International Transactions in Operational Research

Cover image for Vol. 24 Issue 6

Edited By: Celso Ribeiro (General Editor), Simone Martins (Assistant Editor), Moshe Sniedovich (Asia Pacific Editor), Theodor J. Stewart (African Editor)

Impact Factor: 1.745

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2016: 30/83 (Operations Research & Management Science); 95/194 (Management)

Online ISSN: 1475-3995

Author Guidelines

All submissions to International Transactions in Operational Research are now to be made online using ScholarOne Manuscripts. To submit to the journal go to Full instructions on making your submission are provided at this website. You should receive an e-mail acknowledgement within a few minutes after completing your submission.  Thereafter, the system will keep you informed of the progress of your submission through refereeing, any revisions that are required, and a final decision by one of the editors.

The average time in weeks to first and final decision is available to view here.

All articles submitted to the journal must be original and should in no way violate any existing copyright, and should contain nothing of a libellous or scandalous nature. Copyright in all papers will be transferred to IFORS.

Spelling should conform either to Webster's or to the Concise Oxford Dictionary.

The Editor's decision as to whether a paper is published, and when it appears, is final.

Online Submission

You can now submit your manuscripts to ITOR online at

Submissions in LaTeX should necessarily be prepared using ITOR's LaTeX macro package. Submissions in Word are still accepted and should be prepared following the style of the example file as closely as possible. The file name is ‘itor-generic-template.pdf’, available in the ITOR's LaTeX macro package.

Your manuscript should not exceed 25 pages. Submissions exceeding 25 pages or in disagreement with ITOR's LaTeX macro package will be returned to the authors for reformatting.

Please start the preparation of you manuscript by downloading ITOR’s LaTeX macro package (Zip 581k) here.

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement

If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit–License.html.

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal's compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

Colour Work Agreement

It is the policy of International Transactions in Operational Research for authors to pay the full cost for print reproduction of their colour artwork. (Online colour publication remains free.) Therefore, please note that if there is colour artwork in your manuscript when it is accepted for publication, John Wiley & Sons require you to complete and return a Colour Work Agreement form before your paper can be published. This form can be downloaded as a PDF here. If you are unable to access the internet, or are unable to download the form, please contact the Production Editor at: and they will be able to email a form to you. Once completed, please return the form to the Production Editor at the address below:

Production Editor - ITOR
SSH Journals Content Management
John Wiley & Sons
9600 Garsington Road
Oxford OX4 2DQ

Early View

International Transactions in Operational Research is covered by Wiley-Blackwell’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors’ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article.

Abstracts and Index

An abstract not exceeding 150 words should accompany each manuscript submitted. Authors are also asked to supply a maximum of 10 key words or phrases which will be useful for indexing purposes.

Tables and Figures

Electronic copies of all tables and figures should be included with each copy of the manuscript, and authors should indicate in the text the approximate place where the figure or table is to be placed. Tables and Figures should be numbered consecutively and carry a brief title.

Black and white figures should be supplied in separate files at the end of the manuscript and should not be embedded within the article. Lines should be clean and clear, tints and complex shading should be avoided. Any labels and keys must be legible when reproduced. Figures should either be originated in a drawing package and saved as an EPS or TIF file, or produced in Excel. Line art should be supplied to at least 600dpi and halftones to 300dpi at actual size. Figures should not be embedded into a Word file as this lowers the resolution. Contributors will be asked to resupply their artwork if figures don't meet these specifications.

Where artwork is being supplied, please bear in mind that illustrations cannot be reproduced at more than the size of the text area of the journal page, i.e. 134 x 204 mm. All illustrations should be drawn for the same reduction, ideally 3:2. Lettering should be of draughtsman standard; please bear the reduction in mind in both lettering and weight of line.

It is the contributor's responsibility to clear any necessary copyright permissions, to pay any reproduction feeds charged by the copyright owner, and to provide a list of captions and (where relevant) credit lines. A list of captions to the illustrations, including source information, should be supplied separately from the text, and the position of the illustrations should be clearly indicated in the text. Further details on electronic artwork can be found at

Literature Citations

Footnotes should be used sparingly, and not used for literature citations. Literature references in the text should be indicated by the author's name and year of publication, e.g. (Jonker, 1984). The page number can be included if appropriate (Govish, 1987, p. 507). Where the author's name is included in the text, it should not be repeated e.g. `Volgenant (1990) says ...' If the bibliography contains more than one work by an author in a given year, suffixes a, b, etc ... may be used.


The manuscript should include a reference list containing only those references cited in the text. The references follow Harvard style and should be arranged in alphabetical order according to the surname of the first author. Works by the same author should be listed in order of publication. Each reference should contain full bibliographical details.

Sample journal reference:

Thunhurst C., 2003. The use of problem structuring methods in strategic health planning.  International Transactions in Operational Research 10, 381-392.

Two or more authors:

de Castro Silva, J.L., Soma, N.Y., Maculan, N, 2003. A greedy search for the three-dimensional bin packing problem: the packing static stability case.  International Transactions in Operational Research 10, 141-153.

Sample of book reference:

Belton, V., Stewart, T.J., 2001. Multiple criteria decision analysis: an integrated approach. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Sample of edited book:

Gass, S.I., Harris, C.M. (Eds.), 2001. Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science (2nd edition). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Article or chapter in edited book:

Dekker, R., van der Laan, E., 2003. Inventory control in reverse logistics.  In: Guide, Jr. V.D.R., van Wassenhove, L.N.  (Eds.), Business aspects of closed-loop supply chains. Carnegie Mellon University Press, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. pp. 175-200.

Pre-submission English-language Editing

Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Research Instruments

Because of space limitations, questionnaires and other research instruments sometimes may not be fully reproduced in the published paper. When they are not fully reproduced a note must be inserted in the text of the paper indicating the address from which copies of the completed instrument are available.

Author Services

Author Services enables authors to track their article – once it has been accepted – through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The author will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Please ensure that a complete e-mail address is provided when submitting the manuscript. Click here for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.