Russell, Stephen D Walter, Peter Rosenbaum, Barb Galuppi. Dr Peter Baxter talks to Mary Law (School of Rehabilitation Science and CanChild Centre for Childhood Disability Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada) and Eva Brogen Carlberg (Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden) who wrote a commentary in the July issue of Developmental Medicin3 & Child Neurology entitled: ‘Instead of certainty we have search …’.

Read the papers:
Focus on function: a cluster, randomized controlled trial comparing child- versus context-focused intervention for young children with cerebral palsy
Context therapy: a new intervention approach for children with cerebral palsy

Related commentary:
'Instead of certainty we have search …’

June 2011
Moving towards meaningful measurement: Rasch analysis of the North Star Ambulatory Assessment in Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Reliable measurement of disease progression and the effect of therapeutic interventions in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) require clinically meaningful and scientifically sound rating scales. Therefore, we need robust evidence to support such tools. In this June 2011 podcast, Editor in Chief Dr Peter Baxter talks to Anna Mayhew (Institute of Human Genetics, International Centre for Life, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK) and Mike Horton (Psychometric Laboratory for Health Sciences, Leeds, UK) about the following article: ‘Moving towards meaningful measurement: Rasch analysis of the North Star Ambulatory Assessment in Duchenne muscular dystrophy’ by Anna Mayhew, Stefan Cano, Elaine Scott, Michelle Eagle, Kate Bushby, Francesco Muntoni, On Behalf Of The North Star Clinical Network For Paediatric Neuromuscular Disease.

Read the paper: Moving towards meaningful measurement: Rasch analysis of the North Star Ambulatory Assessment in Duchenne muscular dystrophy

May 2011
Spectrum of neurodevelopmental disabilities in children with cerebellar malformations
Welcome to the May 2011 edition of the Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology podcast series. In this podcast, Dr Peter Baxter, Editor in Chief of the Journal, looks at the article 'Spectrum of neurodevelopmental disabilities in children with cerebellar malformations' by Marie-Eve Bolduc, Adré J Du Plessis, Nancy Sullivan, et al., and the accompanying commentary, also in the May 2011 issue: 'Cognitive function in children with cerebellar malformations' by Dr Andrea Poretti. Dr Peter Baxter talks to Professor Catherine Limperopolous (Division of Diagnostic Imaging and Radiology, Children's National Medical Center, George Washington University, Washington DC, USA) and Dr Andrea Poretti (Division of Pediatric Radiology, Russell H Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, The JOhn Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA).

Read the paper:
Spectrum of neurodevelopmental disabilities in children with cerebellar malformations

Read the commentary:
Cognitive functions in children with cerebellar malformations

April 2011
Randomized trial of constraint-induced movement therapy
In this podcast, Editor in Chief of Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, Dr Peter Baxter, talks to Leanne Sakzewski (Postdoctorate Research Fellow, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia) and Roslyn Boyd (Scientific Director of the Queensland Cerebral Palsy and Rehabilitation Research Centre, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia) about the paper they co-authored in the April issue of the journal ‘Randomized trial of constraint-induced movement therapy and bimanual training on activity outcomes for children with congenital hemiplegia’. This paper is also discussed with Andy Gordon (Professor of Movement Science, Teachers College, Columbia University, USA) who has also written a commentary.

Read the paper:
Randomized trial of constraint-induced movement therapy and bimanual training on activity outcomes for children with congenital hemiplegia

Read the commentary:
Is it time to remove the restraints?

March 2011
Perinatal, maternal, and fetal characteristics of children diagnosed with attention-deficit–hyperactivity disorder
In this podcast, Editor in Chief of Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, Dr Peter Baxter, looks at the following paper published in the March 2011 issue of the journal: ‘Perinatal, maternal, and fetal characteristics of children diagnosed with attention-deficit–hyperactivity disorder: results from a population-based study utilizing the Swedish Medical Birth Register’ by Peik Gustafsson (Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden ) and Karin Källén (The Tornblad Institute of Reproductive Epidemiology, Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden). This paper is discussed by Dr Peter Baxter, Peik Gustafsson, and Professor Bernard Dan (Department of Neurology, Hôpital Universitaire des Enfants Reine Fabiola, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium).

Related article:
Perinatal, maternal, and fetal characteristics of children diagnosed with attention-deficit–hyperactivity disorder: results from a population-based study utilizing the Swedish Medical Birth Register by Peik Gustafsson and Karin Källén

February 2011
Adverse events and health status following botulinum toxin type A injections in children with cerebral palsy
In this podcast, Dr Peter Baxter speaks to Dr Stephen O’Flaherty (Kids Rehab, The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, NSW, Australia ) about the article he co-authored in the February issue of Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, entitled ‘Adverse events and health status following botulinum toxin type A injections in children with cerebral palsy’, and with Professor Kerr Graham (Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia).

Related article:
Adverse events and health status following botulinum toxin type A injections in children with cerebral palsy by Stephen J O’Flaherty, Vyshnavi Janakan, Angela M Morrow, Adam M Scheinberg and Mary-Clare A Waugh

January 2011
Magnetic resonance imaging of the foetus
Welcome to the first Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology podcast of 2011 - based around the January 2011 paper entitled: 'Magnetic resonance imaging of the foetus', authored by Dr Roobin P. Johki (Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jessop Wing, Sheffield Teaching Hospital, NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK) and Dr Elsbeth Whitby (Academic Department of Radiology, University of Sheffield, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK). Dr Whitby will be discussing the paper with Professor Omar Khwaja. Professor Khwaja is Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School, and Director of the Fetal-Neonatal Neurology Program at the Children's Hospital in Boston, USA.

Related article:
Magentic resonance imaging of the foetus
by R.P. Johki and E. Whitby

December 2010
Suicide risk in adolescents with chronic illness
Introducing the December 2010 podcast for Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology is Dr Peter Baxter, Editor in Chief of the journal. This podcast discusses the paper: ‘Suicide risk in adolescents with chronic illness: implications for primary care and specialty pediatric practice: a review’ authored by Donald Greydanus, Dilip Patel and Helen Pratt. Dr Peter Baxter talks to Professor Greydanus (Professor, Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, USA) and Dr Theresa Lax-Pericall (Consultant Child Psychiatrist, King’s College London and The National Centre for You People with Epilepsy) about the background and points that were highlighted within this review.

Related review:
Suicide risk in adolescents with chronic illness: implications for primary care and specialty pediatric practice: a review by Donald Greydanus, Dilip Patel and Helen Pratt

November 2010
Epilepsy in hemiplegic cerebral palsy due to perinatal arterial ischaemic stroke
Dr Peter Baxter, Editor-in-Chief of Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology introduces a podcast based on an article in the November issue of the journal: 'Epilepsy in hemiplegic cerebral palsy due to perinatal arterial ischaemic stroke' by J. Wanigansinghe et al. This paper is a retrospective study of children with cerebral palsy, particularly on those with hemiplegic cerebral palsy and is discussed in this podcast by Dr Simon Harvey (Director, Epileptic Programme, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia) and Professor Brian Neville (Professor, Childhood Epilepsy, Institute of Child Health, London, UK).

Related articles:
'Commentary: Epilepsy in hemiplegic cerebral palsy due to perinatal arterial ischaemic stroke' by Brian Neville

'Epilepsy in hemiplegic cerebral palsy due to perinatal arterial ischaemic stroke' by Jithangi Wanigasinghe et al.

October 2010
Improving attitudes towards children with disabilities in a school context
Although inclusive education of disabled children is now an accepted practice, it is often challenged by negative peer attitudes. Researchers at Tolouse University undertook an interventional study aimed at improving students' attitudes towards their disabled peers. Dr Peter Baxter, Editor-in-Chief of Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, spoke to one of the authors of the study, Dr Emmanuelle Godeau (Research Unit on Perinatal Epidemiology, Tolouse University) and to Professor Peter Rosenbaum (Professor of Pediatrics and Developmental Pediatrics, McMaster University), who wrote a commentary on this study.

Related articles:
'Improving attitudes towards children with disabilities in a school context: a cluster randomized intervention study' by Emmanuelle Godeau et al.

'Improving attitudes towards children with disabilities in a school context' by Peter Rosenbaum

September 2010
Pamidronate treatment and fracture rate in children with cerebral palsy
The discussants are Dr Peter Baxter, Editor-in-Chief of Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, Dr Steven Bachrach, the author of the article, and Dr Jay Shapiro. Dr Bachrach is co-director of the cerebral palsy program at the Department of Pediatrics, Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children and Nemours Children’s Clinic, Wilmington and also part of the pediatric faculty of Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. Dr Shapiro is the director of the Osteogenesis Imperfecta Program at Kennedy Krieger Institute and also a Professor in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.

Related article:
Decreased fracture incidence after 1 year of pamidronate treatment in children with spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy
STEVEN J BACHRACH, HEIDI H KECSKEMETHY, H THEODORE HARCKE, JOBAYER HOSSAIN

August 2010
Discussion of Aicardi-Goutières Syndrome and SAMHD1
Authors Professor Yanick J Crow(Prof of Genetic Medicine, Manchester University) and Dr Vijeya Ganesan(Senior Lecturer at the Institute of Child Health, London, and Consultant at Great Ormond Street Hospital, London) discuss the bacground of Aicardi-Goutières syndrome and the most recently idenitfied gene, SAMHD1 with Editor-in-Chief of Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, Dr Peter Baxter.

Related article:
Intracerebral large artery disease in Aicardi–Goutières syndrome implicates SAMHD1 in vascular homeostasis
VENKATESWARAN RAMESH, BRUNO BERNARDI, ALTIN STAFA, CATERINA GARONE, EMILIO FRANZONI, MARIO ABINUN, PATRICK MITCHELL, DIPAYAN MITRA, MARK FRISWELL, JOHN NELSON, STAVIT A SHALEV, GILLIAN I RICE, HANNAH GORNALL, MARCIN SZYNKIEWICZ, FRANÇOIS AYMARD, VIJEYA GANESAN, JULIE PRENDIVILLE, JOHN H LIVINGSTON, YANICK J CROW

July 2010
Discussion of Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy and related conditions (mp3, 18 min 35 sec)
Authors Dr Sidney Gospe (Division of Pediatric Neurology and Professor of Neurology and Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle) and Professor Bernhard Schmitt (Division of Clinical Neurophysiology/Epilepsy, University Children's Hospital, Zurich) discuss the issues of Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy and related conditions and how to treat them with Editor-in-Chief of Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, Dr Peter Baxter.

Related articles:
Seizures and paroxysmal events: symptoms pointing to the diagnosis of pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy and pyridoxine phosphate oxidase deficiency
Bernhard Schmitt, Matthias Baumgartner, Philippa B Mills, Peter T Clayton, Cornelis Jakobs, Elmar Keller, Gabrielle Wohlrab

Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy and pyridoxine phosphate oxidase deficiency: unique clinical symptoms and non-specific EEG characteristics
Sidney M. Gospe, Jr.

Recent insights into pre- and postnatal pyridoxal phosphate deficiency, a treatable metabolic encephalopathy
Peter Baxter

April 2008
Development of the Gross Motor Function Classification System for cerebral palsy
The Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) for cerebral palsy has been widely used internationally for clinical, research and administrative purposes. In this first podcast, Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology Editor-in-Chief, Dr Peter Baxter, talks to Professor Peter Rosenbaum about why it was necessary to develop this scale.

Related article

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