Cover image for Vol. 54 Issue 7

Edited By: Monica Fabiani

Impact Factor: 2.668

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 4/14 (Psychology Biological); 23/77 (Psychology); 25/84 (Psychology Experimental); 31/84 (Physiology); 139/258 (Neurosciences)

Online ISSN: 1469-8986

Author Guidelines

Founded in 1964, Psychophysiology is the most established journal in the world specifically dedicated to the dissemination of psychophysiological science. The journal continues to play a key role in advancing human neuroscience in its many forms and methodologies (including central and peripheral measures), covering research on the interrelationships between the physiological and psychological aspects of brain and behavior. Typically, studies published in Psychophysiology include psychological independent variables and noninvasive physiological dependent variables (hemodynamic, optical, and electromagnetic brain imaging and/or peripheral measures such as respiratory sinus arrhythmia, electromyography, pupillography, and many others). The majority of studies published in the journal involve human participants, but work using animal models of such phenomena is occasionally published. For additional information regarding the aims and scope of the journal see Fabiani, 2015.

Psychophysiology publishes original, full-length articles in any area of psychophysiological research: theoretical papers, experimental studies, evaluative reviews of literature, and methodological developments (e.g., novel experimental and recording procedures and statistical analyses). Archival documents of the Society for Psychophysiological Research (such as award citations and obituaries) are also published in the journal. Letters to the Editor or commentary papers on other articles are not accepted.

To be considered for publication in Psychophysiology, a manuscript cannot have been published previously, nor can it be under review for publication elsewhere. Papers with multiple authors are reviewed with the assumption that all authors have approved the submitted manuscript and concur with its submission to Psychophysiology. Please review publication ethics and best practices at Psychophysiology requires that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest (financial or otherwise), which may be perceived as influencing an author’s objectivity. When appropriately disclosed, the existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication in this journal. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and to collectively list in the cover letter (if applicable) to the Editor-in-Chief, in the manuscript (in the Author Notes section), and in the online submission system ALL pertinent commercial and other relationships. If no conflict of interest is present, authors should explicitly state so in the Author Note section.

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting him/her to login into Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) s/he will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

An OnlineOpen option is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available. By choosing the OnlineOpen option the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. For additional information please see

SPR Presidential Address papers, Early Career Award papers and invited methodological guideline papers published in Psychophysiology are automatically granted OnlineOpen access at no cost to the authors.

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commerical License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit .

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with your Funder requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below: CTA Terms and Conditions.

Authors at UK institutions funded by HEFCE are allowed as per HEFCE policy to respect the embargo periods set by publications. Where a publication specifies an embargo period, authors can comply with the policy by making a “closed” deposit on acceptance. A “closed deposit” means that the metadata for the article are visible and retrievable, whereas the full text is not. Authors that publish in Psychophysiology can put their articles in their repositories as a closed deposit for the first 24 months (embargo period), before allowing the content to transition into an “open deposit” (in which both the metadata and the article content are freely available).

Manuscripts should be submitted electronically to the Editor, Monica Fabiani, at For all submissions, the author should include a brief cover letter that provides short highlights about the content of the paper, lists any potential conflicts of interest and/or any other information that may be relevant to the editorial process. Authors submitting a paper targeted for a special issue should also indicate so in the cover letter, and choose the appropriate special issue when submitting the paper through Manuscript Central.

Review process.
The Editorial Office will acknowledge receipt of the manuscript, provide it with a manuscript reference number, and in most cases assign it for review to an Associate Editor on the Editorial Board (the Action Editor). The Action Editor will normally select at least two additional referees to review each manuscript. After initial assignment of the manuscript, correspondence from the author should be directed to the specific Action Editor. Every effort is made to provide the author with an action letter within 8 weeks of manuscript assignment. If the Action Editor requests that revisions be made to a manuscript before acceptance for publication, a maximum of 3 months will be allowed for preparation of the revision, except in unusual circumstances (to be determined by the Action Editor).

All manuscripts must be in written in English, using English (UK or American) spelling. Language services are available through Wiley at

The Electronic submissions should be in Word format (.doc or .docx). Manuscripts should be double-spaced with 1” margins. Font (Times Romans, Arial or similar) should not be smaller than 11 points. At initial submission, all tables and figures may be embedded in the main document file. Manuscripts accepted for publication must have the associated figures uploaded individually and appended to the main document at final submission (see below for formatting instructions).

Manuscript preparation should follow the guidelines provided by the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition; Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) must now be added to references whenever available, even when referencing print sources.

Manuscript Length.
Manuscripts should not exceed 30 pages of text (including references) and shorter manuscripts are typical. It is suggested that the introductory section be limited to approximately 1000 words and the discussion to 2000 words.

Abbreviations and Acronyms.
The use of abbreviations and acronyms, except for those that are quite common in this journal (i.e., EEG, EMG, EOG, ERP, SCL, fMRI etc.) is strongly discouraged. Authors should be careful to insure that idiosyncratic acronyms are not included in the submitted version, as this will improve readability for the Action Editor and the reviewers. In addition, authors will be asked to remove idiosyncratic acronyms in any accepted manuscripts. For units of measurement, metric system units, as specified by the International System of Units, should be used.

Repeated measures.
Authors submitting articles involving within-subjects repeated-measures variables should consult Jennings et al., 1987, Psychophysiology, 24, 474-478 for journal policy concerning repeated-measures designs. The Huynh–Feldt, Greenhouse–Geisser, or similar correction should be undertaken for univariate repeated-measures ANOVA tests involving more than one degree of freedom, in which case the uncorrected degrees of freedom, the corrected p value, and the epsilon value should be reported. Consideration should also be given to the use of more recent analytic approaches to repeated measures/longitudinal data [see Hedecker and Gibbons (2006). Longitudinal Data Analysis, Wiley: Hoboken, New Jersey; see also Kristjansson, Kircher, & Webb (2007). Multilevel models for repeated measures research designs in psychophysiology: an introduction to growth curve modeling. Psychophysiology, 44(5), 728–736.] In addition, we ask that authors explicitly mention how they deal with validity assumptions when group sizes are unequal with regard to omnibus and sub-effect hypotheses (i.e., main and interaction effect tests, simple-effect tests, and multiple-comparison tests). It is recommended that, when applicable, non-pooled and/or corrected degrees-of-freedom statistics be used (see Keselman, 1998, Psychophysiology, 35, 470–478).

Effect sizes and confidence intervals:
When describing results, authors are strongly encouraged to report measures of effect size in addition to probability values. If effect sizes are not reported, sufficient detail should be provided to enable effect size computation. In addition, whenever possible, confidence intervals should be reported to reduce the focus on point estimations and facilitate comparisons across studies.

Individual Differences:

Psychophysiology receives many papers that report on relationships between psychophysiological measures and other trait-like individual differences variables (e.g., self-report personality measures). For such papers, the editorial board encourages authors to report the internal reliability of psychophysiological measures whenever possible (e.g., correlation between odd and even trials), as well as the reliability of the instruments used to assess the individual differences. Such reliability estimates depend on the population and measurement context, so these should also be mentioned. We recognize that this may not be possible for all measures.

Please insure that page numbers are visible on all pages of a submitted manuscript. The pages of the manuscript should be arranged as follows, per the APA Publication Manual:

First page. Title page containing title (25 words, maximum), names and institutional affiliations, and running head (50 characters, maximum). Please include name, address, phone, and email information for the corresponding author on this page.

Second page. An abstract of not more than 250 words, including statement of the problem, method, results, and conclusions of experimental and methodological articles or summary of major issues, source of observations, and conclusions of theoretical articles. In most data papers, the abstract should make clear not just what empirical relationship was evaluated but what the primary substantive or methodological issue was that motivated the study.

Third page. The first page of the introductory section.

Subsequent pages. Unless there are compelling reasons for variation, subsequent pages will include Methods section, Results section, and Discussion section, with subsections as needed. Further sections are ordered as follows, with each section beginning on a new page: References, Author Notes, Footnotes, Tables, Figure Captions, and Figures. The Author Note includes grant funding sources, any acknowledgments, a conflict of interest statement, and the name and address for reprints. Each table and figure should be on a separate page.

Supplementary material. Optional supplementary material (e.g., ancillary analyses, additional figures, audio or video files) can be uploaded together with the required manuscript files. Please use common formats accessible to most readers (e.g., Text: pdf; Audio: MP3, AAC, WMA. Video: Quicktime, MPEG, AVI). This information is hosted on the Journal web site and linked to the paper.

Authors should construct figures with notations and data points of sufficient size to permit legible reduction to one column of a two-column page. As a guide, no character should be smaller than 1 mm wide after reduction. Standard errors of the mean should be depicted whenever possible. Rules should be at least 1/2 point. Use of shading should be limited. There are three preferred formats for electronic figures, photographs, or other artwork that accompany the final manuscript: Encapsulated PostScript (EPS), Portable Document Format (PDF), and Tagged Image Format (TIFF). We suggest thatline art be saved as EPS files. Alternately, these may be saved as PDF files at 600 dots per inch (dpi) or better at final size.Tone art, or photographic images, should be saved as TIFF files with a resolution of 300 dpi at final size. For combination figures, or artwork that contains both photographs and labeling, we recommend saving figures as EPS files, or as PDF files with a resolution of 600 dpi or better at final size. More detailed information on the submission of electronic artwork can be found at Color figures will be reproduced at no cost.

The publisher reserves the right to copy-edit manuscripts. The corresponding author will receive page proofs for final proofreading. These should be checked and returned within 2 days of receipt. The costs of excessive author’s alterations are chargeable to the author.

The corresponding author will receive a pdf offprint. Additional reprints must be ordered when page proofs are returned. Price lists and order forms will be sent with page proofs.

Online production tracking is now available for your article through Wiley-Blackwell's Author Services. Author Services enables authors to track their article – once it has been accepted – through the production process to publication online. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. Authors will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

The Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium

Psychophysiology is a member of the Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium (NPRC; The NPRC was formed to reduce the time and duplication of effort placed on reviewers involved in the peer review of original neuroscience papers. It is an alliance of neuroscience journals that have agreed to accept manuscript reviews from other Consortium journals (see NPRC web site for a list). By reducing the number of times that a manuscript is reviewed, the Consortium will reduce the load on reviewers and Editors, and speed the publication of research results. If a manuscript has been favorably reviewed but ultimately rejected by another journal in the Consortium, authors have the option to submit the manuscript to Psychophysiology. Conversely, papers not accepted by Psychophysiology may be reviewed expeditiously at other journals in the Consortium. When choosing the NPRC option, authors should request that the reviewers' reports from the first journal be made available to the Editors of Psychophysiology. This choice is at the discretion of the authors, who also have the option to submit the manuscript without reference to the previous submission. No information will be exchanged between journals unless the authors chose to pursue the NPRC option. However, if the original reviewers’ critiques suggested that the paper is of high quality, but not suitable for the first journal, then it will often be to the authors' advantage to request that the original reviewers' reports be made available.

Authors who choose the NPRC option should revise the original submission in accordance with the first journal's set of reviews, reformat the paper to Psychophysiology's specifications and submit the paper to Psychophysiology with a cover letter describing the changes that have been made, and informing the Editors that the authors wish to pursue the NPRC option. The Editors of Psychophysiology will use the forwarded reviewers' reports and authors’ response at their discretion, either directly to make a decision, or to request further reviews if they feel such are necessary.