Economic Record

Cover image for Vol. 91 Issue 294

Edited By: Garry Barrett

Impact Factor: 0.92

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 159/333 (Economics)

Online ISSN: 1475-4932

Author Guidelines


Thank you for your interest in Economic Record. Please read the complete Author Guidelines carefully prior to submission, including the section on copyright. Note that a submission fee applies to authors who are not current members of the Economic Society of Australia.

To ensure fast peer review and publication, manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

Note that submission implies that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere except as a brief abstract in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or symposium. Once you have prepared your submission in accordance with the Guidelines, manuscripts should be submitted online at

Enquiries can be sent to Professor Garry Barrett, School of Economics, University of Sydney NSW 2006, Australia. Email:

We look forward to your submission.


1. Launch your web browser and go to

2. Log-in or click the “Create Account” option if you are a first-time user.

3. If you are creating a new account:
• After clicking on “Create Account”, enter your name and email information and click “Next”. Your email information is very important.
• Enter your institution and address information as appropriate, and then click “Next.”
• Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your email address as your user ID), and then select your area of expertise. Click “Finish”.

4. If you have an account but have forgotten your log in details, go to “Password Help” on the homepage and enter your email address. The system will send you details on how to log in.

5. Log-in and select “Author Center”.

Submitting your manuscript

6. After you have logged in, click the “Submit a Manuscript” link in the menu bar.

7. Enter data and answer questions as appropriate.

8. Click the “Save and Continue” button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.

9. Please read the Data and Code Availability Policy and prepare and upload your files after answering the questions.

10. Upload your files:
• Click on the “Browse” button and locate the file on your computer.
• Select the designation of each file in the drop down next to the Browse button.
• When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the “Upload Files” button.

11. Review your submission (in both PDF and HTML formats) before sending to the Journal. Click the “Submit” button when you are finished reviewing.

You may suspend a submission at any stage before clicking the “Submit” button and save it to submit later. After submission, you will receive a confirmation email. You can also check the status of your manuscript at any time. The Journal will inform you by email once a decision has been made.


1. The editors will give preference to articles which are succinctly written. Articles should be typed double spaced, and should not normally exceed 25 pages of A4 in total. Overlong papers will be returned without consideration.

2. Submission fees. Submission is free to members of the Economic Society of Australia. Members submitting articles should indicate their status on ScholarOne Manuscripts when prompted to do so. The submission fee for non-members is AUD$110.00 (including GST), which must be paid in Australian currency. Payment can be made by Direct Deposit to: Economic Society of Australia, Central Council Inc., BSB 032 024 Account No. 33 3754 (Westpac, Martin Place, Sydney). The Society accepts Visa and Mastercard. Cheques should be made payable to “The Economic Society of Australia”. Our ABN is 88 499 826 758. To facilitate the payment of the submission fee, non-members can download an Economic Record Submission form.

3. Data policy. The Economic Record encourages authors of submitted papers to also submit major datasets and code used to conduct the data analysis in their paper. Please read the journal’s full ‘Datasets and Code availability policy’ for more details including information on confidential datasets, author-generated datasets, how to upload datasets during submission, and copyright

4. The introduction, conclusion and abstract should be written for the non-specialist. Lengthy mathematical presentations should, whenever possible, be located in appendices. Articles will not usually be published if they are minor variations of existing analyses or of interest only to very small and specialized audiences, or if they are mainly descriptive.

5. Sections of the paper should be numbered in Roman numerals; figures and tables in Arabic numerals. Tables and diagrams should be self-contained. A condition of acceptance is that illustrations should be of professional quality and ready for reproduction. If possible, they should be suitable for reduction to single column width.

6. Mathematical notation should be as simple as possible. Equations should be identified by consecutive Arabic numbers (in parentheses) at the conclusion of the equation. All variables should be italicised.

7. Any footnote attached to the main heading should be designated by an asterisk. All other footnotes must be designated by numerals in continuous sequence.

8. Reference citations in the text. References in the text should be made by giving the author’s name followed by year of publication in parentheses.

9. Reference list. All references should be listed alphabetically by the author at the end of the manuscript. The listing style should be that used in recent issues of the journal, and is illustrated by the following examples:

Goldstein, A. (2000), ‘Nobel Laureates Describe Internet as Simply Better Telecommunications’,The Dallas Morning News, 10 March.

Madden, G. and Coble-Neal, G. (2002), ‘Internet Forecasting and the Economics of Networks’, in Loomis, D. and Taylor, L. (eds), Forecasting the Internet: Understanding the Explosive Growth of Data Communications, Regulatory Economics and Policy Series, 39. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston; 105–130.

Nellist, J.G. and Gilbert, E.M. (1999), Understanding Modern Telecommunications and the Information Superhighway. Artech House, Boston.

Shapiro, C. (1999a), ‘Exclusivity in Network Industries’, George Mason Law Review, 7, 1–11.

Smyth, R. and Mishra, V. (2009), ‘The Publication Decisions of Judges on the County Court of Victoria’, Economic Record, doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4932.2009.00553.x

Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman (1998), ‘Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman 1997–98 Annual Report’. Available from:

Wigand, R. (1997), ‘Electronic Commerce: Definitions, Theory and Context’, Information Society, 13, 1–16.

World Trade Organization (1997), The Agreement on Basic Telecommunications Services. WTO Publications Service, Geneva.

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. An EndNote reference style for this journal can be found here:

10. Books and Periodicals for Review should be sent to Professor Robert Breunig at Research School of Economics, HW Arndt Building 25a, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.

11. Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structure, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format. For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit:

12. LaTeX Article Submission. Please use “article” class for LaTeX submissions and include any associated packages/files with the submitted LaTeX source files. Please also include a PDF of the manuscript. Do not add coding to “force” line breaks or the positioning of “floats”, as this will need to be removed in the conversion of the file to XML.

As articles undergo considerable conversion and transformation during production, we achieve the most efficient processing if articles are presented in as generic a form as possible.

13. LaTeX Bibliography. If you wish to use a citation package such as BibTeX and natbib.sty then please do so. Be sure to use the appropriate citation style for the journal, to help the reviewers to assess your article.

There is no bespoke “.bst” file for Economic Record. Please provide all the necessary bibliographic information in a standard format. This will allow for clearer conversion and formatting to the Economic Record style by the typesetters.

14. Associate your ScholarOne account with your ORCID iD
ORCID iD is a unique and persistent identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher and connects you and your research activities. We encourage you to register for an ORCID iD and then associate it with your ScholarOne account. Click here to find out how.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. More details on the copyright and licencing options for the journal appear below.

Wiley’s Author Services: Tracking your paper’s progress

Author Services also enables authors to track their article through the production process to publication online and in print. Authors can check the status of their articles online and choose to receive automated e-mails at key stages of production. The corresponding author will receive a unique link that enables them to register and have their article automatically added to the system. Visit for more details on online production tracking and for a wealth of resources including FAQs and tips on article preparation, submission and more.


Once the paper has been typeset the corresponding author will receive an e-mail alert containing instructions on how to provide proof corrections to the article. It is therefore essential that a working e-mail address is provided for the corresponding author. Proofs should be corrected carefully; the responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.

Early View

The journal offers rapid speed to publication via Wiley’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors' final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. Early View articles are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before allocation to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at


A PDF reprint of the article will be supplied free of charge to the corresponding author. Additional printed offprints may be ordered online for a fee. Please click on the following link and fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields: If you have queries about offprints please e-mail:

Author Marketing Toolkit

The Wiley Author Marketing Toolkit provide authors with support on how to use social media, publicity, conferences, multimedia, email and the web to promote their article.


Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Authors may choose to publish under the terms of the journal’s standard copyright transfer agreement (CTA), or under open access terms made available via Wiley OnlineOpen.

Standard Copyright Transfer Agreement: FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard CTA in place for the journal, including standard terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Note that in signing the journal’s licence agreement authors agree that consent to reproduce figures from another source has been obtained.

OnlineOpen – Wiley’s Open Access Option: OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons license. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access. Authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on their personal website, and in an institutional repository or other free public server immediately after publication. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND). To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright Terms and Conditions FAQs.

Funder Open Access and Self-Archiving Compliance: Please click here for more information on Wiley’s compliance with specific Funder Open Access and Self Archiving Policies, and click here for more detailed information specifically about Self-Archiving definitions and policies.

Author Guidelines updated 2 June 2015