Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

Cover image for Vol. 28 Issue 2

Edited By: Åshild Slettebø and Lennart Fredriksson

Impact Factor: 0.961

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2012: 39/104 (Nursing (Social Science))

Online ISSN: 1471-6712

Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

Aims and Scope

The Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences is an established quarterly, peer reviewed Journal with an outstanding international reputation. As the official publication of the Nordic College of Caring Science, the Journal shares their mission to contribute to the development and advancement of scientific knowledge on caring related to health, well-being, illness and the alleviation of human suffering. The emphasis is on research that has a patient, family and community focus and which promotes an interdisciplinary team approach. Of special interest are scholarly articles addressing and initiating dialogue on theoretical, empirical and methodological concerns related to critical issues. All articles are expected to demonstrate respect for human dignity and accountability to society. In addition to original research the Journal also publishes reviews, meta-syntheses and meta-analyses.

Papers are expected to have a focus on those receiving care, and have a sound scientific, theoretical or philosophical base. Ethical considerations must be discussed as appropriate.

Papers exceeding 5000 words will not usually be accepted. This 5000 word count includes the abstract, text, author contributions, ethical approval and funding, but not figures or tables and references. It is not journal policy to publish papers submitted in two parts. All manuscripts are double-blind refereed. Review papers should include the words 'review' or 'literature review' in the title.

Papers received are assumed to have been submitted exclusively to the Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. If the paper is part of a larger study and you, or other authors, have written additional papers that have been published/submitted for publication using the study as the basis for the article, you must contact the Editor with details to ensure there is no breach of copyright. Any breach of copyright will be taken very seriously and appropriate action taken.

The Editors will decide on the time of publication and retain the right to modify the style of a contribution; major changes will be agreed with the author(s).

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

All manuscripts should be submitted at All parts of the manuscript must be available in an electronic format. Full instructions and support are available on the site and a user ID and password can be obtained on the first visit. Support can be contacted by phone (1 434 817 2040 ext. 167), e-mail ( or at If you cannot submit online, please contact Robert Huston in the Editorial Office by telephone 44 (0)1865 476489) or by e-mail (

A covering letter must be submitted as part of the online submission process, stating on behalf of all the authors that the work has not been published and is not being considered for publication elsewhere.

The use of footnotes and appendices should be avoided.

The main text should be preceded by an abstract, not exceeding 300 words, which accurately summarises the aims, findings and conclusions of the study. In the case of reported empirical research, the summary should include as appropriate: the study's rationale, aims and objectives; methodological design and justification; ethical issues and approval; research methods, instruments and/or interventions; outcome measures; results; study limitations; and conclusions. The abstract should not include references or abbreviations.

The abstract should be followed by up to 10 keywords or short phrases for indexing purposes, which accurately identify the paper's subject, purpose and focus. If your paper is a review the keywords should included 'literature review'. When submitting your paper online you will also be asked to select keywords from a given list. These are used to help the Editor identify suitable reviewers. The abstract should also be followed by the word count for your paper.

No identifying details of the authors or their institutions must appear in the submitted manuscript. A separate title page should be submitted with author details. The title page must also include statements as follows:
Acknowledgments: Any acknowledgments must not be included in the main document but should be added to the title page.
Author contribution: Where there is more than one author a written statement must be provided giving details of all authors' involvement (study conception/design; data collection/analysis; drafting of manuscript; critical revisions for important intellectual content; supervision; statistical expertise; administrative/technical/material support)
Funding: Please state whether funding was obtained and where applicable provide the name of the funding body and a reference number.
This information will be an appending part of the published paper if it is accepted by the Journal.
Ethical approval: Please state whether ethical approval was sought for your study and where applicable provide the name of the committee or institution that approved the study and a reference number.

Figures, illustrations, legends, tables and references should be prepared on separate sheets. The appropriate insertion points for figures and tables should be indicated in the text. In the full-text online edition of the journal, figure legends may be truncated in abbreviated links to the full screen version. Therefore, the first 100 characters of any legend should inform the reader of the key aspects of the figure.

Approval for reproduction/modification of any material (including figures and tables) published elsewhere should be obtained from authors/copyright holders before submission of the manuscript. Contributors are responsible for any copyright fee involved.

Headings within the text should conform to the following convention: upper case for main headings, lower case for major sub-headings, italics for subsidiary sub-headings. Exceptionally, a lower case, smaller font heading may be used to head sub texts, for example for case studies or vignettes within the text.

Language and Spelling should conform with that used in the Concise Oxford Dictionary and abbreviations with those in Units, Symbols, and Abbreviations (1994) published by the Royal Society of Medicine Press, 1 Wimpole Street, London, W1M 8AE.
Manuscripts must be written in correct English. Authors with English as a foreign language are advised to have their manuscript revised by a qualified translator or native speaker before submission.

Abbreviations should be used sparingly and only if a lengthy name or expression is repeated throughout the manuscript. When used, the abbreviated name or expression should be cited in full at first usage, followed by the accepted abbreviation in parentheses.

Quotations included appropriately within the body of the text should be marked by double inverted commas. Longer, or self-contained quotations should be preceded and followed by a double space; neither inverted commas nor italics should then be used.
Exceptionally, where emphasis is required, a word or phrase may be marked by single inverted commas or italics.

Statistical methods and other methods for analysis used should be defined and, where appropriate, supported by references.

We recommend the use of a tool such as Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.

Reference Manager reference styles can be searched for here:

The style of references must follow the Vancouver system and abbreviations of journal titles must conform to that of Index Medicus. Titles not listed should be written in full. References with titles in languages other than English must be translated.


  1. Berglund B, Nordström G. The use of the modified Norton scale in nursing home patients. Scand. J Caring Sci 1995; 9:165-9.
  2. Savage J, Heijnen S. Nursing in Europe: a resource for better health. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Publications, European Series, No. 74. 1997.
  3. LeGris J. Còte FH. Collaborative partners in nursing education: a preceptorship model for BScN students. Nursing Connections 1987; 10: 55-70.
  4. Van Houdenhove B, Neerinckx E, Onghena P, Lysens R,Vertommen H. Premorbid 'overactive' lifestyle in chronic fatigue syndrome and FMS.
    J Psychosom Res 2001; 51: 571-76.
  5. UNHCR Public Information Section. UNHCR, The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees by numbers. 2001, September, Alta Vista, http://www.unhcr
  6. Høyer G, Drange H. Utviklingen av tvangsmiddelbruk i norske psykiatriske institusjoner (Changes in the use of coercive measures in Norwegian mental health institutions). Tidsskr Nor Lægeforen 1994; 114: 585-8.

Number references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text at which reference to a particular document is made, its number is inserted. To cite a specific part of a source (articles pages and book chapters in the reference list), indicate the page number(s) as well References should be cited from primary sources. When a book is cited, the title should be stated, followed by the publisher and town, county/state (and country if necessary) of publication.
Example: Dealey C. The Care of Wounds: A Guide for Nurses. 1994, Blackwell Science, Oxford.

Where the reference relates to a chapter in an edited book, details of author and Editors should be given as well as publisher, place of publication, and first and last page numbers.
Example: Pence G. Virtue theory. In Companions to Philosophy A Companion to Ethics (Singer P ed.), 1993 Blackwell Reference, Cambridge, 249-258.

The edition (where appropriate) of all books should be identified, e.g. 2nd edn. Do not give more than two or maximum three references in the text for verifying the same content. References stated as being 'in press' are not acceptable: all references cited must have been published.

Computer-generated artwork should be saved in EPS or TIFF format, ensuring that the appropriate resolution is used. Our electronic artwork information pages at contain full details and should be read carefully to ensure that your figures comply with our requirements. It is the policy of the Journal for authors to pay the full cost for the reproduction of their colour artwork.
Therefore, please note that if there is colour artwork in your manuscript when it is accepted for publication, Wiley requires you to complete and return a colour work agreement form before your paper can be published. This form can be downloaded as a PDF* from here.
Once completed, please post or courier all pages of your completed form to the address below:

Customer Services (OPI)
John Wiley & Sons Ltd
European Distribution Centre
New Era Estate
Oldlands Way
Bognor Regis
West Sussex
PO22 9NQ

Please note that electronic or faxed copies cannot be accepted. For queries, please contact the Production Editor at

Please note that funds will be collected after the article is published in print.

Any article received by Wiley with colour work will not be published until the form has been returned.
* To read PDF files, you must have Acrobat Reader installed on your computer. If you do not have this program, this is available as a free download from the following web address:

Supporting Information
Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structures, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format. For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit:

Early View
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences is covered by Wiley's Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.

Authors' original materials
Unless specifically requested by a society or individual author, hardcopy and electronic materials will be retained for no longer than two months following publication of each issue. Any hardcopy and electronic material should then be disposed of or recycled. This includes original artwork, hardcopy text and any accompanying disks/cd roms. Any author wishing for any of their materials to be returned should alert the Production Editor via the Editorial Office at the submission stage, or at the latest to the Production Editor directly on receipt of proofs. No responsibility will be taken for author material being destroyed if there has been no indication given that it should be returned.

Online production tracking is available for your article through Wiley's Author Services.
Author Services enables authors to track their article - once it has been accepted - through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

Proofs will be sent via e-mail as an Acrobat PDF (portable document format) file and must be returned promptly. The e-mail server must be able to accept attachments up to 4 MB in size. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read this file. This software can be downloaded (free of charge) from the following Web site:
This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen, and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Further instructions will be sent with the proof. Major changes will not be entertained and authors may be charged for excessive amendments at this stage. Proofs will be posted if no e-mail address is available; in your absence, please arrange for a colleague to access your e-mail to retrieve the proofs.

Authors will be provided with electronic offprints on publication of their paper. These will be sent to the corresponding author at his or her e-mail address. Electronic offprints are sent to the corresponding author at his or her e-mail address on the title page of the paper, unless advised otherwise. Additional paper offprints may be ordered online. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields:

If you have queries about offprints please email