Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care

Cover image for Vol. 27 Issue 1

Edited By: Daniel Chan, The Royal Veterinary College

Impact Factor: 1.122

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2015: 49/138 (Veterinary Sciences)

Online ISSN: 1476-4431

Author Guidelines

Journal of Veterinary Emergency & Critical Care (JVECC) Instructions to Authors 

Aims and Scope 
The Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care’s primary aim is to advance the international clinical standard of care for emergency/critical care patients of all species.  The journal’s content is relevant to specialist and non-specialist veterinarians practicing emergency/critical care medicine.  The journal achieves its aims by publishing descriptions of unique case presentations or management strategies; retrospective and prospective evaluations of prognosis, novel diagnosis, or therapy; translational basic science studies with clinical relevance; in-depth reviews of pertinent topics; topical news and letters; and regular themed issues. 

JVECC is the official publication of the American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, the Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society, and the European Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society.  It is a bimonthly publication with international impact and adheres to currently accepted ethical standards. 

Conflict of Interest
Authors are required to disclose any possible financial conflict of interest, for example patent ownership, stock ownership, consultancies, or speaker's fees.  Such financial arrangements with companies that are direct competitors of any product featured in the publication are also considered conflict of interest.  Declared conflicts of interest (or information specifying the absence of conflicts of interest) will be published under a separate heading entitled “Declared Conflicts of Interest” with the manuscript. 

Source of Funding
Authors are required to specify the source of funding for their research when submitting a paper. Suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included. The information will be disclosed in the published article. 

Published Statement of Human and Animal Rights
All material published in JVECC must adhere to high ethical standards concerning animal welfare. Manuscripts will be considered for publication only if the work detailed therein:
1) Follows international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for humane animal treatment and complies with relevant legislation. Specifically, experiments and clinical trials should be carried out in accordance with the Guidelines laid down by the National Institute of Health (NIH) in the USA regarding the care and use of animals for experimental procedures or with the European Communities Council Directive of 24 November 1986 (86/609/EEC) and in accordance with local laws and regulations 2) Has been approved by the ethics review committee at the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted where such a committee exists; 3) For studies using client-owned animals, demonstrates a high standard (best practice) of veterinary care and involves informed client consent 4) Meets all additional ethical standards set by JVECC, as follows: a. When experimental or client-owned animals are used the material and methods section must clearly indicate that adequate measures were taken to minimize pain or discomfort b. For experiments using animals authors should specify in cover letter that legal and ethical requirements have been met with regards to the humane treatment of animals described in the study title page.

Animal ethics-based criteria for manuscript rejection
1) Manuscripts and authors that fail to meet the aforementioned requirements 2) Studies that involve unnecessary pain, distress, suffering, or lasting harm to animals 3) The Editor retains the right to reject manuscripts on the basis of ethical or welfare concerns.

Manuscript Types
The JVECC conducts blinded peer review; therefore there should be no information within the manuscript text that would identify either the author or the institution. Your manuscript will be unsubmitted and returned to you if it contains identifying information.  If such information is critical to the integrity of the manuscript, it can be added following peer review. 

The journal features the following types of publications:

Original Studies and Retrospective Studies. Original studies include randomized controlled trials, intervention studies, laboratory and animal research, outcome studies, cost-effectiveness analyses, and case-control series. Retrospective studies are reports of a large series of cases focusing on the diagnosis, treatment or characteristics of specific disease states. The objective and hypothesis should be clearly stated. Include information about study design and methodology, including study setting and time setting; participants, including inclusion and exclusion criteria; any interventions; main outcome measures; main study results; discussion putting the results in the context of other published literature; and conclusions. The Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care will publish studies with negative results, provided that the study design, statistical analysis and interpretation are valid.

Review Articles

State-of-the-Art Review. Critical assessment of literature and data pertaining to clinical topics. State-of-the-Art Reviews should follow the following format: introduction, current published human research information and data, current published veterinary information (research, case reports, etc.), application to veterinary emergency and critical care, recommendations for future studies/change in current practices. References must include, but need not be limited to, the last 3 years of literature.

Review articles, which may be solicited by the editorial board or submitted unsolicited by an author(s), are meant to provide the reader with an overview of the state-of-the-art in a specialized area of veterinary emergency and critical care. They should be submitted by individuals who are actively working in the area and not by individuals who have reviewed the literature as a prelude to beginning a project in the area. The review should be informative and accessible to both the general as well as the specialist readership. Outlines of the unsolicited review articles should be submitted to the editors for approval before extensive writing is done.

Clinical Practice Review. A review of management of common emergencies and critical conditions may be submitted. The review should be organized in the following manner: introduction, current published veterinary information (including original case studies, previous reviews, and case reports), etiology, diagnosis, therapy, and prognosis.  If applicable, recommendations for future studies/change in current practices may be reported. Outlines of unsolicited review articles should be submitted to the editors for approval before extensive writing is done.

Case Reports and Case Series. Reports of single or small numbers of cases will be considered for publication if they describe new or rarely-reported clinical syndromes, a novel diagnostic or treatment approach (ie, they offer insight into clinical management or if the report impacts the care and management of future cases), or first reports of a disease in a new species of animal.  The more novel or new the report is, the more likely it is to be considered. Authors should be aware that editorial policy is to reject submissions prior to peer-review that do not meet the aforementioned guidelines.  Authors should include a short statement outlining the justification for consideration for publication in the cover letter accompanying the manuscript.

A case report is a report that includes a detailed description of one animal. A case series may include detailed descriptions of up to and including 5 animals. Authors wishing to report observations on more than 5 animals should follow the guidelines for original articles or retrospective studies. The case presentation, complete diagnostic investigation, therapy and outcome should be presented in detail and should highlight the new or unique information the case/series provides. Case reports/series should not exceed 3000 words excluding references (which should be limited to 25), and figures/tables. A short, structured abstract must be included. 

Other Types of Short Reports

Brief Clinical Communications. Submissions in this category must adhere to one of the following formats:  1) short reports highlighting some compelling or unique clinical feature that does not warrant publication as a case report using high quality photographs of clinical or diagnostic images and accompanying short clinical description, 2) short reports detailing novel clinical diagnostic or therapeutic techniques relevant emergency/critical medicine using short narrative descriptions and high quality photographs or illustrations (if appropriate), 3) short communications detailing small or preliminary experiments and their results, or 4) short communications detailing emerging epidemics or issues of public or animal health significance.  For each feature, the author will provide concise background clinical data and pertinent descriptions of the illustrations submitted. Manuscripts must be less than 2000 words,contain no more than 10-12 references, and no more than 3-4 tables or figures. A short structured abstract of 200 words or less using pertinent headings should also be submitted.  Submissions will be subjected to peer review.

Letters to the Editor. Letters to the Editor are encouraged. Letters should focus discussion on a recent Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care article. Letters should be no more than 500 words with up to 5 references.

Preparation of Manuscripts

All manuscripts should be written conforming to the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals.  For additional details see The Journal of the American Medical Association 1997;277:927-934 or

Format the manuscript on US letter paper, 216 x 279 mm (8-1/2 x 11 in), with margins of at least 25 mm (1 in). Use double-spacing throughout, including for the title page, abstract, text, acknowledgments, references, individual tables and legends. Each paragraph should be indented with a tab. MS Word fonts or the Symbol font should be used for special characters. Pages should be numbered consecutively beginning with the title page. Put the page number in the upper right-hand corner of each page. Include continuous line numbers, beginning with the first page.

Cover Letter
Submission of a manuscript will be held to imply that it contains original unpublished work and is not being submitted for publication elsewhere at the same time. Both should be confirmed to the Editor-in-Chief in the cover letter. The corresponding author must confirm that all authors have agreed with the submission in its present (and subsequent) forms. The authors should also indicate in their covering letter the importance and significance of the work, and the novelty meriting consideration for publication. The authors must supply a full statement to the Editor-in-Chief about all prior submissions and previous reports that might be regarded as redundant or duplicate publication of the same or very similar work. Lastly, For experiments using animals authors should specify in cover letter that legal and ethical requirements have been met with regards to the humane treatment of animals described in the study

Title Page
The title page should carry (1) the title of the article, which should not exceed 50 words; (2) the authors’ full names (first name, middle initial, surname) degrees and certifications and institutional affiliation (name of the department [if any], institution, city, and state or country where the work was done); (3) disclaimers, (if necessary to separate author’s views from those of employers, funding agencies, or others); (4) the name, full postal address, and email address of the author responsible for correspondence concerning the manuscript; (5) the name, full postal address, and email address of the author to whom requests for offprints should be addressed or a statement that offprints will not be available from the authors (note: the journal will provide a PDF file of the final manuscript to the author at no charge--please see the instructions in the "Offprint" section below); (6) sources of support in the form of grants, equipment, or drugs; (7) statement disclosing financial or other types of conflicts of interest (see above); (8) statement indicating if results or partial results have been presented at a scientific meeting; and (9) a running title of no more than 50 characters (count letters and spaces).

Abbreviation List
In general, use of abbreviations other than standard abbreviations and units of measures should be kept to a minimum. In the structured abstract, a term should be abbreviated only if it is used at least 3 times in the structured abstract. The term must be expanded at first mention, with the abbreviation given in parentheses after the expanded term. Similarly, in the text a term should be abbreviated only if it is used at least 3 times. All abbreviations except for standard abbreviations and units of measure should be listed in alphabetical order at the beginning of the manuscript text following the abstract, along with their definitions. These abbreviations should then be used without expansion in the text, except when used to start a sentence. Standard abbreviations used in JVECC (see list) can be used without expansion in JVECC as they are considered standard abbreviations in veterinary medicine.

All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. One or more authors should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from inception to published article. Authorship credit should be based only on (1) substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and (3) final approval of the version to be published. Conditions 1, 2, and 3 must all be met. Acquisition of funding, the collection of data or general supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify authorship. All authors must identify and sign for their specific contribution to the manuscript and approve of the manuscript submission on the Author Contribution Form. The JVECC recognizes that author order is important and sometimes ambiguous, as a result, senior authors/mentors may be identified with an (*).

Abstract and Key Words
Structured abstracts are required for all manuscripts (except editorials, short reports, letters, and book reviews). Abstracts should be no more than 300 words in length.  Include the abstract at the beginning of your manuscript document.  You will also copy and paste the abstract into an electronic submission field during the submission process.

Original or Retrospective Studies abstracts must have the following headings:
Objective – State the precise objective or study question addressed in the report (eg “To determine whether…”)  
Design – State the basic design of the study, the years of the study and the period of follow up.
Setting – Describe the study setting to assist readers to determine the applicability of the report to other circumstances (eg, university teaching hospital, private referral center, etc).
Animals – State the number of patients or subjects, the clinical disorder, main eligibility criteria, and number of matched patients (if applicable).  Where applicable, state the number of patients who completed the study, those who experienced adverse effects, and those who did not complete the study.  State the selection procedure for enrollment (eg, consecutive sample, convenience sample, random sample, etc.)
Interventions – Describe the essential features of any interventions, including their method and duration of administration.  Name the intervention by its most common clinical name and use nonproprietary drug names.
Measurements and Main Results – State the primary study outcome measurement(s) and results.  
Conclusions – Provide only conclusions of the study directly supported by the results, takng into account the limitations (eg, observational study, retrospective study) along with implications for clinical practice, avoiding speculation and overgeneralization.  Give equal emphasis to both positive and negative findings of equal scientific merit.   

State-of-the-Art-Reviews abstracts must have the following headings:
Objective – State the specific aim of the review.  
Data Sources – Describe the evidence acquisition (data sources used, including the search strategies, years searched)
Human Data Synthesis – address the major findings of the human data and literature review in an evidence-based, objective, and balanced fashion, emphasizing the highest-quality evidence available.
Veterinary Data Synthesis - address the major findings of the veterinary data and literature review in an evidence-based, objective, and balanced fashion, emphasizing the highest-quality evidence available.
Conclusions – state any conclusions that can be drawn from the synthesis of the human and veterinary literature.  Emphasize the clinical application of the information.

Clinical Practice Reviews abstracts must have the following headings:
Objective – State the aim of the review.  
Etiology – Define the etiology of the problem as clearly and succinctly as possible.
Diagnosis – State the method of definitive diagnosis.
Therapy – Describe goals of therapy and give a broad description of how those goals may be achieved.
Prognosis – State the prognosis that is associated with the problem.

Case Report/Series abstracts must have the following headings:
Objective – State the objective of the case report (eg to describe a case, its management and outcome).
Case or Series Summary – provide a brief description of the presentation, diagnosis, treatment and outcome.
New or Unique Information Provided – describe unique information provided, emphasizing clinical application and utility.

Brief Clinical Communication abstracts should have 3-4 pertinent headings such as:  Background, Key Findings, Significance as appropriate to the format of material presented. 

For details regarding the preparation of structured abstracts, see JAMA 1995; 273:28–30.

All submissions must include Keywords (after the abstract and before the body of the manuscript).  Keywords should be 3-6 descriptive words or short phrases and ideally be MeSH headings from Medline (  These words should not repeat words used in the title of the article.  These keywords are not necessarily the same keywords that you will use to designate your article during the submission process. 

The JVECC conducts blinded peer review; therefore there should be no information within the manuscript text that would identify either the author, the institution or country of origin. 

General. Avoid the use of jargon, spell out all nonstandard abbreviations and place the abbreviations in parentheses the first time they are mentioned. When referring to a drug, use the generic name approved by the US Food and Drug Administration or recognized as the US-adopted name. The use of first person narrative is discouraged. 

Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care adheres to the principles specified in Nomina Anatomica, Nomina Histologica, Nomina Embryologica, Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria, and Nomina Anatomica Avium where appropriate. The Journal strictly follows The American Medical Association Manual of Style, 10th edition. Spelling will follow the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (Unabridged and Medical).

Introduction. State the purpose of the article and summarize the rationale for the study or observation. Give only strictly pertinent references and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported. 

Materials and Methods. Include a clear description of the observations or experimental subjects. Provide a concise description of the experimental and statistical methods and of the procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. A statement of animal care must be made (see previous). Studies with client-owned animals must include information regarding owner consent. When the methods have been extensively detailed elsewhere, there is no need to duplicate this material. Instead, list the appropriate reference. Discuss the eligibility of experimental subjects (inclusion/exclusion criteria). Give details about randomization. Describe the methods for and success of any blinding of observations.

Statistical methods. Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. When possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Avoid relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as the use of P values, which fails to convey important quantitative information. The Journal encourages authors to also consider the clinical significance of their work by including measures of clinical significance (such as reporting number needed to treat [NNT] etc.).  References for the design of the study and statistical methods should be to standard works when possible (with pages stated) rather than to papers in which the designs or methods were originally reported. Specify any general-use computer programs used. In studies in which a statistical difference is not detected, the results section of the manuscript should state: (1) the magnitude of a clinically important difference (commonly called the effect size) for all major variables of interest, (2) the probability of a type I error (α), (3) the power to detect the clinically important difference, where power = 1 - β, and β is the probability of a type II error, and (4) an estimate of the number of subjects required to detect the clinically important difference.

Results. State concisely, in logical sequence, the results of the study. Subheadings may be used for particular sections, eg, clinical findings, radiographic findings.  Report complications of treatment. Give numbers of observations. Report losses to observation (such as dropouts from a clinical trial). Do not reproduce the same data in both tables and figures. Emphasize or summarize only the important observations. Lengthy descriptions of numerical clinical findings (eg, laboratory findings) are often best presented in a table.

Discussion. Provide a concise discussion of the investigation or study. Emphasize the new and important implications of the findings, their limitations, and how the observations relate to other relevant studies. 

Acknowledgments: Acknowledgments should be added to the manuscript after peer review or listed on the Title Page. List all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions, all persons must give written permission to be acknowledged. 

Author contributions: The specific contribution of each author must be identified on the Author Contribution Form available at the electronic submission website. (see above for guidelines for authorship) 

Footnotes: Footnotes should be designated by superscript letters in alphabetical order.  Footnotes are used for manufacturer information of all drugs, laboratory consumables, software (such as statistical software), important equipment, and citations of abstracts.  For manufacturer information, include the trade name or name of product, company, city and state. Footnotes may also be used to indicate personal communications, or unpublished data. Personal communications should include full name of person, affiliation and year the information was provided. Unpublished data should cite author of data, affiliation, location and year data was produced. All footnotes should be placed at the end of the text prior to references.  Do NOT use the footnote feature of Word or other word processing programs to list footnotes. 

References: References should be included in the same electronic file as the body of the manuscript and prepared using the Vancouver system. If using reference managing software, such as Endnote, please disable the macros so that references are no longer linked with the author’s reference libraries. Number references consecutively in the order in which they first appear in the text.  Identify all references in the text, tables and legends by superscript Arabic numbers.  The authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the references. Unpublished observations, personal communications, submitted papers not yet accepted and abstracts should not appear in the reference section. References with 5 or more authors may include the names of the first 3 authors followed by et al.  Journals not indexed by Medline should be spelled out completely and will be abbreviated by the editors according the the AMA Style Guide, journals that are indexed should use the official abbreviation.  (see ). 

Reference listings should use the following style:

Journal citations

1. Powell LL, Rozanski EA, Tidwell AS, Rush JE. A retrospective analysis of pulmonary contusions secondary to motor vehicular accidents in 143 dogs: 1994-1997. J Vet Emerg Crit Care 1999;9(3):127-136.

Book Chapter:

2. Rooney DK. Clinical Nutrition. In: Reed SM, Bayly WM, editors.  Equine Internal Medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co; 1998, pp. 216-229. 


3. Ettinger SJ. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co; 1983, pp. 55-57.

Conference Proceeding

4. Dowers K, Bright JM. Anti-aggregratory effects of GP IIa/IIIb antagonist on feline platelet function. In: Proceedings of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine; 2000: Chicago, USA. pp. 712.

N.B. Scientific abstracts should be listed as footnotes rather than references

Units of Measurement. Temperatures should be given in Celsius; Fahrenheit equivalents may follow in parentheses. Weights should be reported in metric units. Because JVECC is an internationally distributed journal, laboratory values must be reported in conventional (US) units and Systéme Internationale (SI) units. SI units should be listed first with conventional US units listed in parentheses afterwards. All measurements should be in the metric system. If confusion could result, include other measurement systems in parentheses.

Tables. Tables are a concise means of presenting large amounts of numerical data in a logical format. Large tables containing raw data for a number of variables for each individual animal are not appropriate. Such data should be summarized or analyzed (eg, descriptive statistics), and the summary data presented in either in a table or in the text. Tables can be used to summarize large amounts of numerical clinical data (especially over time) rather than report it in the text. Tables including laboratory data should follow instructions for reporting units of measures (see above)

Type each table with double-spacing as a separate file or at the end of the text, after references. Do not embed tables within the text of manuscript. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text, and supply a brief title for each. Give each column a short or abbreviated heading. Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain in footnotes all nonstandard abbreviations that are used in each table. For footnotes use the following symbols, in this sequence: *, §, ||, ¶, **, etc. Identify statistical measures of variations such as standard deviation. Be sure that each table is cited in the text. If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge them fully.

Figures. Submit figures as separate electronic files (EPS or TIFF format) and should NOT be embedded within the main text. Figures should be computer generated or professionally drawn and digitally scanned. Freehand drawing or lettering is unacceptable. Letters, numbers, and symbols should be clear and even throughout and of sufficient size that when reduced for publication each item will still be legible.  Photomicrographs must include a calibration bar of appropriate length. Four-color illustrations will be considered for publication. However, the author will be required to bear the costs of their publication (currently $500 USD per figure regardless of its size). The color transparency or negative should be supplied in addition to color prints.

 Please save vector graphics (eg, line artwork) in Encapsulated Postscript Format (EPS) and bitmap files (eg, half-tones) in Tagged Image Format (TIFF). Detailed information on our digital illustration standards is available on the journal publisher’s homepage at:

Figure Size. Whenever possible, generate artwork at the size it is to appear in the journal. Original artwork and graphs should occupy one column when feasible but not more than two columns. Multi-paneled figures should be arranged in a layout that leaves the least amount of blank space and does not exceed the normal text area. 

Figure Legends. Figure legends should contain enough information to understand the illustration without referring to the text, but should be concise and should not repeat information already stated in text. Legends should be typed double-spaced (see File Uploading and Submission below) and included at the end of the text, after reference section. 

Permissions. Any submitted materials that are to be reproduced (or adapted) from copyrighted publications must be accompanied by a written letter of permission both from the author and the copyright holder (Publisher). Accepted manuscripts will be delayed if necessary permissions are not on file.

Supporting Information
Supporting Information can be a useful way for an author to include important but ancillary information with the online version of an article. Examples of Supporting Information include additional tables, data sets, figures, movie files, audio clips, and other related nonessential multimedia files. Supporting Information should be cited within the article text, and a descriptive legend should be included. It is published as supplied by the author, and a proof is not made available prior to publication; for these reasons, authors should provide any Supporting Information in the desired final format.

For further information on recommended file types and requirements for submission, please visit:

If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:
CTA Terms and Conditions:

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA
To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services: and visit
If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

Self-Archive by Authors
(1) Authors may self-archive the peer-reviewed (but not final) version of their paper on their own personal website, in their company/institutional repository or archive, and in not for profit subject-based repositories. Any self-archiving must be done after the relevant embargo period by the author, or by their institutional librarian. (2) Self-archived papers should link to Wiley’s standard terms of use for self-archived articles and not use any form of Creative Commons license. (3)The deposited version must link to the final article on Wiley Online Library. It should not be updated or replaced by the final article.

Submissions by Authors that are not Native English Speakers
The Journal is committed to publishing works from all countries that meet both scientific and style standards.  One of the most common reasons for rejection of work submitted by authors that are not native English speakers is because of a failure to meet style and grammar standards of the journal.  Non-native English speakers are encouraged to utilize scientific writing and editing services that are commercially available, or English-speaking colleagues that are familiar with medical/scientific writing.  Some services can be found at

File Uploading & Submission
Authors must submit the following file types as applicable:
      1) Title page as a separate Word file that includes ALL nine items listed above. Name file as lastnamekeywordMMDDYYTitle.doc
      2) The Manuscript and Table(s) document(s) should follow the following format:
ONE Word document containing Manuscript text, Footnotes, References, Table(s) with accompanying titles and legends, Figure titles and legends. Name file as lastnamekeywordMMDDYY.doc
      3) Figure files should be submitted separately (not embedded in text) as .tif or .eps formats. One file should be uploaded for each Figure. Name file(s) as lastnamekeywordMMDDYYFigureX.tif(.eps)

Submission of manuscripts 
The Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care accepts manuscript submissions electronically at the following website: Follow all instructions at the site for creating an account and uploading your files for consideration. The Author Center is where all manuscript submission is accomplished.  Please ensure that all forms and data fields are correctly and completely filled out.  If you encounter difficulty, an extensive online help system is available.  You may also contact the editorial assistant below for further assistance.

Important Points to Remember When Submitting Your Manuscript 

· Ensure that you are using a recommended browser (requirements are listed on the submission homepage) with any pop-up blocker software disabled.

· Submit a cover letter confirming originality of submission, that the work is not currently being reviewed by any other journal, that all authors consent to the submission, and the reason the journal should consider publishing the work.

· The title page must be uploaded as a unique and separate document from the document that forms your manuscript.

· Remember that the manuscript text should contain no information within the manuscript text that would identify either the author, institution, or country in order to preserve the blinded peer review process.  Your manuscript will be unsubmitted and returned to you if it contains identifying information.

· When uploading Figure(s), please insert the Figure number and title/legend when prompted.

· Review your submission (in both PDF and HTML formats) before sending to the Journal.

· You must submit a signed Author Contribution Form when you upload your manuscript. Manuscripts will not be sent to reviewers until this form is received. If you need help submitting this form, contact the Editorial Office at

· You may suspend a submission at any phase before clicking the “Submit” button and save it to submit later. After submission, you will receive a confirmation e-mail. You can also access ScholarOne Manuscripts any time to check the status of your manuscript. The Journal will inform you by e-mail once a decision has been made. 

Review Procedure
JVECC is a refereed journal. Each article will be reviewed by at least two qualified reviewers.  Average time for review and principal author notification of acceptance or rejection will be 8-12 weeks from the time an acceptable manuscript has been received. If revisions are required, you will be asked to resubmit the manuscript within 30 days of notification, and the revised manuscript may undergo review by the original or new peer reviewers.  A statistical review may also be requested in some cases.  When all substantive content changes have been accepted, final editorial revisions will be made to ensure the manuscript meets the Journal style.  Final acceptance will be granted when all revisions are complete and the manuscript will be submitted to the publisher for production.  At the Editor’s discretion, particularly meritorious manuscripts that are of unusually high priority and significance will be considered for expedited review and publication. Manuscripts may be placed in the EarlyView area of the Publisher's electronic journal homepage prior to final publication in the Journal. 

Editorial Policies
The Journal adheres to policies set out by the Committee On Publishing Ethics (COPE; If concerns are raised regarding potential misconduct, such as plagiarism, redundant publication, or fabrication or manipulation of data, authors should be aware that the Journal will follow the COPE guidelines in dealing with the case, which, if the Journal is not satisfied with the authors’ explanation, can lead to the withdrawal of a manuscript from peer-review, or the publication of a retraction, and also to the Journal informing the authors’ employers or institution of the details of the case. The Journal uses plagiarism-detection software on all submissions and shall inform the authors if any violations are identified. The definition of plagiarism used by the journal is as follows: “The wrongful appropriation, close imitation, or purloining and publication, of another author’s language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions, and the representation of them as one’s own original work.” (source: Wikipedia). If a suspicion regarding the omission of conflicts of interest is raised during peer-review or after publication, the Journal will follow the relevant COPE guidelines to investigate this, and authors should be aware that this could lead to the publication of a correction statement.

Authors are responsible for ensuring that all manuscripts (whether original or revised) are accurately typed before final submission.  Authors will be sent proofing instructions via e-mail. Corrections must be completed within 48 hours of receipt. Authors should note that corrections should be marked as clearly as possible and kept to a minimum.  The Publishers reserve the right to charge for any changes made at the proof stage (other than Typesetter's errors) since the insertion or deletion of a single word may necessitate the resetting of whole paragraphs. 

A PDF file will be provided free of charge to the corresponding author of each contribution. Free access to the final PDF offprint of your article will be available via Wiley's Author Services. Please sign up for author services if you would like to access your article PDF offprint upon publication of your paper, and enjoy the many other benefits the service offers. Visit to sign up for author services. Paper copy reprints can be ordered following instructions in the email sent with the proofs.


Journal Contact Information

Journal of Veterinary Emergency Critical Care Editorial Office
6335 Camp Bullis Rd, Ste 12
San Antonio, TX 78257
Fax: (210) 698-7138

For general information contact:
Ms. Laura Brashear
Phone: (972) 854-8948

Dr. Daniel L. Chan

Useful websites:
Manuscript are submitted and status can be tracked in your author center at

All authors must identify and initial their specific contribution to the manuscript in the Author Contribution Form: Contribution.doc

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionaries:

Medline Indexed Journals and Abbreviations:

MeSH keywords:

English Language Editing Services:

Wiley Author Services: