Economic Record

Cover image for Vol. 90 Issue 291

Edited By: Garry Barrett

Impact Factor: 0.604

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 208/333 (Economics)

Online ISSN: 1475-4932

Author Guidelines

Getting started

1. Launch your web browser and go to

2. Log-in or click the “Create Account” option if you are a first-time user.

3. If you are creating a new account:
• After clicking on “Create Account”, enter your name and email information and click “Next”. Your email information is very important.
• Enter your institution and address information as appropriate, and then click “Next.”
• Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your email address as your user ID), and then select your area of expertise. Click “Finish”.

4. If you have an account but have forgotten your log in details, go to “Password Help” on the homepage and enter your email address. The system will send you details on how to log in.

5. Log-in and select “Author Center”.

Submitting your manuscript

6. After you have logged in, click the “Submit a Manuscript” link in the menu bar.

7. Enter data and answer questions as appropriate.

8. Click the “Save and Continue” button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.

9. Please read the Data and Code Availability Policy and prepare and upload your files after answering the questions.

10. Upload your files:
• Click on the “Browse” button and locate the file on your computer.
• Select the designation of each file in the drop down next to the Browse button.
• When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the “Upload Files” button.

11. Review your submission (in both PDF and HTML formats) before sending to the Journal. Click the “Submit” button when you are finished reviewing.

You may suspend a submission at any stage before clicking the “Submit” button and save it to submit later. After submission, you will receive a confirmation email. You can also check the status of your manuscript at any time. The Journal will inform you by email once a decision has been made.

Notes for authors

1. The editors will give preference to articles which are succinctly written. Articles should be typed double spaced, and should not normally exceed 25 pages of A4 in total. Overlong papers will be returned without consideration.

2. Submission of a paper will be held to imply that it is original work, and that it has not already been published or is under consideration for publication elsewhere.

3. Enquiries can be sent to Professor Jeffrey Sheen, Department of Economics, Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW 2109, Australia. Email:

4. Submission is free to members of the Economic Society of Australia. Members submitting articles should indicate their status on ScholarOne Manuscripts when prompted to do so. The submission fee for non-members is AUD$110.00 (including GST), which must be paid in Australian currency. Payment can be made by Direct Deposit to: Economic Society of Australia, Central Council Inc., BSB 032 024 Account No. 33 3754 (Westpac, Martin Place, Sydney). The Society accepts Visa and Mastercard. Cheques should be made payable to “The Economic Society of Australia”. Our ABN is 88 499 826 758. To facilitate the payment of the submission fee, non-members can download an Economic Record Submission form.

5. The introduction, conclusion and abstract should be written for the non-specialist. Lengthy mathematical presentations should, whenever possible, be located in appendices. Articles will not usually be published if they are minor variations of existing analyses or of interest only to very small and specialized audiences, or if they are mainly descriptive.

6. Sections of the paper should be numbered in Roman numerals; figures and tables in Arabic numerals. Tables and diagrams should be self-contained. A condition of acceptance is that illustrations should be of professional quality and ready for reproduction. If possible, they should be suitable for reduction to single column width.

7. Mathematical notation should be as simple as possible. Equations should be identified by consecutive Arabic numbers (in parentheses) at the conclusion of the equation. All variables should be italicised.

8. Any footnote attached to the main heading should be designated by an asterisk. All other footnotes must be designated by numerals in continuous sequence.

9. All references should be listed alphabetically by the author at the end of the manuscript. The listing style should be that used in recent issues of the journal, and is illustrated by the following examples:

Goldstein, A. (2000), ‘Nobel Laureates Describe Internet as Simply Better Telecommunications’,The Dallas Morning News, 10 March.

Madden, G. and Coble-Neal, G. (2002), ‘Internet Forecasting and the Economics of Networks’, in Loomis, D. and Taylor, L. (eds), Forecasting the Internet: Understanding the Explosive Growth of Data Communications, Regulatory Economics and Policy Series, 39. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston; 105–130.

Nellist, J.G. and Gilbert, E.M. (1999), Understanding Modern Telecommunications and the Information Superhighway. Artech House, Boston.

Shapiro, C. (1999a), ‘Exclusivity in Network Industries’, George Mason Law Review, 7, 1–11.

Smyth, R. and Mishra, V. (2009), ‘The Publication Decisions of Judges on the County Court of Victoria’, Economic Record, doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4932.2009.00553.x

Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman (1998), ‘Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman 1997–98 Annual Report’. Available from:

Wigand, R. (1997), ‘Electronic Commerce: Definitions, Theory and Context’, Information Society, 13, 1–16.

World Trade Organization (1997), The Agreement on Basic Telecommunications Services. WTO Publications Service, Geneva.

We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Manager for reference management and formatting. An EndNote reference style for this Journal can be found here:

10. References in the text should be made by giving the author’s name followed by year of publication in parentheses.

11.Copyright, Licensing and OnlineOpen

Accepted papers will be passed to Wiley’s production team for publication. The author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be asked to complete an electronic license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper. FAQs about the terms and conditions of the standard copyright transfer agreements (CTA) in place for the journal, including terms regarding archiving of the accepted version of the paper, are available at: CTA Terms and Conditions FAQs

OnlineOpen – ‘Gold road’ Open Access

OnlineOpen is available to authors of articles who wish to make their article freely available to all on Wiley Online Library under a Creative Commons licence. In addition, authors of OnlineOpen articles are permitted to post the final, published PDF of their article on a website, institutional repository or other free public server, immediately on publication. With OnlineOpen the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pays a fee to ensure that the article is made open access, known as ‘gold road’ open access.

OnlineOpen licenses. Authors choosing OnlineOpen retain copyright in their article and have a choice of publishing under the following Creative Commons License terms: Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY NC); Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY NC ND).

For more information about the OnlineOpen license terms and conditions click here.

12. Books and Periodicals for Review should be sent to Professor Robert Breunig at Research School of Economics, HW Arndt Building 25a, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.

13. Economic Record is covered by Wiley-Blackwell’s Early View service. Early View articles are complete and final full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. They are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited.

14. Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, 3D structure, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format. For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit:

15. LaTeX Article Submission
Please use “article” class for LaTeX submissions and include any associated packages/files with the submitted LaTeX source files. Please also include a PDF of the manuscript. Do not add coding to “force” line breaks or the positioning of “floats”, as this will need to be removed in the conversion of the file to XML.

As articles undergo considerable conversion and transformation during production, we achieve the most efficient processing if articles are presented in as generic a form as possible.

LaTeX Bibliography
If you wish to use a citation package such as BibTeX and natbib.sty then please do so. Be sure to use the appropriate citation style for the journal, to help the reviewers to assess your article.

There is no bespoke “.bst” file for Economic Record. Please provide all the necessary bibliographic information in a standard format. This will allow for clearer conversion and formatting to the Economic Record style by the typesetters.