Cover image for Vol. 14 Issue 2

Edited By: Masatoshi Takeda

Impact Factor: 1.219

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 35/49 (Geriatrics & Gerontology); 97/135 (Psychiatry)

Online ISSN: 1479-8301

Author Guidelines

Psychogeriatrics is an international journal sponsored by the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society and publishes peer-reviewed original papers dealing with all aspects of psychogeriatrics and related fields.
 The Journal encourages articles with gerontopsychiatric, neurobiological, genetic, diagnostic, social-psychiatric, health-political, psychological or psychotherapeutic content. Themes can be illuminated through basic science, clinical (human and animal) studies, case studies, epidemiological or humanistic research.


Manuscripts are accepted regardless of whether or not the author is a member of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society and on the condition that the content has not been published or accepted for publication elsewhere. The acceptance criteria for all papers are the quality and originality of the research and its significance to our readership. All material submitted for publication, including solicited articles, are subject to editorial review and revision. Each manuscript will be reviewed by at least two reviewers. The Editorial Board reserves the right to refuse any material for publication and advises that authors should retain copies of submitted manuscripts and correspondence, as material cannot be returned. Final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Board.

All articles submitted to the journal must comply with these instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay in publication.
Manuscripts should be written so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of scientific content, the Editor or the Publisher reserve the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader.
Manuscripts must be submitted online at:

For assistance, please contact the Editorial Office of Psychogeriatrics at the address below:

Psychogeriatrics Editorial Office
Professor Masatoshi Takeda, Editor-in-Chief
Psychogeriatrics, c/o Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Proteomics, Osaka University Medical School, D3, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita 565-0871, Japan
Tel: +81 6 6879 3050
Fax: +81 6 6879 3059

Papers are accepted for publication in the journal on the understanding that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. This must be stated in the covering letter. The covering letter must also contain an acknowledgement that all authors have contributed significantly, and that all authors are in agreement with the content of the manuscript.

If tables or figures have been reproduced from another source, a letter from the copyright holder, stating authorization to reproduce the material, must be attached to the covering letter.

In keeping with the latest guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, each author’s contribution to the paper is to be quantified. Authors must state that the protocol for the research project has been approved by a suitably constituted Ethics Committee of the institution within which the work was undertaken and that it conforms to the provisions of the Declaration of Helsinki in 1995 (as revised in Tokyo 2004), available at

All investigations on human subjects must include a statement that the subject gave informed consent. Patient anonymity should be preserved. In general, submission of a case report should be accompanied by the written consent of the subject prior to publication; this is particularly important where photographs are to be used or in cases where the unique nature of the incident reported makes it possible for the patient to be identified. While the Editorial Board recognizes that it might not always Mar03 be possible or appropriate to seek such consent, the onus will be on the authors to demonstrate that this exception applies in their case.

Any experiments involving animals must be demonstrated to be ethically acceptable and where relevant conform to national guidelines for animal usage in research.

Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest.

Authors who require the return of any submitted material that is accepted for publication should inform the Editorial Office after acceptance. If no indication is given that author material should be returned, 
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing will dispose of all hardcopy and electronic material two months after publication.

For authors signing current licensing/copyright agreement

Note to Contributors on Deposit of Accepted Version
Funder arrangements

Certain funders, including the NIH, members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) and Wellcome Trust require deposit of the Accepted Version in a repository after an embargo period. Details of funding arrangements are set out at the following website: Please contact the Journal production editor if you have additional funding requirements.
Wiley has arrangements with certain academic institutions to permit the deposit of the Accepted Version in the institutional repository after an embargo period. Details of such arrangements are set out at the following website:
If you do not select the OnlineOpen option you will follow the current licensing signing process as described above.

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If you decide to select the OnlineOpen option, please use the links below to obtain an open access agreement to sign [this will supersede the journal’s usual license agreement]. By selecting the OnlineOpen option you have the choice of the following Creative Commons License open access agreements:

Creative Commons Attribution License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial -NoDerivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements please click the license types above and visit
If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by The Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal’s compliant self-archiving policy please visit:

Submissions should be printed, doubled-spaced, on one side only of ISO A4 paper. The top, bottom and side margins should be at least 30 mm. The average length of the manuscript text should be approximately 4000 words, which will be approximately seven printed pages including figures and tables. All pages should be numbered consecutively in the top right-hand corner, beginning with the title page.

Manuscripts should follow the style of the Vancouver agreement detailed in the revised ‘Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals’, as presented in Ann Intern Med 1997; 126: 36–47:

The journal uses either US or UK spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Merriam–Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary or the Concise Oxford Dictionary. Spelling must be consistent throughout the manuscript.

All measurements must be given in SI units. Abbreviations should be used sparingly – only where they ease the reader’s task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only.

Drugs should be referred to by their generic names. If proprietary drugs have been used in the study, refer to these by their generic name, mentioning the proprietary name, and the name and location of the manufacturer, in parentheses.

Standard genetic nomenclature should be used for further information, including relevant websites, authors should refer to the genetic nomenclature guide in Trends in Genetics (Elsevier Science, 1998).

Sequence data submission:
Nucleotide sequence data can be submitted in electronic form to any of the three major collaborative databases: DDBJ, EMBL or GenBank. It is only necessary to submit to one database as data are exchanged between DDBJ, EMBL and GenBank on a daily basis. The suggested wording for referring to accessionnumber information is: ‘These sequence data have been submitted to the DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank databases under accession number
Addresses are as follows:
DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ)
EMBL Nucleotide Sequence Submissions

Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page, (ii) abstract and keywords, (iii) text, (iv) acknowledgements, (v) references, (vi) figure legends, (vii) tables (each table complete with title and footnotes) and (viii) figures. Footnotes to the text are not allowed and any such material should be incorporated into the text as parenthetical matter.

The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper, (ii) the full names of the authors and (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with (iv) the full postal and email address, plus facsimile and telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript, proofs and requests for offprints should be sent. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.

The title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. Do not use abbreviations in the title. A short running title (less than 40 characters, including spaces) should also be provided.

Abstract and key words:
All manuscripts except Case Reports must have include a brief but informative abstract that states in 300 words or fewer the purpose, basic procedures, main findings and principal conclusions of the study. For Original Articles, the abstract should be separated with the headings: Background, Methods, Results and Conclusions. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references.

Key words (up to seven), for the purposes of indexing, should be supplied below the abstract, in alphabetical order, and should be taken from those recommended by the US National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) browser list

This section should include sufficient background information to set the work in context. The aims of the manuscript should be clearly stated.

This should be concise but provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be repeated by others. The source of material should be given in detail, where possible. Ethical considerations should be detailed.

Results should be presented in a logical sequence in the text, tables and figures; repetitive presentation of the same data in different forms should be avoided.

This should consider the results in relation to any hypotheses advanced in the introduction and place the study in the context of other work.

The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors’ industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Personal thanks and thanks to anonymous reviewers are not appropriate.

The Vancouver system of referencing should be used. In the text, references should be cited using superscript Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear. If cited in tables or figure legends, number according to the first identification of the table or figure in the text.
Cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first three followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list, but should be cited in the text only (e.g. Smith A, 2000, unpublished data). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list. Names of journals should be abbreviated in the style used in MEDLINE

Journal article
  1. Kyosseva SV, Elbein AD, Hutton TL et al. Increased levels of transcription factors Elk- 1, cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein, and activating transcription factor 2 in the cerebellar vermis of schizophrenic patients. Arch Gen Psychiat 2000; 57: 685–691.

  2. Harada K, Nanno H, Sumi N et al. The interaction of the neurophysiological marker (somatosensory evoked potential, event-related potential), the regional cerebral blood flow and the mental ability in patients with cerebrovascular accident. Rhonen Seishin Igaku Zasshi 1999; 10: 573–580 (in Japanese with English abstract). 

Online article not yet published in an issue
An online article that has not yet been published in an issue (therefore has no volume, issue or page numbers) can be cited by its Digital Object Identifier (DOI). The DOI will remain valid and allow an article to be tracked even after its allocation to an issue.

  1. Shibata N and Arai H. Alzheimer’s disease and mortality in Japan. Psychogeriatrics doi:10.1111/j.1479-8301.2009.00273.x


  1. Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and Leadership Skills for Nurses, 2nd edn. Albany: Delmar Publishers, 1996.

Chapter in a book

  1. Kosaka K, Iseki E. Diffuse Lewy body disease and diffuse neurofibrillary tangles with calcification. In: Iqbal K, Winblad B, Nishimura T, Takeda M, Wisniewski HM (eds). Alzheimer’s Disease: Biology, Diagnosis and Therapeutics. New York: Wiley, 1997; 179-184.

  2. World Health Organization. Application of the international classification of disease to neurology: ICD-NA, 2nd edn. Geneva: WHO Publishing Office, 1997.

Electronic material

  1. Statistics Bureau and Statistics Center. The Present and Future Condition of the Elderly Population. [cited 31 October 2001]. Available from:

Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables on a separate sheet in doublespacing with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, , should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings. If tables have been reproduced from another source, a letter from the copyright holder, stating authorisation to reproduce the table, must be sent to the Editorial Office with the manuscript.

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. magnifications should be indicated using a scale bar on the illustration. If figures have been reproduced from another sources, a lterr from the copyright holder (usually the Publisher), stating authorization to reproduce the material, must be attached to the covering letter.

Figures should be sized to fit within the column (84mm) or the text width (175mm)

Figures must be supplied as high resolution saved as .eps and .tif. Half figures 300dpi (dots per inch), Color figures 300dpi saved CMYK, figures containing text 400 dpi, line figures 1000 dpi.

Color figures:
Files should be set up as CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow, black) and not as RGB (red,green, blue) so that colors as that appear on the screen will be a closer representation of how they will print in the Journal.

Line figures:
Must be sharp,black and white graphs or diagrams, drawn professionally or with a computer graphics package. Should be sized to be no larger than the journal text.

Figure legends:
ype figure legends on a separate page. The legend should incorporate definitions of any symbols used and all abbreviations and units of measurement should be explained so that the figure and its legend are understandable without reference to the text. (Provide a letter stating exclusive licence authorization if figures have been reproduced from another source.)

The entire article (including tables) should be supplied as a single file; only electronic figures should be supplied as separate files. The following instructions should be adhered to.
• It is essential that the final, revised version of the accepted manuscript and the electronic file are identical.
• Do not use the carriage return (enter) at the end of lines within a paragraph.
• Turn the hyphenation option off.
• Specify any special characters used to represent non-keyboard characters.
• Take care not to use l (ell) for 1 (one), O (capital o) for 0 (zero) or ß (German esszett) for b (Greek beta).
• Use double quotation marks for citations (“”), please note that asterisks must not be used (**).
• Use a tab, not spaces, to separate data points in tables.
• If you use a table editor function, ensure that each data point is contained within a unique cell; i.e. do not use carriage returns within cells.
• Digital figures must be supplied as .tif or .eps files at a resolution of at least 300 d.p.i. Word 2007 Will authors please note that Word 2007 is not yet compatible with journal production systems. Unfortunately, the journal cannot accept Microsoft Word 2007 documents until such time as a stable production version is released. Please use Word’s ‘Save As’ option therefore to save your document as an older (.doc) file type.

Please visit the Wiley-Blackwell website for authors at:
which gives detailed information on the preparation and submission of articles and figures.

For articles of seven printed pages or less, there are no page charges. Articles in excess of eight pages are subject to extra charge. Color figures require an additional charge.

Authors are responsible for the linguistic accuracy of their manuscripts. Authors not fully conversant with the English language are advised to seek skilled advice from subject specialists with a sound knowledge of English. The editors reserve the right to forward accepted manuscripts to an English language consultant for language improvement. The cost of English revision will be charged to the author according to the extent of revision.
Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. A list of independent suppliers of editing services can be found at language.asp. All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication

It is essential that authors supply an email address to which correspondence can be emailed. (1) Word files of the edited articles will be sent via e-mail and should be returned to the Publisher within 3 days of receipt. It is essential that these files are checked carefully, as the cost of changes made at a later stage may be charged to the author. Full instructions on how to correct and return the file will be attached to the email. (2) After the Word file has been checked, notification of the URL from where to download a Portable Document Format (PDF) typeset page proof, associated forms and further instructions will be sent by email to the corresponding author. The purpose of the PDF proof is a final check of the layout, and of tables and figures. Alterations (other than the essential correction of errors) are unacceptable at PDF stage. The proof should be checked, and approval to publish the article should be emailed to the Publisher by the date indicated; otherwise, it may be signed off on by the Editor or held over to the next issue.

A minimum of 50 offprints will be provided upon request, at the author’s expense. These paper offprints may be ordered online. Please visit, fill in the necessary details and ensure that you type information in all of the required fields. If you have queries about offprints please email

Psychogeriatrics is covered by our Early View service. Early View articles are complete full-text articles published online in advance of their publication in a printed issue. Articles are therefore available as soon as they are ready, rather than having to wait for the next scheduled print issue. Early View articles are complete and final. They have been fully reviewed, revised and edited for publication, and the authors’ final corrections have been incorporated. Because they are in final form, no changes can be made after online publication. The nature of Early View articles means that they do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so Early View articles cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited and tracked before it is allocated to an issue. After print publication, the DOI remains valid and can continue to be used to cite and access the article. More information about DOIs can be found at:       

Psychogeriatrics is available online via Wiley Online Library. Full-text online articles include reference links to cited articles and external databases, and a full search facility, so that you can find the information you are looking for. Keep up to date with the latest tables of contents emailed directly to your desktop by registering for free at: