Cover image for Vol. 46 Issue 3

Edited By: Kevin Ward (Editor) and Paul Wood (Co-Editor, Physical and Environmental Geography)

Impact Factor: 1.466

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 23/76 (Geography)

Online ISSN: 1475-4762

Associated Title(s): The Geographical Journal, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers

Author Guidelines

Notes for Contributors

Authors may find it helpful to know that the referees of papers submitted to Area are asked to bear in mind two questions above all when making their recommendations:

1. Does the paper demonstrate and develop the intellectual status of Geography as an academic discipline?

2. Will it be remembered and referred to by geographers and others working in related fields?

To be accepted, therefore, a paper must make a significant contribution to geographic knowledge and be grounded in the relevant literature.

Regular papers
The target length of papers is 5000 words equivalent including notes and references (1500 words in the case of Commentaries). The upper limit will be strictly enforced. Papers that exceed the target length are likely to be returned to authors. Typescripts should be double-spaced, use 12 point fonts and with wide margins. They should be set out in the manner of recent issues of Area and in conformity with the information set out below.

Commentaries (of less than 1500 words) are published in Area. These tend to be one of the following three types of papers: (1) a response to a previously published Area paper, (2) a thought piece on some aspect of the discipline of geography, or (3) a thought piece from a geographical perspective on some aspect of current political and policy decisionmaking. Anyone considering writing a Commentary should contact the Editor in the first instance and before writing the commentary. All commentaries are subject to review.

ScholarOne Manuscripts
Papers should be submitted to Area online using ScholarOne Manuscripts.

To make a submission, please read the guidelines below and then visit

Copyright and licences
If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the licence agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement:
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:
CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen:

If the OnlineOpen option is selected the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons Licence Open Access Agreements (OAA):
Creative Commons Attribution Licence OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Licence OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs Licence OAA
To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) or the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY licence supporting you in complying with your Funder requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

Author Services also enables authors to track their articles – once accepted – through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online, choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production and enable free online access to their published article for all co-authors and up to 10 nominated colleagues. Authors will receive an e-mail with a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.

Pre-submission English-language editing
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscripts professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at
All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.

Notes for Area Special Sections
Special Sections of Area are a unique opportunity to publish a number of papers (usually between 5 and 7, including a short introductory editorial) on a specific theme. Proposals should consist of the following:

  • A clear introduction that sets out the wider intellectual context for the Special Section, reviewing relevant existing contributions and making clear the value added of publishing the papers collectively as opposed to single journal papers. This should be between 500 and 700 words.
  • A 250 word abstract for each paper in the Special Section. These should both set out the contents of each paper and also state clearly how in each case the paper will speak to the wider issues outlined in the introduction.
  • A bibliography, so that the editors and reviewers are clear on the literature to which this proposed Special Edition will make a contribution.

All Special Section proposals should be e-mailed to the editor Kevin Ward ( for consideration, and are subject to review. If a Special Section proposal is accepted, all papers in Special Sections remain subject to the normal Area reviewing process.

Publication Ethics
Area expects all submitting authors to uphold the highest standards of publication ethics. This entails:

Ensuring that the submitted article is the sole work of the submitting author(s) and is not wholly or in part plagiarised.
Ensuring that the submitted article is original, and is not wholly or in part an unnotified republication of the author’s earlier work.
Ensuring that all copyrighted material within the article has clearance for publication and that material the author does not personally hold copyright in is not reproduced without permission.
Ensuring that all and only the contributors to the article are listed as authors.
Ensuring that the article does not give instructions which could place the reader in danger if followed.
Ensuring that no participants are harmed, physically or mentally, during the research which results in the article.
Ensuring full anonymisation of participants who have not agreed for their personal details to be released, or where the release of personal details could endanger a participant. This applies both to textual mentions and to images and any supplementary audio or visual material.

Area checks for all of these and uses iThenticate software to support in the identification of plagiarism and self-plagiarism. Failure to comply with the above standards will be treated very seriously. The Editorial team reserve the right to inform an author’s institution in the event of a confirmed breach.

Please note that on acceptance, authors will be obliged to sign a legally binding form confirming that the above standards have been met which will make them personally liable for any breaches for which civil or criminal charges can be brought.

Typescripts should be double-spaced with wide margins. They should be set out in the manner of recent issues of Area and in conformity with the information below. Papers not conforming to this style may be sent back to authors prior to the refereeing process being initiated.

Title page
The title of the paper, name(s), main professional/academic affiliation(s) and full address(es), including email, of the author(s) should appear on a separate title page, as papers are submitted anonymously to referees.

Abstract and key words
An abstract not exceeding 300 words is required. Six key words should follow on a separate line. Where appropriate, these should include: one for locality, one for topic, one for method and three others.

Only the first letter and proper names are capitalized. A maximum of two levels may be used:

A This is a first-level heading
First-level headings are flush left on a separate line. The first text line following is flush left.

B This is a second-level heading
Second-level headings are flush left on a separate line. The first text line following is flush left.

These should be submitted as eps or 300 dpi tiff files wherever possible alongside the text of your article via ScholarOne Manuscripts. Ensure that heavy lines in line art are saved as pure black, and avoid using uncommon fonts in illustrations. All scale lines should be labelled in km, and all maps should feature a North arrow. If images are provided in colour, these will be used in the online version of the published paper but all possible effort must be made to ensure these figures can also be rendered into greyscale for print. Those figures requiring colour in order to be legible will be printed in colour but all others will be rendered into black and white unless the author wishes to pay the additional cost. This is at the discretion of the editorial team. For details of costs please apply to the publisher by emailing the Production Editor at For further information on digital artwork standards please visit

Captions must be typed on a separate sheet. Figures and photographs (Plates) are numbered separately consecutively using Arabic numerals (Figure 4, Plate 2, etc). All are referred to as `Figures'.

Tables must be typed using few horizontal and no vertical rules. They are numbered consecutively using Roman numerals (Table IV, etc). Titles should be concise, but as informative as possible. The approximate position of Tables and Figures in the text should be marked in the typescript.

Equations should be numbered consecutively with bracketed Arabic numerals in the right-hand margin. Authors must provide instructions in the margin for any special typeface required (eg bold, italic, Greek, etc). Careful attention must be paid to sub- and superscript symbols, and upper- and lower case letters.

Supplementary Material Supplementary electronic material that can be published as part of the online version of a paper is welcomed. Supplementary material must be important, ancillary information that is relevant to the parent article but does not or cannot appear in the printed edition of the journal. For further information, please see:

Copyright It is the author's responsibility to obtain copyright clearance for the reproduction of Figures, Tables or photographs and to ensure adequate acknowledgement.

Measurements must all be given in SI metric system. In exceptional cases, English equivalents in brackets may be allowed. Numerals should be used in the text for all numbers above ten and those relating to abbreviated units of measurement. Words should be used for numbers from one to ten.

Notes Informational notes must be restricted to the minimum; usually the material can be incorporated into the text. Endnotes only are to be used.

References Authors must use the Harvard system, in which authors' names (no initials) and dates are given in the main body of the text, with specific pages indicated if required (McFarlane 2010, 29) and multiple citations separated by a semicolon. References are listed alphabetically at the end of the paper under the heading References, and set out as follows:

Bradshaw M 2010 Global energy dilemmas: a geographical perspective The Geographical Journal 176 275-90

Bissell D 2007 'Mobile bodies: train travel and practices of movement' Unpublished PhD thesis Department of Geography, Durham University

Lee R and Smith M D eds 2004 Geographies and Moralities: International Perspectives on Development, Justice and Place Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford

Chapter of book
McAlister J and Smith B J 2007 Analytical techniques for investigating terrestrial geochemical sediments in Nash D J and McLaren S J eds Geochemical Sediments and Landscapes Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford 409-42

World Wide Web pages
2010 Home Page ( Accessed 1 June 2010

Please note that the url should be that of the page you are citing; a link to the organisation the page is published by is insufficient.

Other publications
Where there is doubt (eg Occasional papers), include all bibliographical details – a reference should give a reader sufficient information to allow them to locate the resource exactly and unambiguously. The place of publication should always be given when books are referred to.

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting.

Non-sexist, non-racist language Papers should be written in non-sexist, non-racist language.

Area is included in Wiley-Blackwell's EarlyView service. EarlyView articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. EarlyView articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of EarlyView articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so EarlyView articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. To receive an e-mail alert once your article has been published, please register with Author Services (see above).

OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at:
Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.